Clinical Trials /

Study of Intensity Modulated Total Marrow Irradiation (IM-TMI) in Addition to Fludarabine/Busulfan Conditioning for Allogeneic Transplantation in High Risk AML and Myelodysplastic Syndromes

NCT03121014

Description:

The study is a Phase II clinical trial. Patients will receive intensity modulated total marrow irradiation (TMI) at a dose of 9 Gy with standard myeloablative fludarabine/ i.v. targeted busulfan (FluBu) conditioning prior to allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT).

Related Conditions:
  • Acute Myeloid Leukemia
  • Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Study of Intensity Modulated Total Marrow Irradiation (IM-TMI) in Addition to Fludarabine/Busulfan Conditioning for Allogeneic Transplantation in High Risk AML and Myelodysplastic Syndromes
  • Official Title: A Phase II Study of Intensity Modulated Total Marrow Irradiation (IM-TMI) in Addition to Fludarabine/Busulfan Conditioning for Allogeneic Transplantation in High Risk AML and Myelodysplastic Syndromes

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: BMT-05
  • SECONDARY ID: 2017-0001
  • NCT ID: NCT03121014

Conditions

  • Acute Myeloid Leukemia
  • Myelodysplastic Syndromes

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
FludarabineFludara®Patient Treatment
BusulfanBusulfex®Patient Treatment
ATGThymoglobulin®Patient Treatment
TacrolimusFK-506, Prograf®Patient Treatment
MethotrexateTrexall®Patient Treatment

Purpose

The study is a Phase II clinical trial. Patients will receive intensity modulated total marrow irradiation (TMI) at a dose of 9 Gy with standard myeloablative fludarabine/ i.v. targeted busulfan (FluBu) conditioning prior to allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT).

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Patient TreatmentExperimentalPatients will receive fludarabine 40 mg/m2 IVBP daily for day -5 (5 days before stem cell infusion) through Day -2, IV busulfan targeting a 4800μM/min/ day from day -5 through day -2, and ATG (Thymoglobulin®) at 0.5 mg/kg IV on day -3, and 2 mg/kg on days -2 and day -1 (Only for recipients of stem cells from unrelated or mismatched donors). In addition to the above conditioning regimen all patients will receive TMI at a dose of 3Gy on days -3, -2 and -1. On day 0, the stem cell product will be infused according to BMT unit policy. Graft versus host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis will consist of administration of tacrolimus and methotrexate. Post-transplant evaluation will be done as per standard care with study data collected at day 30, 60, 90, 180, 365 and 2 years.
  • Fludarabine
  • Busulfan
  • ATG
  • Tacrolimus
  • Methotrexate

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          1. Age 18-65 years

          2. Patients with AML or MDS who meet the following criteria:

               1. Relapsed or refractory AML (including AML in CR2)

               2. Poor-risk AML in first remission, with remission defined as <5% bone marrow
                  blasts morphologically:

                    -  AML arising from MDS or a myeloproliferative disorder, or secondary AML

                    -  Poor risk molecular features including presence of FLT3 internal tandem
                       duplication mutation.

                    -  Poor-risk cytogenetics: Monosomal karyotype, complex karyotype (> 3
                       abnormalities), inv(3), t(3;3), t(6;9), MLL rearrangement with the exception
                       of t(9;11), or abnormalities of chromosome 5 or 7

               3. Primary refractory disease

               4. MDS with at least one of the following poor-risk features:

                    -  Poor-risk cytogenetics including 3q abnormalities, 7/7q minus or complex
                       cytogenetics (>3 abnormalities)

                    -  Current or previous INT-2 or high IPSS score

                    -  Treatment-related MDS

                    -  MDS diagnosed before age 21 years

                    -  Progression on or lack of response to standard DNA-methyltransferase
                       inhibitor therapy

                    -  Life-threatening cytopenias, including those requiring regular PRBC or
                       platelet transfusions

          3. Patients must have a related or unrelated peripheral blood stem cell donor as follows:

               1. Sibling donor must be a 6/6 match for HLA-A, -B at intermediate (or higher)
                  resolution and -DRB1 at high resolution using DNA based typing

               2. Unrelated donors must be at least 7/8 match at HLA-A, -B, -C and DRB1 at high
                  resolution using DNA-based typing

        Exclusion criteria:

          1. Presence of significant co morbidity as shown by:

               1. Left ventricular ejection fraction < 50%

               2. Bilirubin > 2.0 mg/dL (unless due to Gilbert's syndrome or hemolysis), and ALT
                  and AST > 5 x ULN

               3. FEV1 and FVC < 50% of predicted or DLCO <50% of predicted once corrected for
                  anemia

               4. Karnofsky score <70 (appendix C)

               5. Hematopoietic cell transplantation comorbidity index >3

               6. Active viral hepatitis or HIV infection

               7. Cirrhosis

          2. Pregnancy

          3. Patients unable to sign informed consent

          4. Patient who have previously received radiation to >20% of bone marrow containing
             areas.

        4. DONOR ELIGIBILITY AND SELECTION

        4.1. Donor Selection

        Donor evaluation and selection is by standard for normal clinical practice. No study
        procedures are to be performed on donors. All donors must be willing to donate peripheral
        blood stem cells and meet institutional or NMDP criteria for donation.

        The following prioritization will be used when selecting donors:

          1. When possible, an HLA compatible sibling will be used as a donor.

          2. For patients who do not have an HLA compatible sibling, an unrelated donor will be
             used

          3. 8/8 matched unrelated donors are preferred over single antigen mismatched donors.

        If more than one potential volunteer unrelated donor is considered suitable further
        selection of the most suitable donor is at the discretion of the treating physician. The
        following serves only as a guide for prioritization:

          1. Age of donor (18-24 > 25-34 > 35-44 > 45+)

          2. Sex and parity of donor (male > female, nulliparous female > parous, multiparous
             female)

          3. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) status, if recipient is CMV seronegative (CMV- > CMV+)
      
Maximum Eligible Age:65 Years
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Relapse free survival of approximately 30% in high-risk patients conditioned with the Fludarabine/ Busulfan regimen
Time Frame:Up to 1 year
Safety Issue:
Description:Using a Simon 2 stage optimal design with α of 0.05 and power of 0.8, 15 patients will be enrolled in the first stage. If greater than 5 patients survive to 1 year without relapse the study will continue into stage 2. Recruitment will then continue to a total of 46 patients. In this expanded cohort, if a total of 18 or more patients survive to 1 year without relapse, the treatment will be judged efficacious and worthy of further study.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Relapse free survival
Time Frame:Up to 1 year
Safety Issue:
Description:It will be estimated and reported with 90% confidence intervals. The proportion of patients who are alive at 1-year will also be estimated with a 90% exact binomial confidence interval.
Measure:Overall survival
Time Frame:Up to 1 year
Safety Issue:
Description:It will be estimated and reported with 90% confidence intervals. The proportion of patients who are alive at 1-year will also be estimated with a 90% exact binomial confidence interval.
Measure:Transplant related mortality rate
Time Frame:Up to 1 year
Safety Issue:
Description:After accrual of 10 patients, analysis will be performed to ensure that the mortality rate does not exceed 30%. By calculation of confidence intervals to ensure the TRM not exceed 30%, accrual would be halted if n= 6 of 10 (lower bound of the exact, one-sided 90% CI is 35.4%).

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:University of Illinois at Chicago

Last Updated