The study drug elotuzumab, has been clinically shown to be effective in treating
relapsed/refractory MM in combination with either bortezomib, or lenalidomide and
dexamethasone. Elotuzumab in combination with lenalidomide and dexamethasone is currently
approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of patients with
multiple myeloma. Carfilzomib is also FDA approved for treating multiple myeloma and
frequently given in combination with lenalidomide and dexamethasone for treatment of
relapsed/refractory MM. Based on these findings, this study will look at how subjects with
relapsed/refractory MM respond to a combination treatment with the following drugs:
elotuzumab, carfilzomib, lenalidomide and dexamethasone. The combination of these four drugs
is not FDA approved and is experimental.
This single arm, open-label phase II study is designed with the primary objective of
evaluating the efficacy of induction therapy comprised of 4 cycles of carfilzomib,
lenalidomide, dexamethasone and elotuzumab (KRd+elotuzumab) in terms of very good partial
response or better (VGPR+) in subjects with relapsed and/or refractory MM, and comparing to
relevant historical controls. Post induction, all subjects will undergo disease evaluation
for assessment of the primary endpoint. Maintenance therapy comprised of elotuzumab and
lenalidomide (R+elotuzumab) will start directly after induction and continue until relapse or
Subject must meet all of the following applicable inclusion criteria to participate in this
1. Written informed consent and HIPAA authorization for release of personal health
information signed by the subject or his/her legally authorized representative.
2. Age >= 18 years at the time of consent.
3. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status of 0-2 (see Appendix A,
4. Documented history of relapsed and/or refractory multiple myeloma per IMWG 2016
criteria  as defined below (biochemical and/or clinical relapse per IMWG
criteria); (NOTE: subjects refractory to bortezomib and/or lenalidomide are eligible;
subjects who previously received carfilzomib are eligible provided they experienced a
minimal response or better and relapsed >60 days after completion of treatment [see
exclusion criteria #2]):
1. Relapse is defined as progression of disease after an initial response to
previous treatment, more than 6 months after discontinuation of treatment.
2. Refractory is defined as lack of response to previous treatment, progression of
disease during treatment, or progression of disease within 6 months of
discontinuation of treatment.
5. Prior treatment with one line (and no more than one line) of systemic therapy for MM;
NOTE: A new line of therapy is considered to start when a planned course of therapy is
modified to include other treatment agents (alone or in combination) as a result of
progressive disease (PD), relapse, or toxicity or when a planned period of observation
off therapy is interrupted by a need for additional treatment for the disease.
Induction therapy and stem cell transplant followed by planned maintenance therapy
(provided there is no intervening PD) are considered to be a single line.
6. Subject must have recovered from any treatment-induced toxicities to ≤ grade 1 or
7. Adequate washout from previous therapy:
1. Prior chemotherapy is completed >3 weeks prior to day 1 of treatment (6 weeks for
melphalan, nitrosoureas or monoclonal antibodies).
2. Autologous transplant completed (referring to day of stem cell infusion) >12
weeks prior to day 1 of treatment; allogeneic transplant >16 weeks prior to day 1
3. Prior radiotherapy completed at least 2 weeks prior to day 1 of treatment.
4. Corticosteroid therapy at a dose equivalent to dexamethasone >4mg/day has been
completed at least 2 weeks prior to day 1 of treatment.
8. Measurable disease defined as:
1. Serum M-protein > 0.5 g/dL OR
2. Urine M-protein ≥200 mg/24 h OR
3. Involved free light chain (FLC) level ≥10 mg/dL provided serum FLC ratio is
9. Demonstrate adequate organ function within 1 week of day 1 of treatment as defined in
the table in Sec.tion 3.2 of protocol (#8)
10. Adequate cardiac function as defined by ≥45% Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction (LVEF)
by ECHO or MUGA within 28 days prior to day 1 of treatment.
11. Females of childbearing potential (FCBP) must have a negative serum pregnancy test
(minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of HCG) within 24 hours prior to day
1 of treatment, and be willing to undergo serial serum or urine pregnancy testing.
NOTE: Females are considered of child bearing potential unless they are surgically
sterile (have undergone a hysterectomy, bilateral tubal ligation, or bilateral
oophorectomy) or are postmenopausal (at least 12 consecutive months with no menses
without an alternative medical cause).
12. FCBP must be willing to use a highly effective contraceptive method (i.e., achieves a
failure rate of <1% per year when used consistently and correctly) plus a second
contraceptive method (considered acceptable [failure rate of >1% per year] or highly
effective) from the time of informed consent until 6 months after the last protocol
prescribed therapy has been discontinued. NOTE: estrogens may further increase the
risk of thrombosis (beyond that associated with lenalidomide) and their use should be
based on a benefit-risk decision. For the highly effective contraceptive method, a
method with low user dependency is preferable but not required (see tables, adapted
13. Male subjects (even those who have had a vasectomy) who are sexually active with a
FCBP must be willing to use latex or synthetic condoms from the time of informed
consent until 180 days after the last protocol prescribed therapy has been
discontinued. The FCBP partner should also consider contraception recommendations (see
14. As determined by the enrolling physician, ability of the subject to understand and
comply with study procedures for the entire length of the study.
Subjects meeting any of the criteria below may not participate in the study:
1. Discontinuation of previous lenalidomide, carfilzomib or dexamethasone due to
2. If previously treated with carfilzomib, lack of response, progression during or
relapsed within 60 days after completion of treatment.
3. Any infection, at the time of screening, requiring systemic therapy (i.e. involving IV
antibiotics) (NOTE: at discretion of investigator, subjects with uncomplicated urinary
tract infections may be eligible).
4. Pregnant or breastfeeding (NOTE: breast milk cannot be stored for future use while the
mother is being treated on study, and any female subject must agree not to donate eggs
during the study and for 4 months after the last protocol prescribed therapy has been
5. Has a known additional malignancy that is active and/or progressive requiring
treatment; exceptions include basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, in situ
cervical or bladder cancer, carcinoma of the prostate with a current PSA value of <0.5
ng/mL or other cancer for which the subject has completed treatment, been disease-free
for at least five years, and is considered by Sponsor-Investigator to be at <30% risk
of relapse, or on hormonal therapy for a history of either prostate cancer or breast
cancer, provided that there has been no evidence of disease progression during the
previous three years.
6. Non-secretory MM.
7. Active involvement of the central nervous system by MM.
8. Prior cardiovascular cerebrovascular accident with persistent neurological deficit.
9. POEMS syndrome (plasma cell dyscrasia with polyneuropathy, organomegaly,
endocrinopathy, monoclonal protein, and skin changes).
10. Had major surgery within 4 weeks prior to day 1 of treatment.
11. Plasmapheresis within 4 weeks from day 1 of treatment.
12. Treatment with any investigational drug within 4 weeks prior to day 1 of treatment.
13. Uncontrolled clinically significant illness including, but not limited to,
uncontrolled hypertension (as per the most updated Joint National Committee for the
Management of Hypertension definitions), symptomatic congestive heart failure (as per
New York Heart Association [NYHA] class III or IV [see Appendix C, Section 18.3],
uncontrolled angina pectoris, myocardial infarction within the past 6 months, known or
suspected amyloidosis, uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia, psychiatric illness/social
situations that would limit compliance with study requirements as determined by the
investigator, or any other condition (including laboratory abnormalities) that would,
in the opinion of the Sponsor-Investigator, place the subject at unacceptable risk if
he/she were to participate in the study.
14. Known allergies, hypersensitivity, or intolerance to monoclonal antibodies or human
proteins, elotuzumab or its excipients or known sensitivity to mammalian-derived
products, carfilzomib or its excipients, lenalidomide or its excipients, or
dexamethasone or its excipients.
15. Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or active hepatitis A, B and/or C