Clinical Trials /

Trametinib and Pembrolizumab in Treating Patients With Recurrent Non-small Cell Lung Cancer That Is Metastatic, Unresectable, or Locally Advanced

NCT03225664

Description:

This phase Ib/II trial studies the side effects and best dose of trametinib when given together with pembrolizumab and to see how well they work in treating patients with non-small cell lung cancer that has come back and spread to other places in the body, cannot be removed by surgery, or spread to nearby tissues or lymph nodes. Trametinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving trametinib and pembrolizumab may work better in treating patients with non-small cell lung cancer.

Related Conditions:
  • Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 1/Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Trametinib and Pembrolizumab in Treating Patients With Recurrent Non-small Cell Lung Cancer That Is Metastatic, Unresectable, or Locally Advanced
  • Official Title: A Biomarker-Integrated Targeted Therapy Study in Previously Treated Patients With Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer - (IM-BATTLE-2 Program)

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: 2017-0226
  • SECONDARY ID: NCI-2018-01107
  • SECONDARY ID: 2017-0226
  • SECONDARY ID: P30CA016672
  • SECONDARY ID: R01CA155196
  • NCT ID: NCT03225664

Conditions

  • Metastatic Lung Non-Small Cell Carcinoma
  • Recurrent Lung Non-Small Cell Carcinoma
  • Stage III Lung Cancer AJCC v8
  • Stage IIIA Lung Cancer AJCC v8
  • Stage IIIB Lung Cancer AJCC v8
  • Stage IIIC Lung Cancer AJCC v8
  • Stage IV Lung Cancer AJCC v8
  • Stage IVA Lung Cancer AJCC v8
  • Stage IVB Lung Cancer AJCC v8
  • Unresectable Lung Non-Small Cell Carcinoma

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
PembrolizumabKeytruda, Lambrolizumab, MK-3475, SCH 900475Treatment (trametinib, pembrolizumab)
TrametinibGSK1120212, JTP-74057, MEK Inhibitor GSK1120212, MekinistTreatment (trametinib, pembrolizumab)

Purpose

This phase Ib/II trial studies the side effects and best dose of trametinib when given together with pembrolizumab and to see how well they work in treating patients with non-small cell lung cancer that has come back and spread to other places in the body, cannot be removed by surgery, or spread to nearby tissues or lymph nodes. Trametinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving trametinib and pembrolizumab may work better in treating patients with non-small cell lung cancer.

Detailed Description

      PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To evaluate the toxicity profile of trametinib, a MEK inhibitor, in combination with
      pembrolizumab, an anti PD-1 monoclonal antibody, as treatment for refractory to chemotherapy
      KRAS mutation positive (mut+) and KRAS wild-type patients with advanced non-small cell lung
      cancer (NSCLC) and establish a recommended dose for the combination for the phase II portion
      of the study. (Part 1) II. To determine the 6-month overall response rate (ORR) for the
      combination of trametinib + pembrolizumab in subjects with NSCLC who received prior cytotoxic
      chemotherapy and anti-PD1 or anti-PD-L1 therapy. (Part 2)

      SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To evaluate overall response rates (ORRs) using modified Response Evaluation Criteria in
      Solid Tumors (RECIST 1.1 and immune related [ir]RECIST) and duration of response (DOR),
      median progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in KRAS mut+, KRAS
      wild-type, PD-L1+ and PD-L1 negative cohorts of patients.

      II. To evaluate ORRs by immune-related RECIST (irRECIST). III. To assess the safety and
      tolerability of pembrolizumab in combination with trametinib at the recommended dose to be
      used in future studies.

      IV. To characterize the pharmacokinetics of trametinib and pembrolizumab when administered in
      combination.

      V. To identify prognostic and predictive markers for the two treatment regimens by analyzing
      pre- and on-treatment tumor biopsies.

      EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

      I. Evaluate exploratory genomic and gene expression biomarkers and their relationships in
      tumors in response to study treatment.

      II. Analyze circulating soluble factors including cytokines, chemokines, and antibodies
      against tumor and self antigens in response to clinical outcomes.

      III. Assess the activation state, quantity, and phenotype of T cells, B cells, and natural
      killer cells and the presence of immune regulatory cells (myeloid-derived suppressor cells)
      (MDSC) in response to treatment.

      IV. Examine changes in the localization and numbers of tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs)
      expressing key markers (PD-1, CD8, CD4, CD45RO, granzyme, CD68, Foxp3) by
      immunohistochemistry in response to treatment.

      V. Perform immune monitoring studies in tissue and blood and correlate with genomic profiling
      and outcomes including toxicities.

      VI. Evaluate KRAS-mutation specific T cell response in patients before and after monotherapy
      with PEMBROLIZUMAB and the combination of PEMBROLIZUMAB and trametinib.

      VII. Evaluate immunophenotypes within the context of subsets of KRAS co-mutations (KRAS/p53,
      KRAS/LKB1, KRAS/CDKN2A/B inactivation).

      VIII. Collect and store archival diagnostic tumor samples, matched pre- and post-treatment
      tumor biopsy samples and deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) (from tumor and blood) for future
      exploratory research into genes/genetic variation and factors that may influence resistance
      and/or sensitivity, and/or response to trametinib and/or PEMBROLIZUMAB.

      IX. Explore the relationship between pharmacokinetic (PK) plasma trametinib levels,
      trametinib exposure, safety and clinical outcome measures.

      X. Isolate peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from whole blood to enable flow
      cytometric analysis of additional markers and perform functional testing for antigen
      specificity and responsiveness, and T cell receptor (TCR) diversity.

      XI. Perform flow cytometric analyses in tumor tissue. XII. Analysis of the host microbiome
      from stool. XIII. Analysis of micro ribonucleic acid (miRNA) platelets and analysis in
      response to study treatment.

      OUTLINE: This is a phase Ib, dose-escalation study of trametinib followed by a phase II
      study.

      Patients receive trametinib orally (PO) once daily (QD) 14 days prior to cycle 1 and days
      1-10 of each course (10 days on, 11 days off). Beginning in cycle 2, participants also
      receive pembrolizumab intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes on day 1. Cycles repeat every 3
      weeks for up to 2 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

      After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 days and every 3 months
      for up to 3 years.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Treatment (trametinib, pembrolizumab)ExperimentalPatients receive trametinib PO QD 14 days prior to cycle 1 and days 1-10 of each course (10 days on, 11 days off). Beginning in cycle 2, participants also receive pembrolizumab IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Cycles repeat every 3 weeks for up to 2 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
  • Pembrolizumab
  • Trametinib

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of metastatic or unresectable,
             locally advanced, recurrent NSCLC that has been previously treated (subjects who have
             failed adjuvant or locally advanced therapy within 6 months are also eligible to
             participate in the study)

          -  The subject has biopsy accessible tumor and is willing to undergo biopsy prior to
             planned protocol treatment

          -  Confirmation of the presence or absence of EGFR mutations and ALK gene fusions prior
             to study enrollment in all subjects except for patients with histologies other than
             adenocarcinoma and NSCLC, not otherwise specified (NOS), as the frequency of these
             alterations is exceedingly rare in this histology. Subjects with known EGFR
             sensitizing mutational status or ALK fusion must have been treated and progressed on
             EGFR TKIs or ALK-directed therapy, or with tumors harboring EGFR T790M mutation to
             have received and progressed on therapy directed at the T790M mutation (e.g.
             osimertinib). Subjects with known ROS1 translocation must have been treated and
             progressed on ROS1-directed therapy

          -  Measurable disease according to RECIST 1.1 and irRECIST. At least one lesion of at
             least 1.0 cm in the long-axis diameter for a non-lymph node or at least 1.5 cm in the
             short-axis diameter for a lymph node which is serially measurable according to RECIST
             1.1 and irRECIST using either computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging
             (MRI). If there is only one target lesion and it is a non-lymph node, it should have a
             longest diameter of at least 1.5 cm

          -  Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 to 1

          -  Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1.5 x 10^9/L or at least 1500/mm^3 or at least 1.5
             x 10^9/L

          -  Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3 or at least 100 x 10^9/L

          -  Hemoglobin (Hb) at least 9 g/dL (or 5.69 mmol/L) at baseline (blood transfusions,
             hematopoietic growth factors and hematinics are not allowed during the 7 days prior to
             screening to correct Hb values less than 9 g/dL)

          -  Serum creatinine =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) or >= 60 mL/minute for subjects
             with creatinine levels > 1.5 x the institutional ULN

          -  Serum total bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN or direct bilirubin =< ULN for subjects with total
             bilirubin levels > 1.5 x ULN

          -  Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 2.5 x ULN
             except for subjects with liver metastases (mets) for whom ALT and AST should be =< 5 x
             ULN

          -  International normalized ratio (INR) or prothrombin time (PT) =< 1.5 x ULN unless
             subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or partial thromboplastin
             time (PTT) is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants

          -  Activated PTT (aPTT) =< 1.5 x ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as
             long as PT or PTT is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulant

          -  Female subject of childbearing potential should have a negative urine or serum
             pregnancy within 72 hours prior to receiving the first dose of study medication. If
             the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test
             will be required. Female and male subjects of childbearing potential must be willing
             to use an adequate method of contraception for the course of the study through 120
             days after the last dose of study medication. Note: abstinence is acceptable if this
             is the usual lifestyle and preferred contraception for the subject

          -  Voluntary agreement to provide written informed consent and the willingness and
             ability to comply with all aspects of the protocol

          -  Patients must be able to swallow and retain oral medication and must not have any
             clinically significant gastrointestinal abnormalities that may alter absorption such
             as malabsorption syndrome or major resection of the stomach or bowels

          -  Prior MEK inhibitor therapy is allowed

          -  Prior anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, anti-PD-L2, anti-CD137, or anti-cytotoxic
             T-lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4) antibody (including ipilimumab or any other
             antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell co-stimulation or checkpoint pathways)
             is required for phase 2 part of the study. Subjects must be resistant (at least stable
             disease at 12 weeks of treatment with anti-PD1, anti-PD-L1 therapy) (cohort A) or
             refractory (progression within 12 weeks of starting anti-PD1 therapy) (cohort B) to an
             Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved anti PD 1/PD L1 monoclonal antibody (mAb)
             as either monotherapy or in combination with other approved checkpoint inhibitors or
             other therapies according to their label, defined as (subjects must meet all of the
             following criteria):

               -  Have received at least 2 doses of anti PD 1/PD L1 mAb

               -  Progressive disease after anti PD 1/PD L1 mAb defined according to RECIST 1.1

               -  Have documented progressive disease (PD) within 12 weeks of the last dose of anti
                  PD 1/PD L1 mAb. Patients who were re-treated with anti PD 1/PD L1 mAb and
                  patients who were on maintenance with anti PD 1/PD L1 mAb will be allowed to
                  enter the trial as long as there is documented PD within 12 weeks of the last
                  treatment date (with anti PD 1/PD L1 mAb)

                    -  Note - Subjects who have withdrawn from standard treatment due to
                       unacceptable toxicity warranting discontinuation of that treatment and
                       precluding retreatment with the same agent before progression of disease
                       will also be eligible

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Subjects participating in or who have participated in a study of an investigational
             agent or is using an investigational device within 4 weeks of the first dose of study
             treatment or have received any anti-cancer therapy, platinum-based chemotherapy,
             targeted, biological (including humanized antibodies), investigational, immunotherapy,
             or hormonal agent, within 4 weeks of the first dose of study treatment

          -  Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving systemic steroid therapy or any
             other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of trial
             treatment

          -  Has had prior monoclonal antibody therapy within 4 weeks prior to study day 1 or who
             has not recovered (i.e., =< grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse events (AEs) due to
             agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier

          -  Has received previous treatment with an immunomodulatory therapy (eg, anti PD 1/PD L1
             or CTLA-4 agent) and was discontinued from that therapy due to a grade 3 or higher
             immune-related adverse event (irAE)

          -  Had prior chemotherapy, targeted small molecule therapy within 4 weeks, or radiation
             therapy within 2 weeks prior to study day 1 or who has not recovered (i.e., =< grade 1
             or at baseline) from AEs due to a previously administered agent

               -  Note: subjects with =< grade 2 neuropathy are an exception to this criterion and
                  may qualify for the study

               -  Note: if a subject received major surgery, they must have recovered adequately
                  from the toxicity and/or complications from the intervention prior to starting
                  therapy

               -  Note: patients who have received > 30 Gy to the thorax must have completed this
                  radiation 6 months prior to enrollment in the study

          -  Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment.
             Exceptions include basal cell and squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or in situ
             cervical cancer that has undergone potentially curative therapy

          -  Has known active central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous
             meningitis. Subjects with previously treated brain metastases may participate provided
             they are stable (without evidence of progression by imaging for at least 4 weeks prior
             to the first dose of study treatment and any neurologic symptoms have returned to
             baseline), have no evidence of new or enlarging brain metastases, and are not using
             steroids for at least 7 days prior to study treatment

          -  Has active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years
             (i.e. with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive
             drugs). Replacement therapy (eg., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid
             replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a
             form of systemic treatment

          -  Has evidence of interstitial lung disease or active, non-infectious pneumonitis, or
             has history of pneumonitis that required systemic corticosteroids for recovery

          -  Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy

          -  Has symptomatic ascites or pleural effusion. A subject who is clinically stable
             following treatment for these conditions (including therapeutic thoraco- or
             paracentesis) is eligible

          -  Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality
             that might confound the results of the trial, interfere with the subject's
             participation for the full duration of the study, or in the opinion of the
             investigator, is not in the best interest of the subject to participate

          -  Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that could interfere with
             cooperation with the requirements of the protocol

          -  Is pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to become pregnant or father a child within
             the projected duration of the study, starting with the pre-screening or screening
             visit through 120 days after the last dose of study drug

          -  Has a known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (HIV ½ antibodies)

          -  Has known active hepatitis B (e.g., hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] reactive) or
             hepatitis C (e.g., hepatitis C virus [HCV] ribonucleic acid [RNA] [qualitative]) is
             detected

          -  Has received a live vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of study drug

          -  History or current evidence/risk of retinal vein occlusion (RVO)

          -  Patients who are currently receiving treatment with any medications that have the
             potential to prolong the QT interval if that treatment cannot be either discontinued
             or switched to a different medication (not known to affect QT interval) prior to cycle
             1 day 1 (C1D1)

          -  Any of the following cardiac abnormalities or history: a) clinically significant
             abnormal 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG), QT interval (QT corrected by Bazett's
             formula [QTCB]) > 480 ms, b) inability to measure QT interval on ECG, c) personal or
             family history of long QT syndrome, d) implantable pacemaker or implantable
             cardioverter defibrillator, e) resting bradycardia < 55 beats/min, f) history or
             evidence of current clinically significant uncontrolled arrhythmias. Exception:
             subjects with controlled atrial fibrillation for > 30 days prior to randomization are
             eligible, g) history of acute coronary syndromes (including myocardial infarction and
             unstable angina), coronary angioplasty, or stenting, within 6 months prior to
             randomization, h) history or evidence of current >= class II congestive heart failure
             as defined by New York Heart Association (NYHA), i) treatment refractory hypertension
             defined as a blood pressure of systolic > 140 mm Hg and/or diastolic > 90 mm Hg which
             cannot be controlled by antihypertensive therapy, j) cardiac metastases
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Overall objective response rate evaluated according to modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST 1.1 and immune related [ir]RECIST)
Time Frame:At 6 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Each patient will have the KRAS mutation and PD-L1 status determined prior to treatment in order for stratified randomization. A futility monitoring will be carried out continuously to each stratum within each treatment arm after the primary endpoints of 6 patients have been observed in the corresponding marker groups.

Details

Phase:Phase 1/Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

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