Clinical Trials /

Pembrolizumab Combined With Cetuximab for Treatment of Recurrent/Metastatic Head & Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

NCT03082534

Description:

This is a prospective, multi-center, open-label, non-randomized, multi-arm phase II trial to evaluate the efficacy of combination therapy with pembrolizumab and cetuximab for patients with recurrent/metastatic HNSCC. There will be four patient cohorts, including a PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor-naïve, cetuximab-naïve arm (Cohort 1), a PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor-refractory, cetuximab-naïve arm (Cohort 2), a PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor-refractory, cetuximab-refractory arm (Cohort 3), and a cutaneous HNSCC arm (Cohort 4). A total of 83 patients (33 in Cohort 1, 25 in Cohort 2, 15 in Cohort 3, and 10 in Cohort 4) will be eligible to enroll. Patients will be enrolled at 4 sites: UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center, UC Los Angeles Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center, and University of Washington Siteman Cancer Center.

Related Conditions:
  • Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma
  • Laryngeal Carcinoma
  • Lip and Oral Cavity Carcinoma
  • Nasopharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma
  • Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma
  • Sinonasal Undifferentiated Carcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Pembrolizumab Combined With Cetuximab for Treatment of Recurrent/Metastatic Head & Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma
  • Official Title: An Open-label, Non-randomized, Multi-arm, Phase II Trial to Evaluate the Efficacy of Pembrolizumab Combined With Cetuximab in Patients With Recurrent/Metastatic Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma (HNSCC)

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: 160621
  • SECONDARY ID: MISP 52211
  • NCT ID: NCT03082534

Conditions

  • HNSCC
  • Lip SCC
  • Oral Cavity Cancer
  • Oropharynx Cancer
  • Larynx Cancer
  • Hypopharynx Cancer
  • Nasopharynx Cancer
  • Sinonasal Carcinoma
  • Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma
  • Head and Neck Neoplasms
  • Head and Neck Cancer
  • Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
Pembrolizumab, CetuximabKeytruda®, Erbitux®Cohort 1

Purpose

This is a prospective, multi-center, open-label, non-randomized, multi-arm phase II trial to evaluate the efficacy of combination therapy with pembrolizumab and cetuximab for patients with recurrent/metastatic HNSCC. There will be four patient cohorts, including a PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor-naïve, cetuximab-naïve arm (Cohort 1), a PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor-refractory, cetuximab-naïve arm (Cohort 2), a PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor-refractory, cetuximab-refractory arm (Cohort 3), and a cutaneous HNSCC arm (Cohort 4). A total of 83 patients (33 in Cohort 1, 25 in Cohort 2, 15 in Cohort 3, and 10 in Cohort 4) will be eligible to enroll. Patients will be enrolled at 4 sites: UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center, UC Los Angeles Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center, and University of Washington Siteman Cancer Center.

Detailed Description

Primary Objectives:

To determine the clinical efficacy of pembrolizumab combined with cetuximab for patients with R/M HNSCC.

1. Cohort 1 (PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor-naïve, cetuximab-naïve): clinical efficacy defined as overall response rate.

2. Cohort 2 (PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor-refractory, cetuximab-naïve): clinical efficacy defined as overall response rate.

3. Cohort 3 (PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor-refractory, cetuximab-refractory): clinical efficacy defined as overall response rate.

4. Cohort 4 (cutaneous HNSCC): clinical efficacy defined as overall response rate.

Secondary Objectives:

1. To determine 12 month progression-free survival probability.

2. To determine overall survival.

3. To determine duration of response.

4. To assess safety and tolerability of pembrolizumab combined with cetuximab.

5. To evaluate the correlation between molecular markers and disease outcome.

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Cohort 1ExperimentalPD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor-naïve, cetuximab-naïve Pembrolizumab (Keytruda®): Pembrolizumab is administered on an outpatient basis. 200 mg pembrolizumab will be administered as a 30 minute (-5 min/+10 min) intravenous (IV) infusion every 3 weeks. Cetuximab (Erbitux®): The initial cetuximab dose of 400mg/m2 is administered on Cycle 1, Day 1 as a 120-minute IV infusion (maximum infusion rate 10mg/min).1 Subsequent weekly cetuximab doses of 250mg/m2 are administered as 60-minute IV infusions (maximum infusion rate 10mg/min).
  • Pembrolizumab, Cetuximab
Cohort 2ExperimentalPD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor-refractory, cetuximab-naïve Pembrolizumab (Keytruda®): Pembrolizumab is administered on an outpatient basis. 200 mg pembrolizumab will be administered as a 30 minute (-5 min/+10 min) intravenous (IV) infusion every 3 weeks. Cetuximab (Erbitux®): The initial cetuximab dose of 400mg/m2 is administered on Cycle 1, Day 1 as a 120-minute IV infusion (maximum infusion rate 10mg/min).1 Subsequent weekly cetuximab doses of 250mg/m2 are administered as 60-minute IV infusions (maximum infusion rate 10mg/min).
  • Pembrolizumab, Cetuximab
Cohort 3ExperimentalPD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor-refractory, cetuximab-refractory Pembrolizumab (Keytruda®): Pembrolizumab is administered on an outpatient basis. 200 mg pembrolizumab will be administered as a 30 minute (-5 min/+10 min) intravenous (IV) infusion every 3 weeks. Cetuximab (Erbitux®): The initial cetuximab dose of 400mg/m2 is administered on Cycle 1, Day 1 as a 120-minute IV infusion (maximum infusion rate 10mg/min).1 Subsequent weekly cetuximab doses of 250mg/m2 are administered as 60-minute IV infusions (maximum infusion rate 10mg/min).
  • Pembrolizumab, Cetuximab
Cohort 4Experimentalcutaneous HNSCC Pembrolizumab (Keytruda®): Pembrolizumab is administered on an outpatient basis. 200 mg pembrolizumab will be administered as a 30 minute (-5 min/+10 min) intravenous (IV) infusion every 3 weeks. Cetuximab (Erbitux®): The initial cetuximab dose of 400mg/m2 is administered on Cycle 1, Day 1 as a 120-minute IV infusion (maximum infusion rate 10mg/min).1 Subsequent weekly cetuximab doses of 250mg/m2 are administered as 60-minute IV infusions (maximum infusion rate 10mg/min).
  • Pembrolizumab, Cetuximab

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Patients must meet all of the inclusion criteria to participate in this study.

1. Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent.

2. Histologically or cytologically proven squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (lip, oral cavity, oropharynx, larynx, hypopharynx, non-EBV related nasopharynx, sinonasal, cutaneous), not amenable to curative intent therapy.

3. Platinum-refractory disease, or ineligible/unfit for platinum-based therapy

4. Patients must have at least one measurable site of disease as defined by RECIST v.1.1, determined by investigator review

5. Age ≥ 18 years.

6. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance status 0 or 1.

7. Patient has adequate hematologic, hepatic and renal function

8. Female patient of childbearing potential has a negative serum or urine pregnancy within 72 hours prior to receiving the first dose of study medication.

9. Female patient of childbearing potential agrees to use 2 methods of birth control or be surgically sterile, or abstain from heterosexual activity for the course of the study through 120 days after the last dose of study medication.

10. Male patient with a partner of childbearing potential agrees to use an adequate method of contraception starting with the first dose of study therapy through 120 days after the last dose of study therapy.

Additional Inclusion Criterion for Cohort 1 (PD-1/PD-L1 Inhibitor-naïve, Cetuximab-naïve) and Cohort 2 (PD-1/PD-L1 Inhibitor-refractory, Cetuximab-naïve):

1. Cetuximab-naïve patients may not have received cetuximab therapy in the recurrent/metastatic setting (treatment in curative setting permitted)

Additional Inclusion Criterion for Cohorts 2 and 3 (PD-1/PD-L1 Inhibitor-refractory):

1. PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor-refractory patients must have documented disease progression after prior response to anti-PD-1/PD-L1 therapy (response defined as stable disease, partial or complete response)

Additional Inclusion Criterion for Cohort 4 (Cutaneous HNSCC):

1. Cutaneous HNSCC must not be amenable to local treatment modalities, including surgery and/or radiation.

Exclusion Criteria:

Patients meeting any of the exclusion criteria at baseline will be excluded from study participation.

1. Patient has salivary gland primary.

2. Patient is currently receiving or has received another investigational agent within 4 weeks prior to Day 1 of study.

3. Patient has received chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 4 weeks prior to Day 1 of study. Prior palliative radiotherapy to metastatic lesion(s) is permitted, provided there is at least one measurable lesion that has not been radiated.

4. Patient has received a prior anti-cancer monoclonal antibody (mAb) within 4 weeks prior to study Day 1 or who has not recovered (i.e., ≤ Grade 1 or baseline) from adverse events due to a previously administered agents.

5. Patient has had major surgery or insufficient recovery from surgical-related trauma or wound healing within 14 days of Study Day 1.

6. Patient has had a prior Grade ≥ 3 immune-related adverse event (irAE) while receiving any previous immunotherapy agent, or any unresolved irAE > Grade 1.

7. Patient has had prior Grade 4 infusion reaction to cetuximab.

8. Patient has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment. Exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of the skin or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin that has undergone potentially curative therapy or in situ cervical cancer.

9. Patient has known active central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis.

Note: Patients with previously treated brain metastases may participate provided they are stable (without evidence of progression by imaging for at least four weeks prior to the first dose of trial treatment and any neurologic symptoms have returned to baseline), have no evidence of new or enlarging brain metastases, and are not using steroids for at least 7 days prior to trial treatment. This exception does not include carcinomatous meningitis which is excluded regardless of clinical stability.

10. Patient has an active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years (i.e. with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs).

Notes:

- Patients with vitiligo, Grave's disease, or psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment within the past 2 years are not excluded.

- Replacement therapy (e.g., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a form of systemic treatment.

11. Patient has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving systemic steroid therapy (>10mg prednisone daily, or steroid equivalent) or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of pembrolizumab.

12. Patient has a known history of active TB (Baccillus Tuberculosis).

13. Patient has a known history of, or any evidence of active, non-infectious pneumonitis.

14. Patient has a known history of chronic interstitial lung disease.

15. Patient has an active infection requiring systemic therapy.

16. Patient has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the trial, interfere with the subject's participation for the full duration of the trial, or is not in the best interest of the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator.

17. Patient has a known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial.

18. Patient is pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the trial.

19. Patient has known active Hepatitis B infection (defined as presence of HepB sAg and/ or Hep B DNA), active hepatitis C infection (defined as presence of Hep C RNA) and/or known Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) carrier (HIV 1/2 antibodies).

20. Patient has received a live vaccine within 30 days of study Day 1.

Note: Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally inactivated flu vaccines and are allowed; however intranasal influenza vaccines (e.g., Flu-Mist®) are live attenuated vaccines, and are not allowed.

Additional Exclusion Criterion for Cohorts 1 (PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor-naïve, cetuximab-naïve) and 4 (cutaneous):

1. Patient has received any prior immunotherapy with inhibitors of PD-1 or PD-L1.

Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Overall Response Rate
Time Frame:6 months from the time of study enrollment
Safety Issue:
Description:Proportion of patients with partial or complete response in tumor burden as defined by RECIST

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Progression Free Survival Probability
Time Frame:12 months from the time of study enrollment
Safety Issue:
Description:Probability of no disease progression or death from any cause at 12 months from the time of study enrollment
Measure:Overall Survival
Time Frame:From the time of study enrollment until the date of death from any cause or completion of study, whichever came first, assessed up to 36 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Time from study enrollment to death from any cause
Measure:Duration of Response
Time Frame:Every 9 weeks from first on-treatment scan until disease progression or patient withdrawal from study or date of death from any cause, whichever came first, assessed up to 36 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Time from documentation of tumor response to disease progression
Measure:Number of patients with grade 3 through grade 5 adverse events that are related to pembrolizumab and cetuximab, graded according to NCI CTCAE v4.03
Time Frame:Upon study enrollment, then subsequently at the first visit of each cycle (cycle length is 21 days), at the time of any adverse event, through end of treatment study visit, assessed up to 36 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Description, grade (per CTCAE v4.03), seriousness and relatedness
Measure:Correlative analyses
Time Frame:Tumor specimens (archival or new specimen) should be obtained within 42 days of screening
Safety Issue:
Description:Tumor tissue biomarkers correlated with outcome to pembrolizumab or cetuximab, such as PD-L1 expression, EGFR expression, p16 status, and immunophenotyping
Measure:Correlative analyses
Time Frame:Blood samples will be collected at screening, at time of first radiographic disease assessment on treatment (prior to initiation of cycle 4), and at time of clinical or radiographic disease progression, up to 36 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Blood biomarkers correlated with outcome to pembrolizumab or cetuximab, including T cell receptor (TCR) sequencing
Measure:Correlative analyses
Time Frame:Blood samples will be collected at screening, at time of first radiographic disease assessment on treatment (prior to initiation of cycle 4), and at time of clinical or radiographic disease progression, up to 36 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Blood biomarkers correlated with outcome to pembrolizumab or cetuximab, including Epstein-Barr virus plasma DNA titers
Measure:Correlative analyses
Time Frame:Newly obtained tumor specimen within 42 days of screening (when feasible)
Safety Issue:
Description:Whole exome sequencing for neoantigen discovery

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Not yet recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Assuntina G. Sacco

Trial Keywords

  • Head and Neck Cancer
  • Pembrolizumab
  • Keytruda®
  • Cetuximab
  • Erbitux®
  • Recurrent
  • Metastatic
  • PD-1
  • PD-L1
  • non-EBV related Nasopharynx

Last Updated

March 10, 2017