Based on the investigators' preclinical data, the combination of pevonedistat and ruxolitinib
may provide greater clinical responses in patients with myelofibrosis compared to ruxolitinib
monotherapy via inhibition of NFκB in addition to JAK-STAT signaling.
- Confirmed diagnosis of primary myelofibrosis or post-polycythemia vera/essential
thrombocythemia myelofibrosis classified as high risk, intermediate-2 risk, or
intermediate 1 risk by IPSS.
- On treatment with ruxolitinib for at least 3 months and have been on a stable dose for
at least 8 weeks and have not achieved a CR by IWG criteria.
- At least 18 years of age.
- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status ≤ 2
- Adequate bone marrow and organ function as defined below:
- Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 500/mcL, and have not received any growth factor
support for at least 4 weeks prior to screening
- Platelets ≥ 50,000/mcL
- Peripheral blood blasts ≤ 10%
- Albumin > 2.7 g/dL
- Total bilirubin ≤ institutional upper limit of normal (IULN); patients with
Gilbert's syndrome may enroll if direct bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x IULN
- ALT and AST ≤ 2.5 x IULN
- Creatinine clearance ≥ 50 mL/min
- Hemoglobin > 8 g/dL. Patients may be transfused to achieve this value. Elevated
indirect bilirubin due to post-transfusion hemolysis is allowed.
- Female patients who:
- Are postmenopausal for at least 1 year before the screening visit, OR
- Are surgically sterile, OR
- If they are of childbearing potential:
- Agree to practice 1 highly effective method and 1 additional effective
(barrier) method of contraception, at the same time, from the time of
signing the informed consent through 4 months after the last dose of study
drug (female and male condoms should not be used together), OR
- Agree to practice true abstinence, when this is in line with the preferred
and usual lifestyle of the subject. (Periodic abstinence [eg, calendar,
ovulation, symptothermal, postovulation methods] withdrawal, spermicides
only, and lactational amenorrhea are not acceptable methods of
- Male patients, even if surgically sterilized (ie, status postvasectomy), who:
- Agree to practice effective barrier contraception during the entire study
treatment period and through 4 months after the last dose of study drug (female
and male condoms should not be used together), OR
- Agree to practice true abstinence, when this is in line with the preferred and
usual lifestyle of the subject. (Periodic abstinence [eg, calendar, ovulation,
symptothermal, postovulation methods for the female partner] withdrawal,
spermicides only, and lactational amenorrhea are not acceptable methods of
- Ability to understand and willingness to sign an IRB approved written informed consent
document (or that of legally authorized representative, if applicable)
- History of allogeneic stem cell transplant.
- Major surgery within 14 days before the first dose of any study drug or a scheduled
surgery during the study period.
- Received hydroxyurea therapy within 28 days (4 weeks) before the first dose of any
- Systemic antineoplastic therapy or radiotherapy for other malignant conditions within
14 days before the first dose of any study drug.
- Currently receiving any other investigational agents.
- Treatment with clinically significant metabolic inducers within 14 days before the
first dose of study drug. Clinically significant metabolic inducers are not permitted
during the study.
- A history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or
biologic composition to pevonedistat, ruxolitinib, or other agents used in the study.
- Any serious medical or psychiatric illness that could, in the investigator's opinion,
potentially interfere with the completion of study procedures.
- Diagnosis or treated for another malignancy within 2 years before enrollment, or
previously diagnosed with another malignancy and have any evidence of residual
disease. Patients with nonmelanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of any time are
not excluded if they have undergone resection.
- Ongoing or active infection.
- Known cardiopulmonary disease defined as:
- Unstable angina pectoris
- Congestive heart failure (NYHA class III or IV)
- Myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to first dose (patients who had
ischemic heart disease such as ACS, MI, and/or revascularization more than 6
months prior to enrollment and who are without cardiac symptoms may enroll)
- Clinically significant cardiac arrhythmia
- History of polymorphic ventricular fibrillation or Torsade de Pointes
- Permanent atrial fibrillation (a fib), defined as continuous a fib for ≥ 6
- Persistent a fib, defined as sustained a fib lasting > 7 days and/or
requiring cardioversion in the 4 weeks before screening
- Grade 3 a fib defined as symptomatic and incompletely controlled medically,
or controlled with device (e.g. pacemaker) or ablation. Patients with
Paroxysmal a fib or < grade 3 a fib for a period of at least 6 months are
permitted to enroll provided that their rate is controlled on a stable
- Implantable cardioverter defibrillator
- Moderate to severe aortic and/or mitral stenosis or other valvulopathy
- Pulmonary hypertension
- Uncontrolled coagulopathy or bleeding disorder.
- Uncontrolled high blood pressure (i.e. systolic blood pressure > 180 mmHg, diastolic
blood pressure > 95 mmHg).
- Prolonged rate corrected QT (QTc) interval ≥ 500 msec, calculated according to
- Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 50% as assessed by echocardiogram or
- Known moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, interstitial lung
disease, or pulmonary fibrosis.
- Known hepatic cirrhosis or severe pre-existing hepatic impairment.
- Known CNS involvement.
- Pregnant and/or breastfeeding. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative
pregnancy test within 14 days of study entry.
- Female patients who intend to donate eggs and male patients who intended to donate
sperm during the course of this study or for 4 months after receiving the last dose of
- Female patients who are both lactating and breastfeeding or have positive serum
pregnancy test during the screening period or a positive urine pregnancy test on Day 1
before first dose of study drug
- Known HIV-positivity.
- Chronic, active, or acute viral hepatitis A, B, or C infection, or hepatitis B or C
- Life-threatening illness unrelated to cancer.