Clinical Trials /

Safety, Tolerability, and Efficacy of Doxorubicin and Pembrolizumab for Sarcoma

NCT03056001

Description:

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety, tolerability and efficacy of doxorubicin in combination with pembrolizumab in subjects with metastatic or unresectable soft tissue sarcoma. Based on previous studies, pembrolizumab may be an effective study treatment.

Related Conditions:
  • Soft Tissue Sarcoma
Recruiting Status:

Active, not recruiting

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Safety, Tolerability, and Efficacy of Doxorubicin and Pembrolizumab for Sarcoma
  • Official Title: A Pilot Study Evaluating the Safety, Tolerability, and Efficacy of Doxorubicin and Pembrolizumab in Patients With Metastatic or Unresectable Soft Tissue Sarcoma

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: LCI-SAR-STS-PEM-001
  • SECONDARY ID: 00020377
  • NCT ID: NCT03056001

Conditions

  • Soft Tissue Sarcoma, Adult
  • Soft Tissue Sarcoma, Child

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
PembrolizumabKEYTRUDA®Pembrolizumab + doxorubicin
DoxorubicinAdriamycinPembrolizumab + doxorubicin

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety, tolerability and efficacy of doxorubicin in combination with pembrolizumab in subjects with metastatic or unresectable soft tissue sarcoma. Based on previous studies, pembrolizumab may be an effective study treatment.

Detailed Description

      The primary objective of this study is to assess the safety and toxicity profile of
      doxorubicin and pembrolizumab in previously treated or untreated subjects with unresectable
      or metastatic soft tissue sarcoma. The secondary objectives are to assess overall survival,
      and response rate, duration of response, and progression-free survival (PFS) with this
      regimen using RECIST 1.1 criteria. The exploratory objectives are to assess PFS, overall
      response rate, duration of response, and disease control rate using the immune-related RECIST
      (irRECIST) criteria, evaluate the correlation between PD-L1 expression levels and antitumor
      activity of MK-3475, investigate other biomarkers that may correlate with tumor responses,
      and evaluate differences in tumor tissue characteristics in biopsies taken during or
      post-treatment with MK-3475 versus baseline.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Pembrolizumab + doxorubicinExperimentalParticipants receive pembrolizumab IV infusion and doxorubicin IV injection on Day 1 of each cycle.
  • Pembrolizumab
  • Doxorubicin

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria

          1. Be willing and able to provide written informed consent for the trial.

          2. Must have a histologically confirmed diagnosis of unresectable or metastatic soft
             tissue sarcoma not amenable to curative treatment with surgery or radiotherapy.
             Patients with Ewings sarcoma, osteosarcoma, chondrosarcoma, Kaposis sarcoma,
             gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST), clear cell sarcoma, alveolar soft part sarcoma
             and any other soft tissue or bone sarcoma felt to be chemotherapy resistant in the
             opinion of the Sponsor-Investigator will be excluded.

          3. Must not have received prior treatment with an anthracycline chemotherapy (eg,
             doxorubicin) and/or anti-PD-1/PD-L1 therapy.

          4. May have had any number of prior systemic cytotoxic therapies for
             unresectable/metastatic disease.

          5. Must have at least one radiologically measurable lesion as per RECIST 1.1 defined as a
             lesion that is 10mm in longest diameter or lymph node that is 15mm in short axis
             imaged by CT scan or MRI. Tumors with previously irradiated field will be designated
             as nontarget lesions unless progression is documented or a biopsy is obtained to
             confirm persistence of at least 90 days following completion of radiotherapy.

          6. All subjects with accessible tumor will be asked to provide a fresh tumor biopsy if
             they can be safely biopsied in the opinion of the investigator. Recently obtained
             archived core or excisional biopsy of a tumor lesion (obtained up to 12 months prior
             to Cycle 1 Day 1) may be substituted only if the subject is unwilling or unable (e.g.
             inaccessible or subject safety concern) to undergo a fresh tumor biopsy. Subjects who
             are unwilling or unable to have a fresh tumor biopsy and do not have recently obtained
             archived tissue available may submit an archived specimen (obtained > 12 months prior
             to Cycle 1 Day 1) only upon approval from the Sponsor-Investigator.

          7. Be at least 12 years of age on day of signing informed consent. Assent will be
             obtained in appropriately aged subjects per institutional guidelines.

          8. ECOG performance status 0 or 1.

          9. Life expectancy of at least 3 months per the Investigator.

         10. Have adequate organ function as indicated by the laboratory values in Table 1 of
             protocol. All screening labs should be performed within 10 days of treatment
             initiation. PT/INR and PTT must be performed within 7 days of study treatment
             initiation for subjects on anti-coagulants such as coumadin/heparin.

         11. The subject has left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) greater than or equal to 50%
             assessed within 21 days prior to study regimen initiation.

         12. Subjects must not be expecting to conceive or father children within the timeframe
             referenced below. Subjects of childbearing potential must be willing to adhere to the
             contraception requirement as described in Section 3.3.2 from the day of the screening
             visit (or 14 days prior to the initiation of study treatment for oral contraception)
             throughout the study period up to 120 days after the last dose of pembrolizumab and/or
             up to 180 days after the last dose of doxorubicin. If there is any question that a
             subject of childbearing potential will not reliably comply with the requirements for
             contraception, that subject should not be entered into the study.

         13. Female subjects of childbearing potential must have a negative urine or serum
             pregnancy test at screening (within 72 hours of first dose of study treatment). If the
             urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will
             be required. The serum pregnancy test must be negative for the subject to be eligible.

         14. Subject has voluntarily agreed to participate by giving written informed consent for
             the trial. The subject may also provide consent for Optional and Future
             Studies-Biospecimen Collection. However, the subject may participate in the main trial
             without participating in Optional and Future Studies.

        Exclusion Criteria

          1. Currently participating and receiving study therapy or have participated in a study of
             an investigational agent and received study therapy or used an investigational device
             within 30 days of the first dose of study regimen.

          2. Have a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or are receiving systemic steroid therapy or any
             other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of study
             regimen.

          3. Have a known history of active TB (Bacillus Tuberculosis).

          4. Have had a prior anti-cancer monoclonal antibody (mAb) within 4 weeks prior to the
             first dose of study regimen or have not recovered (i.e. less than or equal to Grade 1
             or at baseline) from adverse events due to previous mAbs.

          5. Have had prior chemotherapy, targeted small molecule therapy, or radiation therapy
             within 2 weeks prior to the first dose of study regimen or who have not recovered
             (i.e. less than or equal to Grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse events due to
             previous chemotherapy, targeted small molecule therapy, or radiation therapy.

             Note: Subjects with less than or equal to Grade 2 neuropathy are an exception to this
             criterion and may qualify for the study.

             Note: If subjects have received major surgery, they must have recovered adequately
             from the toxicity and/or complications from the intervention prior to starting therapy
             as determined by the Investigator.

          6. Have a known additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment.
             Exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of the skin or squamous cell carcinoma of the
             skin that has undergone potentially curative therapy or in situ cervical cancer.

          7. Have known active central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous
             meningitis. Subjects with previously treated brain metastases may participate provided
             they are stable (without evidence of progression by imaging for at least four weeks
             prior to the first dose of study regimen and any neurologic symptoms have returned to
             baseline), have no evidence of new or enlarging brain metastases, and are not using
             steroids for at least 7 days prior to the first dose of the study regimen. This
             exception does not include carcinomatous meningitis which is excluded regardless of
             clinical stability.

          8. Have active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2
             years (i.e. with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive
             drugs). Replacement therapy (e.g. thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid
             replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a
             form of systemic treatment.

          9. Have known history of, or any evidence of active, non-infectious pneumonitis.

         10. Have an active infection requiring systemic therapy (uncomplicated urinary tract
             infection treated with oral antibiotics is permitted).

         11. Have a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory
             abnormality that might confound the results of the trial, interfere with the subjects
             participation for the full duration of the trial, or is not in the best interest of
             the subjects to participate, in the opinion of the treating Investigator.

         12. Have known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with
             cooperation with the requirements of the trial as determined by the Investigator.

         13. Are pregnant or breastfeeding

         14. Have received prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or anti-PD-L2 agent.

         15. Have a known history of Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection (e.g. HIV 1/2
             antibodies).

         16. Have known active Hepatitis B (e.g. HBsAg reactive) or Hepatitis C (e.g. HCV RNA
             [qualitative] is detected).

         17. Have received a live vaccine within 30 days of planned start of study therapy. Note:
             Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally inactivated flu vaccines and
             are allowed; however intranasal influenza vaccines (e.g. Flu-Mist) are live attenuated
             vaccines, and are not allowed.
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:12 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Toxicity rate
Time Frame:24 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Evaluate the severe and life threatening toxicity rate

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Survival - OS
Time Frame:24 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Assess overall survival (OS)
Measure:Survival - PFS
Time Frame:24 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Assess progression-free survival (PFS)
Measure:Response - ORR
Time Frame:24 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Assess objective response rate (ORR)
Measure:Response - DoR
Time Frame:24 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Assess duration of response (DoR)

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Edward Kim

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