I. To estimate the objective response rate among patients with high PD-L1 expressing cancers after failure of targeted therapy.
I. To compare the overall survival for patients receiving treatment targeting primary mutations, secondary mutations, or immunotherapy at the time of progression on tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy.
II. To assess the incidence of secondary mutations in this population according to smoking status.
III. To evaluate the response rates of patients treated using these different approaches.
IV. To correlate outcomes with specific secondary genetic changes.
OUTLINE: Patients are assigned to 1 of 3 treatment arms.
ARM I (PD-L1 >= 50%): Patients receive nivolumab intravenously (IV) over 60 minutes every 2 weeks or pembrolizumab IV every 3 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
ARM II (PD-L1 < 50% without secondary oncogenic driver): Patients receive tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy orally (PO) targeting the initial oncogenic driver or other treatment for about 3 weeks.
ARM III (PD-L1 < 50% with secondary oncogenic driver): Patients receive tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy PO targeting initial oncogenic driver, a drug targeting the secondary mutation, or other treatment for about 3 weeks.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for a minimum of 30 days.
- Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed incurable non-small cell lung cancer that harbors an activating mutation in EGFR, MET, BRAF, V600E, RET, HER2, translocation in Alk, or translocation in ROS-1
- Patients must be receiving treatment or planning to start treatment with a tyrosine kinase inhibitor targeting the activated gene
- Patients may not be receiving the treatment targeting the activated gene as part of a clinical treatment trial other than the Precision Oncology Trial
- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-3
- Total bilirubin =< 1.5 X institutional upper limit of normal
- Aspartate transaminase (AST) (serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine transaminase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 X institutional upper limit of normal
- Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately
- Ability to understand and the willingness to sign an Institutional Review Board (IRB)-approved informed consent document
- Emergent need for palliative radiation
- Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer
- Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
- Pregnant women are excluded; breastfeeding should be discontinued
|Maximum Eligible Age:||N/A|
|Minimum Eligible Age:||N/A|