Clinical Trials /

Pevonedistat, Irinotecan Hydrochloride, and Temozolomide in Treating Patients With Recurrent or Refractory Solid Tumors or Lymphoma

NCT03323034

Description:

This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of pevonedistat when given together with irinotecan hydrochloride and temozolomide in treating patients with solid tumors, central nervous system (CNS) tumors, or lymphoma that have come back after a period of improvement (recurrent) or that do not respond to treatment (refractory). Pevonedistat and irinotecan hydrochloride may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as temozolomide, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving pevonedistat, irinotecan hydrochloride, and temozolomide may work better in treating patients with solid tumors, central nervous system (CNS) tumors, or lymphoma compared to irinotecan hydrochloride and temozolomide alone.

Related Conditions:
  • Lymphoma
  • Malignant Solid Tumor
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 1

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Pevonedistat, Irinotecan Hydrochloride, and Temozolomide in Treating Patients With Recurrent or Refractory Solid Tumors or Lymphoma
  • Official Title: A Phase 1 Study of Pevonedistat (MLN4924), a NEDD8 Activating Enzyme (NAE) Inhibitor, in Combination With Temozolomide and Irinotecan in Pediatric Patients With Recurrent or Refractory Solid Tumors

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: ADVL1615
  • SECONDARY ID: NCI-2017-01229
  • SECONDARY ID: ADVL1615
  • SECONDARY ID: ADVL1615
  • SECONDARY ID: ADVL1615
  • SECONDARY ID: UM1CA097452
  • NCT ID: NCT03323034

Conditions

  • Recurrent Central Nervous System Neoplasm
  • Recurrent Lymphoma
  • Recurrent Malignant Solid Neoplasm
  • Refractory Central Nervous System Neoplasm
  • Refractory Lymphoma
  • Refractory Malignant Solid Neoplasm

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
Irinotecan HydrochlorideCampto, Camptosar, Camptothecin 11, Camptothecin-11, CPT 11, CPT-11, Irinomedac, Irinotecan Hydrochloride Trihydrate, Irinotecan Monohydrochloride Trihydrate, U-101440ETreatment (pevonedistat, temozolomide, irinotecan)
PevonedistatMLN4924, Nedd8-Activating Enzyme Inhibitor MLN4924Treatment (pevonedistat, temozolomide, irinotecan)
TemozolomideCCRG-81045, Imidazo[5,1-d]-1,2,3,5-tetrazine-8-carboxamide, 3, 4-dihydro-3-methyl-4-oxo-, M & B 39831, M and B 39831, Methazolastone, RP-46161, SCH 52365, Temcad, Temodal, Temodar, Temomedac, TMZTreatment (pevonedistat, temozolomide, irinotecan)

Purpose

This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of pevonedistat when given together with irinotecan hydrochloride and temozolomide in treating patients with solid tumors or lymphoma that have come back after a period of improvement or that do not respond to treatment. Pevonedistat and irinotecan hydrochloride may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as temozolomide, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving pevonedistat, irinotecan hydrochloride, and temozolomide may work better in treating patients with solid tumors or lymphoma.

Detailed Description

      PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To estimate the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and/or recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) of
      pevonedistat administered as an intravenous infusion on days 1, 8, 10, and 12 of a 28-day
      cycle (cycle 1), and on days 1, 3, and 5 of a 21-day cycle (cycle 2 and beyond) in
      combination with irinotecan (irinotecan) (administered as an intravenous infusion on days
      8-12 of cycle 1 and days 1-5 of cycles 2+) and temozolomide (administered orally on days 8-12
      in cycle 1 and days 1-5 of cycles 2+) in children with recurrent or refractory solid tumors,
      including central nervous system (CNS) tumors and lymphoma.

      II. To define and describe the toxicities of pevonedistat administered on this schedule.

      III. To characterize the pharmacokinetics of pevonedistat in children with recurrent or
      refractory cancer.

      SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To preliminarily define the antitumor activity of pevonedistat within the confines of a
      phase 1 study.

      II. To assess the biologic activity of pevonedistat.

      OUTLINE: This is a dose escalation study of pevonedistat.

      Patients receive pevonedistat intravenously (IV) over 60 minutes on days 1, 8, 10, and 12,
      temozolomide orally (PO) daily on days 8-12, and irinotecan hydrochloride IV over 90 minutes
      on days 8-12 of cycle 1. Beginning at cycle 2, patients receive pevonedistat IV over 60
      minutes on days 1, 3, and 5, temozolomide PO daily on days 1-5, and irinotecan hydrochloride
      IV over 90 minutes on days 1-5. Treatment repeats every 28 days for cycle 1 and 21 days for
      subsequent cycles for up to 17 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable
      toxicity.

      After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up periodically.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Treatment (pevonedistat, temozolomide, irinotecan)ExperimentalPatients receive pevonedistat IV over 60 minutes on days 1, 8, 10, and 12, temozolomide PO daily on days 8-12, and irinotecan hydrochloride IV over 90 minutes on days 8-12 of cycle 1. Beginning at cycle 2, patients receive pevonedistat IV over 60 minutes on days 1, 3, and 5, temozolomide PO daily on days 1-5, and irinotecan hydrochloride IV over 90 minutes on days 1-5. Treatment repeats every 28 days for cycle 1 and 21 days for subsequent cycles for up to 17 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
  • Irinotecan Hydrochloride
  • Pevonedistat
  • Temozolomide

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Part A1: Patients must be >= 12 months and =< 21 years of age at the time of study
             enrollment

          -  Part A2: Patients must be >= 6 months and < 12 months of age at the time of study
             enrollment; patients will enroll one dose level behind the dose level at which
             patients in Part A1 are enrolling

          -  Patients with recurrent or refractory solid tumors, including CNS tumors and lymphoma,
             for which no standard therapy is available are eligible; patients must have had
             histologic verification of malignancy at original diagnosis or relapse except in
             patients with intrinsic brain stem tumors, optic pathway gliomas, or patients with
             pineal tumors and elevations of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) or serum tumor markers
             including alpha-fetoprotein or beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG)

          -  Patients must have either measurable or evaluable disease

          -  Patient?s current disease state must be one for which there is no known curative
             therapy or therapy proven to prolong survival with an acceptable quality of life

          -  Karnofsky >= 50% for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky >= 50 for patients =< 16
             years of age; NOTE: neurologic deficits in patients with CNS tumors must have been
             relatively stable for at least 7 days prior to study enrollment; patients who are
             unable to walk because of paralysis, but who are up in a wheelchair, will be
             considered ambulatory for the purpose of assessing the performance score

          -  Patients must have fully recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior
             anti-cancer therapy and must meet the following minimum duration from prior
             anti-cancer directed therapy prior to enrollment; if after the required time frame,
             the numerical eligibility criteria are met, e.g. blood count criteria, the patient is
             considered to have recovered adequately

               -  Cytotoxic chemotherapy or other anti-cancer agents known to be myelosuppressive;
                  at least 21 days after the last dose of cytotoxic or myelosuppressive
                  chemotherapy (42 days if prior nitrosourea); the duration of this interval must
                  be discussed with the study chair and the study-assigned research coordinator
                  prior to enrollment

               -  Anti-cancer agents not known to be myelosuppressive (e.g. not associated with
                  reduced platelet or absolute neutrophil counts [ANC] counts): >= 7 days after the
                  last dose of agent; the duration of this interval must be discussed with the
                  study chair and the study-assigned research coordinator prior to enrollment

               -  Antibodies: >= 21 days must have elapsed from infusion of last dose of antibody,
                  and toxicity related to prior antibody therapy must be recovered to grade =< 1

               -  Corticosteroids: if used to modify immune adverse events related to prior
                  therapy, >= 14 days must have elapsed since last dose of corticosteroid

               -  Hematopoietic growth factors: >= 14 days after the last dose of a long-acting
                  growth factor (e.g. Neulasta) or 7 days for short-acting growth factor; for
                  agents that have known adverse events occurring beyond 7 days after
                  administration, this period must be extended beyond the time during which adverse
                  events are known to occur; the duration of this interval must be discussed with
                  the study chair and the study-assigned research coordinator

               -  Interleukins, interferons and cytokines (other than hematopoietic growth
                  factors): >= 21 days after the completion of interleukins, interferon or
                  cytokines (other than hematopoietic growth factors)

               -  Stem cell Infusions (with or without total body irradiation [TBI]):

                    -  Allogeneic (non-autologous) bone marrow or stem cell transplant, or any stem
                       cell infusion including donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) or boost infusion:
                       >= 84 days after infusion and no evidence of graft versus host disease
                       (GVHD)

                    -  Autologous stem cell infusion including boost infusion: >= 42 days

               -  Cellular therapy: >= 42 days after the completion of any type of cellular therapy
                  (e.g. modified T cells, natural killer [NK] cells, dendritic cells, etc.)

               -  Radiation therapy (XRT)/external beam irradiation including protons: >= 14 days
                  after local XRT; >= 150 days after TBI, craniospinal XRT or if radiation to >=
                  50% of the pelvis; >= 42 days if other substantial brain metastases (BM)
                  radiation

               -  Radiopharmaceutical therapy (e.g., radiolabeled antibody,
                  131I-metaiodobenzylguanidine [MIBG]): >= 42 days after systemically administered
                  radiopharmaceutical therapy

               -  Patients must not have received prior exposure to pevonedistat; patients with
                  prior exposure to irinotecan or temozolomide are eligible

          -  For patients with solid tumors without known bone marrow involvement:

               -  Peripheral absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1000/mm^3

               -  Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3 (transfusion independent, defined as not receiving
                  platelet transfusions for at least 7 days prior to enrollment)

               -  Hemoglobin >= 8 g/dL

          -  Patients with known bone marrow metastatic disease will be eligible for study provided
             they meet the blood counts (may receive transfusions provided they are not known to be
             refractory to red cell or platelet transfusions); these patients will not be evaluable
             for hematologic toxicity; at least 5 of every cohort of 6 patients on Part A1 must be
             evaluable for hematologic toxicity for the dose-escalation part of the study; if
             dose-limiting hematologic toxicity is observed, all subsequent patients enrolled must
             be evaluable for hematologic toxicity

          -  Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 50
             mL/min/1.73 m^2 or a serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows:

               -  Age: 6 months to < 1 years maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): male: 0.5; female:
                  0.5

               -  Age: 1 to < 2 years maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): male: 0.6; female: 0.6

               -  Age: 2 to < 6 years maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): male: 0.8; female: 0.8

               -  Age: 6 to < 10 years maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): male: 1; female: 1

               -  Age: 10 to < 13 years maximum serum creatinine: (mg/dL): male: 1.2; female: 1.2

               -  Age: 13 to < 16 years maximum serum creatinine: (mg/dL): male: 1.5; female: 1.4

               -  Age: >= 16 years maximum serum creatinine: (mg/dL) male: 1.7; female: 1.4

          -  Bilirubin (sum of conjugated + unconjugated) =< upper limit of normal (ULN) for age

          -  Serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransaminase [ALT]) =< 135
             U/L; for the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT is 45 U/L

          -  Serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) (aspartate aminotransferase) [AST]); =<
             150 U/L; for the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGOT is 50 U/L

          -  Serum albumin >= 2.7 g/dL

          -  Shortening fraction of >= 27% by echocardiogram, or

          -  Ejection fraction of >= 50% by gated radionuclide study

          -  No supraventricular arrhythmia on electrocardiogram (EKG)

          -  Prolonged rate corrected QT (QTc) interval < 500 msec

          -  Pulse oximetry > 94% on room air if there is clinical indication for determination
             (e.g. dyspnea at rest)

          -  Patients with seizure disorder may be enrolled if on non-enzyme inducing
             anti-convulsants and well controlled

          -  Nervous system disorders (Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE]
             version 5.0) resulting from prior therapy must be =< grade 2, with the exception of
             decreased tendon reflex (DTR); any grade of DTR is eligible

          -  International normalized ratio (INR) =< 1.5

          -  All patients and/or their parents or legally authorized representatives must sign a
             written informed consent; assent, when appropriate, will be obtained according to
             institutional guidelines

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Pregnant or breast-feeding women will not be entered on this study because there is
             not yet available information regarding human fetal or teratogenic toxicities;
             pregnancy tests must be obtained in girls who are post-menarchal

          -  Males or females of reproductive potential may not participate unless they have agreed
             to practice 1 highly effective and 1 additional effective (barrier) method of
             contraception at the same time during the entire study treatment period and through 4
             months after the last dose of study drug, or agree to practice true abstinence, when
             this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject; periodic
             abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, post-ovulation methods),
             withdrawal, spermicides only, and lactational amenorrhea are not acceptable methods of
             contraception

          -  Patients with uncontrolled high blood pressure (i.e., systolic/diastolic blood
             pressure > 99th percentile) are not eligible

          -  Patients with known cardiopulmonary disease are not eligible; cardiopulmonary disease
             is defined as:

               -  Cardiomyopathy other than chemotherapy related changes in cardiac function that
                  meet the eligibility requirements

               -  Clinically significant arrhythmia:

                    -  History of polymorphic ventricular fibrillation or torsade de pointes,

                    -  Permanent atrial fibrillation (a fib), defined as continuous a fib for >= 6
                       months,

                    -  Persistent a fib, defined as sustained a fib lasting > 7 days and/or
                       requiring cardioversion in the 4 weeks before screening,

                    -  Grade 3 a fib defined as symptomatic and incompletely controlled medically,
                       or controlled with device (e.g. pacemaker), or ablation and

                    -  Patients with paroxysmal a fib or < grade (Gr) 3 a fib for period of at
                       least 6 months are permitted to enroll provided that their rate is
                       controlled on a stable regimen

               -  Implantable cardioverter defibrillator;

               -  Moderate to severe aortic and/or mitral stenosis or other valvulopathy (ongoing);

               -  Pulmonary hypertension

               -  Congestive heart failure class III or IV

          -  Patients with known hepatic cirrhosis or severe pre-existing hepatic impairment are
             not eligible

          -  Patients with uncontrolled coagulopathy or bleeding disorder are not eligible

          -  Patients receiving corticosteroids who have not been on a stable or decreasing dose of
             corticosteroid for at least 7 days prior to enrollment are not eligible; if used to
             modify immune adverse events related to prior therapy, >= 14 days must have elapsed
             since last dose of corticosteroid

          -  Patients who are currently receiving another investigational drug are not eligible

          -  Patients who are currently receiving other anti-cancer agents are not eligible

          -  Patients must not have received enzyme-inducing anticonvulsants for at least 7 days
             prior to enrollment

          -  Patients who are receiving cyclosporine, tacrolimus or other agents to prevent
             graft-versus-host disease post bone marrow transplant are not eligible for this trial

          -  Patients who are receiving any investigational agent other than pevonedistat,
             including but not limited to androgens, supraphysiologic doses of corticosteroids,
             erythropoietin, eltrombopag, or romiplostim

          -  Patients who have received drugs that are strong inducers of CYP3A4 within 14 days
             prior to study enrollment are not eligible; while on study, concomitant use of strong
             CYP3A4 inhibitors, BCRP inhibitors (cyclosporine, eltrombopag, gefitinib), and UGT1A1
             inhibitors, (diclofenac, ketoconazole, probenecid, silibinin, nilotinib and
             atazanavir) should be avoided

          -  Patients who have an uncontrolled infection are not eligible

          -  Patients who have received a prior solid organ transplantation are not eligible

          -  Patients with known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seropositive are not eligible

          -  Patients with known hepatitis B surface antigen seropositive or known or suspected
             active hepatitis C infection are not eligible; NOTE: patients who have isolated
             positive hepatitis B core antibody (i.e., in the setting of negative hepatitis B
             surface antigen and negative hepatitis B surface antibody) must have an undetectable
             hepatitis B viral load; patients who have positive hepatitis C antibody may be
             included if they have an undetectable hepatitis C viral load

          -  History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic
             composition as the study agents

          -  Patients who in the opinion of the investigator may not be able to comply with the
             safety monitoring requirements of the study are not eligible
      
Maximum Eligible Age:21 Years
Minimum Eligible Age:6 Months
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Maximum tolerated dose (MTD) or Recommended Phase 2 dose (RP2D) of pevonedistat
Time Frame:Up to 28 days
Safety Issue:
Description:MTD/RP2D will be the maximum dose at which fewer than one-third of patients experience dose limiting toxicities.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Anti-tumor activity of pevonedistat
Time Frame:Up to 4 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Will be assessed according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors criteria for patients with solid tumors, and will be reported descriptively.

Details

Phase:Phase 1
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Children's Oncology Group

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