Clinical Trials /

Sex-Mismatched Allogeneic Bone Marrow Transplantation for Men With Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

NCT02995330

Description:

Men with progressive metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer post first-line treatment with either androgen deprivation therapy alone or androgen deprivation therapy plus docetaxel who have an identified related female donor (mother sister, daughter, second degree relative such as granddaughter or niece) will undergo bone marrow transplantation followed by post-transplant Cytoxan (PT/Cy) and testosterone.

Related Conditions:
  • Prostate Adenocarcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 1

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Sex-Mismatched Allogeneic Bone Marrow Transplantation for Men With Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer
  • Official Title: A Pilot Study of Sex-Mismatched Allogeneic Bone Marrow Transplantation for Men With Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: J1608
  • SECONDARY ID: IRB00086105
  • NCT ID: NCT02995330

Conditions

  • Prostate Cancer

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
CytoxanBone marrow transplantation
testosterone cypionatetestosteroneBone marrow transplantation

Purpose

Men with progressive metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer post first-line treatment with either androgen deprivation therapy alone or androgen deprivation therapy plus docetaxel who have an identified related female donor (mother sister, daughter, second degree relative such as granddaughter or niece) will undergo bone marrow transplantation followed by post-transplant Cytoxan (PT/Cy) and testosterone.

Detailed Description

      Men will undergo pre-transplant screening evaluation and be enrolled in the study. Subjects
      will be treated with a standard non-myeloablative conditioning regimen consisting of
      Fludarabine 30 mg/m2 IV Days -6 to -2; Cy 14.5 mg/kg IV Days -6 and -5; Total body
      irradiation (TBI) 200 cGy Day -1. On Day 0, patients will be infused with non-T-cell depleted
      bone marrow from a related female donor. Patients will receive GVHD prophylaxis consisting
      of: Cy 50mg/kg IV on Days +3 and +4; tacrolimus (IV or PO) beginning on Day +5 [dose adjusted
      to maintain trough level of 5-15 ng/mL] through day+180; Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) 15 mg/kg
      PO TID, with a maximum dose of 1g TID beginning on Day +5 through Day +35. Patients will
      receive filgrastim (G-CSF) 5 mcg/kg/day beginning on Day +5 and continued until ANC ≥
      1500/mm3. Lastly, to produce maintenance tumor antigen stimulation, patients will be
      maintained on continuous LHRH agonist/antagonist therapy (if not previously surgically
      castrated) to suppress endogenous testosterone production throughout the treatment period;
      testosterone cypionate 400 mg IM will be administered on Day +60, +90, and +120 (every 30
      days x 3 doses). Patients who achieve biochemical CR will stop LHRH agonist/antagonist
      treatment at day 180. Patients will be followed for 3 years post-BMT.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Bone marrow transplantationExperimentalBone marrow transplantation followed by Cytoxan and testosterone Day -6 to -1: Subjects will be treated with a standard non-myeloablative conditioning regimen Day 0: subjects will be infused with non-T-cell depleted bone marrow from a related female donor. Subjects will receive GVHD prophylaxis consisting of: Day +3 and +4: Cytoxan (Cy) 50mg/kg IV Day +5 through Day +180: tacrolimus (IV or PO) beginning [dose adjusted to maintain trough level of 5-15 ng/mL] Day +5 through Day +35: Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) 15 mg/kg PO TID, with a maximum dose of 1g TID. Day +5: filgrastim (G-CSF) 5 mcg/kg/day, continued until ANC ≥ 1500/mm3. Day +60, +90, and +120: testosterone cypionate 400 mg IM every 30 days x 3 doses Subjects will be maintained on continuous LHRH agonist/antagonist therapy (if not previously surgically castrated). Subjects who achieve biochemical CR will stop LHRH agonist/antagonist treatmentat day 180.
  • Cytoxan
  • testosterone cypionate

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Performance status ≤1

          -  Age ≥18 years and ≤ 75 years old

          -  Histologically-confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate

          -  Treated with continuous androgen ablative therapy (either surgical castration or LHRH
             agonist/antagonist) with documented castrate level of serum testosterone (<50 ng/dl)

          -  Metastatic disease radiographically documented by CT or bone scan

          -  Patient must be HLA typed at high resolution using DNA based typing at the following
             loci: HLA-A, -B, -C, and DRB1

          -  Patient must have available one or more potential first (biologic mother, sister,
             half-sister, or daughter) or second-degree related female donor. Mothers and daughters
             have a 100% chance of being haploidentical matches, sisters a 75% chance of being
             matched or haploidentical, and second degree relatives have a 50% chance of being
             haploidentical matches. The donor and recipient must be HLA identical for at least one
             antigen at HLA-A, -B, -C and HLA-DRB1.

          -  Screening PSA must be ≥ 1.0 ng/mL.

          -  Prior therapy with one second line hormonal therapy is allowed (i.e. bicalutamide,
             nilutamide, flutamide, ketoconazole, abiraterone, enzalutamide, ARN-509).

          -  Prior docetaxel (≤ 6 cycles) as first line therapy

          -  Cardiac ejection fraction at rest must be ≥ 40%

          -  Acceptable liver function: Bilirubin < 2.5 mg/dL (unless due to Gilbert's disease, AST
             (SGOT) and ALT (SGPT) < 5 times upper limit of normal.

          -  Acceptable renal function: Serum creatinine within normal range.

          -  Pulmonary function: DLCO (corrected for hemoglobin), FEV1 and FVC >50% predicted.

          -  At least 4 wks since prior radiation or surgery with full recovery (no persistent
             toxicity ≥ Grade 1)

          -  Ability to understand and willingness to sign a written informed consent document.

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Prior treatment with Sipuleucel-T, radium-223, strontium-89, or samarium-153

          -  Prior chemotherapy (docetaxel, cabazitaxel) for castrate resistant prostate cancer

          -  Evidence of serious and/or unstable pre-existing medical, psychiatric or other
             condition (including laboratory abnormalities) that could interfere with patient
             safety or provision of informed consent to participate in this study

          -  Active uncontrolled infection, including known history of HIV/AIDS or hepatitis B or
             C.

          -  Any psychological, familial, sociological, or geographical condition that could
             potentially interfere with compliance with the study protocol and follow-up schedule.
      
Maximum Eligible Age:75 Years
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:Male
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:PSA response
Time Frame:6 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Percentage of participants with complete biochemical response at 6 months post-transplant (PSA <0.1 ng/mL for patients post-prostatectomy and PSA < 1 ng/mL for patients post-radiation therapy)

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Transplant-related mortality
Time Frame:3 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Number of participants who experience transplant-related mortality (TRM) following alloBMT
Measure:PSA response rate
Time Frame:3 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Proportion of patients achieving a PSA decline ≥ 50% according to Prostate Cancer Working Group (PCWG2) criteria
Measure:Objective response rate
Time Frame:3 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Percentage of participants with reduction in measurable disease on CT scan as defined by RECIST criteria: Complete Response (CR)= disappearance of all target lesions; Partial Response (PR)= at least a 30% decrease in the sum of the largest diameter (LD) of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum LD; Progressive Disease (PD)= at least 20% increase in the sum of the LD of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum LD recorded since the treatment started or the appearance of one or more new lesions; Stable disease (SD)= Neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase to qualify for PD, taking as reference the smallest sum LD since the treatment started
Measure:Time to PSA progression
Time Frame:3 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Time to PSA progression as defined by PCWG2 criteria
Measure:Time to Clinical/radiographic progression
Time Frame:3 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Time to clinical/radiographic progression on CT and bone scan as defined by RECIST and PCWG2 criteria, respectively.
Measure:Number of participants who experience acute graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD)
Time Frame:3 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Number of participants with acute GVHD grades 2-4 and grades 3-4 as defined by Przepiorka criteria. Przepiorka criteria stages the degree of organ involvement in the skin, liver and gastrointestinal (GI) tract, based on severity, with Stage 1+ being least sever and Stage 4+ being most severe. Grading of acute GVHD is as follows: Grade I (skin involvement stages 1+ to 2+, with no liver or GI involvement), Grade II (skin involvement stages 1+ to 3+, liver 1+, GI tract 1+), Grade III (skin involvement stages 2+ to 3+, liver 1+, GI tract 2+ to 4+), Grade IV (skin involvement stages 4+, liver 4+)
Measure:Number of participants who experience chronic GVHD
Time Frame:3 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Number of participants who experience chronic GVHD as defined by protocol.
Measure:Number of participants with donor chimerism
Time Frame:up to 60 days
Safety Issue:
Description:Patients with any amount of donor chimerism around day 60 will be considered as having engrafted. Chimerism determinations will be made on peripheral blood by a number of different methods depending on the specific patient. Methods may include (i) the usual standard of restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) if the donor and recipient RFLPs are informative, (ii) fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH) for Y-chromosome markers on PBMC if the donor is male, (iii) cytogenetic analysis, (iv) flow cytometric analysis of HLA-A, B or DR on lymphocytes in the peripheral blood if haploidentical and suitable reagents exist or (v) PCR analysis of variable nucleotide tandem repeats (VNTR) in PBMC if informative. Mixed donor chimerism will be defined as >0%, but <95%. Complete donor chimerism will be defined as >95%. Patients who have relapsed or died prior to day 60 will not be evaluable for full donor chimerism, as these are competing risk factors.
Measure:Number of participants with graft failure
Time Frame:3 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Number of participants with failure to engraft due to rejection by host lymphocytes.
Measure:Effects of post-transplantation cyclophosphamide on the immune reconstitution of T cells, B cells, and NK cells
Time Frame:5 years
Safety Issue:
Description:
Measure:Number of participants who develop HLA specific antibodies
Time Frame:5 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Number of participants who develop HLA specific antibodies after HLA mismatched, allogeneic partially HLA-mismatched bone marrow transplantation

Details

Phase:Phase 1
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins

Trial Keywords

  • Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer
  • Bone Marrow Transplantation

Last Updated

May 10, 2019