Clinical Trials /

Study of Pembrolizumab and Concurrent Radiation in Patients With Previously Treated Carcinoma of Unknown Primary

NCT03396471

Description:

Single-arm phase 2 study to examine pembrolizumab and concurrent radiation to induce an abscopal effect in patients with previously treated carcinoma of unknown primary (CUP16-268)

Related Conditions:
  • Adenocarcinoma of Unknown Primary
  • Carcinoma of Unknown Primary Origin
  • Poorly Differentiated Carcinoma, NOS
  • Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Unknown Primary
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Study of Pembrolizumab and Concurrent Radiation in Patients With Previously Treated Carcinoma of Unknown Primary
  • Official Title: Single-arm Phase 2 Study to Examine Pembrolizumab and Concurrent Radiation to Induce an Abscopal Effect in Patients With Previously Treated Carcinoma of Unknown Primary (CUP16-268)

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: HCRN CUP16-268
  • NCT ID: NCT03396471

Conditions

  • Carcinoma, Unspecified Site

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
PembrolizumabKeytrudaSingle Arm Assignment

Purpose

Single-arm phase 2 study to examine pembrolizumab and concurrent radiation to induce an abscopal effect in patients with previously treated carcinoma of unknown primary (CUP16-268)

Detailed Description

      This is a proof-of-principle single-arm phase 2 study in patients with previously treated
      CUP. All patients receive pembrolizumab combined with RT to a metastatic site, so as to
      induce an abscopal tumor response. The treatment combination will be repeated with RT
      delivery to a second metastatic site in a non-overlapping RT field.

      The results will be compared with historical control. The primary endpoint is the confirmed
      response rate (RR) in a non-irradiated site based on best responding abscopal lesion. This
      study will also evaluate the following secondary endpoints: RR in a non-irradiated site based
      on RECIST 1.1, adverse events, progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS),
      time-to-progression (TTP), and disease control rate (DCR).
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Single Arm AssignmentExperimentalPembrolizumab + External Beam Radiation Therapy
  • Pembrolizumab

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Written informed consent and HIPAA authorization for release of personal health
             information prior to registration. NOTE: HIPAA authorization may be included in the
             informed consent or obtained separately.

          -  ECOG Performance Status of ≤ 2 within 28 days prior to registration

          -  Archival tissue must be available and identified during screening and shipped prior to
             Day -21. If archival tissue is not available and the subject is not undergoing a
             standard of care biopsy, the subject must undergo a research biopsy to obtain fresh
             tissue prior to start of treatment.

          -  Carcinoma of unknown primary after the following diagnostic procedures have been
             performed if clinically indicated and are unrevealing of the primary site:

               -  Complete history and clinically appropriate physical

               -  CT scan of chest, abdomen, and pelvis

               -  Directed evaluation of symptomatic areas

               -  Mammogram in women

               -  Colonoscopy in patients with liver metastasis or an elevated CEA

               -  Direct pathologic comparison with prior tumor specimens, where possible, even if
                  prior tumor is early-stage or clinically remote from current disease

          -  Histologic confirmation of metastatic adenocarcinoma, poorly differentiated non-small
             cell carcinoma, or poorly differentiated squamous carcinoma. NOTE: Pathology
             consultation at Mayo Clinic is recommended if clinically indicated. One scenario is
             where unknown primary is the most likely diagnosis but immunostains show relatively
             site-specific marker staining (e.g., CD45, TTF1, chromogranin, GATA3, PAX8, PSA,
             melanocytic markers). Information provided for pathology consultation should include
             recent H&P and imaging reports.

          -  If available, submission of genomic sequencing or expression profiling results is
             mandatory.

          -  At least one measurable lesion (per RECIST 1.1) outside the planned RT fields.

          -  Stable or progressive disease after, or was unable to tolerate, at least one line of
             prior anticancer therapy for this disease. NOTE: For patients with stable disease, it
             is strongly encouraged to confirm the presence of active disease (eg, demonstrating
             FDG avidity via PET or repeat biopsy).

          -  Radiation oncology consultation at enrolling site ≤ 56 days prior to registration to
             confirm at least two metastatic lesions which are targetable by RT at doses and
             schedule prescribed in this study and which reside in non-overlapping RT fields.

          -  Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC) ≥ 900 K/mm3

          -  Hemoglobin (Hgb) ≥ 8.5 g/dL without transfusion or EPO dependency (≤ 7 days prior to
             assessment)

          -  Platelets ≥ 90,000 / mcL

          -  Creatinine OR Calculated creatinine clearance: ≤ 1.5 X upper limit of normal (ULN) OR

             ≥ 60 mL/min for subject with creatinine levels > 1.5 X institutional ULN

          -  Bilirubin Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 X ULN OR Direct bilirubin ≤ ULN for subjects with
             total bilirubin levels > 1.5 ULN OR total bilirubin ≤2 X ULN if liver metastases are
             present

          -  Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 2.5 X ULN OR ≤ 5
             X ULN for subjects with liver metastases

          -  Albumin > 2.5 g/dL

          -  Females of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 72
             hours prior to registration. NOTE: If the urine test is positive or cannot be
             confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required. NOTE: breast milk
             cannot be stored for future use while the mother is being treated on study

          -  Females of childbearing potential and males must be willing to abstain from
             heterosexual activity (abstinence) or use effective methods of contraception as
             described in Section 5.5 from the time of informed consent until 120 days after
             treatment discontinuation. NOTE: Females are considered of child bearing potential
             unless they are surgically sterile (have undergone a hysterectomy, bilateral tubal
             ligation, or bilateral oophorectomy) or they are naturally postmenopausal for at least
             12 consecutive months

          -  Willingness to return to the enrolling institution for follow up

          -  Willingness to provide tissue and blood samples for correlative research purposes

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Prior radiation to an area of the body which, if included in the current radiation
             field, poses an unacceptably high risk of toxicity in the opinion of the investigator.
             NOTE: A prior field that overlaps with the current field, by itself, does not exclude
             the patient.

          -  Any of the following

               -  Melanoma. NOTE: Positive tumor staining for S-100 or HMB45 alone does not exclude
                  patients.

               -  If immunostains are performed, and any of the below tests are positive:

                    -  Hematologic CD45+ (others such as CD2, CD20, CD30, CD43 also suggest
                       hematologic origin)

                    -  Lung or thyroid origin (Thyroid Transcription Factor [TTF-1]). NOTE:
                       Patients with biopsy proven TTF-1 positive tumor who do not have clinical
                       evidence for either lung or thyroid cancer (e.g. a dominant lung mass) are
                       still eligible.

          -  Progressed on 4 or more lines of prior chemotherapy for this cancer. NOTE:
             Bisphosphonates and neoadjuvant/adjuvant anticancer therapies (including locally
             directed therapies) do not count as a line of therapy with regard to this exclusion
             criteria.

          -  Co-morbid systemic illnesses or other severe concurrent disease which, in the judgment
             of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study or
             interfere significantly with the proper assessment of safety and toxicity of the
             prescribed regimens.

          -  Is currently participating and receiving study therapy or has participated in a study
             of an investigational agent and received study therapy or used an investigational
             device within 4 weeks of the first dose of treatment.

          -  Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving systemic steroid therapy or any
             other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of trial
             treatment.

          -  Has received prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or anti-PD-L2 agent.

          -  Has a known history of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) (HIV 1/2 antibodies).

          -  Has known active Hepatitis B (e.g., HBsAg reactive) or Hepatitis C (e.g., HCV RNA
             [qualitative] is detected).

          -  Has active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years
             (i.e. with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive
             drugs). Replacement therapy (eg., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid
             replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a
             form of systemic treatment. NOTE: Inhaled steroids or steroid injections for joint
             disease are allowed.

          -  Has known active Hepatitis B (e.g., HBsAg reactive) or Hepatitis C (e.g., HCV RNA
             [qualitative] is detected).

          -  Prior severe allergic reactions to a monoclonal antibody or hypersensitivity to
             pembrolizumab or any of its excipients.

          -  Has had a prior anti-cancer monoclonal antibody (mAb) within 4 weeks prior to study
             Day 1 or who has not recovered (i.e., ≤ Grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse events
             due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier.

          -  Other active malignancy which requires current treatment and which in the opinion of
             the site investigator is likely to interfere with evaluation of disease assessment.
             NOTE: Continuation of hormonal therapies is allowed.

          -  Has known active central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous
             meningitis. Subjects with previously treated brain metastases may participate provided
             they are stable (without evidence of progression by imaging for at least four weeks
             prior to the first dose of trial treatment and any neurologic symptoms have returned
             to baseline), have no evidence of new or enlarging brain metastases, and are not using
             steroids for at least 7 days prior to trial treatment. This exception does not include
             carcinomatous meningitis which is excluded regardless of clinical stability.

          -  Major surgery ≤ 4 weeks from registration. NOTE: Diagnostic laparoscopy (without other
             intervention) and/or biopsies (needle aspirate, core biopsy, open biopsy, etc…) are
             not considered major surgery

          -  Uncontrolled intercurrent illness which in the opinion of the investigator poses
             unacceptably high risk when combined with study treatment, including but not limited
             to the following:

               -  Symptomatic congestive heart failure

               -  Unstable angina pectoris

               -  Severely impaired lung function

               -  Known history of active TB (Bacillus Tuberculosis)

               -  Uncontrolled diabetes as defined by fasting serum glucose >1.5 x ULN (NOTE:
                  Optimal glycemic control should be achieved before starting trial therapy.)

               -  Significant underlying liver disease such as cirrhosis or severe hepatic
                  impairment

               -  Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with
                  cooperation with the requirements of the trial.

          -  Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy.

          -  Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality
             that might confound the results of the trial, interfere with the subject's
             participation for the full duration of the trial, or is not in the best interest of
             the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator.

          -  Is pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive or father children within the
             projected duration of the trial, starting with the pre-screening or screening visit
             through 120 days after the last dose of trial treatment.

          -  For patients in whom planned RT fields will include the heart, any of the following
             heart conditions, if in the opinion of the investigator they pose unacceptably high
             risk when combined with study treatment:

               -  Prior symptomatic congestive heart failure

               -  Documented myocardial infarction ≤6 months prior to registration (pretreatment
                  ECG evidence of infarct only will not exclude patients)

               -  Prior significant ventricular arrhythmia requiring medication

               -  Prior 2nd or 3rd degree heart block or other types of clinically significant
                  conduction delay ≤ 6 months prior to registration

               -  Clinically significant pericardial disease (including pericardial effusion,
                  pericarditis) or cardiac valvular disease ≤12 months prior to registration

        NOTE: As part of history and physical, all patients must be assessed for signs or symptoms
        of cardiac disease, or for prior history of cardiac disease. These conditions include but
        are not limited to diseases related to cardiac valves, pericardium, myocardium,
        atrioventricular delays or arrhythmias. It is strongly recommended that signs or symptoms
        of potentially clinically significant disease be evaluated with comprehensive cardiac echo.

          -  For patients in whom planned RT fields during the study will include the chest, any of
             the following, if in the opinion of the site investigator they pose unacceptably high
             risk when combined with study treatment:

               -  Prior fistula within thorax, including bronchoalveolar or esophageal.

               -  Respiratory condition that required oxygen supplementation ≤ 3 months prior to
                  registration

               -  Clinically significant pulmonary hypertension ≤ 12 months prior to registration

               -  Pneumonia requiring treatment ≤ 1 month prior to registration

               -  Pulmonary embolism requiring treatment ≤ 6 months prior to registration

               -  Pleural effusion requiring drainage ≤ 12 months prior to registration

          -  Has known history of or any evidence of active, non-infectious pneumonitis

          -  Currently uncontrolled hyper/hypothyroidism or hyper/hypocortism if in the opinion of
             the investigator they pose unacceptably high risk when combined with study treatment

          -  Received live vaccine ≤ 30 days prior to registration. NOTE: Seasonal influenza
             vaccines for injection are generally inactivated flu vaccines and are allowed; however
             intranasal influenza vaccines (e.g., Flu-Mist®) are live attenuated vaccines, and are
             not allowed.
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Abscopal Response Rate
Time Frame:36 Months
Safety Issue:
Description:Evaluate the abscopal response rate in CUP patients treated with the combination of pembrolizumab plus radiotherapy. Best abscopal response is defined as the frequency of patients whose best responding abscopal lesion demonstrates at least a 30% decrease in its longest diameter from baseline (Golden et al., 2015).

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Response Rate
Time Frame:36 Months
Safety Issue:
Description:• Determine the response rate by RECIST 1.1 and informed by irRECIST, of non-irradiated metastatic sites when pembrolizumab is combined with radiotherapy.
Measure:Assess Adverse Events
Time Frame:36 Months
Safety Issue:
Description:The maximum grade for each type of adverse event will be summarized using CTCAE version 4.0 criteria. The frequency and percentage of grade 2+ adverse events will be summarized using CTCAE version 4.0 criteria.
Measure:Progression-Free Survival
Time Frame:36 Months
Safety Issue:
Description:Progression-free survival (PFS) is defined as the time from registration to the first of either disease progression or death from any cause, where disease progression will be determined based on RECIST 1.1 criteria. PFS will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method, where patients that are alive and progression-free will be censored on their last tumor evaluation date.
Measure:Overall Survival
Time Frame:36 Months
Safety Issue:
Description:Overall Survival (OS) is defined as the time from registration to death from any cause. OS will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method.
Measure:Time-to-Progression
Time Frame:36 Months
Safety Issue:
Description:Time-to-Progression (TTP) is defined as the time from registration to disease progression, where patients that are progression-free will be censored on their last tumor evaluation date. TTP will be estimated using the cumulative incidence method, where deaths will be treated as competing risks.
Measure:Disease Control Rate
Time Frame:36 Months
Safety Issue:
Description:Disease Control Rate (DCR) is defined as the frequency (%) of patients who have a best response of PR, CR, or Stable disease.

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Hoosier Cancer Research Network

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