Phase I Study Design
• Phase I will follow a 3+3 dose escalation design to determine the RPTD of ixazomib in
combination with ONC201 and Dexamethasone.
The dose escalation rules for the phase I portion of the study are as follows, escalating in
cohorts of 3 patients per dose level including a de-escalation option in case of early
toxicity. Dose limiting toxicity (DLT) is defined as any grade 3 or higher toxicity seen
during the first 28 day cycle of the triplet regimen (ONC201, ixazomib, and dexamethasone).
Of note, grade 3 and higher absolute lymphopenia and hematologic toxicities without clinical
sequelae (eg. neutropenia without fever/infection, anemia without symptoms, thrombocytopenia
without bleeding) and also responsive to growth factors/transfusions will not be considered
DLTs. AST or ALT values of ≥ 3x ULN AND with serum total bilirubin level of > 2x ULN or
international normalized ratio (INR) > 1.5 without signs of cholestasis and with no other
clear alternative reason to explain the observed liver-related laboratory abnormalities is
also considered a DLT. Three patients will be treated at the current dose level. If at least
2 patients are observed to have a DLT, the prior dose level is defined as the RPTD unless
only 3 patients have been treated at that level, in which case it is the tentative RPTD. If 0
of the 3 patients are observed to have DLT, the dose level is escalated one dose level for
the next cohort of 3 patients, and the process continues as above. If exactly 1 of the 3
patients treated show DLT, 3 additional patients are treated at the current dose level. If
none of these additional 3 patients show DLT, the dose level is escalated for the next cohort
of 3 patients, and the process continues as above; otherwise, the prior dose level is defined
as the RPTD (unless only 3 patients have been treated at that level, in which case it is the
tentative RPTD). A tentative RPTD becomes final when a total of 6 patients are treated with
less than 2 showing DLT.
If, unexpectedly, at least 2 patients are observed to have DLT at the initial dose level 0,
then the next dose level evaluated will be the lowest dose level, -2, and further dose
escalations to dose level -1 will proceed as outlined above from that dose level. If there is
no RPTD declared, there will be no expansion to the phase II portion of the study. The phase
I portion of the study will include between 9 and 12 patients depending upon the number of
dose levels evaluated.
Phase II Study Design Phase II will follow a Simon's Optimal two-stage design to indicate
proof of concept regarding the PFS rate of ixazomib in combination with ONC201 and
Dexamethasone at the RPTD established in phase I. Once the RPTD for combination therapy has
been established, an additional 24 patients will be enrolled for a total of 30 evaluable
patients (24 + 6 from phase I at RPTD).
In considering a Simon's Optimal two-stage design, the plan is to look at each patient at 2
months after initiating study treatment (3 drug combination) and classify each patient as
responder or non-responder at the 2 month time point. A responder is a patient who has stable
disease or better (not progressed) since initiating study treatment; a non-responder is
someone whose disease has progressed according to IMWG criteria. The population of relapsed
and refractory MM patients in this study will likely all have progressed on standard therapy;
therefore the null hypothesis being tested is that the disease control rate at 2 months is
5%. As per IMWG criteria, if patients show progression after 1 cycle of triplet therapy, they
will continue on therapy and a repeat assessment will be performed after cycle 2 in order to
confirm progression of disease.
- Enroll 9 patients including the 6 patients being evaluated from the phase I portion of
- Evaluate patients at 2 months post initiation of treatment
- If 0 have responded (progression-free), i.e. if all 9 have progressed, then stop trial
for futility and conclude that the proportion who will be progression-free at 2 months
is less than 5%.
- If 1 or more have responded (progression-free) at 2 months, then proceed to Stage 2.
- Enroll an additional 21 patients
- Evaluate patients at 2 months post initiation of treatment If 4 or more of the 30
patients have responded (progression-free) at 2 months then the null hypothesis is
rejected and further investigation of this treatment combination is warranted.
- Signed Written Informed Consent: Voluntary written consent must be given before
performance of any study-related procedure not part of standard medical care
- Target Population
1. Symptomatic MM having progressed on 2 prior therapies including proteasome
inhibitor (i.e. bortezomib, carfilzomib ixazomib), immunomodulatory drug (i.e.,
thalidomide, lenalidomide, pomalidomide), and daratumumab or other CD38 targeting
monoclonal antibody. Proteasome inhibitor refractory patients are eligible.
Subjects must not be candidates for treatment regimens known to provide clinical
benefit to be eligible for this study.
2. Male or female patients 18 years or older
3. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status ≤ 2.
4. Patients must have measurable disease defined by at least 1 of the following 3
i. Serum M-protein > 0.5 g/dL ii. Urine M-protein > 200 mg/24 hours iii. Serum free
light chain assay: involved free light chain level >10 mg/dL (> 100 mg/L) provided the
serum free light chain ratio is abnormal
- Medical History and Concurrent Diseases
1. Peripheral neuropathy > Grade 2 or >Grade 1 with pain on clinical examination
during the Screening period.
2. Significant cardiac disease as determined by the investigator including:
i. Known or suspected cardiac amyloidosis ii. Congestive heart failure of Class III or
IV of the NYHA classification iii. Uncontrolled angina, hypertension or arrhythmia iv.
Myocardial infarction in the past 6 months v. Any uncontrolled or severe
cardiovascular disease vi. QTc > 470 milliseconds (msec) on a 12-lead ECG obtained
during the Screening period. If a machine reading is above this value, the ECG should
be reviewed by a qualified reader and confirmed on a subsequent ECG.
c. Known active hepatitis B (defined as most recent serum PCR or hepatitis B surface
antigen positive) or active hepatitis C (note, hepatitis C in sustained virologic
response defined as negative RNA PCR at least 12 weeks after any therapy is
d. Any medical conditions that, in the investigator's opinion, would impose excessive
risk to the subject, e.g., any uncontrolled disease, such as pulmonary disease,
infection, seizure disorder, uncontrolled hyperglycemia.
e. Any altered mental status or any psychiatric condition that would interfere with
the understanding of the informed consent or limit compliance with study requirements.
f. Prior or concurrent malignancy, except for the following: i. Adequately treated
basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer ii. Cervical carcinoma in situ iii. Adequately
treated Stage I or II cancer from which the subject is currently in complete
iv. Or any other cancer from which the subject has been disease-free for ≥ 3 years g.
Diarrhea > Grade 1, based on the NCI CTCAE grading, in the absence of antidiarrheals.
h. Known GI disease or GI procedure that could interfere with the oral absorption or
tolerance of study drug, including difficulty swallowing.
i. Males or females of childbearing potential who do not agree to practice 2 effective
methods of contraception, at the same time through 90 days after the last dose of study
drug j. Females who are pregnant or breastfeeding. k. Diagnosis of Waldenstrom's
macroglobulinemia, POEMS (polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal
gammopathy, and skin changes) syndrome, plasma cell leukemia, myeloproliferative syndrome,
or primary amyloidosis (with the exception of patients whose amyloidosis has been
documented as a complication of MM, who will be evaluated on a case-by-case basis for trial
l. Infection requiring systemic antibiotic therapy or other serious infection within 14
days before study drug administration.
m. Parkinson's disease 4) Physical and Laboratory Test Findings
a. Corrected serum calcium ≥ 14 mg/dl within 2 weeks of enrollment (despite appropriate
measure such a short course of steroids, bisphosphonates, hydration, and calcitonin).
b. Absolute neutrophil count < 1000 cells/mm3. No growth factors allowed within 1 week of
c. Platelets < 75,000 cell/mm3 (75 x 109/L). Qualifying laboratory value must occur at most
recent measurement before enrollment and must be no more than 14 days before enrollment. No
transfusions are allowed within 72 hours prior to study drug administration.
d. Hemoglobin < 8 g/dL. Qualifying laboratory value must occur at most recent measurement
before enrollment and must be no more than 14 days before enrollment. No transfusions are
allowed within 72 hours before qualifying laboratory value e. Serum bilirubin ≥ 1.5 x ULN,
patients with Gilbert's syndrome and a total bilirubin of < 3 times ULN are permitted) f.
AST or ALT ≥ 3 x ULN. g. CrCl < 30 ml/min/1.73m2. Creatinine clearance is estimated by the
CKD-EPI formula. (Calculator available at
- Prior Therapy or Surgery
1. Major surgery or radiation therapy within 14 days before study drug
2. Kyphoplasty or vertebroplasty within 1 week of enrollment.
3. Administration of chemotherapy, biological, immunotherapy, or investigational
agent (therapeutic or diagnostic) within 3 weeks before enrollment (14 days for
non-myelosuppressive therapy). Subjects should be 6 weeks from last dose of
nitrosourea, nitrogen mustards or monoclonal antibody, 12 weeks from autologous
SCT, and 16 weeks from allogeneic SCT.
4. Corticosteroids use exceeding a cumulative dose of 160 mg of dexamethasone during
5. If prior allogeneic stem cell transplant, history of moderate to severe chronic
graft versus host disease (GVHD).
6. Treatment with plasmapheresis within 4 weeks before enrollment.
7. NSAIDs, IV contrast, aminoglycosides, or other potentially nephrotoxic drugs
within 2 weeks of enrollment.
8. Current use of a non-standard dialysis membrane.
9. Systemic treatment with strong inhibitors or inducers of CYP450 system should not
be used on study including but not limited to fluvoxamine, enoxacin,
ciprofloxacin, clarithromycin, telithromycin, itraconazole, voriconazole,
ketoconazole, nefazodone, posaconazole, rifampin, rifapentine, rifabutin,
carbamazepine, phenytoin, phenobarbital, buproprion, fluoxetine, paroxetine,
ticlopidine, or St. John's wort within 14 days before the first dose of study
treatment. Ixazomib has significant drug-drug interactions with strong CYP3A
inducers. No drug-drug interactions with the CYP450 screen have been found with
ONC201, but the analysis of these studies is not complete, so during the study
use of inhibitors or inducers of CYP450 system is excluded.
10. Failure to have fully recovered (i.e., Grade 1 toxicity or less, with the
exception of alopecia) from clinically significant effects of prior chemotherapy
regardless of interval since last treatment.
- Allergies and Adverse Drug Reaction Known hypersensitivity to bortezomib, ixazomib,