Clinical Trials /

Simvastatin Plus Dual Anti-HER2 Therapy for Metastatic Breast Cancer

NCT03324425

Description:

This study recruits patients with metastatic breast cancer who have progressed on their current regimen of dual anti-HER2 therapy. This study evaluates whether or not the addition of simvastatin to the dual anti-HER2 therapy regimen helps make the tumor respond to the anti-HER2 therapy again. All participants will receive simvastatin in combination with their current anti-HER2 therapy regimen.

Related Conditions:
  • Breast Carcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Not yet recruiting

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Simvastatin Plus Dual Anti-HER2 Therapy for Metastatic Breast Cancer
  • Official Title: A Phase II Single Arm Trial of Adding Simvastatin to Dual Anti-HER2 Therapy in Patients With HER2-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: H-41818
  • NCT ID: NCT03324425

Conditions

  • Breast Cancer Stage IV

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
Simvastatin 40mgZocorSimvastatin

Purpose

This study recruits patients with metastatic breast cancer who have progressed on their current regimen of dual anti-HER2 therapy. This study evaluates whether or not the addition of simvastatin to the dual anti-HER2 therapy regimen helps make the tumor respond to the anti-HER2 therapy again. All participants will receive simvastatin in combination with their current anti-HER2 therapy regimen.

Detailed Description

      This study is recruiting participants with metastatic breast cancer that is HER2 positive.
      "Metastatic" means that cancer has spread to areas of the body outside of the breast. "HER2
      positive" means that a cancer cell has too many HER2 receptors on its surface. HER2 receptors
      act like copy machines, and help tell cancer cells to grow and multiply.

      Drugs known as HER2-targeted therapies are often used to treat HER2-positive cancers.
      HER2-targeted therapies work by blocking the HER2 protein from telling the cell to grow and
      divide. Once the protein stops working, the cancer cells can no longer make copies of
      themselves. Once a cancer cell becomes unable to make copies of itself, the tumor will start
      to shrink. However, some tumors are able to find other ways to make copies of themselves,
      even when the HER2 protein is blocked. When this happens, the cancer will start to grow
      again. Researchers believe that adding a drug called simvastatin to an anti-HER2 therapy
      regimen may cause the cancer to start responding again to your HER2-medications.

      Simvastatin is a drug that is approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat
      high cholesterol. Laboratory research has shown that simvastatin together with dual
      HER2-targeted therapy slows the growth of breast cancer tumors that had been growing on dual
      HER2-targeting therapy alone.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
SimvastatinExperimentalSimvastatin 40 mg in combination with anti-HER2 therapy regimen
  • Simvastatin 40mg

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Signed informed consent.

          -  Patients must have histologically confirmed and documented adenocarcinoma of the
             breast with metastatic disease not amenable to curative therapy.

          -  Cancer must be HER2-positive, according to ASCO-CAP guidelines. Any ER and PR status
             is allowed.

          -  Participants must have documented disease progression while receiving dual anti-HER2
             targeted therapy for metastatic breast cancer, as per investigator assessment. Any
             combination of biologic therapies is acceptable. Prior chemotherapy is acceptable, but
             patients must have been off cytotoxic chemotherapy for at least 1 month. Patients with
             ER-/HER2+ disease have must be failed at least 1 line of chemotherapy in the
             metastatic setting. Patients with ER+/HER2+ disease who progressed on dual anti-HER2
             therapy plus endocrine therapy are eligible. Concomitant endocrine therapy is
             acceptable and may be continued at the discretion of the treating physician.

          -  Patient must be female and at least 18 years of age.

          -  Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) ≤ 2

          -  Patients must have measurable disease, per RECIST criteria v1.1.21

          -  Participants must not have undergone major surgery or radiation therapy within 28 days
             prior to beginning treatment with simvastatin. Any toxicity from prior surgical or
             radiation treatment must have sufficiently resolved prior to study entry, as
             determined by the treating physician.

          -  Estimated life expectancy of ≥ 12 weeks.

          -  Ability to swallow oral medications.

          -  Participants must have adequate organ function as defined by:

               1. ANC ≥1.5 x 109/L, platelet count ≥100 x 109/L, haemoglobin ≥ 10 g/dL.

               2. creatinine < 1.5 x UNL (upper normal limit)

               3. Total bilirubin < 1.5x UNL

               4. ALT & AST < 2.5xUNL; alkaline phosphatase < 2.5xUNL;

               5. Creatine phosphokinase (CPK) ≤ 2.5 x UNL

          -  Baseline left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≥ 50% as determined by either
             echocardiography (ECHO) or multi gated acquisition (MUGA) scan.

          -  Patients with CNS metastatic disease are allowed if the disease is controlled and
             stable for at least 3 months by CT or MRI.

          -  Negative pregnancy test within 7 days prior to study treatment start, for women of
             childbearing potential. Women of childbearing potential must agree to use an adequate
             form of contraception for the duration of their study participation

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Patients currently treated with a statin or who have been treated with a statin in the
             past 2 months are ineligible for this study.

          -  Known hypersensitivity to statins.

          -  Prior history of rhabdomyolysis.

          -  Patients who consume more than 3 alcoholic beverages per day.

          -  Lack of physical integrity of the upper gastrointestinal tract, clinically significant
             malabsorption syndrome, or inability to take oral medications.

          -  Poorly controlled hypertension at the physician's discretion or clinically significant
             (i.e. active) cardiovascular disease: cerebrovascular accident (CVA) / stroke within ≤
             6 months prior to the first study treatment, myocardial infarction within ≤ 6 months
             prior to the first study treatment, unstable angina, New York Heart Association (NYHA)
             grade II or greater congestive heart failure (CHF), or serious cardiac arrhythmia
             requiring medication.

          -  Current severe, uncontrolled systemic disease (e.g. pulmonary, or metabolic disease;
             wound healing disorders; ulcers; or bone fractures)

          -  Current or past infection with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Hepatitis B virus
             (HBV), or Hepatitis C virus (HCV).

          -  Receipt of IV antibiotics for infection within 7 days of study enrollment.

          -  History of other malignancies within the last 2 years, except for carcinoma in situ of
             the cervix or basal cell carcinoma

          -  Participants with bone-only disease are excluded, unless a measureable lesion is
             present, as defined by RECIST 1.1.

          -  Patients who suffer from a medical or psychiatric condition that, in the opinion of
             the principal investigator, would impair their ability to participate in the study.

          -  Concurrent interventional studies.
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:Female
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Objective Response
Time Frame:Up to approximately 24 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Objective response is defined as complete response or partial response, according to RECIST criteria.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Clinical benefit
Time Frame:Up to approximately 24 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Clinical benefit is defined as the number of objective responses plus the number of participants with stable disease lasting greater than 24 weeks
Measure:Duration of Response
Time Frame:Up to approximately 24 months
Safety Issue:
Description:The length of time participants have a partial response, complete response or stable disease prior to disease progression
Measure:Time to Progression
Time Frame:Up to approximately 24 months
Safety Issue:
Description:The length of time from the start of treatment until the disease starts to get worse or spread to other parts of the body
Measure:Number of treatment-related adverse events, as assessed by the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria v. 4.0 (CTCAE v. 4.0).
Time Frame:Up to approximately 24 months
Safety Issue:
Description:This is the number of side effects reported by participants receiving simvastatin in combination with HER2-therapy.
Measure:HMG-CoA Reductase and HMG-CoA Synthase 1 protein levels in baseline and post-treatment tumor biopsies
Time Frame:Up to approximately 24 months
Safety Issue:
Description:This measures the levels of certain enzymes in a tumor that help scientists understand how simvastatin is affecting the cancer cells.

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Not yet recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Baylor Breast Care Center

Trial Keywords

  • breast cancer
  • metastatic breast cancer

Last Updated

October 24, 2017