Clinical Trials /

A Study of the Efficacy and Safety of Alectinib in Participants With Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase (ALK)-Rearranged Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

NCT03155009

Description:

This study will evaluate the efficacy and safety of alectinib, in selected participants, with anaplastic lymphoma kinase-rearranged (ALK-rearranged) non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), after disease progression on prior treatment strategy with crizotinib, as only ALK inhibitor, and eventually chemotherapy treatment(s).

Related Conditions:
  • Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: A Study of the Efficacy and Safety of Alectinib in Participants With Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase (ALK)-Rearranged Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
  • Official Title: An Open-Label, Multicenter, Single-Arm, Phase II Study to Assess the Efficacy and Safety of Alectinib in Patients With ALK-Rearranged Non−Small Cell Lung Cancer After Disease Progression on Prior ALK Inhibitor Therapy

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: ML39349
  • SECONDARY ID: 2016-003924-22
  • NCT ID: NCT03155009

Conditions

  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
AlectinibAlectinib

Purpose

This study will evaluate the efficacy and safety of alectinib, in selected participants, with anaplastic lymphoma kinase-rearranged (ALK-rearranged) non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), after disease progression on prior treatment strategy with crizotinib, as only ALK inhibitor, and eventually chemotherapy treatment(s).

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
AlectinibExperimental600 mg orally twice daily (BID) for up to 2 years
  • Alectinib

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Participants with histologically or cytologically confirmed locally advanced or
             metastatic NSCLC (Stage IIIB or IV accordingly to American Joint Committee on Cancer
             [AJCC] classification)

          -  Life expectancy of at least 12 weeks, in the opinion of the Investigator

          -  Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status (ECOG PS) ≤ 2

          -  Having contributive biopsy performed on fresh tissue (FFPE blocks required) taken
             after progression on previous therapy showing presence of anaplastic lymphoma kinase
             (ALK) rearrangement, assessed by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and confirmed by
             fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH)

          -  Absence of resistance mechanism to alectinib assessed by the Biomarkers Board

          -  Disease progression, limited to central nervous system (CNS) without possibility of
             tissue biopsy

          -  Non-contributive molecular analyses (not enough tumor cells or deoxyribonucleic acid,
             [DNA] amount or failure of analyses for technical reasons): inclusion is at
             investigator discretion (decision made upon Biomarker Board recommendation)

          -  History of crizotinib exposure

          -  Washout period: if previous progression on crizotinib: 7 days from last intake of the
             drug

          -  If previous progression on chemotherapy: 28 days

          -  If previous radiation therapy: 15 days

          -  Participants must have recovered from treatment toxicities to ≤ Grade 1 or to their
             pretreatment levels (for participants who have developed interstitial lung disease
             [ILD], they must have fully recovered)

          -  Recovery from effects of any major surgery, or significant traumatic injury, at least
             35 days before the first dose of alectinib

          -  Adequate hematologic function

          -  Adequate renal function

          -  For all females of childbearing potential, a negative pregnancy test must be obtained
             within three days before starting study drug

          -  For women who are not postmenopausal (≥ 12 months of non-therapy-induced amenorrhea)
             or surgically sterile (absence of ovaries and/or uterus): agreement to remain
             abstinent or use two adequate methods of contraception, including at least one method
             with a failure rate of < 1% per year, during the treatment period and for at least 90
             days after the last dose of study drug

          -  For men: agreement to remain abstinent or use a barrier method of contraception (e.g.,
             condom) during the treatment period and for at least 90 days after the last dose of
             study drug and agreement to refrain from donating sperm during this same period

          -  Participant has national health insurance coverage

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Prior therapy with other ALK inhibitors than crizotinib (including alectinib)

          -  Participants with symptomatic CNS metastases who are neurologically unstable or
             require increasing doses of steroids within one week prior to Day 0 to manage CNS
             symptoms

          -  Participants with progression limited to CNS and eligible to a focal treatment
             (surgery or stereotaxic radiotherapy)

          -  Administration of strong/ potent cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A) inhibitors or inducers, or
             agents with potential QT prolonging effects within 14 days prior to first
             administration of study drug

          -  Liver disease

          -  Any clinically significant concomitant disease or condition that could interfere with,
             or for which the treatment might interfere with, the conduct of the study or the
             absorption of oral medications or that would, in the opinion of the investigator, pose
             an unacceptable risk to the participant in this study

          -  Active or uncontrolled infectious diseases requiring treatment

          -  History of organ transplant

          -  Participants with baseline QTc > 470 ms or participants with symptomatic bradycardia

          -  Pregnant or lactating women

          -  History of hypersensitivity to any of the additives in the alectinib drug

          -  Any psychological, familial, sociological, or geographical condition potentially
             hampering compliance with the study protocol requirements and/or follow-up procedures;
             those conditions should be discussed with the participant before trial entry

          -  Serious, uncontrolled infections or current known infection with human
             immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Objective Response Rate (ORR)
Time Frame:Up to 2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:ORR is defined as the percentage of participants with complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) assessed by the investigator using the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST), v.1.1. CR is defined as disappearance of all target and non-target lesions and no new lesions, and all pathological lymph nodes must have decreased to <10 mm in short axis. PR is defined as at least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions (taking as reference the baseline sum diameters), no progression in non-target lesions, and no new lesions.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Central Nervous System Objective Response Rate (C-ORR)
Time Frame:Up to 2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:C-ORR is defined as the percentage of participants who attain a CR or PR of the baseline CNS metastases based on RECIST v.1.1. CR is defined as disappearance of all target and non-target lesions and no new lesions, and all pathological lymph nodes must have decreased to <10 mm in short axis. PR is defined as at least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions (taking as reference the baseline sum diameters), no progression in non-target lesions, and no new lesions.
Measure:Progression-Free Survival (PFS)
Time Frame:Up to 2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:PFS is defined as the time between first intake of alectinib and the first occurrence of disease progression, or death from any cause during the study, whichever occurs first. Progressive disease (PD) based on RECIST v.1.1. is defined as at least a 20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum on study (nadir), including baseline. In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of at least 5 mm. The appearance of one or more new lesions is also considered progression.
Measure:Time to Progression (TTP)
Time Frame:Up to 2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:TTP is defined as the time between first intake of alectinib and the first occurrence of disease progression. PD based on RECIST v.1.1. is defined as at least a 20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum on study (nadir), including baseline. In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of at least 5 mm. The appearance of one or more new lesions is also considered progression.
Measure:Disease Control Rate (DCR)
Time Frame:Up to 2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:DCR is defined as the percentage of participants who attain CR, PR, or stable disease (SD) for at least five weeks, based on RECIST v.1.1. CR is defined as disappearance of all target and non-target lesions and no new lesions, and all pathological lymph nodes must have decreased to <10 mm in short axis. PR is defined as at least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions (taking as reference the baseline sum diameters), no progression in non-target lesions, and no new lesions. SD is defined as neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase to qualify for disease progression, taking as reference the smallest sum on study.
Measure:Duration of Response (DOR)
Time Frame:Up to 2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:DOR is defined as the time from when response (CR or PR), based on RECIST v.1.1, will be first documented to first documented disease progression or death (whichever occurs first). CR is defined as disappearance of all target and non-target lesions and no new lesions, and all pathological lymph nodes must have decreased to <10 mm in short axis. PR is defined as at least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions (taking as reference the baseline sum diameters), no progression in non-target lesions, and no new lesions. PD is defined as at least a 20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum on study (nadir), including baseline. In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of at least 5 mm. The appearance of one or more new lesions is also considered progression.
Measure:Central Nervous System DOR (C-DOR)
Time Frame:Up to 2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:C-DOR is defined as the time from the first observation of a CNS response of CR or PR based on RECIST V1.1 until first observation of CNS progression or death from any cause (whichever occurs first). CR is defined as disappearance of all target and non-target lesions and no new lesions, and all pathological lymph nodes must have decreased to <10 mm in short axis. PR is defined as at least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions (taking as reference the baseline sum diameters), no progression in non-target lesions, and no new lesions. PD is defined as at least a 20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum on study (nadir), including baseline. In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of at least 5 mm. The appearance of one or more new lesions is also considered progression.
Measure:Overall Survival (OS)
Time Frame:Up to 2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:OS is defined as the percentage of participants alive two years after the start of treatment.
Measure:Time to Central Nervous System (CNS) Progression
Time Frame:Up to 2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Time to central nervous system (CNS) progression is defined as the time from first drug intake to first documented occurrence of disease progression in the CNS. PD based on RECIST v.1.1. is defined as at least a 20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum on study (nadir), including baseline. In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of at least 5 mm. The appearance of one or more new lesions is also considered progression.
Measure:Percentage of Participants with Adverse Events (AEs)
Time Frame:Up to 2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:An adverse event is considered any unfavorable and unintended sign, symptom, or disease associated with the use of the study drug, whether or not considered related to the study drug. Preexisting conditions that worsen during the study are reported as adverse events.
Measure:Health-Related Quality of Life (QoL), as Assessed by the QLQ-C30 Questionnaire
Time Frame:Up to 2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:The QLQ-C30 Questionnaire is used to assess the quality of life of participants with cancer. It includes five functional scales, three symptom scales, a global health status / QoL scale, and six single items. These components range in score from 0 (low response level) to 100 (high response level).
Measure:Health-Related QoL, as Assessed by the LC13 Questionnaire
Time Frame:Up to 2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:The LC13 Questionnaire includes 13 questions assessing lung cancer-associated symptoms (cough, hemoptysis, dyspnea and site-specific pain), treatment-related side effects (sore mouth, dysphagia, peripheral neuropathy and alopecia), and pain medication. This scale ranges in score from 0 (low response level) to 100 (high response level).
Measure:Health-Related QoL, as Assessed by the BN20 Questionnaire
Time Frame:Up to 2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:The BN20 Questionnaire includes 20 items assessing future uncertainty, visual disorder, motor dysfunction, communication deficit and other disease symptoms, and treatment toxicities. This scale ranges in score from 0 (low response level) to 100 (high response level).

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Hoffmann-La Roche

Last Updated

April 17, 2018