Clinical Trials /

Perioperative mFOLFOX Plus Pembrolizumab in Gastroesophageal Junction (GEJ) and Stomach Adenocarcinoma

NCT03488667

Description:

To evaluate the antitumor activity and safety/tolerability of the combination (mFOLFOX + Pembrolizumab) in patients with potentially resectable adenocarcinoma of the Gastroesophageal Junction (GEJ) and stomach.

Related Conditions:
  • Adenocarcinoma of the Gastroesophageal Junction
  • Gastric Adenocarcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Perioperative mFOLFOX Plus Pembrolizumab in Gastroesophageal Junction (GEJ) and Stomach Adenocarcinoma
  • Official Title: A Phase II Study of Perioperative mFOLFOX (Fluorouracil, Leucovorin, and Oxaliplatin) Chemotherapy Plus Pembrolizumab(MK-3475) Combination in Patients With Potentially Resectable Adenocarcinoma of the Gastroesophageal Junction (GEJ) and Stomach (MISP #52216)

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: IIT-2017-PeriopmFOLFOXPem
  • NCT ID: NCT03488667

Conditions

  • Gastro Esophageal Junction Cancer
  • Stomach Cancer
  • Adenocarcinoma

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
Neoadjuvant Treatment - mFOLFOX6 & PembrolizumabmFOLFOX6 (Leucovorin-Fluorouracil-Oxaliplatin) + Pembrolizumab
Adjuvant Treatment - mFOLFOX & PembrolizumabmFOLFOX6 (Leucovorin-Fluorouracil-Oxaliplatin) + Pembrolizumab

Purpose

To evaluate the antitumor activity and safety/tolerability of the combination (mFOLFOX + Pembrolizumab) in patients with potentially resectable adenocarcinoma of the Gastroesophageal Junction (GEJ) and stomach.

Detailed Description

      This study will evaluate the efficacy and safety of perioperative mFOLFOX plus Pembrolizumab
      combination regimen in participants with potentially resectable adenocarcinoma of the GEJ and
      stomach.

        -  The study is a non-randomized, open-label, single-arm phase II study.

        -  The enrolled participants will receive neoadjuvant combination of mFOLFOX every 2 weeks
           for 4 doses (on Days 1, 15, 29, 43) and Pembrolizumab every 3 weeks for 3 doses (on Days
           1, 22, 43).

        -  Serious adverse events (SAEs) will be assessed on an ongoing basis using CTCAE v4.0, and
           the Thall, Simon, and Estey's design to monitor the efficacy and toxicity continuously
           together.

        -  Repeat PET-CT will be obtained approximately 2-3 weeks after completion of neoadjuvant
           combination therapy.

        -  If no evidence of metastatic disease on PET-CT, participants will undergo potentially
           curative surgical resection 4-6 weeks after completion of neoadjuvant combination
           therapy. This will be followed by adjuvant combination therapy (to be started 6-8 weeks
           after surgery) consisting of mFOLFOX every 2 weeks for additional 4 doses (total 4
           months of therapy) plus Pembrolizumab every 3 weeks for additional 12 doses (total 1
           year of therapy). If there is evidence of metastatic disease on PET-CT, participant will
           come off the study (i.e., will not undergo surgical resection and adjuvant therapy).

        -  Participants will continue to receive treatment until either one of the following
           occurs: completion of adjuvant therapy, development of radiographically confirmed
           progression, participant withdraws consent, intercurrent illness that prevents further
           administration of treatment, or sponsor-investigator decides to withdraw the
           participant.

        -  Efficacy outcomes during the adjuvant chemotherapy phase will be determined by
           radiologic measurements by CT using RECIST v1.1. Assessment of response will be
           performed every 3 months for the first year and as per the standard institutional
           guidelines thereafter.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
mFOLFOX6 (Leucovorin-Fluorouracil-Oxaliplatin) + PembrolizumabExperimentalDrug: Pembrolizumab Dose: 200 mg Dose Frequency: Every three weeks (Q3W) Route: Intravenous (IV) infusion Drug: Oxaliplatin Dose: 85 milligrams per meter squared (mg/m2) Dose Frequency: Every 2 weeks (Q2W) Route: IV infusion Drug: Leucovorin Dose: 400 mg/m2 Dose Frequency: Q2W Route: IV infusion Drug: Fluorouracil Dose: 400 mg/m2 Dose Frequency: Q2W Route: IV bolus Drug: Fluorouracil Dose: 2,400 mg/m2 Dose Frequency: Q2W Route: IV continuous 46-hour infusion Pembrolizumab will be administered at a fixed dose of 200 mg IV over 30 minutes every 3 weeks. Participants will receive 3 doses of the drug on Days 1, 22, 43 during the neoadjuvant phase of the study, and 12 doses of the drug on Days 1, 22, 43 during the adjuvant phase of the study (total 15 doses). Participants will receive 4 doses of mFOLFOX6 regimen on Days 1, 15, 29, 43 during the neoadjuvant phase of the study, and 4 doses during the adjuvant phase of the study (total 8 doses).
  • Neoadjuvant Treatment - mFOLFOX6 & Pembrolizumab
  • Adjuvant Treatment - mFOLFOX & Pembrolizumab

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          1. Male/female participants who are 18 - 75 years of age on the day of signing informed
             consent with histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of adenocarcinoma of
             the gastroesophegeal junction (GEJ) or stomach will be enrolled in this study.

          2. Have newly diagnosed localized or locally advanced, potentially resectable disease
             without any prior systemic chemotherapy.

          3. Have no evidence of distant metastases.

          4. Be eligible and reasonably fit to undergo potentially curative resection

             Male participants:

          5. A male participant must agree to use a contraception as detailed in Appendix 3 of this
             protocol during the treatment period and for at least 120 days after the last dose of
             study treatment and refrain from donating sperm during this period. Note: Abstinence
             is acceptable if this is the usual lifestyle and preferred contraception for the
             participant.

             Female participants:

          6. Female participants of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy
             within 72 hours prior to enrollment.

          7. A female participant is eligible to participate if she is not pregnant, not
             breastfeeding, and at least one of the following conditions applies:

               1. Not a woman of childbearing potential (WOCBP) OR

               2. A WOCBP who agrees to follow the contraceptive guidance in Appendix 3 during the
                  treatment period and for at 120 days after the last dose of study treatment.
                  Note: Abstinence is acceptable if this is the usual lifestyle and preferred
                  contraception for the participant.

          8. The participant (or legally authorized representative, if applicable) must be willing
             and able to provide written informed consent for the trial.

          9. Have evaluable disease . Lesions situated in a previously irradiated area are
             considered measurable if progression has been demonstrated in such lesions.

         10. Have pre-resection tissue available.

         11. Be willing to provide tissue from a newly obtained core or excisional biopsy of a
             tumor lesion.

         12. Have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 to 1.

         13. Have adequate organ function.

         14. Be willing to provide blood and tissue samples for research purposes.

        Exclusion Criteria:

        Participants are excluded from the study if any of the following criteria apply:

          1. A WOCBP who has a positive serum pregnancy test within 72 hours prior to enrollment on
             study.

          2. Has received prior therapy with an anti-PD-1 (Programmed death-1), anti-PD-L1
             (programmed death ligand-1), or anti PD L2 (programmed death ligand-2) agent or with
             an agent directed to another stimulatory or co-inhibitory T-cell receptor.

          3. Has received prior systemic anti-cancer therapy including investigational agents
             within 4 weeks prior to study enrollment.

          4. Has received prior chemotherapy (including investigational agents) for any malignant
             disorder, thoracic radiation therapy or prior surgical resection of an esophagogastric
             tumor.

             a. Note: If participant received major surgery, they must have recovered adequately
             from the toxicity and/or complications from the intervention prior to starting study
             treatment.

          5. Has received prior radiotherapy within 2 weeks of start of study treatment.
             Participants must have recovered from all radiation-related toxicities, not require
             corticosteroids, and not have had radiation pneumonitis.

          6. Has biopsy-proven invasion of tracheobronchial tree or tracheo-esophageal fistula.

          7. Has distant metastatic disease on imaging or staging laparoscopy at the time of study
             entry.

          8. Has a known history of active TB (tuberculosis)

          9. Hypersensitivity to pembrolizumab or any of its excipients.

         10. Has had a prior anti-cancer monoclonal antibody (mAb) within 4 weeks prior to study
             Day 1 or who has not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more
             than 4 weeks earlier.

         11. Clinically significant peripheral neuropathy at the time of study entry.

         12. Has received a live vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of study drug.
             Examples of live vaccines include, but are not limited to, the following: measles,
             mumps, rubella, varicella/zoster (chicken pox), yellow fever, rabies, Bacillus
             Calmette-Guérin (BCG), and typhoid vaccine. Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection
             are generally killed virus vaccines and are allowed; however, intranasal influenza
             vaccines are live attenuated vaccines and are not allowed.

         13. Is currently participating in or has participated in a study of an investigational
             agent or has used an investigational device within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of
             study treatment.

             a. Note: Participants who have entered the follow-up phase of an investigational study
             may participate as long as it has been 4 weeks after the last dose of the previous
             investigational agent.

         14. Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving chronic systemic steroid therapy
             or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose
             of study drug.

         15. Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or has required active treatment
             within the past 3 years. Note: Participants with basal cell carcinoma of the skin,
             squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or carcinoma in situ (e.g. breast carcinoma,
             cervical cancer in situ) that have undergone potentially curative therapy are not
             excluded.

         16. Has active autoimmune disease requiring systemic treatment within the past 3 months or
             a documented history of clinically serious autoimmune disease, or a syndrome that
             requires systemic steroids or immunosuppressive agents. Replacement therapy (eg.,
             thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or
             pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a form of systemic treatment.
             Participants with vitiligo or resolved childhood asthma/atopy would be an exception to
             this rule. Participants that require intermittent use of bronchodilators or local
             steroid injections would not be excluded from the study. Participants with
             hypothyroidism stable on hormone replacement or Sjogren's syndrome will not be
             excluded from the study.

         17. Has a history of (non-infectious) pneumonitis that required steroids or has current
             pneumonitis.

         18. Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy.

         19. Has a known history of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).

         20. Has a known history of Hepatitis B or known active Hepatitis C virus infection. Note:
             testing for Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C is required only if mandated by local health
             authority.

         21. Inoperable on the basis of co-existent medical problems.

         22. Non-malignant systemic disease (cardiovascular, renal, hepatic, etc.) that would
             preclude any of the study drugs.

         23. Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality
             that might confound the results of the study, interfere with the participant's
             participation for the full duration of the study, or is not in the best interest of
             the participant to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator.

         24. Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with
             cooperation with the requirements of the trial.

         25. Is pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive or father children within the
             projected duration of the study, starting with the screening visit through 120 days
             after the last dose of trial treatment.
      
Maximum Eligible Age:75 Years
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Pathological response rate (ypRR)
Time Frame:10-14 weeks
Safety Issue:
Description:Number of participants with ypRR after neoadjuvant therapy. Will be assessed on the surgical resection specimen after neoadjuvant therapy, using Haemotoxylin and Eosin (H&E) staining and evaluated using Tumor Regression Score.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Objective response rate (ORR)
Time Frame:12 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Number of participants with ORR (partial response and complete response) at 12 months. Evaluated using RECIST v1.1
Measure:Disease Free Survivial (DFS)
Time Frame:12 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Number of participants with DFS. Evaluated using computed tomography (CT).
Measure:Overall Survival (OS)
Time Frame:12 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Number of participants with OS.
Measure:PET response rate after completion of neo-adjuvant therapy.
Time Frame:10 weeks
Safety Issue:
Description:Evaluated using Positron emission tomography scan & computed tomography (PET-CT)
Measure:Programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression in tumor cells
Time Frame:baseline and between 16-21 weeks
Safety Issue:
Description:Change in PD-L1 expression on the surface and in the nucleus of the tumor cells over treatment will be related to complete pathological response (ypCR) by means of logistic regression. Evaluated by immunohistochemistry (IHC). Participants will be evaluated at baseline and reevaluated 2-4 weeks after surgery (for those participants who develop complications from surgery, the revaluation time frame may be extended to 7 weeks).

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:University of Kansas Medical Center

Trial Keywords

  • resectable adenocarcinoma of Gastroesophageal Junction
  • resectable adenocarcinoma of Stomach

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