Clinical Trials /

TCR Genetically Engineered PBMC and PBSC After Melphalan Conditioning Regimen in Treating Participants With Relapsed and Refractory Multiple Myeloma

NCT03506802

Description:

This phase I trial studies the side effects of NY-ESO-1 TCR engineered peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) after melphalan conditioning regimen in treating participants with multiple myeloma that has come back or does not respond to treatment. The melphalan conditioning chemotherapy makes room in the patient?s bone marrow for new blood cells (PBMC) and blood-forming cells (stem cells) to grow. Giving NY-ESO-1 TCR PBMC and stem cells after the conditioning chemotherapy is intended to replace the immune system with new immune cells that have been redirected to attack and kill the cancer cells and thereby improve immune system function against cancer. Giving NY-ESO-1 TCR PBMC and PBSC after melphalan may work better at treating multiple myeloma.

Related Conditions:
  • Multiple Myeloma
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 1

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: TCR Genetically Engineered PBMC and PBSC After Melphalan Conditioning Regimen in Treating Participants With Relapsed and Refractory Multiple Myeloma
  • Official Title: Adoptive Transfer of NY-ESO-1 TCR Engineered Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells (PBMC) and Peripheral Blood Stem Cells (PBSC) After a High Dose Melphalan Conditioning Regimen, With Administration of Interleukin-2, in Patients With Multiple Myeloma

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: 17-001866
  • SECONDARY ID: NCI-2018-00204
  • SECONDARY ID: 17-001866
  • SECONDARY ID: P30CA016042
  • NCT ID: NCT03506802

Conditions

  • HLA-A*0201 Positive Cells Present
  • NY-ESO-1 Positive Tumor Cells Present
  • Recurrent Plasma Cell Myeloma
  • Refractory Plasma Cell Myeloma

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
Aldesleukin125-L-Serine-2-133-interleukin 2, Proleukin, r-serHuIL-2, Recombinant Human IL-2, Recombinant Human Interleukin-2Treatment (Genetically engineered PBMC and PBSC)
Cellular TherapyCell TherapyTreatment (Genetically engineered PBMC and PBSC)
FilgrastimFILGRASTIM, LICENSE HOLDER UNSPECIFIED, G-CSF, Neupogen, r-metHuG-CSF, Recombinant Methionyl Human Granulocyte Colony Stimulating Factor, rG-CSF, TevagrastimTreatment (Genetically engineered PBMC and PBSC)
LenalidomideCC-5013, CC5013, CDC 501, RevlimidTreatment (Genetically engineered PBMC and PBSC)
MelphalanAlanine Nitrogen Mustard, CB-3025, L-PAM, L-Phenylalanine Mustard, L-sarcolysin, L-Sarcolysin Phenylalanine mustard, L-Sarcolysine, Melphalanum, Phenylalanine Mustard, Phenylalanine nitrogen mustard, Sarcoclorin, Sarkolysin, WR-19813Treatment (Genetically engineered PBMC and PBSC)
PlerixaforAMD 3100, JM-3100, Mozobil, SDZ SID 791Treatment (Genetically engineered PBMC and PBSC)

Purpose

This phase I trial studies the side effects of NY-ESO-1 TCR engineered peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) after melphalan conditioning regimen in treating participants with multiple myeloma that has come back or does not respond to treatment. The melphalan conditioning chemotherapy makes room in the patient?s bone marrow for new blood cells (PBMC) and blood-forming cells (stem cells) to grow. Giving NY-ESO-1 TCR PBMC and stem cells after the conditioning chemotherapy is intended to replace the immune system with new immune cells that have been redirected to attack and kill the cancer cells and thereby improve immune system function against cancer. Giving NY-ESO-1 TCR PBMC and PBSC after melphalan may work better at treating multiple myeloma.

Detailed Description

      PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To determine the safety of administering the combination of autologous peripheral blood
      mononuclear cells (PBMC) and CD34+ peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) following a melphalan
      conditioning regimen, both of which have been genetically modified to express NY-ESO-1 TCR.

      SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To determine the feasibility of delivering the combination of T-cell receptor (TCR)
      transduced autologous PBMC and CD34+ PBSC to patients.

      II. To determine the persistence of NY-ESO-1 TCR transduced PBMC and the progeny of TCR
      transduced PBSC in serial peripheral blood samples.

      III. Objective response rate (ORR).

      TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To explore the use of positron emission tomography (PET)-based imaging using the PET
      tracer 9-4-[18F]fluoro-3-(hydroxymethyl)butylguanine ([18F]FHBG) with the goal of determining
      whether the adoptively transferred NY-ESO-1 TCR transduced PBSC home to bone marrow,
      differentiate into T cells and expand in secondary lymphoid organs and extramedullary disease
      sites.

      OUTLINE:

      G-CSF AND PLERIXAFOR MOBILIZED LEUKAPHERESIS: Between 6 months and 3 weeks before infusion of
      cells, participants undergo G-CSF and plerixafor mobilization of CD34+ peripheral blood stem
      cells. Participants receive filgrastim subcutaneously (SC) on mobilization days 1-4 and up to
      mobilization day 8 and plerixafor SC starting on mobilization day 4 up to day 8. During
      mobilization, participants will undergo mobilized leukapheresis to obtain PBSC. Participants
      also undergo an unmobilized leukapheresis on day -5 before infusion of cells in order to
      obtain PBMC.

      CHEMOTHERAPY CONDITIONING REGIMEN: Participants receive melphalan intravenously (IV) on days
      -3 to -2.

      Participants receive LV-NYESO TCR/sr39TK PBSC IV on day 0, and RV-NYESO TCR PBMC IV on day 1.
      Beginning on day 2, participants receive aldesleukin (interleukin-2 or IL-2) SC twice daily
      (BID) for up to 7 days. Participants receive the 18F-FHBG IV, and after 1 hour, undergo
      PET/computed tomography (CT) on days 30 and 90. After day 100, participants receive
      lenalidomide orally (PO) once daily (QD) for 21 days. Courses of lenalidomide repeat every 28
      days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

      After completion of study treatment, participants are followed up monthly after day 90 until
      disease progression and annually for up to 15 years.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Treatment (Genetically engineered PBMC and PBSC)ExperimentalRefer to outline
  • Aldesleukin
  • Cellular Therapy
  • Filgrastim
  • Lenalidomide
  • Melphalan
  • Plerixafor

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Relapsed, relapsed and refractory or refractory multiple myeloma patients who have
             received > 3 prior lines of therapy including a proteasome inhibitor, an
             immunomodulatory agent, and an anti-CD28 monoclonal antibody

          -  NY-ESO-1 positive by immunohistochemistry (IHC) utilizing commercially available
             NY-ESO-1 antibodies

          -  HLA-A*0201 (HLA-A2.1) positivity by molecular subtyping

          -  Measurable disease defined by at least one of the following:

               -  Serum monoclonal protein (serum protein electrophoresis [SPEP]) > 1gm/dL

               -  Serum free light chain (sFLC): involved free light chain (FLC) >= 10mg/dL AND
                  abnormal kappa to lambda serum free light chain ratio

               -  >= 200mg of monoclonal protein in the urine on 24 hour electrophoresis (urine
                  protein electrophoresis [UPEP])

          -  Adequate bone marrow and major organ function to undergo a PBSC transplant determined
             within 30-60 days prior to enrollment using standard phase 1 criteria for organ
             function defined as:

               -  Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1.5 x 10^9 cells/L

               -  Platelets >= 75 x 10^9/L

               -  Hemoglobin >= 8 g/dL

               -  Aspartate and alanine aminotransferases (AST, ALT) =< 2.5 x upper limit of normal
                  (ULN) (=< 5 x ULN, if documented liver metastases are present)

               -  Total bilirubin =< 2 x ULN (except patients with documented Gilbert?s syndrome)

               -  Creatinine < 2 mg/dl (or a glomerular filtration rate > 60)

               -  Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) 0 or 1

          -  Must be willing and able to accept at least three leukapheresis procedures

          -  Must be willing and able to undergo three research PET scans

          -  Must be willing and able to provide written informed consent

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Inability to purify >= 2.5 x 10^6 CD34-enriched cells/kg of patient weight from the
             pooled granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) mobilized leukapheresis products

          -  Previous allogeneic transplant

          -  Previously known hypersensitivity to any of the agents used in this study; known
             sensitivity to melphalan

          -  Received systemic treatment for multiple myeloma, including immunotherapy, within 14
             days prior to initiation of study procedures

          -  Potential requirement for systemic corticosteroids or concurrent immunosuppressive
             drugs based on prior history or received systemic steroids within the last 2 weeks
             prior to enrollment (inhaled or topical steroids at standard doses are allowed)

          -  Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seropositivity or other congenital or acquired
             immune deficiency state, which would increase the risk of opportunistic infections and
             other complications during chemotherapy-induced lymphodepletion; if there is a
             positive result in the infectious disease testing that was not previously known, the
             patient will be referred to their primary physician and/or infectious disease
             specialist

          -  Hepatitis B or C seropositivity with evidence of ongoing liver damage, which would
             increase the likelihood of hepatic toxicities from the chemotherapy conditioning
             regimen and supportive treatments; if there is a positive result in the infectious
             disease testing that was not previously known, the patient will be referred to their
             primary physician and/or infectious disease specialist

          -  Dementia or significantly altered mental status that would prohibit the understanding
             or rendering of informed consent and compliance with the requirements of this protocol

          -  Known clinically active central nervous system (CNS) involvement; prior evidence of
             CNS involvement successfully treated with surgery or radiation therapy will not be
             exclusion for participation as long as they are deemed under control at the time of
             study enrollment and there are no neurological signs of potential CNS involvement

          -  Pregnancy or breast-feeding; female patients must be surgically sterile or be
             postmenopausal for two years, or must agree to use effective contraception during the
             period of treatment and for 6 months afterwards; all female patients with reproductive
             potential must have a negative pregnancy test (serum/urine) within 14 days from
             starting the conditioning chemotherapy; the definition of effective contraception will
             be based on the judgment of the study investigators

          -  Since IL-2 is administered following cell infusion:

               -  Patients will be excluded if they have a history of clinically significant
                  electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities, symptoms of cardiac ischemia with evidence
                  of ischemia on a cardiac stress test (stress thallium, stress multigated
                  acquisition [MUGA], dobutamine echocardiogram or other stress test)

               -  Similarly, patients with a baseline left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <
                  45 percent (%) will be excluded

               -  Patients with ECG results of any conduction delays (PR interval > 200 ms,
                  corrected QT [QTC] > 480 ms), sinus bradycardia (resting heart rate < 50 beats
                  per minute), sinus tachycardia (heart rate > 120 beats per minute) will be
                  evaluated by a cardiologist prior to starting the trial; patients with any
                  arrhythmias, including atrial fibrillation/atrial flutter, excessive ectopy
                  (defined as > 20 premature ventricular contractions [PVCs] per minute),
                  ventricular tachycardia or 3rd degree heart block will be excluded from the study
                  unless cleared by a cardiologist

               -  Patients with pulmonary function test abnormalities as evidenced by a forced
                  expiratory volume in 1 (FEV1) / forced vital capacity (FVC) < 70% of predicted
                  for normality will be excluded

          -  Active or recent herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection or cytomegalovirus (CMV) based
             on symptoms with positive swab culture and/or positive Immunoglobulin M (IgM)
             screening, which would complicate the post-conditioning period
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Incidence of dose limiting toxicity
Time Frame:Up to 90 days
Safety Issue:
Description:Safety will be assessed by monitoring and recording potential adverse effects of the treatment using the Common Toxicity Criteria at each study visit. Subjects will be monitored by medical histories, physical examinations and blood studies to detect potential toxicities from the treatment. If there are no dose limiting toxicities observed, the cohort will be expanded to 12 subjects. If 1/3 are observed, up to 6 subjects will be recruited. If less than 2/6 are observed, the cohort will be expanded to a total of 12 subjects. If a dose limiting toxicity is observed in 2 or more of 6 subjects, then this dose level will have exceeded the 33% rate, and the study will be terminated.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Feasibility of NY-ESO-1 TCR transgenic cells
Time Frame:Up to 1 month after transgenic cell adoptive transfer
Safety Issue:
Description:The feasibility of manufacturing will be assessed as the number of manufacturing products meeting the lot release criteria after an acceptable number of CD34+ cells have been obtained.
Measure:Persistence of transduced T cells
Time Frame:Up to 2 years after transgenic cell adoptive transfer
Safety Issue:
Description:Analysis will be performed using immune monitoring techniques. The number of days until the percentage of cells expressing both NYESO-1 TCR and CD3 drops below the baseline percentage.
Measure:Engraftment and persistence of transduced progeny T cells
Time Frame:Up to 2 years after transgenic cell adoptive transfer
Safety Issue:
Description:Analysis will be performed using immune monitoring techniques. The number of days until the vector copy number in the progeny T cells is undetectable.
Measure:Engraftment and persistence of transduced T cells and progeny T cells
Time Frame:Up to 2 years after transgenic cell adoptive transfer
Safety Issue:
Description:Analysis will be performed both using immune monitoring and molecular techniques. The number of days until the vector copy number in the T cells is undetectable.
Measure:Persistence of TCR gene transduced cells
Time Frame:Up to 15 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Will be assessed by semi quantitative deoxyribonucleic acid-polymerase chain reaction using primers specific for vector sequence.
Measure:Long term monitoring for replication competence of retrovirus (RCR) and lentivirus (RCL)
Time Frame:Up to 12 months post cell administration
Safety Issue:
Description:Will be assessed by polymerase chain reaction.
Measure:Immunological monitoring
Time Frame:Up to 15 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Will be assessed by NY-ESO-1126-157/MHC dextramer analysis. Functional assays like enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, intracellular cytokine staining, and/or multicytokine array assays will complement the results. Immunological assays will be compared between 1) pre-infusion peripheral blood mononuclear cells and peripheral blood stem cells, 2) an aliquot of the engineered peripheral blood lymphocytes and stem cells at the time of infusion and 3) cells recovered from patients? peripheral blood after adoptive transfer.
Measure:Objective response
Time Frame:Up to 15 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Potential objective responses to this combinatorial immunotherapy will be recorded following International Myeloma Working Group (IMWG) Response Criteria.
Measure:Duration of overall complete response
Time Frame:From the time measurement criteria has been first met for complete response until the first date that recurrent or progressive disease is objectively documented, assessed up to 15 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Will evaluate duration of overall complete response.
Measure:Duration of overall response
Time Frame:From the time measurement criteria is met for complete response/partial response (whichever is first recorded) until the first date that recurrent or progressive disease is objectively documented, assessed up to 15 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Will evaluate duration of overall response.
Measure:Time to disease progression
Time Frame:Time from the date of cell infusion (day 0) to the date of progressive disease first documented, or death whichever occurs first, assessed up to 15 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Will evaluate length of time until disease progression.

Details

Phase:Phase 1
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center

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