Clinical Trials /

A Pilot Study of the Combination of Entinostat With Capecitabine in High Risk Breast Cancer After Neo-adjuvant Therapy

NCT03473639

Description:

The purpose of this study is to learn about the safety and side effects of combining entinostat, an investigational drug, with capecitabine, a drug commonly used in breast cancer (BC), in both participants with metastatic breast cancer (MBC) and then participants with high-risk breast cancer after neo-adjuvant therapy.

Related Conditions:
  • Breast Carcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 1

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: A Pilot Study of the Combination of Entinostat With Capecitabine in High Risk Breast Cancer After Neo-adjuvant Therapy
  • Official Title: A Pilot Study of the Combination of Entinostat With Capecitabine in High Risk Breast Cancer After Neo-adjuvant Therapy

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: 20218
  • NCT ID: NCT03473639

Conditions

  • Metastatic Breast Cancer
  • Breast Cancer

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
EntinostatSNDX-275Entinostat and Capecitabine
CapecitabineXelodaEntinostat and Capecitabine

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to learn about the safety and side effects of combining entinostat, an investigational drug, with capecitabine, a drug commonly used in breast cancer (BC), in both participants with metastatic breast cancer (MBC) and then participants with high-risk breast cancer after neo-adjuvant therapy.

Detailed Description

      In order to identify the maximum dose that should be used in future participants, the first
      participants will start at a low dose of both drugs. If the participants on this dose level
      tolerate the treatment well without too many side effects, the next participants will receive
      a higher dose of one of the medications, and if those participants also tolerate the
      treatment well, then the drugs will continue to be increased with the next participants until
      a maximum dose that participants tolerate well is reached.

      Participants in both groups will receive entinostat on days 1, 8, and 15 of each 21-day cycle
      and capecitabine on days 1-14 of each cycle. MBC participants may receive this treatment as
      long as they do not have disease progression or side effects that require them to stop study
      treatment while participants with high-risk BC after neo-adjuvant therapy will receive up to
      8 cycles of study treatment as long as they do not have disease progression or side effects
      that require them to stop study treatment.

      While participants are on study treatment, they will have regular physical exams and labs.
      After participants finish study treatment, they should be followed by their primary
      oncologist at least once a year. Study staff will also be in contact by phone at least once a
      year for 10 years.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Entinostat and CapecitabineExperimentalDose escalation of the combination of entinostat and capecitabine in MBC patients. This dose will be given to MBC patients and to BC patients with residual invasive disease after neoadjuvant chemotherapy and surgery. The dose combinations include: Combination 1: 3 mg/week entinostat, 800 mg/m2 twice a day for 14 days of capecitabine Combination 2: 5 mg/week entinostat, 800 mg/m2 twice a day for 14 days of capecitabine Combination 3: 3 mg/week entinostat, 1000 mg/m2 twice a day for 14 days of capecitabine Combination 4: 5 mg/week entinostat, 1000 mg/m2 twice a day for 14 days of capecitabine If a participant experiences unacceptable side effects, he or she will receive the next lowest dose combination. If he or she is on Combination 1, he or she will stop study treatment.
  • Entinostat
  • Capecitabine

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

        Disease Characteristics by Dose Escalation Phase and Expansion Phase:

        Part A: Dose Escalation Phase:

          1. Patients must have a histologically confirmed diagnosis of stage IV invasive breast
             cancer.

          2. Patients can have breast cancer with positive OR negative estrogen and progesterone
             receptor status. Patients must have negative HER-2 receptor status. Estrogen,
             progesterone, and HER2 receptor status must be assessed according to ASCO/CAP
             guidelines. ER or PR positivity is defined as ≥ 1% positive nuclear staining. HER-2 is
             negative if tumor testing shows: a) IHC negative (0 or 1+) or b) ISH negative using
             single probe or dual probe. If HER-2 IHC is 2+, ISH must be performed and negative.
             HER-2 equivocal is not eligible.

        Part B: Expansion Phase:

          1. Patients must have a histologically confirmed diagnosis of stage I-III invasive breast
             cancer.

          2. Patients with multifocal, multicentric, synchronous bilateral and primary inflammatory
             breast cancers are allowed.

               1. Multifocal disease is defined as more than one invasive cancer < 2 cm from the
                  largest lesion within the same breast quadrant.

               2. Multicentric disease is defined as more than one invasive cancer ≥ 2 cm from the
                  largest lesion within the same breast quadrant or more than one lesion in
                  different quadrants.

               3. Synchronous bilateral disease is defined as invasive breast cancer with positive
                  lymph nodes (axillary or intramammary) in at least one breast, diagnosed within
                  30 days of each other. NOTE: The tumor with the highest recurrence score should
                  be used.

          3. Patients can have breast cancer with positive OR negative estrogen and progesterone
             receptor status. Patients must have negative HER-2 receptor status. Estrogen,
             progesterone, and HER2 receptor status must be assessed according to ASCO/CAP
             guidelines. ER or PR positivity is defined as ≥ 1% positive nuclear staining. HER-2 is
             negative if tumor testing shows: a) IHC negative (0 or 1+) or b) ISH negative using
             single probe or dual probe. If HER-2 IHC is 2+, ISH must be performed and negative.
             HER-2 equivocal is not eligible.

          4. Patients must have been treated with standard neoadjuvant chemotherapy with at least
             three cycles of taxane or anthracycline based regimen. Patients must be registered
             within 36 weeks after last dose of chemotherapy.

          5. Patients must have histologically confirmed residual invasive carcinoma at the time of
             surgery (ypT1mi or greater) or positive lymph nodes (ypN0(itc) or greater).

        Both Phases:

          1. Willingness and ability to provide written informed consent and to comply with the
             study protocol as judged by the investigator.

          2. ECOG Performance Status of 0-2.

          3. Age ≥ 18 years.

          4. Subject must have a life expectancy ≥ 6 months.

          5. Adequate bone marrow function defined as follows:

               1. Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1,000 cells/mm3

               2. Platelets ≥ 100,000 cells/mm3

          6. Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dl (Note: The use of transfusion to achieve Hgb ≥ 9 g/dl is
             acceptable)Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 x institutional upper limit normal (IULN) OR GFR ≥60
             mL/min for patient with creatinine levels >1.5× institutional ULN

          7. Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x IULN OR Direct Bilirubin ≤ULN for patients with total bilirubin
             levels >1.5×ULN

          8. ALT and AST ≤ 2.5 IULN

          9. Alkaline Phosphatase ≤ 2.5 IULN

         10. If a female is of childbearing potential, she has a negative serum blood pregnancy
             test during screening and a negative urine pregnancy test within 3 days prior to
             receiving the first dose of study drug. If the screening serum test is done within 3
             days prior to receiving the first dose of study drug, a urine test is not required.

         11. If a patient is of childbearing potential the patient must agree to use effective
             contraception during the study and for 120 days after the last dose of study drug.

             Non-childbearing potential is defined as (by other than medical reasons):

               1. ≥45 years of age and has not had menses for >2 years

               2. Amenorrheic for <2 years without a hysterectomy and oophorectomy and a
                  follicle-stimulating hormone value in the postmenopausal range upon pre-study
                  (screening) evaluation

               3. Post hysterectomy, oophorectomy or tubal ligation. Documented hysterectomy or
                  oophorectomy must be confirmed with medical records of the actual procedure or
                  confirmed by an ultrasound. Tubal ligation must be confirmed with medical records
                  of the actual procedure otherwise the patient must be willing to use 2 adequate
                  barrier methods throughout the study, starting with the screening visit through
                  120 days after the last dose of study drug

         12. Non-vasectomized males must agree to use adequate contraception for at least 120 days
             after the last dose of study drug Males must also abstain from sperm donations for at
             least 120 days after the last dose of study drug.

         13. Experienced resolution of toxic effect(s) of the most recent prior anti-cancer therapy
             to Grade ≤ 2 (except alopecia and Grade 3 neuropathy).

        Exclusion Criteria (both phases):

          1. Subjects who have had chemotherapy, biological therapy, immunological therapy,
             radiation therapy, or hormonal therapy within 3 weeks prior to entering the study.

          2. Subjects who are unable or unwilling to discontinue use of prohibited medications.

          3. Subject is unable or unwilling to participate in a study related procedure.

          4. Subject is a prisoner.

          5. Subject has evidence or history of an uncontrolled bleeding disorder. Patients with
             chronic bleeding disorders that are controlled with treatment or not clinically
             relevant are allowed.

          6. Subjects with history of CNS disease including primary brain tumor, seizures not
             controlled with standard medical therapy, or history of cerebrovascular accident (CVA,
             stroke), transient ischemic attack (TIA), or subarachnoid hemorrhage within six months
             of study entry.

          7. Known brain metastases or cranial epidural disease unless adequately treated with
             radiotherapy and/or surgery (including radiosurgery) and stable for at least 4 weeks
             before first dose of study treatment AND enrolling in the metastatic dose escalation
             phase of present study only.

          8. History or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that
             might confound the results of the study, interfere with the patient's participation
             for the full duration of the study, or is not in the best interest of the patient to
             participate, in the opinion of the treating Investigator, including, but not limited
             to:

               1. Myocardial infarction or arterial thromboembolic events within 6 months prior to
                  screening or severe or unstable angina, New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class
                  III or IV disease, or a QTc interval > 470 msec.

               2. Uncontrolled hypertension (defined as BP >160/100) or diabetes mellitus.

               3. Another known malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment.

               4. Any prior history of other cancer within the prior 2 years with the exception of
                  adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer or cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
                  [CIN]/cervical carcinoma in situ or melanoma in situ).

               5. Active infection requiring systemic therapy.

          9. Any contraindication to oral agents or significant nausea and vomiting, malabsorption,
             or significant small bowel resection that, in the opinion of the investigator, would
             preclude adequate absorption.

         10. Allergy to benzamide or inactive components of entinostat.

         11. Known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation
             with the requirements of the study.

         12. Currently participating and receiving investigational therapy on another study. If
             prior participation in a study of an investigational agent/device, last dose of
             investigational therapy or use of an investigational device must be greater than 4
             weeks from the first dose of study drug in the present study.

         13. Known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (HIV 1/2 antibodies), due to
             concerns for potential drug-drug interactions with entinostat and anti-retroviral
             medications.

         14. Known active hepatitis B (e.g., hepatitis B surface antigen-reactive) or hepatitis C
             (e.g., hepatitis C virus ribonucleic acid [qualitative]). Patients with past hepatitis
             B virus (HBV) infection or resolved HBV infection (defined as the presence of
             hepatitis B core antibody [HBc Ab] and absence of HBsAg) are eligible. HBV DNA test
             must be performed in these patients prior to study treatment. Patients positive for
             hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody are eligible only if polymerase chain reaction is
             negative for HCV RNA.

         15. If female, is pregnant or breastfeeding.

         16. The following medications are prohibited while the patient is receiving entinostat:

               1. Any other HDAC Inhibitor, including valproic acid

               2. DNA methyltransferase inhibitors

               3. Any additional anticancer agents (excluding entinostat and capecitabine), such as
                  chemotherapy, immunotherapy, targeted therapy, biological response modifiers, or
                  endocrine therapy, will not be allowed, even if utilized as treatment of
                  non-cancer indications.

               4. Any investigational agents.

               5. Radiation Therapy

               6. Traditional herbal medicines; these therapies are not fully studied and their use
                  may result in unanticipated drug-drug interactions that may cause or confound the
                  assessment of toxicity.
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Identification of a maximum tolerated dose combination (MTDC) of entinostat and capecitabine
Time Frame:During the first cycle of treatment (each cycle is 21 days) for each participant
Safety Issue:
Description:This will be defined based on the number of "dose limiting toxicities" in participants at each dose level.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Frequency of adverse events (AEs) in MBC participants at the determined MTDC.
Time Frame:AEs from consent through 30 days following stopping study treatment. Study treatment-related serious adverse events (SAEs) anytime
Safety Issue:
Description:Adverse events (AEs) will be assessed via the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.03 in MBC participants at the determined MTDC.
Measure:Disease-free survival (DFS)
Time Frame:Participants will be followed for up to 10 years following completion of study therapy
Safety Issue:
Description:Disease-free survival (DFS) following combination therapy with entinostat and capecitabine
Measure:Severity (as graded with the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE)) of adverse events (AEs) in MBC participants
Time Frame:AEs from consent through 30 days following stopping study treatment. Study treatment-related serious adverse events (SAEs) will be collected starting at consent and continuing for the life of the study.
Safety Issue:
Description:Adverse events (AEs) will be graded via the CTCAE version 4.03 in MBC participants at the determined MTDC.
Measure:Frequency of adverse events (AEs) and dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) in participants on both arms of the study at the determined MTDC.
Time Frame:DLTs will be identified during the 1st cycle (each cycle is 21 days) of study treatment. AEs from consent through 30 days following completion of treatment. Study treatment-related SAEs will be collected starting at consent through end of study
Safety Issue:
Description:Adverse events (AEs) will be assessed via the CTCAE version 4.03 in participants on both arms of the study at the determined MTDC.
Measure:Severity (as graded with the CTCAE) of adverse events (AEs) in participants on both arms of the study at the determined MTDC
Time Frame:DLTs will be identified during the 1st cycle (each cycle is 21 days) of study treatment. AEs from consent through 30 days following completion of treatment. Study treatment-related SAEs will be collected starting at consent through end of study
Safety Issue:
Description:Adverse events (AEs) will be graded via the CTCAE version 4.03 in participants on both arms of the study at the determined MTDC.

Details

Phase:Phase 1
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:University of Virginia

Trial Keywords

  • Residual invasive breast cancer
  • Metastatic breast cancer

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