Clinical Trials /

Hypofractionated Radiation Therapy After Mastectomy in Preventing Recurrence in Patients With Stage IIa-IIIa Breast Cancer

NCT03414970

Description:

This randomized phase III trial studies how well hypofractionated radiation therapy works in preventing recurrence in patients with stage IIa-IIIa cancer who have undergone mastectomy. Hypofractionated radiation therapy delivers higher doses of radiation therapy over a shorter period of time and may kill more tumor cells that remain after surgery and have fewer side effects.

Related Conditions:
  • Breast Invasive Ductal Carcinoma
  • Breast Invasive Lobular Carcinoma
  • Medullary Breast Carcinoma
  • Tubular Breast Carcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 3

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Hypofractionated Radiation Therapy After Mastectomy in Preventing Recurrence in Patients With Stage IIa-IIIa Breast Cancer
  • Official Title: RT CHARM: Phase III Randomized Trial of Hypofractionated Post Mastectomy Radiation With Breast Reconstruction

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: A221505
  • SECONDARY ID: NCI-2017-00817
  • NCT ID: NCT03414970

Conditions

  • Ductal Breast Carcinoma
  • Invasive Breast Carcinoma
  • Lobular Breast Carcinoma
  • Medullary Breast Carcinoma
  • Stage II Breast Cancer
  • Stage IIA Breast Cancer
  • Stage IIB Breast Cancer
  • Stage IIIA Breast Cancer
  • Tubular Breast Carcinoma

Purpose

This randomized phase III trial studies how well hypofractionated radiation therapy works in preventing recurrence in patients with stage IIa-IIIa cancer who have undergone mastectomy. Hypofractionated radiation therapy delivers higher doses of radiation therapy over a shorter period of time and may kill more tumor cells that remain after surgery and have fewer side effects.

Detailed Description

      PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To evaluate whether the reconstruction complication rate at 24 months post radiation is
      non-inferior with hypofractionation.

      SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To evaluate the incidence of acute and late radiation complications, based on Common
      Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) 4.0 toxicity.

      II. To evaluate the local and local regional recurrence rate. III. To compare reconstruction
      complication rates based on reconstruction method (autologous +/- implant versus [vs] implant
      only) and timing of reconstruction received (immediate vs. intent for delayed).

      TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To evaluate reconstructed breast photographic cosmetic scores with hypofractionated
      radiation compared to standard fractionation 24 months after radiation.

      II. To evaluate reconstructed breast photographic cosmetic scores 24 months after radiation
      based on the method and timing of reconstruction received.

      III. To estimate the incidence of arm lymphedema by treatment arm. IV. To compare physical
      well-being, psychosocial well-being, sexual well-being, satisfaction with
      breast/nipples/abdomen, and satisfaction with overall outcome between the treatment arms at
      24 months after radiation.

      V. To estimate patient satisfaction with trial participation by treatment arm as measured by
      the Was It Worth It Questionnaire at 24 months after radiation.

      VI. To compare the direct and indirect patient costs for radiation therapy by treatment arm.

      VII. To compare patient reported total health care service utilization 12 months after the
      completion of radiation.

      VIII. To compare the economic impact of treatment. IX. To analyze polymorphisms in MDM2 and
      in genes including TP53, ATM, TGFB1, IL4, IL6, and IL10 and determine correlations with a
      higher likelihood of adverse radiation reactions (radiation sensitivity) and with toxicities.

      X. To analyze polymorphisms in MDM2 and in genes including TP53, ATM, TGFB1, IL4, IL6, and
      IL10 to determine correlations with secondary endpoints such as local-regional control.

      OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 groups.

      GROUP I: Patients undergo radiation therapy daily on Monday-Friday for 5-6 weeks.

      GROUP II: Patients undergo hypofractionated radiation therapy daily on Monday-Friday for 3-4
      weeks.

      After completion of study, patients are followed up for 5 years.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Group I (radiation therapy)Active ComparatorPatients undergo radiation therapy daily on Monday-Friday for 5-6 weeks.
    Group II (hypofractionated radiation therapy)ExperimentalPatients undergo hypofractionated radiation therapy daily on Monday-Friday for 3-4 weeks.

      Eligibility Criteria

              Inclusion Criteria:
      
                -  Histologically confirmed invasive carcinoma of the breast of any of the following
                   histologies (ductal, lobular, mammary, medullary, or tubular); patients with
                   metaplastic breast cancer are not eligible
      
                -  Patients will be staged according to the TNM staging system
      
                     -  For patients not receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy, pathologic staging must be
                        T0N1-2a, T1N1-2a, T2N1-2a, T3N0-2a, and all M0 status
      
                     -  For patients receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy, clinical pre-chemo staging and
                        post mastectomy pathological staging is required for all patients; patients who
                        have received neoadjuvant chemotherapy and are pathologically cT0-2 and N0 are
                        only eligible if biopsy-proven clinically N1 or N2 disease is documented prior to
                        the start of neoadjuvant chemotherapy; cT3N0 patients or ypT3N0 patients who
                        receive neoadjuvant chemotherapy may be eligible based on clinical or
                        pathological T stage, and do not require pathologically positive lymph nodes
      
                     -  Note: Higher of the clinical or pathological T and N stage are used for final
                        staging, if receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy; all patients with clinical,
                        radiographic or pathological T4, N3 or involved internal mammary disease (N1b,
                        N1c, and N2b) are not eligible
      
                -  No prior therapeutic radiation therapy to the chest, neck or axilla; prior radioactive
                   oral iodine is permitted
      
                -  No prior history of ipsilateral breast cancer (invasive disease or ductal breast
                   carcinoma in situ [DCIS]); lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) and benign breast disease
                   is allowed
      
                -  No history of prior or concurrent contralateral invasive breast cancer; benign breast
                   disease, LCIS or DCIS of contralateral breast is allowed
      
                -  No active collagen vascular diseases, such as: systemic lupus erythematous,
                   scleroderma, or dermatomyositis
      
                -  Negative inked histologic margins from mastectomy pathology (no invasive cells at
                   margin)
      
                -  No significant post mastectomy complications in the ipsilateral breast requiring an
                   unplanned re-operation or admission for intravenous (IV) antibiotics; re-operation for
                   margins evaluation, nodal completion and routine reconstruction is acceptable
      
                -  Radiation oncologist intends to treat all target volumes and respect all normal
                   tissues in accordance with the dosimetric constraints described (simulation before
                   registration recommended)
      
                -  Radiation oncologist is planning to treat regional lymph nodes including internal
                   mammary nodes and meet acceptable protocol dosimetric requirements
      
                -  Radiation oncologist is NOT planning to utilize a chest wall/scar boost
      
                -  Patient must have undergone immediate reconstruction at the time of mastectomy or be
                   planning to undergo reconstruction within 18 months after radiation
      
                -  If a tissue expander is utilized it needs to be a fluid filled expander, NO air
                   expander (unless completely deflated) during radiation therapy
      
                -  For patients with diabetes, hemoglobin A1C test must have been performed =< 90 days
                   prior to registration
      
                -  No co-existing medical conditions with life expectancy < 5 years
      
                -  No other malignancy within 5 years of registration with the exception of basal cell or
                   squamous cell carcinoma of the skin treated with local resection only or carcinoma in
                   situ of the cervix
      
                -  Negative serum or urine beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) in women of
                   child-bearing potential =< 7 days prior to registration; a female of childbearing
                   potential is a sexually mature female who has not undergone a hysterectomy or
                   bilateral oophorectomy and has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 12
                   consecutive months
      
                -  Women of child-bearing potential must agree to utilize a form of birth control or
                   agree to undergo sexual abstinence during radiation therapy
      
                -  Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) (Zubrod) performance status 0-1
      
                -  Patients must be able to read and comprehend English, in order to be able to complete
                   study questionnaires; however, patients participating through Canadian Cancer Trials
                   Group (CCTG) institutions who can read and comprehend French are eligible
            
      Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
      Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
      Eligible Gender:All
      Healthy Volunteers:No

      Primary Outcome Measures

      Measure:Rate of breast reconstruction complications
      Time Frame:At 24 months
      Safety Issue:
      Description:Will be tested using a two-sample test of proportions. The test statistic will be calculated and interim analysis for futility will be performed. The primary analyses will be an intent-to-treat analysis where all patients randomized will be included in the analysis and will be analyzed based on the arm they were randomized to regardless of actual radiation schedule received. Due to the random treatment assignment with stratification for the timing of reconstruction and type of reconstruction, it is expected that the baseline patient characteristics, including the planned reconstruction procedures, are roughly balanced across the two treatment arms. A sensitivity analysis stratified by timing and type of reconstruction surgery will be conducted.

      Secondary Outcome Measures

      Measure:Incidence of acute and late radiation complications based on Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events 4.0 toxicity
      Time Frame:Up to 5 years
      Safety Issue:
      Description:The proportion of patients with acute or late radiation complications, will be estimated separately by treatment arm and will be compared across the two arms using two-sample test of proportions (Z test) with a two-sided alternative.
      Measure:Local and local regional recurrence
      Time Frame:Up to 5 years
      Safety Issue:
      Description:The cumulative incidence of local and local regional recurrence will be estimated separately by treatment arm using the cumulative incidence function treating death as the competing risk and will be compared using Gray's test.
      Measure:Local and local regional recurrence-free survival
      Time Frame:Up to 5 years
      Safety Issue:
      Description:Local and local regional recurrence free survival will be summarized for each arm using the Kaplan-Meier estimators, and will be compared using a log rank test.
      Measure:Reconstruction complication rates based on reconstruction method (autologous +/- implant versus [vs.] implant only) and timing of reconstruction received (immediate vs. intent for delayed)
      Time Frame:Up to 5 years
      Safety Issue:
      Description:Between-arm differences in reconstruction complication rates will be assessed separately within each of the six subgroups based on type and timing of reconstruction. Between-arm differences in complication rates will also be assessed within the two broader subgroups of patients who receive implant only and those who receive autologous based reconstruction. Within each subgroup, the comparison will be done using a two-sample Z test of proportions with a two-sided alternative.
      Measure:Reconstructed breast photographic cosmetic scores
      Time Frame:At 24 months
      Safety Issue:
      Description:Two year photographic cosmetic scores will be summarized by treatment arm and will be compared across the treatment arms using a Wilcoxon rank-sum test with a two-sided alternative. The proportions of patients with poor global cosmetic score (defined as a cosmetic score of 3: poor or large difference) at 24 months after radiation will be summarized separately by treatment arm and will be compared using a two-sample test of proportions with a two-sided alternative.
      Measure:Reconstructed breast photographic cosmetic scores based on the method and timing of reconstruction received
      Time Frame:At 24 months
      Safety Issue:
      Description:Two year photographic cosmetic scores and the proportions of patients with poor global cosmetic score will be assessed separately by timing and method of reconstruction subgroups using similar method described above.
      Measure:Incidence of arm lymphedema as measured by percent change in ipsilateral arm volume post-radiation from its pre-radiation volume
      Time Frame:Up to 5 years
      Safety Issue:
      Description:The proportions of patients with arm lymphedema (defined as a change of 10% or greater in ipsilateral arm volume from the pre-radiation therapy [RT] volume) at 2 year post radiation will be summarized and will be compared across the two treatment arms using a two-sample test of proportions (Z test) with a two-sided alternative. Change in ipsilateral arm volume at each of the following time-points: 6, 12, 24 and 60 months post-radiation (relative to pre-RT) will be compared using a two sample t-test with a two-sided alternative. The changes in arm volume at these time points will also be analyzed as a repeated measure using a linear mixed model with patient as the random effect.
      Measure:Physical well-being, psychosocial well-being, sexual well-being, satisfaction with breast/nipples/abdomen, and satisfaction with overall outcome
      Time Frame:At to 24 months
      Safety Issue:
      Description:Change in Lymphedema and Breast Cancer Questionnaire and Breast Lymphedema scores at 24 months post-radiation (relative to pre-RT) and patient satisfaction scores as measured by the Breast Questionnaire overall outcome scale will be summarized and will be compared across the treatment arms using a two-sample t-test with a two-sided alternative. Linear mixed models will also be used to assess these scores longitudinally.
      Measure:Patient satisfaction with trial participation by treatment arm as measured by the Was It Worth It Questionnaire
      Time Frame:At 24 months
      Safety Issue:
      Description:Was It Worth It questionnaire responses to each of the five questions at 24 months will be summarized and the will be compared across treatment arms using a chi-square tests with a two-sided alternative.
      Measure:Economic analyses
      Time Frame:Up to 5 years
      Safety Issue:
      Description:Direct costs of medical care to each patient will be estimated using utilization information from the health care expense survey and the health care utilization survey, along with publicly available Medicare reimbursement rates. In particular, based on the reported number of outpatient visits to the radiation oncologist, medical oncologist, surgeon who performed mastectomy, plastic surgeon or physical therapist, and the number of visits to the emergency room, the number of hospital admissions, and the number of surgical procedures to breast reconstruction, Medicare reimbursement rates can be used to estimate what the direct cost to each patient would be if that patient were covered by Medicare. Generalized linear models will then be used to model these costs as a function of treatment, time on study, and all available baseline patient characteristics to assess the extent to which estimated direct cost is impacted by the type of radiation dosing.

      Details

      Phase:Phase 3
      Primary Purpose:Interventional
      Overall Status:Recruiting
      Lead Sponsor:Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology

      Last Updated

      October 8, 2020