Clinical Trials /

Guadecitabine and Durvalumab in Treating Patients With Advanced Liver, Pancreatic, Bile Duct, or Gallbladder Cancer

NCT03257761

Description:

This phase Ib trial studies the side effects and best dose of guadecitabine and how well it works when given together with durvalumab in treating patients with liver, pancreatic, bile duct, or gallbladder cancer that has spread to other places in the body. Guadecitabine may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Monoclonal antibodies, such as durvalumab, may block tumor growth in different ways by targeting certain cells. Giving guadecitabine and durvalumab may work better in treating patients with liver, pancreatic, bile duct, or gallbladder cancer.

Related Conditions:
  • Extrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma
  • Gallbladder Carcinoma
  • Hepatocellular Carcinoma
  • Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma
  • Pancreatic Carcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 1

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Guadecitabine and Durvalumab in Treating Patients With Advanced Liver, Pancreatic, Bile Duct, or Gallbladder Cancer
  • Official Title: A Phase Ib Study of Guadecitabine (SGI-110) and Durvalumab (MEDI 4736) in Patients With Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma, Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma, and Cholangiocarcinoma/Gallbladder Cancer

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: 0S-16-18
  • SECONDARY ID: NCI-2017-01432
  • SECONDARY ID: 0S-16-18
  • SECONDARY ID: P30CA014089
  • NCT ID: NCT03257761

Conditions

  • Extrahepatic Bile Duct Adenocarcinoma, Biliary Type
  • Gallbladder Adenocarcinoma, Biliary Type
  • Metastatic Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma
  • Recurrent Cholangiocarcinoma
  • Recurrent Gallbladder Carcinoma
  • Recurrent Hepatocellular Carcinoma
  • Recurrent Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma
  • Recurrent Pancreatic Carcinoma
  • Stage III Gallbladder Cancer AJCC V7
  • Stage III Hepatocellular Carcinoma AJCC v7
  • Stage III Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma AJCC v7
  • Stage III Pancreatic Cancer AJCC v6 and v7
  • Stage IIIA Gallbladder Cancer AJCC v7
  • Stage IIIA Hepatocellular Carcinoma AJCC v7
  • Stage IIIB Gallbladder Cancer AJCC v7
  • Stage IIIB Hepatocellular Carcinoma AJCC v7
  • Stage IIIC Hepatocellular Carcinoma AJCC v7
  • Stage IV Gallbladder Cancer AJCC v7
  • Stage IV Hepatocellular Carcinoma AJCC v7
  • Stage IV Pancreatic Cancer AJCC v6 and v7
  • Stage IVA Gallbladder Cancer AJCC v7
  • Stage IVA Hepatocellular Carcinoma AJCC v7
  • Stage IVA Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma AJCC v7
  • Stage IVB Gallbladder Cancer AJCC v7
  • Stage IVB Hepatocellular Carcinoma AJCC v7
  • Stage IVB Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma AJCC v7
  • Unresectable Gallbladder Carcinoma
  • Unresectable Pancreatic Carcinoma

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
DurvalumabTreatment (guadecitabine, durvalumab)
GuadecitabineTreatment (guadecitabine, durvalumab)

Purpose

This phase Ib trial studies the side effects and best dose of guadecitabine and how well it works when given together with durvalumab in treating patients with liver, pancreatic, bile duct, or gallbladder cancer that has spread to other places in the body. Guadecitabine may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Monoclonal antibodies, such as durvalumab, may block tumor growth in different ways by targeting certain cells. Giving guadecitabine and durvalumab may work better in treating patients with liver, pancreatic, bile duct, or gallbladder cancer.

Detailed Description

      PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To evaluate the dose limiting toxicities and determine the maximum tolerated
      dose/recommended phase 2 dose of the combination of guadecitabine and durvalumab. (Dose
      escalation part) II. To evaluate the objective response rate (per Response Evaluation
      Criteria in Solid Tumors [RECIST] 1.1) for the combination of guadecitabine and durvalumab in
      hepatocellular carcinoma, pancreatic cancer and cholangiocarcinoma cohorts, respectively.
      (Expansion part)

      SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To describe the safety and tolerability of the combination of guadecitabine and
      durvalumab.

      II. To estimate the progression-free and overall survival of patients with advanced
      hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), pancreatic cancer and biliary cancers treated with the
      combination of guadecitabine and durvalumab.

      TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. Correlate programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) and programmed cell death protein 1 (PD1)
      expression on various cells within tumor samples and anti-tumor effect (response rate and
      survival).

      II. Correlate effector T cells (Teff)/regulatory T cells (Treg) ratio in the tumor and
      anti-tumor effect.

      III. Correlate granulocytic and monocytic myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) level in
      the peripheral blood using fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) and anti-tumor effect.

      IV. Evaluate changes in inflammatory T cell signatures pre and post treatment and potential
      associations with anti-tumor effect.

      V. Assess the induction, activation, expansion and tumor infiltration of tumor
      neo-epitope-specific T cells.

      VI. Explore changes in gene methylation and expression with anti-tumor effect, with
      particular emphasis on the ancestry-informative marker (AIM) gene panel.

      VII. Correlate immunologic changes in pre- and post-treatment peripheral blood mononuclear
      cell (PBMCs) and anti-tumor effect.

      OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of guadecitabine.

      Patients receive guadecitabine subcutaneously (SC) once daily (QD) on days 1-5 and durvalumab
      intravenously (IV) over 60 minutes on day 8. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of
      disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

      After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 2 months.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Treatment (guadecitabine, durvalumab)ExperimentalPatients receive guadecitabine SC QD on days 1-5 and durvalumab IV over 60 minutes on day 8. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
  • Durvalumab
  • Guadecitabine

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Patients must have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of
             0-1

          -  Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1.5 x 10^9/L (> 1500 per mm^3) except for patients
             with HCC for whom ANC >= 1000 per mm^3 is allowed

          -  Platelet count >= 100 x 10^9/L (> 100,000 per mm^3), except for patients with HCC for
             whom a platelet count > 60,000 per mm^3 is allowed

          -  Hemoglobin >= 8.0 g/dL; if patients have a hemoglobin level below 8, blood transfusion
             is allowed to meet the eligibility criteria as long as post transfusion hemoglobin is
             maintained at >= 8.0 g/dL for 7 days or longer

          -  Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) and
             alanine aminotransaminase (ALT)/serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) =< 2.5 x
             institutional upper limit of normal unless liver metastases are present or unless
             patient is known to have chronic liver disease (hepatitis) in which case AST and ALT
             must be =< 5 x institutional upper limit of normal (IULN)

          -  Serum bilirubin =< 2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)

          -  Serum albumin >= 2.5 g/dL

          -  Serum creatinine clearance (CL) > 40 mL/min by the Cockcroft-Gault formula or by
             24-hour urine collection for determination of creatinine clearance

          -  Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception
             (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry, for
             the duration of study participation, and for 90 days following completion of therapy;
             should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this
             study, she should inform her treating physician immediately

               -  A female of child-bearing potential is any woman (regardless of sexual
                  orientation, having undergone a tubal ligation, or remaining celibate by choice)
                  who meets the following criteria:

                    -  Has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or

                    -  Has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 12 consecutive months
                       (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months)

               -  Female subjects must either be of non-reproductive potential (ie, post-menopausal
                  by history: >= 60 years old and no menses for >= 1 year without an alternative
                  medical cause; OR history of hysterectomy, OR history of bilateral tubal
                  ligation, OR history of bilateral oophorectomy) or must have a negative serum
                  pregnancy test upon study entry

          -  Ability to understand a written informed consent

          -  Signed written informed consent and Health Insurance Portability and Accountability
             Act (HIPAA) obtained from the subject prior to performing any protocol-related
             procedures, including screening evaluations

          -  Subject is willing and able to comply with the protocol for the duration of the study
             including undergoing treatment and scheduled visits and examinations including follow
             up

          -  Patients must have measurable disease as defined by RECIST 1.1 criteria

          -  Hepatocellular carcinoma cohort specific criteria:

               -  Patients must have a histologically proven diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma
                  that is not amenable to curative surgical therapeutic options

               -  Patients must not be good candidates for locoregional therapy as determined by
                  the investigator (ie diffuse multifocal disease, vascular involvement, etc)

               -  Patients must have had evidence of radiologic progression on sorafenib or have
                  had intolerance to sorafenib as defined by the recurrence of clinically
                  significant toxicities despite a minimum of one dose reduction and appropriate
                  supportive care; patients who refuse sorafenib are eligible with documentation of
                  refusal by the treating physician

               -  Patients may have received other treatment for HCC such as embolization,
                  chemoembolization, intra-arterial chemotherapy, ethanol injection, ablative
                  therapy, cryosurgery, or other locoregional or targeted therapy

               -  Patients must have a Child Pugh score of 7 points or less

               -  International normalized ratio (INR) =< 2.3 or prothrombin time =< 6 seconds
                  above control

               -  Patients with hepatitis B infection must be on appropriate anti-viral therapy

          -  Cholangiocarcinoma cohort specific criteria:

               -  Patients must have histologically or cytologically documented carcinoma primary
                  to the intra- or extra-hepatic biliary system or gall bladder with clinical
                  and/or radiologic evidence of unresectable, locally advanced or metastatic
                  disease; patients with ampullary carcinoma are not eligible

               -  Patients must have failed at least one (but no more than 2) prior line of
                  systemic therapy in the advanced disease setting

               -  Patients who received adjuvant chemotherapy and had evidence of disease
                  recurrence within 6 months of completion of the adjuvant treatment are also
                  eligible; in this case, the adjuvant therapy will count as the minimum required
                  one prior line of therapy; if patient received adjuvant treatment and had disease
                  recurrence after 6 months, patients will only be eligible after failing one
                  regimen of systemic chemotherapy used to treat the (unresectable or metastatic)
                  disease recurrence

               -  If the patient has had decompression of the biliary tree within the last 14 days,
                  stability of the bilirubin level needs to be confirmed with two measurements that
                  are within 5 to 7 days of each other; (the second measurement must be obtained
                  within 7 days prior to registration); both the first and second measurement must
                  be =< 2.5 x IULN; stability is defined as the second measurement being no more
                  than one point higher than the first

          -  Pancreatic cancer cohort specific criteria:

               -  Patients must have unresectable or metastatic pancreatic cancer

               -  Patients must have failed at least one prior line of therapy for metastatic or
                  unresectable disease or have recurred within 6 months of completing adjuvant
                  chemotherapy

               -  Patients with liver metastases must have < 50% involvement of the liver

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents

          -  Patients must not be nursing due to the potential for congenital abnormalities and the
             potential of this regimen to harm nursing infants

          -  Any previous treatment with a hypomethylating agent, or with a PD1 or PD-L1 or
             anti-PD-L2 or anti-CTLA4 inhibitor, including durvalumab (or any other antibody or
             drug specifically targeting T-cell costimulation or checkpoint pathways); any
             immunomodulatory agent that is not described above should be cleared by the principal
             investigator (PI)

          -  History of another primary malignancy except for:

               -  Malignancy treated with curative intent and with no known active disease >= 3
                  years before the first dose of study drug

               -  Adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer or lentigo maligna without evidence
                  of disease

               -  Adequately treated carcinoma in situ without evidence of disease eg, cervical
                  cancer in situ

               -  Controlled, superficial bladder carcinoma

               -  T1a or T1b or T1c prostate carcinoma treated with radiation >= 1 year prior to
                  study enrollment and prostate specific antigen (PSA) within normal limits (WNL)
                  since treatment

               -  T2a or b prostate carcinoma treated curatively >= 1 year prior to study
                  enrollment and PSA undetectable since curative treatment

               -  Other early stage cancers that have a minimal chance of recurrence (i.e stage I
                  endometrial cancer, cervical cancer, etc.) may be cleared by the PI

          -  Receipt of the last dose of anti-cancer therapy (chemotherapy, immunotherapy,
             endocrine therapy, targeted therapy, biologic therapy, tumor embolization, monoclonal
             antibodies, other investigational agent) within 28 days prior to the first dose of
             study drug and within 6 weeks for nitrosourea or mitomycin C

          -  Mean QT interval corrected for heart rate (QTc) >= 470 ms calculated from 3
             electrocardiograms (ECGs) using Fridericia?s correction

          -  Current or prior use of immunosuppressive medication within 28 days before the first
             dose of durvalumab, with the exceptions of intranasal and inhaled corticosteroids or
             systemic corticosteroids at physiological doses, which are not to exceed 10 mg/day of
             prednisone, or an equivalent corticosteroid; live attenuated vaccines within 30 days
             of durvalumab dosing (ie, 30 days prior to the first dose, during treatment with
             durvalumab and for 30 days post discontinuation of durvalumab); inactivated vaccines,
             such as the injectable influenza vaccine, are permitted

          -  Any unresolved toxicity Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) grade 2
             or more from previous anti-cancer therapy, except alopecia, hearing loss, peripheral
             neuropathy or non-clinically significant laboratory abnormalities

          -  Any prior grade >= 3 immune-related adverse event (irAE) while receiving any previous
             immunotherapy agent, or any unresolved irAE > grade 1

          -  Active or prior documented autoimmune disease; subjects with vitiligo, Grave?s
             disease, or psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment (within the past 2 years) are
             not excluded

          -  Active or prior documented inflammatory bowel disease (e.g., Crohn?s disease,
             ulcerative colitis)

          -  History of primary immunodeficiency

          -  History of allogeneic organ transplant

          -  History of hypersensitivity to durvalumab, guadecitabine (SGI-110) or any excipient

          -  Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active
             infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, uncontrolled hypertension (defined as
             systolic blood pressure(SBP) > 160 or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) > 100 on 2
             separate occasions separated by at least 24 hours), unstable angina pectoris, cardiac
             arrhythmia, active peptic ulcer disease or gastritis, active bleeding diathesis
             including any subject known to have evidence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), or
             psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study
             requirements or compromise the ability of the subject to give written informed consent

          -  Known history of previous clinical diagnosis of tuberculosis

          -  History of leptomeningeal carcinomatosis or uncontrolled seizures

          -  Receipt of live attenuated vaccination within 30 days prior to study entry or within
             30 days of receiving durvalumab

          -  Any condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would interfere with
             evaluation of study treatment or interpretation of patient safety or study results

          -  Symptomatic or uncontrolled brain metastases requiring concurrent treatment, inclusive
             of but not limited to surgery, radiation and/or corticosteroids

          -  Presence of ascites that is not medically controlled or that required a therapeutic
             paracentesis within the last 3 months prior to initiation of study therapy

          -  Known history or ongoing diagnosis of pneumonitis

          -  Hepatocellular carcinoma cohort specific exclusion criteria:

               -  A history of hepatic encephalopathy within the past 12 months; patients on stable
                  doses of lactulose for prophylaxis or as a result of previous hepatic
                  encephalopathy (more than 12 months ago) are allowed (for HCC cohort only)

               -  A history of bleeding esophageal or gastric varices within the last 6 months
                  prior to initiation of study therapy
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Incidence of adverse events
Time Frame:Up to 56 days
Safety Issue:
Description:Graded according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.03.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Overall survival
Time Frame:From start of treatment until death due to any cause, assessed up to 2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Kaplan-Meier curves will be used to show overall survival in each cohort. Median overall survival and 95% confidence intervals will be derived from Kaplan-Meier curves.
Measure:Progression-free survival
Time Frame:From start of treatment to time of progression per RECIST 1.1 or death whichever comes first, assessed up to 2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Kaplan-Meier curves will be used to show progression-free survival in each cohort. Median progression-free survival and 95% confidence intervals will be derived from Kaplan-Meier curves.

Details

Phase:Phase 1
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:University of Southern California

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