Clinical Trials /

Study Evaluating the Addition of Pembrolizumab to Radium-223 in mCRPC

NCT03093428

Description:

This research study is studying the safety and tolerability of an investigational combination of drugs, radium-223 plus pembrolizumab as a possible treatment for castration-resistant prostate cancer. The interventions involved in this study are: - Radium-223 - Pembrolizumab

Related Conditions:
  • Prostate Adenocarcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Active, not recruiting

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Study Evaluating the Addition of Pembrolizumab to Radium-223 in mCRPC
  • Official Title: A Randomized, Phase II Study Evaluating the Addition of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) to Radium-223 in Metastatic Castration Resistant Prostate Cancer (mCRPC)

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: 16-498
  • NCT ID: NCT03093428

Conditions

  • Prostate Cancer

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
Radium-223XofigoRadium-223
PembrolizumabKeytrudaPembrolizumab Plus Radium-223

Purpose

This research study is studying the safety and tolerability of an investigational combination of drugs, radium-223 plus pembrolizumab as a possible treatment for castration-resistant prostate cancer. The interventions involved in this study are: - Radium-223 - Pembrolizumab

Detailed Description

      This research study is a Phase II clinical trial. Phase II clinical trials test the safety
      and effectiveness of an investigational intervention to learn whether the intervention works
      in treating a specific disease. "Investigational" means that the intervention is being
      studied.

      The FDA (the U.S. Food and Drug Administration) has approved radium-223 by itself as a
      treatment option for the participant's disease.

      The FDA has not approved pembrolizumab for the participant's specific disease, but it has
      been approved for other uses, such as a type of skin cancer called melanoma.

      In this research study, the investigators are evaluating the immune response, safety and
      tolerability of the combination of pembrolizumab (a type of immunotherapy drug) plus
      radium-223. Pembrolizumab works to block the PD-1 pathway, which plays an important role in
      lessening the activity of one's immune system to fight cancer. Pembrolizumab is therefore
      referred to as a PD-1 inhibitor, and acts by stimulating the patient's T cells, which are
      important immune cells, to attack tumors and treat cancer. Radium-223 targets cancer that
      exists in the bone directly. Radium-223 binds to minerals in the bone to deliver radiation
      directly to the cancer that has spread to the bones while limiting damage to the surrounding
      body tissues. Part of this study is to look at whether the investigators may more effectively
      control the participant's prostate cancer by combining these drugs. Radium-223 may kill
      cancer cells and release proteins specific to the tumor. The participant's immune system can
      then use those proteins to teach the T cells what the cancer looks like, and identify it for
      attack. Pembrolizumab can increase the number and activity of these immune cells, building a
      T cell "army" specialized to recognize and attack the cancer. The way these two drugs work on
      the cancer and the immune system may result in better control of the tumor than just
      radium-223 alone but needs to be investigated.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Radium-223Experimental-Radium-223 will be administered intravenously every 4 weeks at a pre-determined dose
  • Radium-223
Pembrolizumab Plus Radium-223ExperimentalRadium-223 will be administered intravenously every 4 weeks at a pre-determined dose Pembrolizumab will be administered intravenously every 3 weeks at a pre-determined dose
  • Radium-223
  • Pembrolizumab

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate

          -  Castration-resistant prostate cancer requires the following 3 criteria:

               -  Progression after surgical castration or on GnRH agonist or antagonist

               -  A castrate level of testosterone (<50ng/dL)

               -  Prostate cancer progression documented by PSA rise or bone progression according
                  to PCWG2

          -  There is no limit to number of prior therapies

          -  Metastatic disease by bone scan

          -  Age ≥18 years

          -  Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1

          -  Be willing to undergo a core or excisional biopsy of a bone metastasis prior to study
             drug initiation for tumor tissue. Newly-obtained is defined as a specimen obtained up
             to 12 weeks (84 days) prior to initiation of treatment on Day 1. Bone biopsy can have
             been done prior to screening; archival specimens of bone metastasis are permitted if
             done for other purpose and available.

             --If biopsy is non-diagnostic, patient must undergo repeat biopsy as proof of tumor
             tissue by pathology review. Proof of tumor specimen is required for eligibility.

          -  Be willing to undergo a second core or excisional biopsy of a bone metastasis on
             therapy (approximately after 8 weeks of study therapy or after 2 doses of radium-223
             if delays have occurred).

          -  Demonstrate adequate organ function as defined below, all screening labs for
             eligibility should be performed within 30 days prior to treatment initiation.

          -  Hematological

               -  Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1,500 /mcL

               -  Platelets ≥ 100,000 / mcL

               -  Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL or ≥ 5.6 mmol/L; transfusions permitted

          -  Renal

             --Serum creatinine OR Measured or calculated creatinine clearance (GFR can also be
             used in place of creatinine or CrCl) ≤ 1.5 X institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)
             OR

             ≥30 mL/min for subject with creatinine levels > 1.5 X institutional ULN

          -  Hepatic

               -  Serum total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 X institutional ULN OR Direct bilirubin ≤
                  institutional ULN for subjects with total bilirubin levels > 1.5 institutional
                  ULN

               -  AST (SGOT) and ALT (SGPT) ≤ 2.5 X institutional ULN

               -  Albumin > 2.5 mg/dL

          -  Coagulation

             --International Normalized Ratio (INR) or Prothrombin Time (PT) ≤1.5 X institutional
             ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or PTT is within
             therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants

               -  Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (aPTT) ≤1.5 X institutional ULN unless
                  subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or PTT is within
                  therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants

               -  Creatinine clearance should be calculated per institutional standard.

          -  The effects of radium-223 and pembrolizumab on the developing human fetus are unknown.
             For this reason, men must agree to use adequate contraception. Specifically, they must
             agree to use a condom (even men with vasectomies) and another effective method of
             birth control if he is having sex with a woman of childbearing potential or agree to
             use a condom if he is having sex with a woman who is pregnant while on study drug and
             for 120 days (4 months) following the last dose of study drug. They must also agree
             not to donate sperm during the study and for 4 months after receiving the last dose of
             study drug.

          -  Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Pathology consistent with majority of specimen having small cell carcinoma of the
             prostate (prostate cancer with other neuroendocrine features is acceptable).

          -  Prior treatment with radium-223

          -  Prior treatment with a PD-1, PD-L1, or PD-L2 blocking therapy

          -  Evidence of nodal disease greater than or equal to 15 mm in short axis as these
             findings are concerning for metastases that would not be targeted with radium-223
             alone (Arm B). However, lymph nodes with short axis measurements between 1.5-3cm that
             have not enlarged more than 5mm (to account for reader variability) over the last 6
             months and which are not inducing symptoms, causing obstruction, or in the opinion of
             the investigator pose a risk of impending obstruction of any structures, will be
             allowed.

          -  Pulmonary nodules >10 mm

             --Pulmonary nodules >10mm that have been stable for >6 months and are not clearly
             metastatic disease per the treating investigator are permitted

          -  Soft tissue components of bone metastases ≥ 1.0 cm in longest axis

             --Soft tissue components of bone metastases < 1.0 cm that have been stable for >6
             months (must not have enlarged > 5mm) are permitted

          -  Soft tissue lesions ≥ 1.0 cm in longest axis

             --Soft tissue lesions < 1.0 cm that have been stable for > 6 months (must not have
             enlarged > 5mm) are permitted.

          -  If present, primary disease in the prostate must be stable for > 6 months (defined as
             no growth > 5mm)

          -  Evidence of local recurrence in the prostate bed

          -  Evidence of liver metastases or visceral disease

          -  Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency

          -  Receiving systemic steroid therapy or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy
             within 7 days prior to the first dose of trial treatment. Patients who have received
             acute, low-dose, systemic immunosuppressant medications (e.g., limited low-dose
             dexamethasone for nausea, multiple doses for contrast allergy) may be enrolled in the
             study and would not require a 7 day washout.

          -  Has a known history of active TB (Bacillus Tuberculosis)

          -  Has had a prior anti-cancer monoclonal antibody (mAb) within 4 weeks prior to study
             Day 1 or who has not recovered (i.e., ≤ Grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse events
             due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier.

          -  Has had prior systemic therapy (exception: GnRH agonist or antagonist) or radiation
             therapy for prostate cancer within 2 weeks prior to study Day 1. There must be at
             least a 2 week washout period from last dose of any prior systemic or radiation
             therapy for prostate cancer prior to Day 1 of study treatment (including nonsteroidal
             antiandrogens). Screening may commence during this washout window.

          -  Any patient who has not recovered (i.e., ≤ Grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse events
             due to a previously administered systemic agent or radiation therapy.

               -  Exceptions: Subjects with ≤ Grade 2 neuropathy, hot flashes, or hypertension may
                  qualify for the study if all other eligibility criteria met.

               -  Other toxicity or complications that are deemed by the treating investigator as
                  not clinically significant (e.g., urinary incontinence from past prostatectomy)

          -  Diethylstilbestrol, estrogens, saw palmetto, or other preparations that are known to
             have possible endocrine effects on prostate cancer that have been started within the
             past 8 weeks, as they may affect PSA levels or response. These are allowed if the
             patient has been on a stable dose for at least 8 weeks prior to C1D1.

          -  Receiving other investigational agents

          -  History of allergic reactions to compounds with similar biologic or chemical
             composition to pembrolizumab or Radium-223

          -  Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment.
             Exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of the skin or squamous cell carcinoma of the
             skin that has is planned for curative therapy.

          -  Has known active central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous
             meningitis. Subjects with previously treated brain metastases may participate provided
             they are stable (without evidence of progression by imaging for at least four weeks
             prior to the first dose of trial treatment and any neurologic symptoms have returned
             to baseline), have no evidence of new or enlarging brain metastases, and are not using
             steroids for at least 7 days prior to trial treatment. This exception does not include
             carcinomatous meningitis, which is excluded regardless of clinical stability.

          -  Has active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years
             (i.e. with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive
             drugs). Replacement therapy (eg., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid
             replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a
             form of systemic treatment and is allowed.

          -  Has known history of, or any evidence of active, non-infectious pneumonitis. A history
             of radiation pneumonitis which is asymptomatic with no signs of active process is
             allowed.

          -  Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality
             that might confound the results of the trial, interfere with the subject's
             participation for the full duration of the trial, or is not in the best interest of
             the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator.

          -  Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with
             cooperation with the requirements of the trial.

          -  Has a known history of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) (HIV 1/2 antibodies).
             HIV-positive participants on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible because
             of the potential for pharmacokinetic interactions with pembrolizumab. In addition,
             these participants are at increased risk of lethal infections when treated with
             marrow-suppressive therapy. Appropriate studies will be undertaken in participants
             receiving combination antiretroviral therapy when indicated.

          -  Has known active Hepatitis B (e.g., HBsAg reactive) or Hepatitis C (e.g., HCV RNA is
             detected).

          -  Has received a live vaccine within 30 days of planned start of study therapy.

          -  Note: Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally inactivated flu vaccines
             and are allowed; however intranasal influenza vaccines (e.g., Flu-Mist®) are live
             attenuated vaccines, and are not allowed.

          -  Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active
             infection, severe or unstable angina, myocardial infarction, symptomatic congestive
             heart failure (defined as New York Heart Association Grade II or greater), arterial or
             venous thromboembolic events (e.g., pulmonary embolism, cerebrovascular accident
             including transient ischemic attacks) or clinically significant ventricular
             arrhythmias within 6 months prior to randomization; or significant vascular disease
             (e.g., aortic aneurysm, aortic dissection), symptomatic peripheral vascular disease

          -  Evidence of QTc prolongation as defined as QTcF > 470 ms

          -  Inability to comply with study and/or follow-up procedures
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:Male
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:The Extent Of Immune Cell Infiltration
Time Frame:8 weeks
Safety Issue:
Description:To compare differences in immune infiltrating cells (e.g., CD8+, CD4+, T cells) in bone biopsy specimens from baseline to 8 weeks on study therapy between the treatment arms.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Incidence of Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events (Safety and Tolerability)
Time Frame:2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Grade 3 or higher adverse events that are considered treatment related according to NCI CTCAE (version 4.0)
Measure:Progression Free Survival Rate
Time Frame:2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Progression-free survival (PFS) is defined as the time from the first dose of study drug to the earlier of the first documentation of definitive disease progression [as defined by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST version 1.1)
Measure:Overall Survival Rate
Time Frame:2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Overall Survival (OS) is defined as the time from randomization (or registration) to death due to any cause, or censored at date last known alive.

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Trial Keywords

  • Prostate Cancer

Last Updated