Clinical Trials /

Study to Compare Capsule and Liquid Formulations of Enzalutamide After Single Dose Administration Under Fasting Conditions in Prostate Cancer

NCT03478904

Description:

Background: Enzalutamide is given to treat metastatic prostate cancer. But it takes 4 pills to deliver the effective dose. This can be difficult for people already taking multiple drugs. And swallowing may be difficult for some people. Researchers want to test out a new way of giving enzalutamide by mouth. They want to see if giving a person the liquid taken from inside the standard 4 gelatin capsules is handled by the body in the same way as giving them the capsules whole. Objectives: To compare how capsule and liquid forms of enzalutamide are handled by people with prostate cancer. Eligibility: Men at least 18 years old with prostate cancer Design: Participants will be screened with a heart test (electrocardiogram), medical history, and physical exam. A tissue sample or lab reports will be reviewed. During the study, participants will repeat screening tests and have urine tests. Participants will be randomly assigned to get the study drug in one of two orders: either the as capsules then the liquid form (Arm A) or as the liquid form then the capsule form (Arm B). Participants will be counseled about birth control. The study will have 2 periods with a minimum 42 day break in between. On Day 1 of Period 1 and Day 1 of Period 2, participants will be admitted to the hospital. They will get one dose of the study drug. They cannot eat or drink anything except water for at least 10 hours before and for 4 hours after the study drug. Their blood will be sampled over 24 hours. Lunch and dinner will be served. Participants will answer questions after taking the liquid form. Participants will have blood drawn on Day 3, Day 8, and Day 42. ...

Related Conditions:
  • Prostate Carcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 1

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Study to Compare Capsule and Liquid Formulations of Enzalutamide After Single Dose Administration Under Fasting Conditions in Prostate Cancer
  • Official Title: Study to Compare Capsule and Liquid Formulations of Enzalutamide After Single Dose Administration Under Fasting Conditions in Prostate Cancer

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: 180070
  • SECONDARY ID: 18-C-0070
  • NCT ID: NCT03478904

Conditions

  • Prostate Cancer

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
Enzalutamide LiquidB/Sequence BA
Enzalutamide CapsuleB/Sequence BA

Purpose

Background: Enzalutamide is given to treat metastatic prostate cancer. But it takes 4 pills to deliver the effective dose. This can be difficult for people already taking multiple drugs. And swallowing may be difficult for some people. Researchers want to test out a new way of giving enzalutamide by mouth. They want to see if giving a person the liquid taken from inside the standard 4 gelatin capsules is handled by the body in the same way as giving them the capsules whole. Objectives: To compare how capsule and liquid forms of enzalutamide are handled by people with prostate cancer. Eligibility: Men at least 18 years old with prostate cancer Design: Participants will be screened with a heart test (electrocardiogram), medical history, and physical exam. A tissue sample or lab reports will be reviewed. During the study, participants will repeat screening tests and have urine tests. Participants will be randomly assigned to get the study drug in one of two orders: either the as capsules then the liquid form (Arm A) or as the liquid form then the capsule form (Arm B). Participants will be counseled about birth control. The study will have 2 periods with a minimum 42 day break in between. On Day 1 of Period 1 and Day 1 of Period 2, participants will be admitted to the hospital. They will get one dose of the study drug. They cannot eat or drink anything except water for at least 10 hours before and for 4 hours after the study drug. Their blood will be sampled over 24 hours. Lunch and dinner will be served. Participants will answer questions after taking the liquid form. Participants will have blood drawn on Day 3, Day 8, and Day 42. ...

Detailed Description

      Background:

        -  Enzalutamide is currently approved for the treatment of patients with mCRPC

        -  The marketed (reference) formulation of enzalutamide is a liquid-filled, soft gelatin
           capsule containing 40 mg enzalutamide dissolved in Labrasol; four such capsules are
           required to deliver a 160 mg dose

        -  The four-capsule regimen is inconvenient because of the number of capsules that must be
           taken, particularly in light of the fact that cancer patients usually have to take
           multiple drugs.

        -  Additionally, some patients may not be able to swallow pills; therefore, alternate
           methods of oral administration are necessary

      Objectives:

      -To evaluate the bioequivalence, safety, and tolerability of two oral formulations of
      enzalutamide following a single 160 mg dose in male subjects with prostate cancer under
      fasting conditions.

      Eligibility:

      -Male subjects with prostate cancer

      Design:

        -  Comparative, randomized, open-label, single-dose, 2-way crossover bioavailability,
           safety and tolerability study

        -  Subjects will be randomized in Period 1 to one of two sequences: AB or BA. Following a
           minimum 42-day washout period, subjects will be crossed over in Period 2 to receive the
           treatment that they did not receive in Period 1.

        -  Treatment A will be the standard capsule (reference) formulation; Treatment B will be
           the liquid formulation (test product)

        -  Blood samples will be collected for pharmacokinetic analysis
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
A/ Sequence ABExperimentalEnzalutamide capsule (Treatment A) followed byenzalutamide liquid (Treatment B)
  • Enzalutamide Liquid
  • Enzalutamide Capsule
B/Sequence BAExperimentalEnzalutamide liquid (Treatment B) followed byenzalutamide capsule (Treatment A)
  • Enzalutamide Liquid
  • Enzalutamide Capsule

Eligibility Criteria

        -  INCLUSION CRITERIA:

          -  Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed prostate cancer confirmed
             by the Laboratory of Pathology, NCI or Pathology Department of the Walter Reed
             National Military Medical Center.

          -  ECOG performance status 0 to 2

          -  Patients must have adequate organ and marrow function as defined below:

               -  Hemoglobin greater than or equal to 9 g/dL

               -  leukocytes greater than or equal to 3000/mcL

               -  absolute neutrophil count greater than or equal to 1500/mcL

               -  platelets greater than or equal to 150000/mcL

               -  total bilirubin within normal institutional limits

               -  AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) less than or equal to X institutional upper limit of normal

               -  creatinine within normal institutional limits

        OR

        --creatinine clearance greater than or equal to 30 mL/min/1.73 m2 for patients with
        creatinine levels above institutional normal (calculated via Cockcroft-Gault equation)

          -  Patients must not have other concurrent malignancies (within the past 2 years with the
             exception of non-melanoma skin cancer and Rai Stage 0 chronic lymphocytic leukemia),
             in situ carcinoma of any site, or life threatening illnesses, including untreated
             infection (must be at least 1 week off intravenous antibiotic therapy before beginning
             enzalutamide).

          -  Ability of subject to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed
             consent document.

          -  Willingness to travel to NIH for follow-up visits.

          -  Men age greater than or eual to 18 years of age. Children are excluded because
             prostate cancer is not common in pediatric populations. Women are not eligible because
             this disease occurs only in men

          -  The effects of enzalutamide on the developing human fetus are unknown. For this reason
             men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth
             control; abstinence) throughout the course of the study and for 3 months after the
             last dose. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while her partner
             is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately.

        EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

          -  Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents (in the past 28 days) or
             herbal medications (within 7 days).

          -  Patients must not be on enzalutamide within five half-lives before the first planned
             dose of the study drug or anticipating to start enzalutamide within the next 3 months
             of the first planned dose of study drug

          -  History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic
             composition to enzalutamide or other agents used in study.

          -  Clinically significant cardiac disease, e.g. New York Heart Association (NYHA) classes
             III-IV; uncontrolled angina, uncontrolled arrhythmia or uncontrolled hypertension,
             myocardial infarction in the previous 6 months as confirmed by an electrocardiogram
             (ECG).

          -  Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active
             infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac
             arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with
             study requirements

          -  Patients with active treatment for active Hepatitis B and C infections.

          -  Patients who are taking medications that may alter the metabolism of enzalutamide.
             This includes the following: strong or moderate CYP2C8 inhibitors or inducers; strong
             CYP3A4 inhibitors or inducers; or CYP2C9, 2C19 or 3A4 substrates with a narrow
             therapeutic index. For a current table of Substrates, Inhibitors and Inducers please
             access the following website:

        http://www.fda.gov/Drugs/DevelopmentApprovalProcess/DevelopmentResources/Drug
        InteractionsLabeling/ucm093664.htm

        -History of seizure, including any febrile seizure, loss of consciousness, or transient
        ischemic attach, or any condition that may pre-dispose to seizure (e.g. prior stroke, brain
        arteriovenous malformation, head trauma with loss of consciousness requiring
        hospitalization).
      
Maximum Eligible Age:100 Years
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:Male
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Area under curve
Time Frame:3 months
Safety Issue:
Description:It has been identified that a decrease of approximately 30-40 ug*h/mL in the AUC (less than a 20% decrease in the AUC for the test version vs. the standard formulation) would permit the two formulations to be considered bioequivalent.

Details

Phase:Phase 1
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Trial Keywords

  • Castration Resistant Prostate Cancer
  • Androgen Receptor

Last Updated

December 5, 2019