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Nivolumab With and Without Ipilimumab and Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Recurrent or Resectable Undifferentiated Pleomorphic Sarcoma or Dedifferentiated Liposarcoma Before Surgery

NCT03307616

Description:

This phase II trial studies how well nivolumab with and without ipilimumab and radiation therapy when given before surgery works in treating patients with undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma or dedifferentiated liposarcoma that can be removed by surgery. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab and ipilimumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Radiation therapy uses high energy x-rays to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Giving nivolumab, ipilimumab, and radiation therapy may work better in treating patients with undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma.

Related Conditions:
  • Dedifferentiated Liposarcoma
  • Undifferentiated Pleomorphic Sarcoma
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Nivolumab With and Without Ipilimumab and Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Recurrent or Resectable Undifferentiated Pleomorphic Sarcoma or Dedifferentiated Liposarcoma Before Surgery
  • Official Title: Phase II Study of Neoadjuvant Checkpoint Blockade in Patients With Surgically Resectable Undifferentiated Pleomorphic Sarcoma and Dedifferentiated Liposarcoma

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: 2017-0143
  • SECONDARY ID: NCI-2018-01031
  • SECONDARY ID: 2017-0143
  • SECONDARY ID: P30CA016672
  • NCT ID: NCT03307616

Conditions

  • Dedifferentiated Liposarcoma
  • Recurrent Dedifferentiated Liposarcoma
  • Recurrent Undifferentiated Pleomorphic Sarcoma
  • Resectable Dedifferentiated Liposarcoma
  • Resectable Undifferentiated Pleomorphic Sarcoma
  • Undifferentiated Pleomorphic Sarcoma

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
IpilimumabAnti-Cytotoxic T-Lymphocyte-Associated Antigen-4 Monoclonal Antibody, BMS-734016, MDX-010, MDX-CTLA4, YervoyArm B (nivolumab, ipilimumab)
NivolumabBMS-936558, MDX-1106, NIVO, ONO-4538, OpdivoArm A (nivolumab)

Purpose

This phase II trial studies how well nivolumab with and without ipilimumab and radiation therapy when given before surgery works in treating patients with undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma or dedifferentiated liposarcoma that can be removed by surgery. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab and ipilimumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Radiation therapy uses high energy x-rays to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Giving nivolumab, ipilimumab, and radiation therapy may work better in treating patients with undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma.

Detailed Description

      PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To assess the pathologic response of nivolumab monotherapy and nivolumab and ipilimumab
      combination therapy administered in the neoadjuvant setting with and without radiation in
      patients with treatment-naive primary or locally recurrent resectable undifferentiated
      pleomorphic sarcoma and dedifferentiated liposarcoma.

      SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To assess the change in percent viable tumor cells, percent hyalinization and necrosis,
      proliferation by phosphohistone H3 in biopsy specimens obtained at baseline and on treatment
      and surgical specimens.

      II. To assess the change in immune infiltrate in response to neoadjuvant nivolumab
      monotherapy and neoadjuvant nivolumab and ipilimumab combination therapy in patients with
      resectable undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma and dedifferentiated liposarcoma.

      III. To assess the objective response rate (ORR) of nivolumab monotherapy and nivolumab and
      ipilimumab combination therapy administered in the neoadjuvant setting as assessed by imaging
      (Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors [RECIST] 1.1 and Immune Related Response
      Criteria [irRC]) in patients with resectable undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma and
      dedifferentiated liposarcoma.

      IV. To assess the 12- and 24-month recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS)
      of patients with resectable undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma and dedifferentiated
      liposarcoma treated with neoadjuvant nivolumab monotherapy or nivolumab and ipilimumab
      combination therapy.

      V. To evaluate the safety of nivolumab monotherapy and combination ipilimumab and nivolumab
      in the neoadjuvant setting and peri-operatively by Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse
      Events (CTCAE) version 4.0 criteria.

      EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To identify immunologic and genomic markers correlating with clinical response to
      nivolumab monotherapy and ipilimumab with nivolumab combination therapy.

      II. To assess the quality of life of patients with dedifferentiated liposarcoma and
      undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma undergoing neoadjuvant immunotherapy followed by
      surgical resection.

      III. To analyze the microbiome to determine the role of the microbiome on development and
      response to therapy.

      OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 4 arms.

      ARM A: Patients receive nivolumab intravenously (IV) over 1 hour on days 1, 15, and 29 in the
      absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then undergo standard of
      care surgery within 2 weeks after day 43.

      ARM B: Patients receive nivolumab as in Arm A. Patients also receive ipilimumab IV over 90
      minutes on day 1 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients
      then undergo standard of care surgery within 2 weeks after day 43.

      ARM C: Patients receive nivolumab IV over 1 hour on days 1, 15, 29, and 43. Patients also
      undergo radiation therapy (RT) once daily (QD) for 5 days during days 15-47 in the absence of
      disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then undergo standard of care surgery
      within 2 weeks after day 71.

      ARM D: Patients receive nivolumab as in Arm C, ipilimumab as in Arm B, and RT as in Arm C in
      the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then undergo standard
      of care surgery within 2 weeks after day 71.

      After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 6 and 18 weeks and then
      every 3 months for up to 2 years.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Arm A (nivolumab)ExperimentalPatients receive nivolumab IV over 1 hour on days 1, 15, and 29 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then undergo standard of care surgery within 2 weeks after day 43.
  • Nivolumab
Arm B (nivolumab, ipilimumab)ExperimentalPatients receive nivolumab as in Arm A. Patients also receive ipilimumab IV over 90 minutes on day 1 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then undergo standard of care surgery within 2 weeks after day 43.
  • Ipilimumab
  • Nivolumab
Arm C (nivolumab, RT)ExperimentalPatients receive nivolumab IV over 1 hour on days 1, 15, 29, and 43. Patients also undergo RT QD for 5 days during days 15-47 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then undergo standard of care surgery within 2 weeks after day 71.
  • Nivolumab
Arm D (nivolumab, ipilimumab, RT)ExperimentalPatients receive nivolumab as in Arm C, ipilimumab as in Arm B, and RT as in Arm C in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then undergo standard of care surgery within 2 weeks after day 71.
  • Ipilimumab
  • Nivolumab

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Adult subjects with treatment naive primary or locally recurrent dedifferentiated
             liposarcoma (DDLPS) of the retroperitoneum or undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma
             (UPS) of the trunk or extremity will be eligible for inclusion in this study only if
             all of the following criteria apply.

          -  Patients must be capable of giving written informed consent, which includes compliance
             with the requirements and restrictions listed in the consent form.

          -  Patients must have disease determined to be surgically resectable and candidates for
             upfront surgery as agreed upon by a multidisciplinary consensus (Surgical Oncology,
             Medical Oncology, Radiation Oncology) after presentation at sarcoma multidisciplinary
             conference. Resectable tumors are defined as having no significant vascular, neural or
             bony involvement. Only cases where a complete surgical resection can safely be
             achieved are defined as resectable.

          -  Patients will be evaluated by the anesthesia team prior to surgery.

          -  Patient must have recent imaging (computed tomography [CT] or magnetic resonance
             imaging [MRI], as appropriate) within 4 weeks of trial enrollment, demonstrating
             measurable disease as defined by RECIST 1.1.

          -  Patients must have at least one tumor amenable to serial biopsy in clinic or be
             willing to undergo serial biopsies through image-guided procedures during the
             neoadjuvant phase of the protocol. Patients must be willing to provide tumor samples
             at the time points.

          -  Patients must be medically fit to undergo surgery as determined by the treating
             medical and surgical oncology team and have Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG)
             performance status 0-2.

          -  Patients must have life expectancy > 6 months.

          -  Patients must be immunotherapy-naive. Those who have previously been treated with
             conventional chemotherapy for a prior history of sarcoma in the adjuvant setting may
             be included.

          -  White blood cell count > 3 K/uL.

          -  Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) > 1 K/uL.

          -  Hemoglobin > 9 g/dL.

          -  Platelets > 100 K/mm^3.

          -  Serum creatinine =< 2 mg/dL OR creatinine clearance > 50 mL/min.

          -  Aspartic transaminase (AST) =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN).

          -  Alanine transaminase (ALT) =< 1.5 x ULN.

          -  Bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN.

          -  Women are eligible to participate if: Non-childbearing potential defined as
             pre-menopausal females with a documented tubal ligation or hysterectomy; or
             postmenopausal defined as 12 months of spontaneous amenorrhea [in questionable cases a
             blood sample with simultaneous follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) > 40 MlU/mL and
             estradiol < 40 pg/mL (< 140 pmol/L) is confirmatory]. Females on hormone replacement
             therapy (HRT) and whose menopausal status is in doubt will be required to use one of
             the contraception methods if they wish to continue their HRT during the study.
             Otherwise, they must discontinue HRT to allow confirmation of post-menopausal status
             prior to study enrollment. For most forms of HRT, at least 2-4 weeks will elapse
             between the cessation of therapy and the blood draw; this interval depends on the type
             and dosage of HRT. Following confirmation of their post-menopausal status, they can
             resume use of HRT during the study without use of a contraceptive method.

          -  Childbearing potential and agrees to use method(s) of contraception. For a teratogenic
             study drug and/or when there is insufficient information to assess teratogenicity
             (preclinical studies have not been done), a highly effective method(s) of
             contraception (failure rate of less than 1% per year) is required. The individual
             methods of contraception and duration should be determined in consultation with the
             investigator. Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must follow instructions for
             birth control when the half-life of the investigational drug is greater than 24 hours,
             contraception should be continued for a period of 30 days plus the time required for
             the investigational drug to undergo five half-lives. WOCBP should use an adequate
             method to avoid pregnancy for 5 months (30 days plus the time required for nivolumab
             to undergo five half-lives) after the last dose of investigational drug.

          -  WOCBP must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L
             or equivalent units of human chorionic gonadotropin [HCG]) within 24 hours prior to
             the start of investigational product.

          -  Men who are sexually active with WOCBP must use any contraceptive method with a
             failure rate of less than 1% per year. The investigator shall review contraception
             methods and the time period that contraception must be followed. Men who are sexually
             active with WOCBP must follow instructions for birth control when the half-life of the
             investigational drug is greater than 24 hours, contraception should be continued for a
             period of 90 days plus the time required for the investigational drug to undergo five
             half-lives. The half-life of nivolumab and ipilimumab is up to 25 days and 18 days,
             respectively. Therefore, men who are sexually active with WOCBP must continue
             contraception for 7 months (90 days plus the time required for nivolumab to undergo
             five half-lives) after the last dose of investigational drug.

          -  Women who are not of childbearing potential (i.e., who are postmenopausal or
             surgically sterile) and azoospermic men do not require contraception.

          -  Women must not be breastfeeding.

          -  Other terms for undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma (UPS) may include, but are not
             limited to: pleomorphic undifferentiated sarcoma, unclassified spindle cell sarcoma,
             spindle cell sarcoma not otherwise specified, pleomorphic spindle cell sarcoma,
             pleomorphic fibroblastic sarcoma, undifferentiated high-grade pleomorphic sarcoma,
             pleomorphic sarcoma with prominent inflammation, pleomorphic sarcoma with giant cells,
             malignant fibrous histiocytoma (including storiform-pleomorphic and inflammatory
             subtypes), fibrosarcoma, and myxofibrosarcoma (at least intermediate grade; located
             deep to the fascia in muscle).

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Disease that is considered surgically unresectable, including, but not limited to
             significant vascular, neural, or bone involvement, and in cases where a complete
             surgical resection cannot be safely performed.

          -  Prior intra-abdominal surgery within 4 weeks of trial enrollment.

          -  Prior chemotherapy or targeted small molecule therapy of the current sarcoma. In
             patients with locally recurrent disease, previous systemic chemotherapy of the primary
             tumor is allowed, as long as treatment was completed prior to study enrollment and
             patient has recovered (i.e., < grade 1 or at baseline) from any adverse events due to
             previously administered agents.

          -  Prior radiation therapy for sarcoma in the same area.

          -  Active concurrent second malignancy.

          -  Prior or concurrent immunotherapy, including treatment with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1,
             anti-PD-L2, or anti-CTLA-4 antibody; tumor vaccines; interferon, or interleukins.

          -  Prior malignancy active within the previous 2 years except for patient's prior
             diagnosis of sarcoma and locally curable cancers that have been apparently cured, such
             as basal or squamous cell skin cancer, superficial bladder cancer, or carcinoma in
             situ of the prostate, cervix, or breast with local control measures (surgery,
             radiation).

          -  Non-oncology vaccine therapy used for prevention of infectious disease within 4 weeks
             of trial enrollment.

          -  Pregnant or lactating female.

          -  Unwillingness or inability to follow the procedures required in the protocol.

          -  Current use of anticoagulants (warfarin, heparin, direct thrombin inhibitors) at
             therapeutic levels.

          -  Any serious or uncontrolled medical disorder that, in the opinion of the investigator,
             may increase the risk associated with study participation or study drug
             administration, impair the ability of the subject to receive protocol therapy, or
             interfere with the interpretation of study results.

          -  Subjects with active, known or suspected autoimmune disease. Subjects with vitiligo,
             type I diabetes mellitus, residual hypothyroidism due to autoimmune condition only
             requiring hormone replacement, psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment, or
             conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger are permitted
             to enroll.

          -  Subjects with a condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (>
             10 mg daily prednisone equivalents) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14
             days of study drug administration. Inhaled or topical steroids and adrenal replacement
             doses > 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents are permitted in the absence of active
             autoimmune disease. Brief dosing for contrast allergy prophylaxis is allowed.

          -  Any positive test result for hepatitis B or C virus indicating acute or chronic
             infection.

          -  Known history of testing positive for human immunodeficiency virus or known acquired
             immunodeficiency syndrome.

          -  History of severe hypersensitivity reaction to any monoclonal antibody.

          -  Subjects who are compulsorily detained for treatment of either a psychiatric or
             physical (infection disease) illness.

          -  Prisoners or subjects who are involuntarily incarcerated.
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Pathologic response
Time Frame:At day 43 (Arm A/B) or 71 (Arm C/D)
Safety Issue:
Description:Pathologic response will be assessed at time of surgical resection by percentage hyalinization. The study will estimate the difference of the pathologic response between the treatment arms (A versus [vs] B, C vs D) along with the estimate of variation of the difference. Given the longitudinal nature of the data, linear mixed effect models for longitudinal measures will be employed to assess the change in the magnitude of the measures over time adjusting for multiple covariates including patient's characteristics, and tumor characteristics. Appropriate transformation of the outcome assessment values will be used to satisfy the normality assumption of linear mixed effect model.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Assessment of immunologic changes in the tumor microenvironment and blood
Time Frame:Up to 2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Subjects will be assessed with computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at screening, after completion of neoadjuvant therapy and during the post-treatment follow-up period. Baseline biopsies and blood for genomic and immunologic analyses will be obtained from patients in each group. Secondary histologic outcomes include percent viable tumor cells, percent tumor necrosis, amount of fibrosis and proliferation by phosphohistone H3.
Measure:Change in Immune Infiltrate in Response to Neoadjuvant Nivolumab Monotherapy and Neoadjuvant Nivolumab and Ipilimumab Combination Therapy
Time Frame:Up to 2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Immune infiltrate to be assessed by analyzing changes in the immune infiltrate in biopsy specimens obtained at baseline and on-treatment, and surgical specimens in response to therapy.
Measure:Incidence of adverse events graded according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version (v.) 4.0
Time Frame:Up to 100 days
Safety Issue:
Description:Safety will be evaluated by clinical assessments including vital signs and complete physical examinations, chemistry and hematology laboratory values and formal assessments of adverse events (AEs).
Measure:Recurrence-free survival (RFS)
Time Frame:At 12 and 24 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Subjects will be assessed with CT or MRI at screening, after completion of neoadjuvant therapy and during the post-treatment follow-up period.
Measure:Overall survival (OS)
Time Frame:At 12 and 24 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Subjects will be assessed with CT or MRI at screening, after completion of neoadjuvant therapy and during the post-treatment follow-up period.
Measure:Objective response rate (ORR) as defined by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 criteria and Immune Related Response Criteria (irRC)
Time Frame:At days 43 and 71
Safety Issue:
Description:
Measure:Health status assessment
Time Frame:At baseline, day 15, and day 43 or 71
Safety Issue:
Description:Subjects will be assessed with computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at screening, after completion of neoadjuvant therapy and during the post-treatment follow-up period. Safety will be evaluated by clinical assessments including vital signs and complete physical examinations, chemistry and hematology laboratory values and formal assessments of adverse events (AEs).

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

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