Clinical Trials /

Carboplatin, Nab-Paclitaxel and Pembrolizumab for Metastatic Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

NCT03121352

Description:

The purpose of this study is to see how effective the combination of the two chemotherapy drugs (carboplatin and nab-paclitaxel) are when added to a third drug, pembrolizumab. Pembrolizumab is an investigational (experimental) drug that works by reinvigorating the immune system, allowing it to target and destroy cancer cells. Pembrolizumab is experimental because it is not approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for this type of breast cancer treatment.

Related Conditions:
  • Breast Carcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Carboplatin, Nab-Paclitaxel and Pembrolizumab for Metastatic Triple-Negative Breast Cancer
  • Official Title: Pilot Study of Carboplatin, Nab-Paclitaxel and Pembrolizumab for Metastatic Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: CASE6115
  • NCT ID: NCT03121352

Conditions

  • Metastatic Triple Negative Breast Cancer

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
CarboplatinCarboplatin + Nab-paclitaxel + Pembrolizumab
Nab-paclitaxelAbraxaneCarboplatin + Nab-paclitaxel + Pembrolizumab
PembrolizumabMK-3475Carboplatin + Nab-paclitaxel + Pembrolizumab

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to see how effective the combination of the two chemotherapy drugs (carboplatin and nab-paclitaxel) are when added to a third drug, pembrolizumab. Pembrolizumab is an investigational (experimental) drug that works by reinvigorating the immune system, allowing it to target and destroy cancer cells. Pembrolizumab is experimental because it is not approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for this type of breast cancer treatment.

Detailed Description

      Primary Objective

      - Determine overall response rate (ORR) in patients treated with CNP

      Secondary Objective(s)

        -  Determine progression-free survival (PFS), and disease control rate (DCR) in patients
           treated with CNP.

        -  Determine disease control rate (DCR) in patients treated with CNP.

      Correlative Endpoints

        -  Identify pathologic and genomic correlates of response to CNP.

        -  Determine safety/tolerability of CNP.

      Study design including dose escalation / cohorts This is prospective pilot clinical trial of
      CNP in up to 30 patients with mTNBC
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Carboplatin + Nab-paclitaxel + PembrolizumabExperimentalCombination therapy of Carboplatin, Nab-paclitaxel, and Pembrolizumab
  • Carboplatin
  • Nab-paclitaxel
  • Pembrolizumab

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Subjects must have histologically or cytologically confirmed metastatic triple
             negative breast cancer

          -  Subjects must have received no more than 2 prior therapies for this disease

          -  ECOG Performance Status 0-1

          -  Subjects must have normal organ and marrow function as defined below:

               -  Hemoglobin ≥ 10.0 g/dl

               -  Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,000/μL

               -  Platelet count ≥ 100,000/μL

               -  Total bilirubin within normal institutional limits

               -  AST (SGOT) ≤ 2.5 X institutional upper limit of normal

               -  ALT (SGPT) ≤ 2.5 X institutional upper limit of normal

               -  Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 normal institutional limits

          -  Life expectancy of 12 weeks or more

          -  Subjects must have the ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written
             informed consent document

          -  Subjects must have measurable disease per RECIST v1.1

          -  Subjects must be willing to undergo a preliminary biopsy of a metastatic focus for
             research purposes. A second post-treatment biopsy will be offered but will not be
             mandated

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Prior treatment toxicities have not resolved to ≤ Grade 1 according to NCI CTCAE
             Version 4.0 (except for alopecia and neuropathy)

          -  Subjects receiving any other investigational agents

          -  Subjects with radiographically stable treated brain metastases are eligible but must
             not have been on steroid therapy for at least 4 weeks

          -  History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic
             composition to nab-paclitaxel, carboplatin, pembrolizumab, or other agents used in
             this study

          -  Subjects with uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to ongoing
             or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris,
             cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit
             compliance with study requirements

          -  Pregnant or breastfeeding women are excluded from this study

          -  Patients with conditions requiring immunosuppressive medications or chronic
             infections (including HIV infection, hepatitis B and C)

          -  Patients with chronic autoimmune disease

          -  Patients with prior therapy with antibodies that modulate T-cell function (e.g.,
             anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1)

          -  Patients with evidence of active, non-infectious pneumonia

          -  Patients active infection requiring intravenous systemic therapy

          -  Patients with known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere
             with cooperation with requirements of the trial

          -  Patients who have received a live vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of
             pembrolizumab

          -  Patients with a known additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active
             treatment (within the last 5 years). Exceptions: basal cell carcinoma of the skin,
             squamous cell carcinoma of the skin or in situ cervical cancer that has undergone
             potentially curative therapy

          -  Patients who have received monoclonal anti-cancer antibody within 4 weeks of first
             dose of study drugs

          -  Patients who have received chemotherapy, small molecule targeted therapy or radiation
             within the 2 weeks of first dose of study drugs

          -  Patients who have participated in MK-3475 Merck studies

          -  Patients with carcinomatous meningitis
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Determine overall response rate (ORR) in patients treated with CNP
Time Frame:Up to 24 months
Safety Issue:
Description:The number of people with tumor responses according to RECIST (V1.1). These responses include Complete Response (CR): Disappearance of all target lesions. Any pathological lymph nodes (whether target or non-target) must have reduction in short axis to <10 mm. Partial Response (PR): At least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters. Progressive Disease (PD): At least a 20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum on study (this includes the baseline sum if that is the smallest on study). In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of at least 5 mm. (Note: the appearance of one or more new lesions is also considered progression). Stable Disease (SD): Neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase to qualify for PD, taking as reference the smallest sum diameters while on study

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Determine progression-free survival (PFS) in patients treated with CNP
Time Frame:Up to 24 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Average time (in months) patient's tumors did not progress according to the RECIST criteria (V1.1). Progressive disease is defined as Progressive Disease (PD): At least a 20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum on study (this includes the baseline sum if that is the smallest on study). In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of at least 5 mm
Measure:Determine disease control rate (DCR) in patients treated with CNP
Time Frame:Up to 24 months
Safety Issue:
Description:the percentage of patients with advanced or metastatic cancer who have achieved complete response, partial response and stable disease to a therapeutic intervention. Responses are defined as Complete Response (CR): Disappearance of all target lesions. Any pathological lymph nodes (whether target or non-target) must have reduction in short axis to <10 mm or Partial Response (PR): At least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters. Stable Disease (SD): Neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase to qualify for PD, taking as reference the smallest sum diameters while on study
Measure:Determine duration of response in patients treated with CNP
Time Frame:Up to 24 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Average time patients have a response, as defined by the RECIST criteria (V1.1). Response includes: Complete Response (CR): Disappearance of all target lesions. Any pathological lymph nodes (whether target or non-target) must have reduction in short axis to <10 mm or Partial Response (PR): At least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters.

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Case Comprehensive Cancer Center

Trial Keywords

  • Carboplatin
  • Nab-Paclitaxel
  • Pembrolizumab

Last Updated

June 7, 2017