Phase 1 Open-Label Dose Escalation Study of BDB001 as a Single Agent and in combination with
Pembrolizumab in Subjects with Advanced Solid Tumors
This clinical trial is a study of an experimental drug called BDB001. BDB001 is a Toll-like
receptor (TLR) agonist that activates the immune system.
The primary objectives of this study are to evaluate the safety and tolerability of BDB001 as
a single agent and in combination with pembrolizumab and to determine the maximum tolerated
dose (MTD) or the recommended Phase 2 dose (RP2D) when given in combination with
pembrolizumab in subjects with advanced solid tumors.
This is a multi-center, open-label, dose escalation/dose expansion Phase 1 study of BDB001 as
a single agent and in combination with pembrolizumab in subjects with
histologically-confirmed, incurable, unresectable or metastatic solid tumors that have
relapsed or are refractory to standard therapies or for whom there is no approved therapy.
The study will be conducted in two separate but independent dose escalation arms: a single
agent arm (BDB001 alone) and a combination arm (BDB001 in combination with pembrolizumab).
Participants will be allowed to continue treatment beyond study termination until occurrence
of significant treatment-related toxicity, progressive disease or discontinuation criteria
Participants are eligible to be included in the study only if all of the following criteria
1. Be 18 years of age on day of signing informed consent
2. Subjects with histologically or cytologically confirmed advanced or metastatic solid
tumors who have disease progression after treatment with all available therapies for
metastatic disease that are known to confer clinical benefit, or are intolerant to
treatment, or refuse standard treatment. Note: there is no limit to the number of
prior treatment regimens
3. A male participant must agree to use contraception during the treatment period and for
at least 120 days after the last dose of study treatment and refrain from donating
sperm during this period
4. A female participant is eligible to participate if she is not pregnant, not
breastfeeding, and at least one of the following conditions applies:
1. Not a woman of childbearing potential (WOCBP)
2. A WOCBP who agrees to follow contraceptive guidance during the treatment period
and for at least 120 days after the last dose of study treatment • A highly
effective method of contraception is defined as one that results in a low failure
rate (i.e., less than 1% per year, when used consistently and correctly)
5. Evidence of progressive disease (PD) within 3 months of signing the informed consent
6. Have measurable disease per irRECIST as assessed by the local site
investigator/radiology. Lesions situated in a previously irradiated area are
considered measurable if progression has been demonstrated in such lesions
7. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) score of 0 - 2
8. Minimum life expectancy of 3 months
9. Have adequate organ function as defined by the protocol. Specimens must be collected
within 10 days prior to the start of study treatment.
Participants are excluded from the study if any of the following criteria apply:
1. A woman of child bearing potential who has a positive urine pregnancy test (e.g.
within 72 hours) prior to treatment. If the urine test is positive or cannot be
confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required
2. Prior exposure to TLR 7 agonists (e.g., GS-9620, imiquimod, TMX 101, resiquimod,
MEDI9197, 825A) and TLR 9 agonists (e.g., SD-101, IMO2125, MGN1703, GNKG168,
DUK-CPG-001 and CMP-001) for treatment of the solid tumor the patient is currently
being evaluated for treatment with BDB001.
3. Has received prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or anti PD L2 agent or with
an agent directed to another stimulatory or co-inhibitory T-cell receptor (e.g.,
CTLA-4, OX 40, CD137) and was discontinued from that treatment due to a Grade 3 or
4. Received previous therapy for malignancy within 21 days prior to administration of
study drug, including any investigational agents (other than BDB001), chemotherapy,
immunotherapy, biological or hormonal therapy (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin
5. Major surgery within 4 weeks of first dose of study drug
6. Has received prior radiotherapy within 2 weeks of start of study treatment.
Participants must have recovered from all radiation-related toxicities, not require
corticosteroids, and not have had radiation pneumonitis. A 1-week washout is permitted
for palliative radiation (≤2 weeks of radiotherapy) to non-CNS disease
7. Has received a live vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of study drug.
Examples of live vaccines include, but are not limited to, the following: measles,
mumps, rubella, varicella/zoster (chicken pox), yellow fever, rabies, Bacillus
Calmette-Guérin (BCG), and typhoid vaccine. Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection
are generally killed virus vaccines and are allowed; however, intranasal influenza
vaccines (e.g., FluMist) are live attenuated vaccines and are not allowed
8. Currently receiving medications known to be strong inhibitors of CYP1A and CYP3A and
strong/moderate inducers of CYP1A and CYP3A
9. Receiving systemic steroid therapy or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy
within 7 days prior to the first dose of study drug. The use of physiologic doses of
corticosteroids may be approved after consultation with the Sponsor.
10. Is currently participating in or has participated in a study of an investigational
agent or has used an investigational device within 21 days prior to the first dose of
study treatment. Note: Participants who have entered the follow-up phase of an
investigational study may participate as long as it has been 4 weeks after the last
dose of the previous investigational agent
11. History within last 6 months of New York Heart Association Class III or IV heart
failure, acute myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, uncontrolled arrhythmia, acute
coronary syndromes, stent placement, uncontrolled hypertension
12. QTc interval value > 470 msec (using Fridericia's Correction)
13. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 50% by echocardiogram (ECHO) or multigated
acquisition (MUGA) scan
14. Has known active CNS metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis. Participants with
previously treated brain metastases may participate provided they are radiologically
stable, i.e., without evidence of progression for at least 4 weeks by repeat imaging
(note that the repeat imaging should be performed during study screening), clinically
stable and without requirement of steroid treatment for at least 14 days prior to
first dose of study treatment (Kim 2017).
15. Has severe hypersensitivity (≥Grade 3) to pembrolizumab and/or any of its excipients
16. Has a known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. No HIV testing is
required unless mandated by local health authority
17. Known active hepatitis A, B or C. Subjects who are HBsAg+ and have DNA load < 2000
IU/mL (104 copies/mL) are eligible to participate in the study provided they meet the
ALT and bilirubin inclusion criteria.
18. Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or has required active treatment
within the past 3 years with the exception of basal cell carcinoma of the skin,
squamous cell carcinoma of the skin that has undergone potentially curative therapy or
in situ cervical cancer.
19. Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy
20. Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality
that might confound the results of the study, interfere with the participant's
participation for the full duration of the study, or is not in the best interest of
the participant to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator
21. Has a known psychiatric or substance abuse disorder that would interfere with the
participant's ability to cooperate with the requirements of the study
22. Is pregnant or breastfeeding or expecting to conceive or father children within the
projected duration of the study, starting with the screening visit through 120 days
after the last dose of study treatment.
23. Has had an allogenic tissue/solid organ transplant
24. Active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in past 2 years (i.e.,
with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs).
Replacement therapy (e.g., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid
replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a
form of systemic treatment and is allowed.
25. Has a history of (non-infectious) pneumonitis that required steroids or has current
26. History of interstitial lung disease