Clinical Trials /

Ipilimumab or FOLFOX in Combination With Nivolumab and Trastuzumab in HER2 Positive EsophagoGastric Adenocarcinoma

NCT03409848

Description:

The INTEGA study assesses therapy Options for advanced or metastatic esophagogastric Adenocarcinoma in patients overexpressing human epidermal receptor type 2 (HER2 positive patients). Current treatment options in this situation include chemotherapy based palliative treatment in combination withTrastuzumab. Recent studies have shown that immunotherapy with Nivolumab or Ipilimumab after previous chemotherapy can also improve survival in esophagogastric cancer. This study assesses the efficacy of two experimental first line treatment strategies: A) Chemo-free immunotherapy with Trastuzumab, Nivolumab and Ipilimumab and B) addition of Nivolumab to the standard regimen (FOLFOX chemotherapy and Trastuzumab).

Related Conditions:
  • Adenocarcinoma of the Gastroesophageal Junction
  • Gastric Adenocarcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Ipilimumab or FOLFOX in Combination With Nivolumab and Trastuzumab in HER2 Positive EsophagoGastric Adenocarcinoma
  • Official Title: Ipilimumab or FOLFOX in Combination With Nivolumab and Trastuzumab in Previously Untreated HER2 Positive Locally Advanced or Metastatic EsophagoGastric Adenocarcinoma

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: AIO-STO-0217
  • SECONDARY ID: 2017-000624-10
  • SECONDARY ID: CA209-99R
  • NCT ID: NCT03409848

Conditions

  • Gastric Cancer
  • Esophageal Cancer
  • Adenocarcinoma Gastric
  • HER2 Positive Gastric Cancer
  • Metastatic Gastric Cancer
  • GastroEsophageal Cancer

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
NivolumabB: Chemo- / immunotherapy
NivolumabA: Chemo-free immunotherapy
IpilimumabA: Chemo-free immunotherapy

Purpose

The INTEGA study assesses therapy Options for advanced or metastatic esophagogastric Adenocarcinoma in patients overexpressing human epidermal receptor type 2 (HER2 positive patients). Current treatment options in this situation include chemotherapy based palliative treatment in combination withTrastuzumab. Recent studies have shown that immunotherapy with Nivolumab or Ipilimumab after previous chemotherapy can also improve survival in esophagogastric cancer. This study assesses the efficacy of two experimental first line treatment strategies: A) Chemo-free immunotherapy with Trastuzumab, Nivolumab and Ipilimumab and B) addition of Nivolumab to the standard regimen (FOLFOX chemotherapy and Trastuzumab).

Detailed Description

      Gastric cancer is the fifth most common cancer in the world, and the third leading cause of
      cancer death in both sexes worldwide.

      Surgical resection is currently the only curative treatment option for gastric cancer;
      however, ~50% of patients have metastatic disease at the time of diagnosis and chemotherapy
      is the mainstay of palliation in this setting.

      Trastuzumab, in combination with chemotherapy, significantly improved survival in patients
      with overexpression of HER2.

      In regard of the very limited therapeutic landscape of HER2 positive EGA, compared to breast
      cancer, further treatment options to relevantly improve the outcome is warranted. The
      integration of check-point inhibitors (e.g. Nivolumab, Ipilimumab) into the first line
      setting either within a chemotherapy-free combination arm or within an intensified standard
      arm of FOLFOX and trastuzumab with nivolumab may be able to improve the current limited
      survival of median 14 months.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
A: Chemo-free immunotherapyExperimentalWeek 1-12 Trastuzumab 6mg/kg d1 every 3 weeks (loading dose 8mg/kg) Nivolumab 1mg/kg i.v. d1 every 3 weeks Ipilimumab 3mg/kg i.v. d1 every 3 weeks Week 13 till EOT (max treatment period 12 months) Trastuzumab 4mg/kg d1 every 2 weeks Nivolumab 240mg i.v. d1 every 2 weeks
  • Nivolumab
  • Ipilimumab
B: Chemo- / immunotherapyExperimentalTrastuzumab 4mg/kg d1 every 2 weeks (loading dose 6mg/kg) Nivolumab 240mg i.v. d1 every 2 weeks mFOLFOX6 every 2 weeks Oxaliplatin at a dose of 85 mg/m2 IV over two hours (day 1) 5-FU 400 mg/m2 IV bolus (day 1) LV at a dose of 400 mg/m2 iv over two hours (day 1) 5-FU at a dose of 2400 mg/m2 IV over 46 hours (day 1-3) Max Treatment period 12 months
  • Nivolumab

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          1. All subjects must have inoperable, advanced or metastatic GC or GEJ carcinoma and have
             histologically confirmed predominant adenocarcinoma. The documentation of GEJ
             involvement can include biopsy, endoscopy, or imaging.

          2. Subjects must have HER2-positive disease defined as either IHC 3+ or IHC 2+, the
             latter in combination with ISH+, as assessed locally on a primary or metastatic tumour
             (Note: Availability of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) representative tumor
             tissue for central confirmation of HER2 is mandatory (Preferably fresh biopsy))

          3. Subject must be previously untreated with systemic treatment (including HER 2
             inhibitors) given as primary therapy for advanced or metastatic disease.

          4. Prior adjuvant or neoadjuvant chemotherapy, radiotherapy and/or chemoradiotherapy are
             permitted as long as the last administration of the last regimen (whichever was given
             last) occurred at least 6 months prior to randomization.

          5. Subjects must have measurable or evaluable non-measurable disease as assessed by the
             investigator, according to RECIST v1.1 (Appendix D).

          6. ECOG performance status score of 0 or 1 (Appendix B).

          7. Screening laboratory values must meet the following criteria (using NCI CTCAE v.4.03
             ):

               -  WBC ≥ 2000/µL

               -  Neutrophils ≥ 1500/uL

               -  Platelets ≥ 100x10^3/µL

               -  Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dL

               -  eGFR ≥ 30ml/min (e.g. MDRD formula, appendix G)

               -  AST ≤ 3.0 x ULN (or ≤ 5.0X ULN if liver metastases are present)

               -  ALT ≤ 3.0 x ULN (or ≤ 5.0X ULN if liver metastases are present)

               -  Total Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN (except subjects with Gilbert Syndrome who must have
                  a total bilirubin level of < 3.0 x ULN)

          8. Males and Females, ≥ 18 years of age

          9. Subjects must have signed and dated an IRB/IEC approved written informed consent form
             in accordance with regulatory and institutional guidelines. This must be obtained
             before the performance of any protocol-related procedures that are not part of normal
             subject care.

         10. Subjects must be willing and able to comply with scheduled visits, treatment schedule,
             laboratory tests and other requirements of the study.

         11. Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy
             test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of HCG) within 24 hours prior to
             the start of study drug. Women must not be breastfeeding.

         12. WOCBP must use a highly effective method(s) of contraception for a period of 30 days
             (duration of ovulatory cycle) plus the time required for the investigational drug to
             undergo 5 half-lives. The terminal half-lives of nivolumab and ipilimumab are
             approximately 25 days and 15 days, respectively. WOCBP should use an adequate method
             to avoid pregnancy for approximately 5 months (30 days plus the time required for
             nivolumab to undergo 5 half-lives) after the last dose of investigational drug.

         13. Males who are sexually active with WOCBP must agree to follow instructions for
             method(s) of contraception for a period of 90 days (duration of sperm turnover) plus
             the time required for the investigational drug to undergo 5 half-lives. The terminal
             half-lives of nivolumab and ipilimumab are approximately 25 days and 15 days,
             respectively. Males who are sexually active with WOCBP must continue contraception for
             approximately 7 months (90 days plus the time required for nivolumab to undergo 5
             half-lives) after the last dose of investigational drug. In addition, male subjects
             must be willing to refrain from sperm donation during this time.

        Exclusion Criteria:

          1. Malignancies other than disease under study within 5 years prior to inclusion, with
             the exception of those with a negligible risk of metastasis or death (e.g., expected
             5-year OS > 90%) treated with expected curative outcome (such as adequately treated
             carcinoma in situ of the cervix, basal or squamous cell skin cancer, localized
             prostate cancer treated surgically with curative intent, ductal carcinoma in situ
             treated surgically with curative intent)

          2. Subjects with untreated known CNS metastases. Subjects are eligible if CNS metastases
             are adequately treated and subjects are neurologically returned to baseline (except
             for residual signs or symptoms related to the CNS treatment) for at least 2 weeks
             prior to randomization. In addition, subjects must be either off corticosteroids, or
             on a stable or decreasing dose of < 10 mg daily prednisone (or equivalent) for at
             least 2 weeks prior to randomization.

          3. History of exposure to the following cumulative doses of anthracyclines (epirubicin >
             720 mg/m2, doxorubicin or liposomal doxorubicin > 360 mg/m2, mitoxantrone > 120 mg/m2
             and idarubicin > 90 mg/m2, other (e.g., liposomal doxorubicin or other anthracycline
             greater than the equivalent of 360 mg/m2 of doxorubicin). If more than one
             anthracycline has been used, then the cumulative dose must not exceed the equivalent
             of 360 mg/m2 of doxorubicin

          4. Baseline LVEF value < 55%, assessed by echocardiogram [ECHO], multigated acquisition
             (MUGA) scan, or cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan

          5. Subjects with active, known, or suspected autoimmune disease. Subjects with Type I
             diabetes mellitus, residual hypothyroidism due to autoimmune thyroiditis only
             requiring hormone replacement, or skin disorders (such as vitiligo, psoriasis, or
             alopecia) not requiring systemic treatment are permitted to enroll. For any cases of
             uncertainty, it is recommended that the medical monitor be consulted prior to signing
             informed consent.

          6. Subjects with a condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (>
             10 mg daily prednisone equivalents) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14
             days of study drug administration. Inhaled or topical steroids, and adrenal
             replacement doses > 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents are permitted in the absence of
             active autoimmune disease.

          7. Prior treatment with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, anti-PD-L2, anti-CD137, or anti-CTLA-4
             antibody, or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell co-stimulation
             or checkpoint pathways.

          8. Persisting toxicity related to prior therapy (NCI CTCAE v. 4.03 Grade > 1); however,
             alopecia, sensory neuropathy Grade ≤ 2, or other Grade ≤ 2 not constituting a safety
             risk based on investigator's judgment are acceptable.

          9. Any serious or uncontrolled medical disorder or active infection that, in the opinion
             of the investigator, may increase the risk associated with study participation, study
             drug administration, or would impair the ability of the subject to receive study drug.

         10. Significant acute or chronic infections including, among others:

               -  Any positive test for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or known acquired
                  immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)

               -  Any positive test result for hepatitis B virus or hepatitis C virus indicating
                  acute or chronic infection.

         11. History of allergy or hypersensitivity to study drug or any constituent of the
             products

         12. Participation in another clinical study with an investigational product during the
             last 30 days before inclusion

         13. Patient who has been incarcerated or involuntarily institutionalized by court order or
             by the authorities § 40 Abs. 1 S. 3 Nr. 4 AMG.

         14. Patients who are unable to consent because they do not understand the nature,
             significance and implications of the clinical trial and therefore cannot form a
             rational intention in the light of the facts [§ 40 Abs. 1 S. 3 Nr. 3a AMG].
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Overall Survival
Time Frame:Milestone at 12 months, max observation period 48 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Overall survival including milestone rate at 12 months

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Incidence of Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events [Safety and Tolerability]
Time Frame:48 months
Safety Issue:
Description:according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events and to the obtained data on vital signs, clinical parameters and feasibility of the regimen
Measure:Progression Free Survival
Time Frame:48 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST 1.1.)
Measure:Response Rate
Time Frame:15 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Response Rate (RR) according to RECIST v1.1
Measure:Health related Quality of Life
Time Frame:48 months
Safety Issue:
Description:EORTC QLQ-C30 (European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - Quality of Life Core Questionnaire (30 items) Version 3.0. The QLQ-C30 is composed of multi-item scales and single-item measures, including five functional scales, three symptom scales, a global health status / QoL scale, and six single items. All of the scales and single-item measures have a score range from 0 to 100. A high score shows a high response level. A high score for a functional scale represents a high / healthy level of functioning, a high score for the global health status / QoL represents a high QoL, but a high score for a symptom scale / item represents a high level of symptomatology / problems
Measure:Health related Quality of Life
Time Frame:48 months
Safety Issue:
Description:EORTC STO-22 (European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - Quality of Life Questionnaire Gastric Module (STO = stomach) (22 items), comprising five multi-item and four single-item subscales. The multi-item subscales include questions about dysphagia (4 items), dietary restriction (5 items), pain (3 items), upper gastro-esophageal symptoms such as reflux (3 items), and emotional problems such as anxiety (3 items). The single-item subscales include questions related to four gastric cancer-specific symptoms: dry mouth, body image, hair loss, and problems with taste. Items are assessed on a 4-level numerical scale with 1= "not at all", 2= "a little", 3= "quite a bit", and 4= "very much". Scores are linearly converted and summated into a scaled score from 0 to 100, with a higher score representing a worse QOL.
Measure:Translational research tumor block
Time Frame:48 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TiL) repertoire determination from tumor
Measure:Translational research blood - immunoprofiling
Time Frame:Up to 7 weeks
Safety Issue:
Description:Liquid biopsy next-generation sequencing (NGS) immunoprofiling (TCRβ & IgH) before treatment initiation and before second cycle to determine response predictive immune signature
Measure:Translational research blood - circulating Tumor cells (CTC)
Time Frame:48 months
Safety Issue:
Description:CTC will be evaluated for changes in HER2 and PD-L1 status
Measure:Translational research blood - circulating Tumor DNA (ctDNA)
Time Frame:48 months
Safety Issue:
Description:ctDNA will be evaluated for HER signaling alterations
Measure:Central Imaging Review - ORR
Time Frame:48 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Retrospective central radiological review of ORR according to modified RECIST
Measure:Central Imaging Review - PFS
Time Frame:48 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Retrospective central radiological review of PFS according to modified RECIST

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:AIO-Studien-gGmbH

Last Updated

March 21, 2018