Clinical Trials /

Targeted Stem Cells Expressing TRAIL as a Therapy for Lung Cancer

NCT03298763

Description:

The aim of the study is to evaluate the safety and anti-tumour activity of MSCTRAIL in addition to chemotherapy in metastatic Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients in a Phase I/II clinical trial. In the phase I study, patients will receive cisplatin and pemetrexed on day one followed by MSCTRAIL cells on day 2. This constitutes one cycle of treatment. Each patient will receive 3 cycles of treatment at 21 day intervals. The aim of phase 1 is to estimate the recommended Phase II dose (RP2D) of MSCTRAIL in combination with pemetrexed/cisplatin chemotherapy. During the phase II study patients will be randomised to either the intervention or the control arm of the study. All patients in both arms will receive cisplatin and pemetrexed on day one of treatment. Patients randomised to the intervention arm will receive the recommended dose of MSCTRAIL from Phase I on day 2 whilst those in the control arm will receive a placebo. As this is a double blind trial both patients and the clinical team will not know whether they are receiving MSCTRAIL or a placebo product. The aim of phase 2 is to assess tolerability and preliminary efficacy of MSCTRAIL in combination with pemetrexed/cisplatin chemotherapy.

Related Conditions:
  • Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 1/Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Targeted Stem Cells Expressing TRAIL as a Therapy for Lung Cancer
  • Official Title: Targeted Stem Cells Expressing TRAIL as a Therapy for Lung Cancer

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: UCL/14/0453
  • NCT ID: NCT03298763

Conditions

  • Adenocarcinoma of Lung

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
PlaceboPhase 2 Control Arm

Purpose

The aim of the study is to evaluate the safety and anti-tumour activity of MSCTRAIL in addition to chemotherapy in metastatic Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients in a Phase I/II clinical trial. In the phase I study, patients will receive cisplatin and pemetrexed on day one followed by MSCTRAIL cells on day 2. This constitutes one cycle of treatment. Each patient will receive 3 cycles of treatment at 21 day intervals. The aim of phase 1 is to estimate the recommended Phase II dose (RP2D) of MSCTRAIL in combination with pemetrexed/cisplatin chemotherapy. During the phase II study patients will be randomised to either the intervention or the control arm of the study. All patients in both arms will receive cisplatin and pemetrexed on day one of treatment. Patients randomised to the intervention arm will receive the recommended dose of MSCTRAIL from Phase I on day 2 whilst those in the control arm will receive a placebo. As this is a single blind trial patients will not know whether they are receiving MSCTRAIL or a placebo product but the clinical team will. The aim of phase 2 is to assess tolerability and preliminary efficacy of MSCTRAIL in combination with pemetrexed/cisplatin chemotherapy.

Detailed Description

      Phase 1:

      A first-in-human, single-centre, accelerated, dose de-escalation design with a modified
      Bayesian continual reassessment method (mCRM) to estimate the recommended Phase II dose
      (RP2D) of MSCTRAIL in combination with pemetrexed/cisplatin chemotherapy.

      The first cohort of three patients will receive cisplatin 75mg/m2 and pemetrexed 500mg/m2 on
      day 1 followed by the highest dose of MSCTRAIL, 4x10^8 cells, on day 2. This schedule will be
      repeated every 21 days until 3 cycles of treatment have been delivered. It is expected that
      patients will receive 4-6 cycles of cisplatin/pemetrexed in total and may continue with
      maintenance pemetrexed thereafter.

      If there are no DLTs within the first cohort then a subsequent expansion cohort will receive
      the same regimen of cisplatin/pemetrexed and MSCTRAIL and data from this expansion cohort
      will be used to determine the recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D). Between 6 and 12 patients will
      be enrolled into phase I of the trial depending on the number of cohorts assessed.

      Phase 2:

      A multicentre, randomised, placebo controlled trial comparing MSCTRAIL at the RP2D and
      pemetrexed/cisplatin chemotherapy versus pemetrexed/cisplatin chemotherapy alone.

      Patients will be randomised 1:1 between the intervention and control arm. Patients entering
      the intervention arm will receive cisplatin 75mg/m2 and pemetrexed 500mg/m2 on day 1 followed
      by MSCTRAIL at the RP2D on day 2. This schedule will be repeated after 21 days for 3 cycles.

      Patients in the control arm with receive cisplatin 75mg/m2 and pemetrexed 500mg/m2 on day 1
      and placebo on day 2. This will be repeated after 21 days for up to 3 cycles.

      At this point patients will receive a further 1-3 cycles of pemetrexed/ cisplatin alone. They
      may then be eligible for maintenance pemetrexed according to clinical response as directed by
      their Oncologist in line with local standard of care.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Phase 1 - RP2D finding studyExperimentalPhase I of the trial aims to establish the recommended MSCTRAIL dose when given in combination with cisplatin/pemetrexed chemotherapy in metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients
    Phase 2 Intervention ArmActive ComparatorCisplatin 75mg/m2 and Pemetrexed 500mg/m2 on day 1 followed by MSCTRAIL (at the recommended phase 2 dose) on day 2. This schedule will be repeated after 21 days for 3 cycles. Patients will then receive a further 1-3 cycles of pemetrexed/ cisplatin alone. They may then be eligible for maintenance pemetrexed according to clinical response as directed by their Oncologist in line with local standard of care.
      Phase 2 Control ArmPlacebo Comparatorcisplatin 75mg/m2 and pemetrexed 500mg/m2 on day 1 and placebo on day 2. This will be repeated after 21 days for up to 3 cycles. Patients will then receive a further 1-3 cycles of pemetrexed/ cisplatin alone. They may then be eligible for maintenance pemetrexed according to clinical response as directed by their Oncologist in line with local standard of care.
      • Placebo

      Eligibility Criteria

              1. Inoperable stage IIIb/IV histologically/cytologically confirmed lung adenocarcinoma
      
                2. EGFR mutation and EML4-ALK translocation negative
      
                3. Patients with evaluable but unmeasurable disease can be included in the phase I study,
                   but disease must be measurable (CT scan must be within 28 days of randomisation) to be
                   included in the phase II study
      
                4. ECOG performance status of 0 or 1
      
                5. Life expectancy of at least 12 weeks
      
                6. Age at least 18 years
      
                7. Adequate haematological status:
      
                     1. Haemoglobin ≥100g/L
      
                     2. Neutrophil count ≥1.5 x 109/L
      
                     3. Platelets ≥100 x 109 /L
      
                8. Adequate organ function:
      
                     1. Bilirubin ≤1.5 x ULN
      
                     2. ALT or AST ≤3 x ULN (≤5 x ULN is acceptable with liver metastases)
      
                     3. Creatinine clearance ≥ 60 ml/min (C&G or EDTA)
      
                9. Negative pregnancy test for female patients of child bearing potential.
      
               10. Male subjects and women of child bearing potential must agree to use an acceptable
                   method of birth control for the duration of the trial and for 12 months after the last
                   trial treatment administration.
      
               11. Ability to understand and provide written informed consent
      
               12. Ability to comply with the requirements of the protocol
      
              Exclusion Criteria:
      
                1. Prior chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, radiotherapy (including palliative
                   radiotherapy), immunotherapy or treatment with an investigational drug for advanced
                   NSCLC.
      
                2. Any surgical procedure in the previous 6 weeks prior to registration/ randomisation
      
                3. Known respiratory failure with baseline resting SpO2 <88%
      
                4. Long term oxygen therapy
      
                5. Severe intercurrent infection
      
                6. Active or infected wounds
      
                7. Yellow fever vaccination within 30 days prior to trial registration/randomisation
      
                8. Subject has known sensitivity to any of the trial drugs to be administered during the
                   trial.
      
                9. Any contraindication to the administration and use of cisplatin, pemetrexed, vitamin
                   B12 or folic acid
      
               10. Prior malignancy other than NSCLC (except if the tumour was a non-melanoma skin tumour
                   that has been completely excised or in situ cervix carcinoma), unless have been
                   treated with curative intent with no evidence of disease for > 3 years
      
               11. Evidence of symptomatic brain metastases requiring treatment
      
               12. Myocardial infarction, or unstable or uncontrolled disease or condition related to or
                   impacting cardiac function (e.g., unstable angina, congestive heart failure [New York
                   Heart Association > class II]) within 1 year of enrolment
      
               13. Known inflammatory bowel disease
      
               14. Known hepatitis B or C infection, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients
      
               15. Pregnant women or those who are breast feeding
      
               16. Other medications, severe acute/chronic medical or psychiatric condition, or
                   laboratory abnormality that may increase the risk associated with trial participation
                   or trial drug administration, or may interfere with the interpretation of trial
                   results, and in the judgment of the investigator would make the patient inappropriate
                   for entry into this trial
            
      Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
      Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
      Eligible Gender:All
      Healthy Volunteers:No

      Primary Outcome Measures

      Measure:Determination of recommended Phase II dose (RP2D) of MSCTRAIL in combination of cisplatin and pemetrexed treatment (Phase 1)
      Time Frame:until 21 days after the last dose of MSCTRAIL
      Safety Issue:
      Description:The dose recommended for phase II (i.e. the Maximum Tolerated Dose, or MTD) will be the largest dose that has an estimated risk of causing DLT (defined as MSCTRAIL related adverse event of grade 3 or higher) equal or closest to the target level of 35% (the target toxicity level). A modified Bayesian continual reassessment method (mCRM) will be used.

      Secondary Outcome Measures

      Measure:Frequency of adverse events (Phase 1 & 2)
      Time Frame:Up to 12 weeks post 1st MSCTRAIL infusion
      Safety Issue:
      Description:Adverse events (AEs) will be listed individually by patient and dose group (dose and schedule). The number of patients experiencing each AE will be summarised by the CTCAE grade. The number and percentage of patients with adverse events in different categories (eg, causally related, CTCAE grade ≥3 etc) will be summarised by dose group, and events in each category will be further summarised.
      Measure:Best Overall response (Phase 1&2)
      Time Frame:Until end of follow up period (Phase 1: 1 year post last treatment, Phase 2: 2 years post last treatment)
      Safety Issue:
      Description:Tumour response data will be summarised using the following response categories: Complete Response (CR), Partial Response (PR), Stable Disease (SD), Progressive Disease (PD) and Non-Evaluable (NE). Waterfall plots (bar charts) indicating the percentage change from baseline in sum of the diameters of target lesions (TLs) may be produced depending on how much data is obtained in patients with measurable disease at baseline. These may be individual patient plots of changes in tumour size over time or dose level plots with the best percentage change per patient displayed.
      Measure:Progression free survival (Phase 1 & 2)
      Time Frame:End of follow up period (Phase 1: 1 year post last treatment, Phase 2: 2 years post last treatment)
      Safety Issue:
      Description:Progression Free Survival (PFS) is defined as the time from randomization to time of progression (as per RECIST v1.1 criteria) or time of death from any cause. PFS will be analysed using KM plots and will be presented along with median PFS.
      Measure:Overall survival (Phase 2)
      Time Frame:End of follow up period (2 years post last treatment)
      Safety Issue:
      Description:Overall Survival (OS) is defined as the time from randomization to time of death from any cause. OS will be analysed using KM plots and will be presented along with median OS.

      Details

      Phase:Phase 1/Phase 2
      Primary Purpose:Interventional
      Overall Status:Not yet recruiting
      Lead Sponsor:University College, London

      Last Updated

      September 29, 2017