Clinical Trials /

Paclitaxel Protein Bound Plus Cisplatin Plus Gemcitabine and Paricalcitol for Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma (NABPLAGEMD)

NCT03415854

Description:

The purpose of this study is to determine if the combination of paclitaxel protein bound, gemcitabine, cisplatin, paricalcitol are effective in individuals with previously untreated metastatic pancreatic cancer.

Related Conditions:
  • Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Paclitaxel Protein Bound Plus Cisplatin Plus Gemcitabine and Paricalcitol for Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma (NABPLAGEMD)
  • Official Title: A Phase II Pilot Trial Of Paclitaxel Protein Bound Plus Cisplatin Plus Gemcitabine and the Addition Of Paricalcitol Upon Disease Progression in Patients With Previously Untreated Metastatic Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma (NABPLAGEMD)

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: SU2C HRI NPG-001
  • NCT ID: NCT03415854

Conditions

  • Pancreatic Cancer
  • Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma
  • Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma
  • Pancreas Metastases
  • Adenocarcinoma

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
Paricalcitol (Zemplar)Cisplatin (Platinol), Paclitaxel Protein Bound (Abraxane), Gemcitabine (Gemzar)Paricalcitol (Zemplar)

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to determine if the combination of paclitaxel protein bound, gemcitabine, cisplatin, paricalcitol are effective in individuals with previously untreated metastatic pancreatic cancer.

Detailed Description

      Pancreatic cancer continues to be a highly lethal disease with an overall 5 year survival of
      only 8%. Since 2004, the incidence of pancreatic cancer has been increasing by 1.5% per year
      and it is estimated that there will be 53,670 new cases diagnosed in the United States in
      2017, with 43,090 expected deaths. Pancreatic cancer is the third most common cause of
      cancer-related deaths in both men and women, and the incidence is about equal in both sexes.
      Of all types of pancreatic cancers, pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) is by far the most
      common, representing 80% of cases. Due to lack of adequate screening techniques, greater than
      80% of patients at the time of diagnosis present with unresectable, advanced disease.
      Standard treatment options for inoperable patients with locally advanced and metastatic PDA
      have been quite limited. Gemcitabine monotherapy, approved by the Food and Drug
      Administration (FDA) in 1996, demonstrated a median survival of 5.7 months, and has been the
      mainstay in treating patients with PDA. The first combination regimen to demonstrate any
      survival benefit compared with gemcitabine alone was gemcitabine plus erlotinib, with median
      survival of 6.24 months versus 5.91 months for single agent gemcitabine.

      A meta-analysis of randomized trials by Heinemann and colleagues showed that patients with
      advanced pancreatic cancer and a good performance status may benefit from combination
      chemotherapy with gemcitabine plus a platinum agent or a fluoropyrimidine. Multiple
      combination regimens are being utilized.

      Recently, the regimen of 5-fluorouracil/leucovorin/irinotecan/oxaliplatin (FOLFIRINOX)
      compared with gemcitabine demonstrated improvement in both progression-free survival (PFS,
      6.4 vs. 3.3 months) and overall survival (OS, 11.1 vs. 6.8 months) for patients with a good
      performance status. FOLFIRINOX, however, is associated with substantial grade 3 and 4
      toxicities, including diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, neutropenia and febrile
      neutropenia, and cannot be given to patients >76 years of age or in some cases patients with
      head of the pancreas tumors. An international phase III trial comparing paclitaxel protein
      bound (now called paclitaxel protein bound) plus gemcitabine to gemcitabine single agent
      demonstrated a statistically significant improvement in OS (8.5 vs. 6.7 months) for advanced
      pancreatic cancer patients using the gemcitabine and paclitaxel protein bound over
      gemcitabine alone.

      A recently completed phase Ib/II trial of the combination of paclitaxel protein bound plus
      gemcitabine plus cisplatin in previously untreated stage IV pancreatic adenocarcinoma
      patients was presented at the 2017 Gastrointestinal Cancer Symposium. In 24 patients with
      stage IV pancreatic cancer they reported 8.3% complete response (CR), 62.5% partial response
      (PR), 16.7% stable disease and 12.5% progressive disease. The rationale for adding cisplatin
      to paclitaxel protein bound and gemcitabine is that in a study of 1,029 patients whose
      pancreatic cancer tumors underwent molecular profiling, 57% of these tumors were negative for
      expression of the excision repair cross-complementation group 1 (ERCC1), indicating
      sensitivity to a platinum anti-tumor agent. In addition to the above, in our whole
      genome/transcriptome sequencing analysis, we found that abnormal repair pathways were a
      feature of all of the pancreatic cancers that were sequenced. Cisplatin prevents cellular
      deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) repair by binding to and causing crosslinking of DNA, triggering
      apoptosis. Cisplatin has been used in other combination regimens to treat patients with PDA.
      For example, the cisplatin, epirubicin, 5-fluorouracil and gemcitabine (PEFG) regimen had an
      acceptable toxicity profile and was associated with a 24% partial response rate, 5 month PFS
      and 8.3 month OS as second line therapy.

      Most recently, a study showed that Vitamin D can change the pancreatic tumor microenvironment
      from an immunologically suppressive (tumor promoting) one to an immunologically hostile one
      (e.g. decreased IL-6, decreased CXCL12 etc.). In addition, in the same study, the vitamin D
      ligand calcipotriol decreased production of collagen, decreased myeloid derived suppressor
      cells (MDSCs) and decreased regulatory T cells. Remarkably, in clinical practice, the vitamin
      D analogue paricalcitol was observed to reverse chemotherapy resistance. Two individuals with
      pancreatic adenocarcinoma who were receiving paclitaxel protein bound and gemcitabine based
      combination chemotherapy developed progressive disease which was reversed by the addition of
      paricalcitol.

      Based upon these promising clinical and pre-clinical data we are initiating a clinical trial
      combining paclitaxel protein bound, gemcitabine, and cisplatin for patients with metastatic
      PDA. When these patients develop progressive disease the vitamin D analog paricalcitol will
      be added to the regimen. The treatment will continue until further disease progression.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Paricalcitol (Zemplar)ExperimentalParticipants will be treated with the regimen according to the study protocol. Participants will complete 3 cycles (cycle is 21 days) and then will be evaluated for CA19-9 normalization and undergo imaging to determine response, if any.
  • Paricalcitol (Zemplar)

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          1. Age ≥18 years of age; male or female.

          2. Histologically or cytologically confirmed metastatic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma.

          3. Capable of providing informed consent and complying with trial procedures including
             obtaining paired biopsies during therapy

          4. Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) of ≥ 70%.

          5. Life expectancy ≥ 12 weeks.

          6. Measurable tumor lesions according to RECIST 1.1 criteria.

          7. Women must agree not to become pregnant (e.g. post-menopausal for at least 1 year,
             surgically sterile, or practicing adequate birth control methods) for the duration of
             the study and until 90 days after last dose of study treatment. Women of child bearing
             potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test at the Screening Visit
             and be non-lactating. Both male and female patients of reproductive potential must
             agree to use a reliable method of birth control during the study.

        Exclusion Criteria:

          1. Patients must have received no previous radiotherapy, surgery, chemotherapy or
             investigational therapy for the treatment of metastatic disease. Prior treatments in
             the adjuvant setting with gemcitabine and/or Fluorouracil (5-FU) or gemcitabine
             administered as a radiation sensitizer are allowed, provided at least 6 months have
             elapsed since completion of the last dose and no lingering toxicities are present.

          2. Palliative surgery and/or radiation treatment less than 4 weeks prior to initiation of
             study treatment.

          3. Exposure to any investigational agent within 4 weeks prior to initiation of study
             treatment.

          4. Evidence of central nervous system (CNS) metastasis (negative imaging study, if
             clinically indicated, within 4 weeks of Screening Visit).

          5. History of other malignancies (except cured basal or squamous cell carcinoma,
             superficial bladder cancer, prostate cancer in active surveillance, or carcinoma in
             situ of the cervix) unless documented free of cancer for ≥2 years.

          6. Laboratory values: Screening serum creatinine >1.5 mg/dL; total bilirubin > (ULN);
             alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≥ 2.5x ULN or ≥
             5.0×ULN if liver metastases are present; absolute neutrophil count <1,500/mm3,
             platelet concentration <100,000/mm3, hematocrit level <27% for females or <30% for
             males, or coagulation tests (prothrombin time [PT], partial thromboplastin time [PTT],
             International Normalized Ratio [INR]) >1.5×ULN unless on anticoagulation agents.

          7. Current, serious, clinically significant cardiac arrhythmias as determined by the
             investigator.

          8. History of HIV infection.

          9. Active, clinically significant serious infection requiring treatment with antibiotics,
             antivirals or anti-fungals.

         10. Any condition that might interfere with the patient's participation in the study or in
             the evaluation of the study results.
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Pathologic Complete Response Rate
Time Frame:At the end of 3 cycles (each cycle is 21 days)
Safety Issue:
Description:Participants will have an MRI completed after 3 cycles to determine if the tumor has responded to treatment. RECIST 1.1 criteria will be used to evaluate response. A confirmatory positron emission tomography (PET) scan may be ordered to confirm complete response.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Carbohydrate Antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) value
Time Frame:At the end of each cycle (each cycle is 21 days)
Safety Issue:
Description:Laboratory testing will be used to determine if the CA19-9 value has normalized after each cycle of treatment.
Measure:changes in circulating biomarkers induced by paricalcitol
Time Frame:At the end of each cycle (each cycle is 21 days)
Safety Issue:
Description:Laboratory testing will be used to determine any changes in circulating biomarkers induced by paricalcitol. Biomarkers to be tested include: Stromal content (collagen and hyaluronan), CD31 (cluster of differentiation 31) staining, PD-1(programmed cell death-1) / PDl-1 (protein disulfide isomerase) staining and expression, IHC (Immunohistochemistry) evaluation of key immune cell populations (cytotoxic T Cells, TAMs (tumor-associated macrophages), MDSCs (myeloid-derived suppressor cells), and Tregs (regulatory T cells in cancer)), clonality of intra-tumoral T cells by TSR (tumor stroma ratio) sequencing (a measure of intratumoral response), expression of VDR (vitamin D receptor) regulated inflammatory gene (IL6 (interleukin 6), CXCL1 (chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 1), CSF2 (colony stimulating factor 2), CXCLR(chemokine (C-X-C motif) receptor)), VDR and CYP24A1 (cytochrome P450 family 24 subfamily A member 1), mutational and transcriptional profile.
Measure:changes in circulating biomarkers induced by chemotherapy
Time Frame:At the end of each cycle (each cycle is 21 days)
Safety Issue:
Description:Laboratory testing will be used to determine any changes in circulating biomarkers induced by chemotherapy. Biomarkers to be tested include: Stromal content (collagen and hyaluronan), CD31 (cluster of differentiation 31) staining, PD-1(programmed cell death-1) / PDl-1 (protein disulfide isomerase) staining and expression, IHC (Immunohistochemistry) evaluation of key immune cell populations (cytotoxic T Cells, TAMs (tumor-associated macrophages), MDSCs (myeloid-derived suppressor cells), and Tregs (regulatory T cells in cancer)), clonality of intra-tumoral T cells by TSR (tumor stroma ratio) sequencing (a measure of intratumoral response), expression of VDR (vitamin D receptor) regulated inflammatory gene (IL6 (interleukin 6), CXCL1 (chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 1), CSF2 (colony stimulating factor 2), CXCLR(chemokine (C-X-C motif) receptor)), VDR and CYP24A1 (cytochrome P450 family 24 subfamily A member 1), mutational and transcriptional profile.
Measure:pharmacodynamics effect of Paricalcitol
Time Frame:At the end of 2 cycles (each cycle is 21 days)
Safety Issue:
Description:Tumor biopsy testing will be used to determine the pharmacodynamics effect of Paricalcitol for patients with metastatic PDA (pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma) . Fresh tumor biopsies will be obtained to evaluate the pharmacodynamics effect of Paricalcitol on PDA, a core biopsy will be performed at baseline prior to the addition of paricalcitol along with one after 2 cycles of the triplet regimen plus paricalcitol (6 weeks).
Measure:Parathyroid Hormone (PTH)
Time Frame:At the end of each cycle (each cycle is 21 days)
Safety Issue:
Description:Laboratory testing will be used to monitor any changes in parathyroid hormone (PTH) in individuals treated with paricalcitol.
Measure:Vitamin D 25-hydroxy (OH)
Time Frame:At the end of each cycle (each cycle is 21 days)
Safety Issue:
Description:Laboratory testing will be used to monitor and measure the serum levels of Vitamin D 25-OH after each cycle of therapy

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:HonorHealth Research Institute

Last Updated

August 5, 2019