The purpose of this study is to describe the rate of 3-year progression free survival in men
with recurrent PSA-only disease after prostatectomy, who receive combined apalutamide
(ARN-509) and standard ADT with salvage radiation therapy followed by docetaxel, ADT, and
apalutamide, AND who have had testosterone recovery to >100 ng/dl at 36 months. The
hypothesis is that AR inhibition with apalutamide added to standard salvage external beam
radiation with androgen deprivation therapy, as well as the addition of 6 cycles of
docetaxel, will further prolong progression free survival.
1. Histologically-confirmed diagnosis of prostate adenocarcinoma. Variants of prostate
cancer, including neuroendocrine features and small cell carcinoma of the prostate,
are not permitted.
2. Gleason sum of 7 (with pT3 disease or positive margins or positive nodes [4 or
fewer]), 8, 9, or 10 based on the radical prostatectomy specimen
3. PSA relapse within 4 years of prostatectomy defined by persistently detectable or
rising PSA after surgery.
4. Evidence of disease recurrence or progression as evidenced by a PSA > 0.20. This
requires 2 consecutive rises in PSA, at least 1 week apart, over the
post-prostatectomy nadir OR one PSA value above 0.20 ng/mL IF the patient failed to
achieve a post-prostatectomy nadir of < 0.2 ng/mL.
5. Age ≥ 18 years
6. Karnofsky performance status ≥ 80
7. Adequate laboratory parameters
- Adequate bone marrow function: ANC ≥1.5 x 109/L, Platelets ≥100 x 109/L, Hb
- AST/SGOT and ALT/SGPT ≤ 2.5 x Institutional Upper Limit of Normal (ULN)
- Serum bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x Institutional ULN (In subjects with Gilbert's syndrome,
if total bilirubin is > 1.5xULN, measure direct and indirect bilirubin and
patient is eligible if direct bilirubin ≤ 1.5xULN).
- Glomerular filtration rate (either estimated or calculated from 24-hour urine
collection) ≥ 45 mL/min
- Serum potassium ≥3.5 mmol/L
8. A minimum of 4 weeks from any major surgery prior to Cycle 1 Day 1.
9. Ability to swallow, retain, and absorb oral medication.
10. Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.
11. Must use a condom if having sex with a pregnant woman.
12. Male patient and his female partner who is of childbearing potential must use 2
acceptable methods of birth control (one of which must include a condom as a barrier
method of contraception) starting at screening and continuing throughout the study
period and for 3 months after final study drug administration.
1. Radiographic evidence of metastatic disease. Patients with node-positive disease (≤4
positive nodes) at the time of radical prostatectomy are eligible. Patients with
pelvic nodes less than 1.5 cm by short axis at the time of screening are eligible.
Patients with any enlarged lymph nodes in the retroperitoneum or above the aortic
bifurcation or with pelvic nodes ≥ 1.5 cm must be excluded.
2. PSA ≥ 4.0 ng/mL.
3. Testosterone level ≤ 100 ng/dL.
4. More than 1 month of prior hormone exposure or hormone exposure within 30 days of
enrollment (up to 1 month of prior LHRH agonist and/or anti-androgen therapy as
neoadjuvant therapy prior to prostatectomy is allowed). Prior enzalutamide,
apalutamide, ketoconazole, abiraterone, or TAK700 for prostate cancer are prohibited.
Prior antiandrogen therapy (including but not limited to bicalutamide, flutamide,
nilutamide, enzalutamide, and apalutamide) and prior estrogen therapy (including
estrogen patch) are not allowed. All investigational agents are prohibited within 30
days of enrollment.
5. The following medications are prohibited within 2 weeks of enrollment and while on
- 5 α-reductase inhibitors (finasteride, dutasteride);
- Biologic or other agents with anti-tumor activity against prostate cancer;
- Systemic glucocorticoids greater than the equivalent of 10 mg per day of
prednisone; oPremedication with systemic glucocorticoids greater than the
equivalent of 10 mg per day of prednisone is permitted prior to docetaxel
- Androgens (testosterone, dihydroepiandrosterone [DHEA], etc.)
6. Prior immunotherapy including sipuleucel-T.
7. Prior systemic chemotherapy (docetaxel, cabazitaxel, estramustine, other cytotoxic
8. History of solid organ or stem cell transplantation.
9. History of seizure or any condition that may predispose to seizure (e.g., prior
cortical stroke, prior head or traumatic brain injury with loss of consciousness,
prior or current space-occupying lesion in the brain). Also, history of loss of
consciousness or transient ischemic attack within 12 months of Day 1 visit.
10. Known or suspected brain metastasis or active leptomeningeal disease.
11. Other concurrent severe and/or uncontrolled concomitant medical conditions (e.g.,
active or uncontrolled infection) that could cause unacceptable safety risks or
compromise compliance with the protocol.
12. Severe or unstable angina, myocardial infarction, symptomatic congestive heart
failure, arterial or venous thromboembolic events (eg, pulmonary embolism,
cerebrovascular accident including transient ischemic attacks), or clinically
significant ventricular arrhythmias within 6 months prior to enrollment
13. Sustained uncontrolled hypertension (>150/90 average over 1 week) despite optimal
14. Impairment of gastrointestinal (GI) function or GI disease that may significantly
alter the absorption of apalutamide or increase the risk of radiation (e.g.,
uncontrolled nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, malabsorption syndromes, prior small bowel
resection, or inflammatory bowel disease).
15. Patients who have received prior prostate or pelvic radiotherapy, including external
beam or brachytherapy.
16. Patients who have not recovered from side effects of prior systemic therapy prior to
Cycle 1 Day 1.
17. Use of medications known to lower the seizure threshold within 4 weeks prior to study
18. Patients unable or unwilling to abide by the study protocol or cooperate fully with