This is a Phase 2, non-randomised, open-label, multicentric study to investigate the efficacy
and safety of nivolumab monotherapy in 6 cohorts of patients with specific rare cancers who
have unresectable locally advanced or metastatic disease, which is resistant or refractory to
standard therapy, or for which standard therapy does not exist, or is not considered
appropriate, and for which no other experimental treatment options are available.
The study plans to enrol up to 250 patients in total with between 20 and 50 patients assigned
to each cohort according to indication, as follows:
- Cohort 1: Non-clear cell RCC
- Cohort 2: Rare head and neck cancer
- Cohort 3: Rare skin cancer
- Cohort 4: MSI-nonCRC
- Cohort 5: Penile cancer
- Cohort 6: POLE exonucleasic domain mutated cancer
The study will use a two-stage Bayesian enrichment design. The first stage treats all
patients from the different cohorts with the investigational product and identifies possibly
sensitive indications. The second stage will compare outcomes among subsets of patients in
the identified cohorts to distinguish between subpopulations of patients who may benefit from
the treatment and patients for whom there is no evidence of efficacy.
1. Patient information sheet and written informed consent form signed.
2. Histologically confirmed diagnosis of a pathology corresponding to one of the
following selected cancer types:
- Non-clear cell renal-cell carcinomas: papillary renal cell carcinoma (pRCC, type
I, type II and non-classified pRCC), chromophobe RCC (ChRCC), renal medullary
carcinoma (RMC), collecting duct/Bellini duct carcinoma (CDC),
microphthalmia-associated transcription (MiT) family translocation renal cell
carcinoma (tRCC), renal cell carcinoma with a prominent sarcomatoid component
- Rare head and neck cancers: principal and accessory salivary gland tumours,
facial tissue tumours.
- Rare skin cancers: adnexal carcinomas, basal cell carcinoma resistant to
- Non-colorectal cancers with microsatellite instability determined locally by
immunohistochemistry or polymerase chain-reaction (PCR)
- Squamous cell carcinoma of penis.
- Any non MSI-high cancer with POLE exonucleasic domain mutation (somatic or
germline) in hotspots (codons 286, 411, 424 and 459) or other germline or somatic
variants with high probability of pathogenesis according to in silico assessment
by the INCa ad hoc biology group.
3. Metastatic disease or unresectable locally advanced malignancy that is resistant or
refractory to standard therapy or for which standard therapy does not exist or is not
considered appropriate by the Investigator.
4. Aged ≥ 18 years old.
5. Measurable disease according to RECIST v1.1 guidelines for solid tumours (Eisenhauer,
6. Able to provide a formalin fixed/paraffin embedded (FFP)E biopsy sample of a
metastatic site or primitive tumour tissue.
Note: Patients for whom suitable archived biopsy material is not available must be
willing to undergo a biopsy of a tumour lesion prior to study entry, unless this is
medically contraindicated (e.g. site inaccessible or patient safety concerns).
7. Patients must have a mandatory treatment-free interval of at least 21 days following
previous systemic anti-cancer treatments.
8. Patients who have received previous systemic anticancer treatment and/or radiotherapy
should have recovered from any treatment related toxicity, to a level of ≤ grade 1
(according to NCI-CTCAE criteria, v 4.0) with the exception of Grade 2 alopecia.
9. Adequate hematologic function (absolute neutrophil count [ANC] ≥ 1.0 x109/L, platelets
≥ 100 x109/L, haemoglobin (Hb) ≥ 9 g/L) measured within 14 days of treatment
10. Adequate renal function (creatinine clearance ≥ 50 mL/ using the MDRD or CKI EPI
method) measured within 14 days of treatment initiation.
11. Adequate hepatic function (serum bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x the reference upper limit of normal
(ULN) unless due to Gilbert's syndrome; aspartate aminotransferase [ASAT] and alanine
aminotransferase [ALAT] ≤ 2,5 xULN) measured within 14 days of treatment initiation.
For patients with documented liver metastasis ASAT/ALAT ≤ 5x ULN is acceptable.
12. Strictly normal blood levels of calcium and magnesium, measured within 14 days of
13. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status of ≤ 1 (Oken, 1982).
14. Estimated life expectancy ≥ 90 days.
15. Patients who are sexually active must agree to use a medically accepted method of
contraception (e.g. implants, injectables, combined oral contraceptives, some
intrauterine devices or vasectomized partner, for participating women; condoms for
participating men) or practice complete abstinence, beginning 14 days before the first
administration of investigational product (IP), while on treatment and for at least 5
months after the last administration of IP for female patients, and 7 months after the
last administration of IP for male patients.
16. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative urine or serum pregnancy test
within 72 hours prior to the first administration of IP. If urine test results are
positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required.
17. Women who are breastfeeding should discontinue nursing prior to the first
administration of IP and for at least 90 days after the last administration of IP.
18. Patients must be affiliated to a Social Security System or equivalent.
1. Prior treatment with an anti-PD1 or anti-PD-L1 antibody
2. Eligible, and willing, to participate in a clinical trial of an alternative anticancer
therapy targeting their disease which is open to accrual in France.
3. Concurrent steroid medication at a dose greater than prednisone 10 mg/day or
4. Has active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years
(i.e. with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive
drugs). Replacement therapy (eg., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid
replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a
form of systemic treatment.
5. History of (non-infectious) pneumonitis that required steroids, or current
6. History of severe hypersensitivity reaction to any monoclonal antibody therapy
7. Radiotherapy (except for brain and extremities) within 21 days prior to the first
administration of IP.
8. Treatment with other investigational drugs or participation in another clinical trial
within 21 days prior to the first administration of IP or concomitantly with the
9. Has known symptomatic central nervous system (CNS) metastases. Patients with
previously treated brain metastases may participate provided they are stable (without
evidence of progression by imaging for at least four weeks prior to the first dose of
trial treatment and any neurologic symptoms have returned to baseline), have no
evidence of new or enlarging brain metastases, and are not using steroids for at least
7 days prior to trial treatment.
10. Has known carcinomatous meningitis or a history of leptomeningeal disease.
11. Serum creatinine > 1.5 xULN or glomerular filtration rate (GFR) < 50 ml/min.
12. Other malignancies within the past 5 years other than basal cell skin cancer or
carcinoma in situ of the cervix.
13. Active serious infections in particular if requiring systemic antibiotic or
14. Active or chronic hepatitis B, hepatitis C and/or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
infection (HIV 1/2 antibodies), or a known history of active Tuberculosis bacillus.
15. Has received a live vaccine within 30 days of planned start of study treatment. Note:
Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally inactivated vaccines and are
allowed; however intranasal influenza vaccines (e.g. Flu-Mist®) are live attenuated
vaccines, and are not allowed.
16. Active alcohol or drug abuse.
17. Psychological, familial, sociological or geographical factors potentially hampering
compliance with the study protocol and follow-up schedule.
18. Any condition which in the Investigator's opinion makes it undesirable for the subject
to participate in the trial or which would jeopardize compliance with the protocol.