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Recombinant EphB4-HSA Fusion Protein and Azacitidine or Decitabine for Relapsed or Refractory Myelodysplastic Syndrome, Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia, or Acute Myeloid Leukemia Patients Previously Treated With a Hypomethylating Agent

NCT03146871

Description:

This trial studies the side effects of recombinant EphB4-HSA fusion protein when given together with azacitidine or decitabine in treating patients with myelodysplastic syndrome, chronic myelomonocytic leukemia, or acute myeloid leukemia that has come back or has not responded to previous treatment with a hypomethylating agent. Recombinant EphB4-HSA fusion protein may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Hypomethylating agents, such as azacitidine and decitabine, slow down genes that promote cell growth and can kill cells that are dividing rapidly. Giving recombinant EphB4-HSA fusion protein together with azacitidine or decitabine may work better in treating patients with myelodysplastic syndrome, chronic myelomonocytic leukemia, or acute myeloid leukemia.

Related Conditions:
  • Acute Myeloid Leukemia
  • Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia
  • Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Recruiting Status:

Terminated

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Recombinant EphB4-HSA Fusion Protein and Azacitidine or Decitabine for Relapsed or Refractory Myelodysplastic Syndrome, Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia, or Acute Myeloid Leukemia Patients Previously Treated With a Hypomethylating Agent
  • Official Title: A Pilot/Safety Study of sEphB4-HSA in Combination With a Hypomethylating Agent (HMA) for Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS) and AML Previously Treated With a Hypomethylating Agent

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: 9L-16-6
  • SECONDARY ID: NCI-2017-00623
  • SECONDARY ID: 9L-16-6
  • SECONDARY ID: P30CA014089
  • NCT ID: NCT03146871

Conditions

  • Acute Myeloid Leukemia Arising From Previous Myelodysplastic Syndrome
  • Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia
  • Previously Treated Myelodysplastic Syndrome
  • Recurrent Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Myelodysplasia-Related Changes
  • Recurrent Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
Azacitidine5 AZC, 5-AC, 5-Azacytidine, 5-AZC, Azacytidine, Azacytidine, 5-, Ladakamycin, Mylosar, U-18496, VidazaTreatment (sEphB4-HSA, azacitidine, decitabine)
Decitabine5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine, Dacogen, Decitabine for Injection, Deoxyazacytidine, DezocitidineTreatment (sEphB4-HSA, azacitidine, decitabine)
Recombinant EphB4-HSA Fusion ProteinsEphB4-HSATreatment (sEphB4-HSA, azacitidine, decitabine)

Purpose

This trial studies the side effects of recombinant EphB4-HSA fusion protein when given together with azacitidine or decitabine in treating patients with myelodysplastic syndrome, chronic myelomonocytic leukemia, or acute myeloid leukemia that has come back or has not responded to previous treatment with a hypomethylating agent. Recombinant EphB4-HSA fusion protein may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Hypomethylating agents, such as azacitidine and decitabine, slow down genes that promote cell growth and can kill cells that are dividing rapidly. Giving recombinant EphB4-HSA fusion protein together with azacitidine or decitabine may work better in treating patients with myelodysplastic syndrome, chronic myelomonocytic leukemia, or acute myeloid leukemia.

Detailed Description

      PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To describe the toxicities and assess the tolerability of recombinant EphB4-HSA fusion
      protein (sEphB4-HSA) in combination with an approved hypomethylating agent (HMA) among
      patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) who are refractory to or have lost their
      response to one or more HMAs and among patients with relapsed/refractory acute myeloid
      leukemia (AML) previously treated with a HMA.

      SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To measure the expression of EphB4 among marrow and peripheral blood blasts in patients
      with MDS & AML at baseline and over the course of treatment.

      II. To measure the expression of immune check-point activating ligands (such as PD-L1, PD-L2)
      on marrow and peripheral blood blasts in patients treated with HMA and sEphB4-HSA in
      combination.

      III. To profile immune subsets (activated and exhausted T cells, natural killer [NK] cells, T
      regulatory cells, and myeloid derived suppressor cells) in the peripheral blood and marrow in
      patients treated with HMA and sEphB4-HSA in combination.

      IV. To assess efficacy of sEphB4-HSA in combination with an HMA as manifest by International
      Working Group (IWG) response criteria, as well as time to development of acute myeloid
      leukemia (AML) in patients with MDS and time to progression.

      OUTLINE:

      Patients receive recombinant EphB4-HSA fusion protein intravenously (IV) over 60 minutes on
      days 1 and 15. Patients also receive azacitidine IV or subcutaneously (SC) on days 1-7 or
      days 1-5 and 8-9, or decitabine IV on days 1-5. Administration of recombinant EphB4-HSA
      fusion protein occurs before or after the HMA (not concurrently). Treatment repeats every 28
      days for up to 12 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

      After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 6 months.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Treatment (sEphB4-HSA, azacitidine, decitabine)ExperimentalPatients receive recombinant EphB4-HSA fusion protein intravenously (IV) over 60 minutes on days 1 and 15. Patients also receive azacitidine IV or subcutaneously (SC) on days 1-7 or days 1-5 and 8-9, or decitabine IV on days 1-5. Administration of recombinant EphB4-HSA fusion protein occurs before or after the HMA (not concurrently). Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 12 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
  • Azacitidine
  • Decitabine

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Adult subjects with advanced MDS requiring treatment with HMA and either refractory to
             at least 4 cycles or progressing after previously documented response

               -  Patient must be treated within 6 months of the last HMA treatment and must be
                  willing to be treated with the same agent they last received on this study

               -  Prior treatment with novel HMA analog of decitabine on clinical trial is allowed;
                  in such cases, decitabine will be used as the standard of care agent

          -  MDS classified as intermediate 1-risk or high risk according to the international
             prognostic scoring system (IPSS) or revised-IPSS

          -  Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML)

          -  Acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) that was previously treated with HMA and is unfit
             for intensive chemotherapy

               -  Patient must be within 6 months of prior treatment with HMA and must be willing
                  to be treated with the same agent on this study

          -  During the 8 weeks prior to inclusion in study, subjects must have a baseline bone
             marrow examination including all of the following:

               -  Cytomorphology to confirm bone marrow blasts

               -  Cytogenetics

          -  Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) status 0-2

          -  Subject is able to understand and willing to comply with protocol requirements and
             instructions

          -  Subject has signed and dated informed consent

          -  Total bilirubin (except for Gilbert's syndrome) =< 2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)

          -  Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 3 x ULN

          -  Creatinine =< 2.5 x ULN

          -  Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) and male patients with WOCBP as partners must
             be using an adequate method of contraception to avoid pregnancy throughout the study
             and for up to 12 weeks after the last dose of the investigational agent; subject is
             practicing an acceptable method of contraception (documented in case report form
             [CRF]); WOCBP include any female who has experienced menarche and who has not
             undergone successful surgical sterilization (hysterectomy, bilateral tubal ligation,
             or bilateral oophorectomy) or is not postmenopausal; post menopause is defined as:

               -  Amenorrhea >= 12 consecutive months without another cause or

          -  For women with irregular menstrual periods and on hormone replacement therapy (HRT), a
             documented serum follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) level > 35 mIU/mL

          -  Women who are using oral contraceptives, other hormonal contraceptives (vagina
             products, skin patches, or implanted or injectable products), or mechanical products
             such as an intrauterine device or barrier methods (diaphragm, condoms, spermicides) to
             prevent pregnancy, or are practicing abstinence or where their partner is sterile
             (e.g., vasectomy) should be considered to be of childbearing potential

          -  WOCBP must have a negative serum test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units
             of human chorionic gonadotropin [HCG]) within 72 hours prior to the start of
             investigational product

          -  Patients with uncontrolled hypertension

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Patients with AML whose white blood cell count exceeds 25,000

          -  Corrected QT (QTc) (Fridericia Correction Formula) > 480 on electrocardiogram (ECG)

          -  Patients whose electrolytes (sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium) are abnormal or
             cannot be normalized with standard intervention on the day of treatment with study
             drug

          -  Patients who are actively receiving any other anticancer therapy

          -  Patients with a history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar
             chemical or biologic composition to HMAs

          -  Patients with a diagnosis of acute promyelocytic leukemia

          -  Patients with short life expectancy (less than 3 months) due to comorbidity other than
             MDS

          -  Female subjects who are nursing or pregnant (positive serum or urine Beta-human
             chorionic gonadotropin [B-hCG] pregnancy test)

          -  Patients with current alcohol or drug abuse

          -  Patients who have received treatment with an investigational drug within 30 days
             preceding the first dose of study medication

          -  Patients with uncontrolled inter-current illness including, but not limited to,
             ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina
             pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would
             limit compliance with study requirements

          -  Patients infected with hepatitis B, C or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), unless
             they are on stable and effective antiviral treatment

          -  Patients with a condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (>
             10 mg daily prednisone equivalent) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14
             days of randomization; inhaled or topical steroids and adrenal replacement steroid
             doses > 10mg daily prednisone equivalent, are permitted in the absence of uncontrolled
             autoimmune disease

          -  MEDICATION-RELATED EXCLUSION CRITERIA

          -  Patients with uncontrolled hypertension (HTN) (> 160/90) will not be admitted onto the
             study
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Incidence of adverse events graded according to the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version (v)4.0
Time Frame:Up to 30 days of the last dose of protocol treatment
Safety Issue:
Description:Will be tabulated and reported according to grade, type, cycle, and attribution.

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:University of Southern California

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