The purpose of this study is to find out what effects, good or bad, the addition of nivolumab
or the combination of nivolumab plus ipilimumab to typical chemotherapy has on the treatment
of advanced high-grade serous cancers of ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal
origin. The typical chemotherapy treatment is Carboplatin and Paclitaxel.
- Patients must have clinically and radiographically suspected International Federation
of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage (Appendix 2) 3 or 4 high grade serous
ovarian, primary peritoneal or fallopian tube cancer, high grade, for whom the plan of
management will include neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) with interval tumor reductive
surgery (TRS). Patients will be selected for NACT according to established criteria
(Society of Gynecologic Oncology and the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Guideline, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27650684). Patients must have undergone
core needle biopsy for histologic confirmation prior to start of treatment. See
Appendix 3 for guidelines to aid in histologic diagnosis.
- Institutional confirmation of pathology on or laparoscopic biopsy performed at MSKCC
with sufficient tissue for analysis or willingness to undergo repeat laproscopic
biopsy if diagnostic biopsy was performed at an outside hospital.
- Appropriate stage for study entry based on the following diagnostic workup:
- History/physical examination within 28 days prior to registration;
- CT imaging of the chest, abdomen and pelvis within 28 days prior to registration
documenting disease consistent with FIGO stage III or IV disease (patients who
cannot receive contrast may instead undergo MRI of abdomen and pelvis along with
non-contrast chest CT);
- Further protocol-specific assessments as detailed below.
- Age ≥18
- ECOG Status of 0, 1, or 2 within 28 days prior to registration.
- Adequate hematologic function within 14 days prior to registration defined as follows:
- ANC ≥1,000/mcl. This ANC cannot have been induced by granulocyte colony
- Platelets ≥75,000/mc
- Hemoglobin ≥8.0 mg/dl (transfusions are permitted to achieve baseline hemoglobin
- Adequate renal function within 14 days prior to registration defined as follows:
°Creatinine <=1.5 x ULN.
- Adequate hepatic function within 14 days prior to registration defined as follows:
- Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN
- ALT and AST ≤ 3 x ULN
- Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 2.5 x ULN
- For patients with Gilbert's syndrome, Bilirubin ≤ 3 xULN is acceptable.
- Neurologic function: Neuropathy (sensory and motor) less than or equal to CTCAE Grade
- Adequate thyroid function within 14 days prior to registration defined as serum TSH
within the normal range.
- The patient or legally authorized representative must provide study-specific informed
consent prior to study entry.
- Subjects with a history of other invasive malignancies, with the exception of
non-melanoma skin cancer, are excluded if there is any evidence of other malignancy
being present within the last 3 years. Subjects are also excluded if their previous
cancer treatment contraindicates this protocol's therapy.
- Patients who have received prior radiotherapy to any portion of the abdominal cavity
or pelvis or thoracic cavity within the last three years are excluded. Prior radiation
for localized cancer of the breast, head and neck or skin is permitted, provided that
it was completed more than three years prior to registration, and the patient remains
free of recurrent or metastatic disease.
- Patients who have received any prior treatment for management of their epithelial
ovarian, fallopian tube or peritoneal primary cancer.
- Patients with any histology other than high grade serous evident on pretreatment
- Patients with synchronous primary endometrial cancer, or a past history of primary
endometrial cancer, unless all of the following conditions are met: Stage not greater
than I-A, grade 1 or 2, no more than superficial myometrial invasion, without vascular
or lymphatic invasion; no poorly differentiated subtypes, including serous, clear cell
or other FIGO grade 3 lesions.
- Severe, active co-morbidity defined as follows:
- Chronic or current active infectious disease requiring systemic antibiotics,
antifungal or antiviral treatment (with the exception of uncomplicated UTI)
- Clinically significant cardiac disease including unstable angina, acute myocardial
infarction within 6 months from enrollment, New York Heart Association Class III or IV
congestive heart failure, and serious arrhythmia requiring medication (this does not
include asymptomatic atrial fibrillation with controlled ventricular rate).
- Partial or complete gastrointestinal obstruction
- Patients with anticipated contraindications to interval tumor reductive surgery.
- Patients with any condition that in the judgment of the investigator would jeopardize
safety or patient compliance with the protocol.
- Patients who are unwilling to be transfused with blood components.
- Concurrent anticancer non protocol directed therapy (e.g. chemotherapy, radiation
therapy, biologic therapy, immunotherapy, hormonal therapy, investigational therapy).
- Receipt of an investigational study drug for any indication within 28 days or 5
half-lives (whichever is longer) prior to Day 1 of protocol therapy.
- Patients who, in the opinion of the investigator, are unable or unlikely to comply
with the dosing schedule and study evaluations.
- Patients who are pregnant or nursing. The effects of nivolumab on the developing human
fetus are unknown. For this reason, women of child-bearing potential (WOCBP) must
agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control;
abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation. WOCBP
must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 7 days of study enrollment,
prior to dosing nivolumab, then every 6 weeks. After discontinuation from nivolumab
these should be repeated at approximately 30 days and approximately 70 days. Women
must not be breastfeeding.
1. Women who are not of childbearing potential (i.e., who are postmenopausal or
surgically sterile) do not require contraception.
2. Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) is defined as any female who has
experienced menarche and who has not undergone surgical sterilization
(hysterectomy and/or bilateral oophorectomy) or who is not postmenopausal.
Menopause is defined clinically as 12 month amenorrhea in a woman over 45 in the
absence of other biological or physiological causes. In addition, women under the
age of 55 must have a documented serum follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) level
greater than 40mIU/mL.
- Patients are excluded if they have active brain metastases or leptomeningeal
metastases. Subjects with brain metastases are eligible if metastases have been
treated and there is no magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) evidence of progression for 4
weeks or more after treatment is complete and within 28 days prior to the first dose
of nivolumab administration. There must also be no requirement for immunosuppressive
doses of systemic corticosteroids (> 10 mg/day prednisone equivalents) for at least 2
weeks prior to study drug administration.
- In order for patients with known history of testing positive for human
immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or known acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) to be
eligible, they must be on a stable highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)
regimen, have CD4 counts > 350, with no detectable viral load on quantitative PCR.
- Patients with treated hepatitis virus infections (Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C) are
eligible if they have been definitively treated for 6 months, have no detectable viral
load on quantitative PCR, and LFTs meet eligibility requirements.
- Patients with active autoimmune disease or history of autoimmune disease that might
recur, which may affect vital organ function or require immune suppressive treatment
including systemic corticosteroids, should be excluded. These include but are not
limited to patients with a history of immune related neurologic disease, multiple
sclerosis, autoimmune (demyelinating) neuropathy, Guillain-Barre syndrome, myasthenia
gravis; systemic autoimmune disease such as SLE, connective tissue diseases,
scleroderma, inflammatory bowel disease, Crohn's, ulcerative colitis, hepatitis; and
patients with a history of toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), Stevens-Johnson syndrome,
or phospholipid syndrome should be excluded because of the risk of recurrence or
exacerbation of disease. Patient with vitiligo, endocrine deficiencies including
thyroiditis managed with replacement hormones including physiologic corticosteroids
are eligible. Patients with rheumatoid arthritis and other arthropathies, Sjogren's
syndrome and psoriasis controlled with topical medication and patients with positive
serology, such as antinuclear antibodies (ANA), anti-thyroid antibodies should be
evaluated for the presence of target organ involvement and potential need for systemic
treatment but should otherwise be eligible.
- Patients are permitted to enroll if they have vitiligo, type I diabetes mellitus,
residual hypothyroidism due to autoimmune condition only requiring hormone replacement
(such as Hashimoto's thyroiditis), psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment, or
conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger (precipitating
- Patients should be excluded if they have a condition requiring systemic treatment with
either corticosteroids (>10 mg daily prednisone equivalents) or other
immunosuppressive medications within 14 days of study drug administration. Inhaled or
topical steroids and adrenal replacement doses <10 mg daily prednisone equivalents are
permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease. Patients are permitted to use
topical, ocular, intra-articular, intranasal, and inhalational corticosteroids (with
minimal systemic absorption). A brief course of corticosteroids for prophylaxis (e.g.,
contrast dye allergy) or for treatment of non-autoimmune conditions (e.g.,
delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction caused by contact allergen) is permitted.
- Any of the following within 2 months of registration: active peptic ulcer disease,
diverticulitis, cholecystitis, symptomatic cholangitis or appendicitis, malabsorption
syndrome. Any of the following within 6 months of registration: Intra-abdominal
abscess, gastrointestinal obstruction requiring parenteral hydration and/or nutrition,
gastrointestinal perforation. Note: complete resolution of an intra-abdominal abscess
must be confirmed prior to registration even if the abscess occurred more than 6
months prior to registration.