Clinical Trials /

Neratinib and Everolimus, Palbociclib, or Trametinib in Treating Participants With Refractory and Advanced or Metastatic Solid Tumors With EGFR Mutation/Amplification, HER2 Mutation/Amplification, or HER3/4 Mutation or KRAS Mutation

NCT03065387

Description:

This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of neratinib in combination with everolimus, palbociclib, or trametinib in participants with solid tumors with EGFR mutation/amplification, HER2 mutation/amplification, HER3/4 mutation, or KRAS mutation that do not respond to treatment (refractory) and have spread to other parts of the body (advanced or metastatic). Neratinib, palbociclib, and trametinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as everolimus, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving neratinib with everolimus, palbociclib, or trametinib may work better than neratinib alone in treating participants with solid tumors.

Related Conditions:
  • Malignant Solid Tumor
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 1

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Neratinib and Everolimus, Palbociclib, or Trametinib in Treating Participants With Refractory and Advanced or Metastatic Solid Tumors With EGFR Mutation/Amplification, HER2 Mutation/Amplification, or HER3/4 Mutation or KRAS Mutation
  • Official Title: Phase I Study of the Pan-ERBB Inhibitor Neratinib Given in Combination With Everolimus, Palbociclib, or Trametinib in Advanced Cancer Subjects With EGFR Mutation/Amplification, HER2 Mutation/Amplification, or HER3/4 Mutation or KRAS Mutation

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: 2016-0430
  • SECONDARY ID: NCI-2018-01218
  • SECONDARY ID: 2016-0430
  • SECONDARY ID: P30CA016672
  • NCT ID: NCT03065387

Conditions

  • Advanced Malignant Solid Neoplasm
  • EGFR Gene Amplification
  • EGFR Gene Mutation
  • ERBB2 Gene Amplification
  • ERBB2 Gene Mutation
  • ERBB3 Gene Mutation
  • ERBB4 Gene Mutation
  • KRAS Gene Mutation
  • Metastatic Malignant Solid Neoplasm
  • Refractory Malignant Solid Neoplasm

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
Everolimus42-O-(2-Hydroxy)ethyl Rapamycin, Afinitor, Certican, RAD 001, RAD001, Votubia, ZortressArm I (neratinib, everolimus)
Neratinib(2E)-N-(4-((3-chloro-4-((pyridin-2-yl)methoxy)phenyl)amino)-3-cyano-7-ethoxyquinolin-6-yl)-4-(dimethylamino)but-2-enamide, HKI 272, HKI-272, PB 272, PB-272Arm I (neratinib, everolimus)
Palbociclib6-Acetyl-8-cyclopentyl-5-methyl-2-((5-(piperazin-1-yl)pyridin-2-yl)amino)-8h-pyrido(2,3-d)pyrimidin-7-one, Ibrance, PD 0332991, PD 332991, PD 991, PD-0332991Arm II (neratinib, palbociclib)
TrametinibGSK1120212, JTP-74057, MEK Inhibitor GSK1120212, MekinistArm III (neratinib, trametinib)

Purpose

This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of neratinib in combination with everolimus, palbociclib, or trametinib in participants with solid tumors with EGFR mutation/amplification, HER2 mutation/amplification, HER3/4 mutation, or KRAS mutation that do not respond to treatment (refractory) and have spread to other parts of the body (advanced or metastatic). Neratinib, palbociclib, and trametinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as everolimus, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving neratinib with everolimus, palbociclib, or trametinib may work better than neratinib alone in treating participants with solid tumors.

Detailed Description

      PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To evaluate the safety and tolerability of neratinib when combined with one of the
      following agents:

      Ia. Arm 1: Everolimus (mTOR inhibitor) Ib. Arm 2: Palbociclib (CDK 4/6 inhibitor) Ic. Arm 3:
      Trametinib (MEK inhibitor). II. To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and
      dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) of neratinib combination therapy.

      SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To determine preliminary anti-tumor efficacy of neratinib combination therapy.

      II. To determine pharmacodynamic markers in tissue, blood and plasma that may predict
      outcome.

      III. To explore the potential of drug-drug interactions by evaluating the pharmacokinetic
      profile of each agent when administered in these combinations: neratinib+everolimus,
      neratinib+palbocclib, and neratinib+trametinib and blood-based biomarkers.

      EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To determine baseline molecular markers (deoxyribonucleic acid [DNA], ribonucleic acid
      [RNA] and protein) that may predict clinical benefit.

      II. To determine concordance of human epidermal growth factor receptor mutation (EGFR, HER2,
      HER3, and HER4) or EGFR, HER2 amplification in archival tissue and pre-treatment biopsies.
      Impact of these correlatives on response will be explored.

      III. To determine concordance of human epidermal growth factor receptor mutation (EGFR, HER2,
      HER3, and HER4) or EGFR, HER2 amplification in tumor and cell-free DNA (cfDNA). Impact of
      these correlatives on response will be explored.

      IV. To utilize cfDNA from plasma specimens collected during the course of treatment to
      explore mechanisms of primary and acquired resistance to neratinib combination therapy.

      OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study. Participants are assigned to 1 of 3 arms.

      ARM I: Participants receive neratinib orally (PO) daily and everolimus PO daily. Cycles
      repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

      ARM II: Participants receive neratinib PO daily and palbociclib PO daily for 3 weeks followed
      by 1 week off. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or
      unacceptable toxicity.

      ARM III: Participants receive neratinib PO daily and trametinib PO daily as directed. Cycles
      repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

      After completion of study treatment, participants are followed up at 30 days.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Arm I (neratinib, everolimus)ExperimentalParticipants receive neratinib PO daily and everolimus PO daily. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
  • Everolimus
  • Neratinib
Arm II (neratinib, palbociclib)ExperimentalParticipants receive Neratinib PO daily for 28 days and Palbociclib PO daily for 21 days. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
  • Neratinib
  • Palbociclib
Arm III (neratinib, trametinib)ExperimentalParticipants receive neratinib PO daily and trametinib PO daily as directed. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
  • Neratinib
  • Trametinib

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Subjects with advanced or metastatic solid tumors that are refractory to standard
             therapies known to provide clinical benefit. Subjects with hematologic malignancy
             including lymphoma/myeloma will not be enrolled on this study.

          -  Subjects must have one of the following: a. somatic mutations in human epidermal
             growth factor receptor (EGFR, HER2, HER3, and HER4); b. EGFR gene amplification
             (patients with 3+ results on immunohistochemistry testing for EGFR may be allowed to
             enroll if gene amplification results are unavailable); c. HER2 gene amplification
             (patients with 3+ results on immunohistochemistry testing for HER-2 may be allowed to
             enroll if gene amplification results are unavailable); d. somatic mutation in KRAS
             (patients will be enrolled only on neratinib and trametinib combination arm).

          -  Subjects must have measurable disease by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors
             (RECIST) version (v) 1.1.

          -  Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) 0-1.

          -  Absolute neutrophil count >= 1500/mL.

          -  Platelets >= 100,000/mL.

          -  Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL.

          -  Creatinine =< 1.5 X upper limit of normal (ULN).

          -  Total bilirubin =< 1.5 X ULN.

          -  Aspartate aminotransferase (AST/serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) and/or
             alanine aminotransferase (ALT/serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 X
             ULN (=< 5 X ULN in subjects with liver metastases).

          -  Subjects must be >= 4 weeks beyond treatment with any chemotherapy or other
             investigational therapy to include hormonal, biological, or targeted agents; or at
             least 5 half-lives from hormonal, biological, or targeted agents, whichever is shorter
             at the time of treatment initiation.

          -  Women of child-bearing potential MUST have a negative serum or urine human chorionic
             gonadotropin (HCG) test unless prior hysterectomy or menopause (defined as 12
             consecutive months of amenorrhea). Subjects should not become pregnant or breastfeed
             while on this study. Sexually active subjects must agree to use contraception for the
             duration of study participation and for 4 months after the last dose of neratinib and
             everolimus, palbociclib or trametinib.

          -  Ability to understand and willingness to sign informed consent form prior to
             initiation of the study and any study procedures.

          -  Only for subjects enrolled in Arm 1 - Neratinib and everolimus: fasting lipid profile:
             cholesterol less than or equal to 350 mg/dL and triglycerides less than or equal to
             400 mg/dL.

          -  Only for subjects enrolled in Arm 1 - Neratinib and everolimus: patients who are
             taking medications with moderate or potent inhibitors or inducers of CYP450 3A4 should
             be off for 5 half-lives prior to starting everolimus.

          -  Only for subjects enrolled in Arm 2 - Neratinib and palbociclib: any prior neuropathy
             should be back to baseline or grade 1.

          -  Only for subjects enrolled in Arm 2 - Neratinib and palbociclib: patients who are
             taking medications with moderate or potent inhibitors or inducers of CYP450 3A4 should
             be off for 5 half-lives prior to starting palbociclib.

          -  Only for subjects enrolled in Arm 3 - Neratinib and trametinib: all skin rash
             (dermatitis acneiform, erythema, xeroderma, eczema) should be at grade 1 when starting
             trametinib treatment.

          -  Only for subjects enrolled in Arm 3 - Neratinib and trametinib: history of retinal
             disorder, dry eye syndrome, or blurry vision need to be evaluated by ophthalmology
             prior to starting treatment.

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Subjects who are pregnant or breastfeeding.

          -  Known hepatitis B, hepatitis C or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.

          -  Inability or unwillingness to swallow pills.

          -  Active infection requiring intravenous (IV) antibiotics or other uncontrolled
             intercurrent illness requiring hospitalization.

          -  Clinically significant gastrointestinal (GI) abnormalities that may alter absorption
             such as malabsorption syndrome or major resection of the stomach or bowels. For
             example, subjects should have no more than 50% of the large intestine removed and no
             sign of malabsorption (e.g. gastrectomy, ileal bypass, chronic diarrhea, Crohn's
             disease, malabsorption, gastroparesis).

          -  Inability to comply with the study and follow-up procedures.

          -  History of cerebrovascular accident (CVA), myocardial infarction or unstable angina
             within the previous 6 months before starting therapy.

          -  Prolongation of QT/ corrected QT (QTc) interval (QTc interval > 450 ms for males or >
             470 ms for females) using the Fridericia method of QTc analysis.

          -  Has known primary brain tumor, active central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or
             carcinomatous meningitis. Subjects with previously treated brain metastases may
             participate provided they are clinically stable with no neurological symptoms, and are
             not using steroids for at least 7 days prior to trial treatment. This exception does
             not include carcinomatous meningitis which is excluded regardless or clinical
             stability.

          -  Uncontrolled concurrent disease or illness including but not limited to: symptomatic
             congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association [NYHA] class III or IV) per the
             NYHA classification, unstable angina pectoris, clinically significant cardiac
             arrhythmia; unstable or untreated cardiac conditions or ejection fraction of < 50% as
             determined by echocardiogram (ECHO) or multiple gated acquisition scan (MUGA);
             diabetes mellitus (i.e. fasting blood glucose > 220 despite acceptable chronic
             diabetes therapy); psychiatric illness that would limit compliance with study
             requirements, as determined by the investigator.

          -  Participating in any other clinical trials using an investigational product.

          -  Only for subjects enrolled in Arm 1 - Neratinib and everolimus: history of
             hypersensitivity to everolimus.

          -  Only for subjects enrolled in Arm 1 - Neratinib and everolimus: subjects requiring
             therapy with immunosuppressive agents such as anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFa)
             agents (etanercept, adalimumab), azathioprine, methotrexate, cyclosporine, etc. for
             active autoimmune disorder.

          -  Only for subjects enrolled in Arm 1 - Neratinib and everolimus: Major surgery =< 28
             days prior to treatment with everolimus.

          -  Only for subjects enrolled in Arm 3 - Neratinib and trametinib: albumin less than 3
             Gm/dL.
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of neratinib when given in combination with everolimus, palbociclib, or trametinib
Time Frame:Up to 28 days
Safety Issue:
Description:Defined by dose-limiting toxicity (DLT). The MTD will be defined as the highest dose at which no more than 1 of 6 evaluable subjects has had a DLT.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Incidence of adverse events of neratinib when given in combination with everolimus, palbociclib, or trametinib
Time Frame:Up to 30 days post last dose
Safety Issue:
Description:National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0 will be used to quantify the intensity of adverse events occurring during treatment in this study.
Measure:Objective response
Time Frame:Up to 5 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version (v) 1.1. The anti-tumor efficacy of each combination will be evaluated by objective response by RECIST v1.1. This analysis will not utilize statistical analysis per standard phase I trials.
Measure:Determination of pharmacodynamics markers in tissue, blood, and plasma
Time Frame:Up to completion of treatment
Safety Issue:
Description:Pharmacodynamics markers in tissue, blood, and plasma will be determined that may predict outcome and exploration of the pharmacokinetic profile of each agent when administered in combination. Marker values will be compared between subjects with and without clinical benefit using chi-squared or Fisher exact tests for categorically-scaled markers and Wilcoxon rank sum tests for interval- and ordinal-scaled markers. Due to the large number of candidate markers, only those significant on univariate analysis will be combined into a single logistic regression model to assess their independent effects on clinical benefit. Analyses will be performed both within and across the three cohorts. Results will be considered exploratory and thus no corrections will be made for multiple testing.

Details

Phase:Phase 1
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Last Updated

January 9, 2020