Clinical Trials /

Dendritic Cell Therapy After Cryosurgery in Combination With Pembrolizumab in Treating Patients With Stage III-IV Melanoma That Cannot Be Remove by Surgery

NCT03325101

Description:

This phase Ib/II trial studies how well dendritic cell therapy after cryosurgery in combination with pembrolizumab works in treating patients with stage III-IV melanoma that cannot be removed by surgery. Vaccines made from a person's white blood cells mixed with tumor proteins may help the body build an effective immune response to kill tumor cells. Cryosurgery, also known as cryoablation or cryotherapy, kills tumor cells by freezing them. Monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may block tumor growth in different ways by targeting certain cells. Giving dendritic cell therapy after cryosurgery in combination with pembrolizumab may work better in treating patients with melanoma.

Related Conditions:
  • Melanoma
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 1/Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Dendritic Cell Therapy After Cryosurgery in Combination With Pembrolizumab in Treating Patients With Stage III-IV Melanoma That Cannot Be Remove by Surgery
  • Official Title: Phase Ib/II Study of Autologous Dendritic Cell Therapy Delivered Intratumorally After Cryoablation in Combination With Pembrolizumab for Patients With Metastatic or Unresectable Melanoma

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: MC1771
  • SECONDARY ID: NCI-2017-01967
  • SECONDARY ID: MC1771
  • SECONDARY ID: P30CA015083
  • NCT ID: NCT03325101

Conditions

  • Stage III Cutaneous Melanoma AJCC v7
  • Stage IIIA Cutaneous Melanoma AJCC v7
  • Stage IIIB Cutaneous Melanoma AJCC v7
  • Stage IIIC Cutaneous Melanoma AJCC v7
  • Stage IV Cutaneous Melanoma AJCC v6 and v7

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
PembrolizumabKeytruda, Lambrolizumab, MK-3475, SCH 900475Treatment (apheresis, pembrolizumab, cryosurgery, mDCs)
Therapeutic Autologous Dendritic CellsTreatment (apheresis, pembrolizumab, cryosurgery, mDCs)

Purpose

This phase Ib/II trial studies how well dendritic cell therapy after cryosurgery in combination with pembrolizumab works in treating patients with stage III-IV melanoma that cannot be removed by surgery. Vaccines made from a person's white blood cells mixed with tumor proteins may help the body build an effective immune response to kill tumor cells. Cryosurgery, also known as cryoablation or cryotherapy, kills tumor cells by freezing them. Monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may block tumor growth in different ways by targeting certain cells. Giving dendritic cell therapy after cryosurgery in combination with pembrolizumab may work better in treating patients with melanoma.

Detailed Description

      PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To determine the objective response rate (ORR) of pembrolizumab combined with cryoablation
      and intratumoral mature dendritic cells (mDCs) in patients with metastatic melanoma that has
      failed to respond or has stopped responding to initial therapy with a PD-1 axis-blocking
      monoclonal antibody.

      SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To assess the safety profile of pembrolizumab combined with cryoablation and intratumoral
      mDCs in patients with metastatic melanoma that have failed to respond or have stopped
      responding to initial therapy with a PD-1 axis-blocking monoclonal antibody.

      II. To determine median progression-free survival (PFS) obtained with this approach in this
      patient population.

      III. To determine median overall survival (OS) obtained with this approach in this patient
      population.

      TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To quantitate tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in tumor biopsies prior to and
      following cryoablation and intratumoral mDCs.

      II. To measure PD-L1 levels in tumor biopsies and blood biopsies prior to and following
      cryoablation and to assess whether a change in PD-L1 levels differ among those patients who
      met the criteria for clinical benefit (progression-free and on study for at least 6 months)
      and those who do not.

      III. To measure peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) proliferation and function after
      coculture with frozen tumor before and after intratumoral mDC injection.

      OUTLINE:

      Patients undergo apheresis over 4 hours on day 1 or course 1. Patients also receive
      pembrolizumab intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes on day 1. Courses with pembrolizumab repeat
      every 21 days for up to 2 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable
      toxicity. Within 36 hours after receiving pembrolizumab, patients undergo cryosurgery over 45
      minutes on day 1 or 2 of courses 2 and 3. Patients also receive mature dendritic cells
      intratumorally (IT) on day 1 or 2 of courses 2 and 3 after cryosurgery.

      After completion of study treatment, patients are followed for up to 5 years
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Treatment (apheresis, pembrolizumab, cryosurgery, mDCs)ExperimentalPatients undergo apheresis over 4 hours on day 1 or course 1. Patients also receive pembrolizumab IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Courses with pembrolizumab repeat every 21 days for up to 2 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Within 36 hours after receiving pembrolizumab, patients undergo cryosurgery over 45 minutes on day 1 or 2 of courses 2 and 3. Patients also receive mature dendritic cells IT on day 1 or 2 of courses 2 and 3 after cryosurgery.
  • Pembrolizumab
  • Therapeutic Autologous Dendritic Cells

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of unresectable stage III or
             metastatic melanoma (stage IV) not amenable to curative local therapy

          -  Documented progression of disease after initiation of therapy with OR lack of response
             to therapy with a PD-1- or PD-L1-targeting monoclonal antibody (pembrolizumab,
             nivolumab, etc) after at least 18 weeks; NOTE: This treatment could have been at any
             time prior to registration

          -  Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) 0 or 1

          -  Minimum of 3 radiographically apparent lesions such that there is:

               -  Minimum of one lesion in areas that have not been previously irradiated that is
                  considered measurable by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST)
                  1.1 criteria AND

               -  Minimum of two lesions in areas that have not been previously irradiated that are
                  determined by interventional radiology to be of a size and in a location that a
                  single probe could ablate at least 75% of the lesion; Note: Hepatic lesions
                  measuring =< 3 cm may be treated, as determined by interventional radiology;
                  Note: Brain metastases are not acceptable as lesions defining measurable disease,
                  nor are they candidate lesions for cryoablation

          -  Adequate venous access for apheresis as assessed by apheresis team; NOTE: If a central
             venous catheter is required for apheresis, the patient is not eligible

          -  Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1000/mm^3 obtained =< 14 days prior to registration

          -  Absolute lymphocyte count >= 500/mm^3 obtained =< 14 days prior to registration

          -  Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3 obtained =< 14 days prior to registration

          -  Hemoglobin >= 10 g/dL obtained =< 14 days prior to registration

          -  Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN), unless due to Gilbert?s disease
             obtained =< 14 days prior to registration

          -  Aspartate transaminase (AST/(serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) and
             alanine transaminase (ALT/serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x ULN
             obtained =< 14 days prior to registration

          -  Creatinine =< 1.5 x ULN or calculated creatinine clearance >= 60 mL/min for subject
             with creatinine ? 1.5 x institutional ULN obtained =< 14 days prior to registration

          -  Negative serum pregnancy test for persons of childbearing potential =< 7 days prior to
             registration

          -  Provide written informed consent

          -  Willing to return to the enrolling institution for follow-up (during active treatment
             and active monitoring phase of the study)

          -  Willing to provide tissue and blood samples for research purposes

          -  Willing to use adequate contraception while on the study and until 120 days after the
             last dose of study drug

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Any of the following:

               -  Pregnant persons

               -  Nursing persons

          -  History of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B, or hepatitis C

          -  Active tuberculosis or active, non-infectious pneumonitis

          -  Evidence of interstitial lung disease

          -  Active infection requiring the use of systemic antibiotics

          -  Symptomatic congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association classification III or
             IV cardiovascular disease, myocardial infarction =< 6 months prior to registration,
             unstable angina pectoris or cardiac arrhythmia =< 3 months prior to registration, or
             cardiac arrhythmia

          -  Currently receiving or have received any other investigational agent considered as a
             treatment for the primary neoplasm =< 21 days prior to registration

          -  History of other primary malignancy requiring systemic treatment =< 3 years prior to
             registration; patients must not be receiving chemotherapy or immunotherapy for another
             cancer; patients must not have another active malignancy requiring active treatment;
             EXCEPTIONS: Non-melanotic skin cancer or carcinoma-in-situ of the cervix

          -  Failure to recover from prior side effects of immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy to
             =< grade 1; NOTE: Patients will not be excluded for adrenal insufficiency or
             hypothyroidism secondary to immunotherapy provided they are receiving hormonal
             replacement

          -  Major surgery =< 4 weeks prior to registration

          -  Prior chemotherapy, targeted therapy, or radiation therapy =< 2 weeks prior to
             registration or who has not recovered (i.e. to =< grade 1 or baseline) from an adverse
             event due to the previously administered therapy

          -  History of hypersensitivity and anaphylactoid reactions to pneumococcal vaccine or any
             component of the formulation, including diphtheria toxoid

          -  Active autoimmune disease such as Crohn?s disease, rheumatoid arthritis, Sjogrens?
             disease, systemic lupus erythematosus, or similar conditions requiring systemic
             treatment within the past 3 months or a documented history of clinically severe
             autoimmune disease/syndrome difficult to control in the past; EXCEPTIONS (the
             following are allowed):

               -  Vitiligo or resolved childhood asthma/atopy

               -  Intermittent use of bronchodilators or local steroid injections

               -  Hypothyroidism stable on hormone replacement

               -  Diabetes stable with current management

               -  History of positive Coombs test but no evidence of hemolysis

               -  Psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment

               -  Conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger

               -  Secondary adrenal insufficiency from previous hypophysitis, currently on
                  physiologic replacement steroid dosing only

          -  Coagulopathy, including the use of therapeutic anticoagulants that cannot be
             discontinued for the cryoablation procedure; NOTE: Heparin for line patency without
             detectable lab abnormalities for coagulation will be allowed

          -  Corticosteroid use =< 14 days prior to registration; NOTE: Patients must be off
             systemic corticosteroids for at least 2 weeks prior to registration; this includes
             oral or IV route of administration; patients on chronic corticosteroids for adrenal
             insufficiency or other reasons may enroll if they receive less than 10 mg/day of
             prednisone (or equivalent); patients receiving inhaled or intranasal or
             intra-articular steroids are not excluded

          -  Active central nervous system (CNS) metastasis; NOTE: Patients with prior brain
             metastases that are asymptomatic without corticosteroid use and stable or improved >=
             90 days after treatment with surgery or radiation are not excluded

          -  Receipt of a live vaccine =< 30 days prior to registration
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Tumor response rate
Time Frame:Up to 5 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Will be defined as the number of patients whose disease meets the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria for a partial (PR) or complete (CR) on two consecutive evaluations at least 4 courses (approximately 84 days) apart divided by the total number of patients who started protocol treatment at the continuation dose level. A 90% exact binomial confidence interval for the tumor response rate will be constructed.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Clinical benefit rate defined as the proportion of patients who have completed 6 courses of treatment without disease progression
Time Frame:Up to 5 years
Safety Issue:
Description:A 90% exact binomial confidence interval for this proportion will be constructed.
Measure:Incidence of adverse events assessed using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE)
Time Frame:Up to 5 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Toxicities will be graded in terms of severity and relationship to study treatment using CTCAE criteria. For each patient who initiated treatment, the maximum grade of each toxicity noted during treatment will be recorded. Frequency tables will be constructed by treatment schedule.
Measure:Overall survival
Time Frame:From registration to death due to any cause assessed up to 5 years
Safety Issue:
Description:The distribution of overall survival times will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier approach.
Measure:Progression-free survival
Time Frame:From randomization to the first 2 consecutive evaluations approximately 6 weeks apart assessed up to 5 years
Safety Issue:
Description:The distribution of progression free survival times will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier approach.
Measure:Proportion of patients who received both intratumoral dendritic cell injections among those who initiated treatment
Time Frame:Up to 5 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Will be determined. A 95% exact binomial confidence interval for this proportion will be constructed.

Details

Phase:Phase 1/Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Mayo Clinic

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