Clinical Trials /

Nintedanib and Azacitidine in Treating Participants With HOX Gene Overexpression Relapsed or Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia

NCT03513484

Description:

The purpose of this study is to find the appropriate dose of the study drug nintedanib when combined with azacitidine and the associated side effects of the combination in older adults with AML characterized by HOX gene overexpression who are not interested in or not considered fit for standard intensive chemotherapy. The use of the study drug nintedanib in this study is investigational. Investigational means that this medication has not yet been approved by the FDA to treat this type of cancer. Azacitidine received FDA Approval in 2004 for myelodysplastic syndrome (a blood cancer related to AML) and has a National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guideline recommendation for treatment of older adults who are not candidates for or decline intensive remission induction therapy. We expect participation to continue in this study based on each participant's response to the drug, and ability to tolerate treatment. Participants may continue to receive study treatments for 6 cycles (one cycle is 28 days long). If the 6 cycles of treatment is completed, participants may be moved on to a maintenance phase of treatment. Treatment will continue until the participant's leukemia gets worse, or they experience serious side effects, have a break in treatment for more than 56 days or the study doctor feels it is best for study treatments to stop.

Related Conditions:
  • Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 1

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Nintedanib and Azacitidine in Treating Participants With HOX Gene Overexpression Relapsed or Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia
  • Official Title: Phase Ib, Open Label, Combination Study of Nintedanib With 5-Azacitidine in Acute Myeloid Leukemia Characterized by HOX Gene Overexpression, That Are Not Candidates of Intensive Chemotherapy

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: NU 17H04
  • SECONDARY ID: NCI-2018-00483
  • SECONDARY ID: STU00206525
  • SECONDARY ID: NU 17H04
  • SECONDARY ID: P30CA060553
  • NCT ID: NCT03513484

Conditions

  • Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(9;11)(p22.3;q23.3); MLLT3-KMT2A
  • Fibroblast Growth Factor Basic Form Measurement
  • FLT3 Internal Tandem Duplication
  • Recurrent Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia
  • Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
Azacitidine5 AZC, 5-AC, 5-Azacytidine, 5-AZC, Azacytidine, Azacytidine, 5-, Ladakamycin, Mylosar, U-18496, VidazaTreatment (nintedanib, azacitidine)
NintedanibBIBF 1120, BIBF-1120, Intedanib, Multitargeted Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor BIBF 1120, tyrosine kinase inhibitor BIBF 1120, VargatefTreatment (nintedanib, azacitidine)

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to find the appropriate dose of the study drug nintedanib when combined with azacitidine and the associated side effects of the combination in older adults with AML characterized by HOX gene overexpression who are not interested in or not considered fit for standard intensive chemotherapy. The use of the study drug nintedanib in this study is investigational. Investigational means that this medication has not yet been approved by the FDA to treat this type of cancer. Azacitidine received FDA Approval in 2004 for myelodysplastic syndrome (a blood cancer related to AML) and has a National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guideline recommendation for treatment of older adults who are not candidates for or decline intensive remission induction therapy. We expect participation to continue in this study based on each participant's response to the drug, and ability to tolerate treatment. Participants may continue to receive study treatments for 6 cycles (one cycle is 28 days long). If the 6 cycles of treatment is completed, participants may be moved on to a maintenance phase of treatment. Treatment will continue until the participant's leukemia gets worse, or they experience serious side effects, have a break in treatment for more than 56 days or the study doctor feels it is best for study treatments to stop.

Detailed Description

      PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To identify maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of nintedanib for combination treatment of
      nintedanib and azacytidine (5-azacitidine) in the treatment of newly diagnosed and
      relapsed/refractory acute myeloid leukemia with HOX overexpression and who are ineligible for
      intensive chemotherapy.

      SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. Adverse events (AEs) including dose limiting toxicities (DLTs) will be assessed according
      to the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE)
      4.03.

      II. To determine median overall survival. III. To determine complete remission (CR) rate.

      EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To determine composite CR rate (CR + complete remission with incomplete platelet recovery
      [CRp] + complete remission with incomplete hematological recovery [Cri]).

      II. To determine duration of confirmed response. III. To determine event free survival. IV.
      To determine leukemia free survival. V. To establish correlation between response and
      pre-treatment Fgf2 levels and change in Fgf-2 levels during treatment.

      OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of azacitidine.

      Participants receive nintedanib orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 1-28 and azacitidine
      intravenously (IV) or subcutaneously (SC) on days 1-7. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up
      to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. After completion
      of 6 courses, participants may discontinue treatment, receive nintedanib every 4-8 weeks, or
      receive nintedanib and azacitidine every 4-8 weeks.

      After completion of study treatment, participants are followed up at every 3 months for 12
      months and then every 6 months for up to 24 months.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Treatment (nintedanib, azacitidine)ExperimentalParticipants receive nintedanib PO BID on days 1-28 and azacitidine IV or SC on days 1-7. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. After completion of 6 courses, participants may discontinue treatment, receive nintedanib every 4-8 weeks, or receive nintedanib and azacitidine every 4-8 weeks.
  • Azacitidine
  • Nintedanib

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  ESCLATION COHORT: Patients must have a diagnosis of newly diagnosed and/ or
             relapsed/refractory AML with any of the following:

               -  Confirmed translocation involving 11q23

               -  Partial tandem duplication(PTD) of the MLL gene (on 11q23)

               -  FLT3-ITD (internal tandem duplication)

               -  Increased Fgf2 in serum (2 standard deviations above control serum samples)

               -  HOX(A9/A10) over-expression in bone marrow ( 2 standard deviations above control
                  values in CD34+ cells from normal subjects)

               -  Note: Relapsed or refractory AML is defined as either:

                    -  Recurrence of disease after a complete remission (CR), or

                    -  Failure to achieve CR with initial therapy

          -  EXPANSION COHORT: Patients must have a diagnosis of newly diagnosed AML with any of
             the following:

               -  Confirmed translocation involving 11q23

               -  Partial tandem duplication (PTD) of the MLL gene (on 11q23)

               -  FLT3-ITD (internal tandem duplication)

               -  Increased Fgf2 in serum (2 standard deviations above control serum samples)

               -  HOX(A9/A10) over-expression in bone marrow (2 standard deviations above control
                  values in CD34+ cells from normal subjects)

               -  Note: Patients with secondary AML are eligible for enrollment into the trial (in
                  both cohorts); secondary AML is defined as AML that has developed in a person
                  with a history of antecedent blood count abnormalities, or myelodysplastic
                  syndromes (MDS), or a myeloproliferative disorder (excluding chronic myeloid
                  leukemia); or a history of prior chemotherapy or radiation therapy for a disease
                  other than AML

          -  Patients who are not candidates for, or decline, intensive therapy

          -  Patients must exhibit an ECOG performance status 0-3

          -  International normalized ratio (INR) ? 2 (If coagulopathy is related to disease, this
             criterion does not apply) within14 days prior to registration

          -  Prothrombin time (PT) and partial thromboplastin time (PTT) ? 1.5 x of institutional
             upper limit of normal (ULN) (Note: If coagulopathy is related to disease, this
             criteria do not apply) within14 days prior to registration

          -  Total bilirubin ? 1.5 x of institutional ULN within14 days prior to registration

          -  Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase
             [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase [SPGT])
             1.5 X institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) within14 days prior to registration

          -  Creatinine 2 x ULN OR creatinine clearance > 30 mL/min based on the Cockroft-Gault
             glomerular filtration rate (GFR) estimation

          -  Females of child-bearing potential (FOCBP) and males must agree to use medically
             acceptable method of contraception (e.g. a method which results in a low failure rate
             of less than 1% per year when used consistently and correctly such as implants,
             injectables, combined oral contraceptives, some intrauterine devices or vasectomized
             partner for participating females, latex condoms for participating males, sexual
             abstinence) prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and for 3
             months following completion of therapy; should a female patient become pregnant or
             suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her
             treating physician immediately; if the female partner of a male participant becomes
             pregnant he should inform the treating physician and the female partner should contact
             her treating physician immediately

               -  NOTE: A FOCBP is any woman (regardless of sexual orientation, having undergone a
                  tubal ligation, or remaining celibate by choice) who meets the following
                  criteria:

                    -  Has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy

                    -  Has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months (and
                       therefore has not been naturally postmenopausal for > 12 months)

          -  FOCBP must have a negative pregnancy test (beta-human chorionic gonadotropin [HCG]
             test in urine or serum) within 7 days prior to registration on study (Note: The test
             will have to be repeated if cycle 1 day1 is more than 3 days from registration)

          -  Patients must have the ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written
             informed consent prior to registration on study

          -  Patients must agree/be able to comply with all protocol specific requirements

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Patients who have received chemo-, hormone-, radio or immunotherapy or therapy with
             monoclonal antibodies or small tyrosine kinase inhibitors within the past 14 days
             prior to start of treatment or those who have not recovered from adverse events
             attributed to the agent to grade 1 or baseline

               -  Exceptions for prior treatments are:

                    -  Hydroxyurea for increased blast count (no washout period required; it can be
                       continued throughout the first cycle of therapy)

                    -  Leukapheresis for leukocytosis (no wash out period required; it can be
                       continued during the study)

                         -  Note: If patient is registered prior to completion of washout, start
                            date of treatment will need to be confirmed prior to registration;
                            please see assigned quality assurance monitor (QAM) with questions

          -  Patients who have received any other investigational product within14 days of
             treatment are not eligible for this study; a wash out period ? 14 days or 5 half-
             lives (whichever is greater) is required from investigational treatment, prior to
             start of study treatment; please Note:

               -  If patient is registered prior to completion of washout, start date of treatment
                  will need to be confirmed prior to registration; please see assigned QAM with
                  questions

               -  The ?5 half-lives? time period will be determined by investigational pharmacy

               -  If half life is not known and cannot be predicted, then wash out of ? 14 days is
                  required

          -  Patients who have had major injuries and/or surgery within the past 4 weeks (< 28
             days) prior to registration with incomplete wound healing and/or planned surgery while
             the patient is on study treatment

          -  Patients who have proteinuria CTCAE version (v)4.03 grade 2 or greater within < 30
             days of registration

          -  Patients who have significant cardiovascular diseases are not eligible; these are:

               -  Uncontrolled hypertension

               -  Unstable angina

               -  History of infarction within the past 12 months prior to start of study treatment

               -  Congestive heart failure > New York Heart Association (NYHA) II

               -  Serious uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia

               -  Pericardial effusion

          -  Patients requiring therapeutic anticoagulation with drugs requiring INR monitoring or
             anti-platelet therapy, except for acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) ? 325 mg per day, are
             not eligible

          -  Patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) are not eligible

          -  Patients with known or suspected central nervous system (CNS) leukemia are not
             eligible

          -  Patients with known extramedullary leukemia are not eligible

          -  Patients who have received prior treatment with nintedanib or any other VEGFR
             inhibitor are not eligible

          -  Patients with known hypersensitivity to nintedanib or 5-azacitidine or who have a
             history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic
             composition to nintedanib or 5-azacitidine are not eligible

          -  Patients with hypersensitivity to mannitol are not eligible; patients who have known
             hypersensitivity to peanut or soya, any other trial drug, or their excipients, or to
             contrast media are not eligible

          -  Patients with known active or history of chronic hepatitis C and/or B infection, known
             HIV infection and active alcohol or drug abuse are not eligible.

          -  Patient with HIV who require anti-viral or supportive care that interacts with the
             study drugs are not eligible

          -  Patients must not have a concurrent active malignancy for which they are receiving
             treatment

          -  Patients who have an uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to
             any of the following, are not eligible:

               -  Active uncontrolled infection

               -  Serious illness or concomitant non-oncological disease such as neurologic,
                  psychiatric, infectious disease or active ulcers (gastrointestinal tract, skin)
                  or laboratory abnormality that may increase the risk associated with study
                  participation or study drug administration and in the judgment of the
                  investigator would make the patient inappropriate for entry into the study

               -  Psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study
                  requirements

               -  Any other illness or condition that the treating investigator feels would
                  interfere with study compliance or would compromise the patient?s safety or study
                  endpoints

          -  Female patients who are pregnant or nursing are not eligible

          -  Patients who are unable to swallow oral gel capsules are not eligible

          -  Patients who have gastrointestinal disorders or abnormalities that would interfere
             with absorption of the study drug are not eligible
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Maximum tolerated dose (MTD)
Time Frame:Up to 28 days
Safety Issue:
Description:Will be defined as the highest dose that causes dose limiting toxicities (DLTs) in < 2 of 6 patients.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Incidence of adverse events
Time Frame:Up to 24 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Adverse event assessments and laboratory tests will be performed at baseline, and continuously throughout the study at the beginning of each subsequent cycle.
Measure:Overall survival
Time Frame:Up to 24 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Will be summarized using Kaplan-Meier curves. Median overall survival with 95% confidence interval will be calculated.
Measure:Complete remission (CR) rate
Time Frame:Up to 24 months
Safety Issue:
Description:

Details

Phase:Phase 1
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Not yet recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Northwestern University

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