Clinical Trials /

Administering Peripheral Blood Lymphocytes Transduced With a Murine T-Cell Receptor Recognizing the G12V Variant of Mutated RAS in HLA-A*11:01 Patients

NCT03190941

Description:

Background: A new cancer therapy involves taking white blood cells from a person, growing them in the lab, genetically modifying them, then giving them back to the person. This therapy is called gene transfer using anti-KRAS G12V mTCR cells. Objective: To see if anti-KRAS G12 V mTCR cells are safe and can shrink tumors. Eligibility: Adults at least 18 years old with cancer that has the KRAS G12V molecule on the surface of tumors. Design: In another protocol, participants will: Be screened Have cells harvested and grown Have leukapheresis In this protocol, participants will have the procedures below. Participants will be admitted to the hospital. Over 5 days, participants will get 2 chemotherapy medicines as an infusion via catheter in the upper chest. A few days later, participants will get the anti-KRAS G12V mTCR cells via catheter. For up to 3 days, participants will get a drug to make the cells active. A day after getting the cells, participants will get a drug to increase their white blood cell count. This will be a shot or injection under the skin. Participants will recover in the hospital for 1-2 weeks. They will have lab and blood tests. Participants will take an antibiotic for at least 6 months. Participants will have visits every few months for 2 years, and then as determined by their doctor. Visits will be 1-2 days. They will include lab tests, imaging studies, and physical exam. Some visits may include leukapheresis or blood drawn. Participants will have blood collected over several years.

Related Conditions:
  • Cancer
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 1/Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Administering Peripheral Blood Lymphocytes Transduced With a Murine T-Cell Receptor Recognizing the G12V Variant of Mutated RAS in HLA-A*11:01 Patients
  • Official Title: A Phase I/II Study Administering Peripheral Blood Lymphocytes Transduced With a Murine T-Cell Receptor Recognizing the G12V Variant of Mutated RAS in HLA-A*11:01 Patients

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: 170113
  • SECONDARY ID: 17-C-0113
  • NCT ID: NCT03190941

Conditions

  • Pancreatic Cancer
  • Gastric Cancer
  • Gastrointestinal Cancer
  • Colon Cancer
  • Rectal Cancer

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
Cyclophosphamide1/Phase I
Fludarabine1/Phase I
anti-KRAS G12V mTCR1/Phase I
Aldesleukin1/Phase I

Purpose

Background: A new cancer therapy involves taking white blood cells from a person, growing them in the lab, genetically modifying them, then giving them back to the person. This therapy is called gene transfer using anti-KRAS G12V mTCR cells. Objective: To see if anti-KRAS G12 V mTCR cells are safe and can shrink tumors. Eligibility: Adults at least 18 years old with cancer that has the KRAS G12V molecule on the surface of tumors. Design: In another protocol, participants will: Be screened Have cells harvested and grown Have leukapheresis In this protocol, participants will have the procedures below. Participants will be admitted to the hospital. Over 5 days, participants will get 2 chemotherapy medicines as an infusion via catheter in the upper chest. A few days later, participants will get the anti-KRAS G12V mTCR cells via catheter. For up to 3 days, participants will get a drug to make the cells active. A day after getting the cells, participants will get a drug to increase their white blood cell count. This will be a shot or injection under the skin. Participants will recover in the hospital for 1-2 weeks. They will have lab and blood tests. Participants will take an antibiotic for at least 6 months. Participants will have visits every few months for 2 years, and then as determined by their doctor. Visits will be 1-2 days. They will include lab tests, imaging studies, and physical exam. Some visits may include leukapheresis or blood drawn. Participants will have blood collected over several years.

Detailed Description

      Background:

        -  We generated an HLA-A*11:01-restricted murine T-cell receptor (mTCR) that specifically
           recognizes the G12V-mutated variant of KRAS (and other RAS family genes), expressed by
           many human cancers and constructed a single retroviral vector that contains its alpha
           and beta chains that confers recognition of this antigen when transduced into PBL.

        -  In co-cultures with HLA-A*11:01+ target cells expressing this mutated oncogene, mTCR
           transduced T cells lyse target cells and secrete IFN-gamma with high specificity.

      Objectives:

      Primary objectives:

        -  Phase I: determine the safety of administering PBL transduced with anti-KRAS G12V mTCR
           in concert with preparative lymphodepletion and high dose interleukin-2 (IL-2;
           aldesleukin).

        -  Phase II:To determine if anti-KRAS G12V mTCR-transduced PBL can mediate the regression
           of tumors harboring the RAS G12V mutation.

      Eligibility:

      Patients must be/have:

        -  Age greater than or equal to 18 years and less than or equal to 70 years

        -  HLA-A*11:01 positive

        -  Metastatic or unresectable RAS G12V-expressing cancer which has progressed after
           standard therapy (if available).

      Patients may not have:

      -Allergies or hypersensitivities to high-dose aldesleukin, cyclophosphamide or fludarabine.

      Design:

        -  This is a Phase I/II, single center study of PBL transduced with anti-KRAS G12V mTCR in
           HLA-A*11:01 positive patients with advanced solid tumors expressing G12V mutated RAS.

        -  PBMC obtained by leukapheresis will be cultured in the presence of anti-CD3 (OKT3) and
           aldesleukin in order to stimulate T-cell growth.

        -  Transduction is initiated by exposure of these cells to retroviral vector supernatant
           containing replication-incompetent virus encoding the anti-KRAS G12V mTCR.

        -  All patients will receive a non-myeloablative, lympho-depleting preparative regimen of
           cyclophosphamide and fludarabine.

        -  On day 0 patients will receive their PBL transduced with the anti-KRAS G12V mTCR and
           will then begin high-dose aldesleukin.

        -  A complete evaluation of lesions will be conducted approximately 6 weeks (+/- 2 weeks)
           after treatment.

        -  The study will be conducted using a Phase I/II Simon minimax design, with two separate
           cohorts for the Phase II component: Cohort 2a, patients with pancreatic cancer and
           Cohort 2b: all other RAS G12V non-pancreatic cancers

        -  A total of 110 patients may be required; approximately 24 patients in the phase I
           portion of the study and 86 (41, plus an allowance of up to 2 non-evaluable per phase II
           cohort) patients in the phase II portion of the study.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
1/Phase IExperimentalNon-myeloablative, lymphodepleting preparative regimen of cyclophosphamide and fludarabine + escalating doses of anti-KRAS G12V mTCR PBL + high-dose aldesleukin
  • Cyclophosphamide
  • Fludarabine
  • anti-KRAS G12V mTCR
  • Aldesleukin
2/Phase IIExperimentalNon-myeloablative, lymphodepleting preparative regimen of cyclophosphamide and fludarabine + MTD of anti-KRAS G12V mTCR PBL +high-dose aldesleukin
  • Cyclophosphamide
  • Fludarabine
  • anti-KRAS G12V mTCR
  • Aldesleukin

Eligibility Criteria

        -  INCLUSION CRITERIA:

          -  Measurable metatstatic unresectable malignancy expressing G12V mutated KRAS as
             assessed by one of the following methods: RT-PCR on tumor tissue, tumor DNA sequencing
             or any other CLIA certified laboratory test on resected tissue. Patients shown to have
             tumors expressing G12V mutated NRAS and HRAS will also be eligible as these oncogenes
             share complete amino acid homology with G12V mutated KRAS for their first 80
             N-terminal amino acids, completely encompassing the target epitope.

          -  Patients must be HLA-A*11:01 positive.

          -  Confirmation of the diagnosis of cancer by the Laboratory of Pathology of the NCI.

          -  Patients must:

          -  have previously received standard systemic therapy for their advanced cancer and have
             been either non-responders or have recurred. Specifically:

               -  For patients with metastatic colorectal cancer, they must have had at least two
                  systemic chemotherapy regimens that include 5FU, leucovorin, bevacizumab,
                  oxaliplatin and irinotecan (or similar agents) or have contraindications to
                  receiving those medications.

               -  For pancreatic cancer, they must have received gemcitabine, 5FU and oxaliplatin
                  (or similar agents) or have contraindications to receiving those medications.

               -  Patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) must have had appropriate
                  targeted therapy as indicated by abnormalities in ALK, EGFR or expression of PDL-
                  1. Other patients must have had platinum-based chemotherapy.

               -  Patients with ovarian cancer or prostate cancer must have had approved first line
                  chemotherapy

        OR

          -  have declined standard treatment

          -  Patients with 3 or fewer brain metastases that are less than 1 cm in diameter and
             asymptomatic are eligible. Lesions that have been treated with stereotactic
             radiosurgery must be clinically stable for 1 month after treatment for the patient to
             be eligible. Patients

        with surgically resected brain metastases are eligible.

          -  Age greater than or equal to 18 years and less than or equal to 70 years.

          -  Willing to sign a durable power of attorney

          -  Able to understand and sign a written Informed Consent Document

          -  Clinical performance status of ECOG 0 or 1

          -  Patients of both genders must be willing to practice birth control from the time of
             enrollment on this study and for up to four months after treatment.

          -  Serology:

          -  Seronegative for HIV antibody. (The experimental treatment being evaluated in this
             protocol depends on an intact immune system. Patients who are HIV seropositive can
             have decreased immune-competence and thus may be less responsive to the experimental
             treatment and more susceptible to its toxicities.)

          -  Seronegative for hepatitis B antigen, and seronegative for hepatitis C antibody. If
             hepatitis C antibody test is positive, then patient must be tested for the presence of
             antigen by RT-PCR and be HCV RNA negative.

          -  Women of child-bearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test because of the
             potentially dangerous effects of the treatment on the fetus.

          -  Hematology

          -  ANC greater than or equal to 1000/mm^3 without the support of filgrastim

          -  WBC greater than or equal to 3000/mm^3

          -  Platelet count greater than or equal to 100,000/mm^3

          -  Hemoglobin > 8.0 g/dL

          -  Chemistry:

               -  Serum ALT/AST less than or equal to 5.0 x ULN

               -  Total bilirubin less tha or equal to 1.5 mg/dL, except in patients with Gilbert s
                  Syndrome who must have a total bilirubin less than or equal to 3.0 mg/dL.

          -  Patients must have either an eGFR > 60 mL/m (based on serum creatinine and lab
             nomogram) or a formal 6-24h CrCl > 60 mL/m.

          -  More than four weeks must have elapsed since completion of any prior systemic therapy
             and enrollment.

        Note: Patients may have undergone minor surgical procedures or limited field radiotherapy
        within the four weeks before enrollment, as long as related major organ toxicities have
        recovered to grade 1 or less.

        - Subjects must be co-enrolled on NCI-SB cell harvest protocol 03-C-0277 (Cell Harvest and
        Preparation for Surgery Branch Adoptive Cell Therapy Protocols).

        EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

          1. Women of child-bearing potential who are pregnant or breastfeeding because of the
             potentially dangerous effects of the treatment on the fetus or infant.

          2. Any form of primary immunodeficiency (such as Severe Combined Immunodeficiency
             Disease).

          3. Active systemic infections (e.g.: requiring anti-infective treatment), coagulation
             disorders or any other major medical illnesses.

          4. Concurrent opportunistic infections (The experimental treatment being evaluated in
             this protocol depends on an intact immune system. Patients who have decreased immune
             competence may be less responsive to the experimental treatment and more susceptible
             to its toxicities).

          5. Concurrent systemic steroid therapy.

          6. History of severe immediate hypersensitivity reaction to cyclophosphamide,
             aldesleukin, or fludarabine.

          7. History of coronary revascularization or ischemic symptoms

          8. Documented LVEF less than or equal to 45% tested in patients:

               -  Age greater than or equal to 65 years

               -  With clinically significant atrial and/or ventricular arrhythmias including but
                  not limited to: atrial fibrillation, ventricular tachycardia, second or third
                  degree heart block or have a history of ischemic heart disease and/or chest pain

          9. Documented FEV1 less than or equal to 50% predicted tested in patients with:

               -  A prolonged history of cigarette smoking (approximately 20 packs/year within the
                  past two years).

               -  Symptoms of respiratory dysfunction

         10. Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents
      
Maximum Eligible Age:70 Years
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Response rate
Time Frame:6 and 12 weeks after cell infusion, then every 3 months x3, every 6 months x2 years, then per PI discretion
Safety Issue:
Description:Percentage of patients who have a clinical response to treatment (objective tumor regression)

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:In vivo survival of mTCR gene engineered cells
Time Frame:Batched and assayed at the conclusion of the study
Safety Issue:
Description:TCR and vector presence will be quantitated in PBMC samples using established PCR techniques

Details

Phase:Phase 1/Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Trial Keywords

  • KRAS
  • HRAS
  • NRAS
  • Cell Therapy
  • Immunotherapy

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