Clinical Trials /

Study of Pemetrexed + Platinum Chemotherapy With or Without Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) in Adults With Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor- (TKI)-Resistant Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor- (EGFR)-Mutated Metastatic Non-squamous Non-small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) (MK-3475-789/KEYNOTE-789)

NCT03515837

Description:

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of pemetrexed plus platinum chemotherapy (carboplatin or cisplatin) with or without pembrolizumab (MK-3475; KEYTRUDA®) in the treatment of adults with the following types of tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI)-resistant, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-mutated, metastatic non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tumors: 1) TKI-failures (including osimertinib [TAGRISSO®] failure) with T790M-negative mutation tumors, 2) T790M-positive mutation tumors with prior exposure to osimertinib, and 3) first-line osimertinib failure regardless of T790M mutation status. The primary study hypotheses are that the combination of pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy has superior efficacy compared to saline placebo plus chemotherapy in terms of: 1) Progression-free Survival (PFS) per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors Version 1.1 (RECIST 1.1) based on blinded independent central review, and 2) Overall Survival (OS). This study will be considered to have met its success criteria if the combination of pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy is superior to saline placebo plus chemotherapy in terms of PFS or OS.

Related Conditions:
  • Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 3

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Study of Pemetrexed + Platinum Chemotherapy With or Without Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) in Adults With Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor- (TKI)-Resistant Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor- (EGFR)-Mutated Metastatic Non-squamous Non-small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) (MK-3475-789/KEYNOTE-789)
  • Official Title: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Phase 3 Study of Pemetrexed + Platinum Chemotherapy With or Without Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) in TKI-resistant EGFR-mutated Tumors in Metastatic Non-squamous Non-small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Participants (KEYNOTE-789)

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: 3475-789
  • SECONDARY ID: MK-3475-789
  • SECONDARY ID: 2017-004188-11
  • NCT ID: NCT03515837

Conditions

  • Non-small Cell Lung Cancer

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
pembrolizumabMK-3475Pembro+Pemetrexed+Chemo
pemetrexedPembro+Pemetrexed+Chemo
carboplatinPembro+Pemetrexed+Chemo
cisplatinPembro+Pemetrexed+Chemo
saline solutionNormal saline solutionPlacebo+Pemetrexed+Chemo

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of pemetrexed plus platinum chemotherapy (carboplatin or cisplatin) with or without pembrolizumab (MK-3475; KEYTRUDA®) in the treatment of adults with the following types of tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI)-resistant, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-mutated, metastatic non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tumors: 1) TKI-failures (including osimertinib [TAGRISSO®] failure) with T790M-negative mutation tumors, 2) T790M-positive mutation tumors with prior exposure to osimertinib, and 3) first-line osimertinib failure regardless of T790M mutation status. The primary study hypotheses are that the combination of pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy has superior efficacy compared to saline placebo plus chemotherapy in terms of: 1) Progression-free Survival (PFS) per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors Version 1.1 (RECIST 1.1) based on blinded independent central review, and 2) Overall Survival (OS). This study will be considered to have met its success criteria if the combination of pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy is superior to saline placebo plus chemotherapy in terms of PFS or OS.

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Pembro+Pemetrexed+ChemoExperimentalParticipants receive pembrolizumab (pembro) 200 mg via intravenous (IV) infusion on Day 1 of each 3-week cycle (Q3W) for up to 35 cycles PLUS pemetrexed 500 mg/m^2 via IV infusion Q3W with no restrictions on the number of cycles PLUS platinum chemotherapy (chemo) (either carboplatin Area Under the Curve [AUC] 5 via IV infusion Q3W for 4 cycles [Cycles 1-4] or cisplatin 75 mg/m^2 via IV infusion Q3W for 4 cycles [Cycles 1-4]).
  • pemetrexed
  • carboplatin
  • cisplatin
Placebo+Pemetrexed+ChemoActive ComparatorParticipants receive normal saline solution via IV infusion on Day 1 of each 3-week cycle (Q3W) for up to 35 cycles PLUS pemetrexed 500 mg/m^2 via IV infusion Q3W with no restrictions on the number of cycles PLUS platinum chemotherapy (chemo)(either carboplatin AUC 5 via IV infusion Q3W for 4 cycles [Cycles 1-4] or cisplatin 75 mg/m^2 via IV infusion Q3W for 4 cycles [Cycles 1-4]).
  • pemetrexed
  • carboplatin
  • cisplatin
  • saline solution

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of Stage IV non-squamous NSCLC.

          -  Documentation of tumor activating EGFR mutation, specifically either DEL19 or L858R.

          -  Investigator-determined radiographic disease progression per RECIST 1.1 after
             treatment with an EGFR TKI therapy: a) Participants previously treated with 1st or 2nd
             generation EGFR TKI (e.g. erlotinib/afatinib/gefitinib) are required to have confirmed
             documented absence of EGFR T790M mutation; b) Participants with confirmed acquired
             T790M mutation after 1st or 2nd generation EGFR TKI (e.g.
             erlotinib/afatinib/gefitinib) are required to have osimertinib TKI treatment failure
             prior to enrollment; c) Participants previously failed osimertinib TKI treatment as
             1st line therapy are eligible regardless of their EGFR T790M mutation status.

          -  Measurable disease per RECIST 1.1 as assessed by the local site
             investigator/radiology.

          -  Provided archival tumor tissue sample or newly obtained (no anti-neoplastic therapy
             since biopsy) core or excisional biopsy of a tumor lesion not previously irradiated.

          -  Life expectancy of at least 3 months.

          -  Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1 within 7 days
             prior to the first dose of study treatment but before randomization.

          -  Male participants must agree to use contraception during the treatment period and for
             at least 120 days after the last dose of pembrolizumab and up to 180 days after last
             dose of chemotherapeutic agents.

          -  Female participants must not be pregnant, not breastfeeding, and must agree to use
             contraception during the treatment period and for at least 120 days after the last
             dose of pembrolizumab and up to 180 days after the last dose of chemotherapeutic
             agents.

          -  Adequate organ function.

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Predominantly squamous cell histology NSCLC. Mixed tumors will be categorized by the
             predominant cell type; if small cell elements are present, the participant is
             ineligible.

          -  Symptomatic ascites or pleural effusion. A participant who is clinically stable
             following treatment for these conditions (including therapeutic thoraco- or
             paracentesis) is eligible.

          -  Received prior therapy with an anti-programmed cell death protein-1 (anti-PD-1),
             anti-programmed cell death-ligand 1 (anti-PD-L1), or anti-PD-L2 agent or with an agent
             directed to another stimulatory or co-inhibitory T-cell receptor (e.g. cytotoxic
             T-lymphocyte-associated protein-4 [CTLA-4], OX-40, CD137).

          -  Received prior systemic cytotoxic chemotherapy or investigational agent(s), excluding
             EGFR TKIs, for metastatic NSCLC. [Notes: 1) Prior treatment with chemotherapy and/or
             radiation as part of neoadjuvant/adjuvant therapy is allowed as long as therapy was
             completed at least 6 months prior to the diagnosis of metastatic NSCLC. 2) If
             participant received major surgery, they must have recovered adequately from the
             toxicity and/or complications from the intervention prior to starting study treatment.
             3) Prior exposure to traditional medicine(s) is allowed as long as therapy was
             discontinued at least 4 weeks prior to the first dose of study treatment.]

          -  Received prior radiotherapy within 2 weeks of start of study treatment. Participants
             must have recovered from all radiation-related toxicities, not require
             corticosteroids, and not have had radiation pneumonitis. A 1-week washout is permitted
             for palliative radiation (≤2 weeks of radiotherapy) to non-central nervous system
             (CNS) disease.

          -  Received a live vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of study treatment.

          -  Currently participating in or has participated in a study of an investigational agent
             or has used an investigational device within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of study
             treatment.

          -  Diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving chronic systemic steroid therapy (in
             dosing exceeding 10 mg daily of prednisone equivalent) or any other form of
             immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior the first dose of study treatment.

          -  Known additional malignancy that is progressing or has required active treatment
             within the past 5 years. (Note: Participants with basal cell carcinoma of the skin,
             squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, superficial bladder cancer, or carcinoma in situ
             (e.g. breast carcinoma, cervical cancer in situ) that have undergone potentially
             curative therapy are not excluded.)

          -  Known active untreated CNS metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis.

          -  Severe hypersensitivity (≥ Grade 3) to pembrolizumab and/or any of its excipients.

          -  Known sensitivity to any component of cisplatin, carboplatin, or pemetrexed.

          -  Active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in past 2 years.

          -  History of (non-infectious) pneumonitis that required steroids or has current
             pneumonitis.

          -  Active infection requiring systemic therapy.

          -  Known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.

          -  Known history of Hepatitis B or known active Hepatitis C virus.

          -  Known history of active tuberculosis (TB; Bacillus tuberculosis)

          -  Pregnant, breastfeeding or expecting to conceive or father children within the
             projected duration of the study, starting with the screening visit through 120 days
             after the last dose of pembrolizumab and up to 180 days after the last dose of
             chemotherapeutic agents.
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Progression-free Survival (PFS) per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors Version 1.1 (RECIST 1.1)
Time Frame:Up to approximately 32 months
Safety Issue:
Description:PFS is defined as the time from randomization to the first documented progressive disease (PD) or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first. PFS will be assessed by blinded independent central review (BICR) using RECIST 1.1. Per RECIST 1.1, PD is defined as at least a 20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions. In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of at least 5 mm. Note: The appearance of one or more new lesions is also considered PD. The PFS for participants will be presented.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Objective Response Rate (ORR) Per RECIST 1.1
Time Frame:Up to approximately 32 months
Safety Issue:
Description:ORR is defined as the percentage of participants in the analysis population who experience a Complete Response (CR: Disappearance of all target lesions) or a Partial Response (PR: At least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters) per RECIST 1.1. The ORR for participants will be presented.
Measure:Duration of Response (DOR) Per RECIST 1.1
Time Frame:Up to approximately 32 months
Safety Issue:
Description:For participants who experience a response of CR or PR, DOR is defined as the time from the earliest date of qualifying response until earliest date of PD or death from any cause, whichever comes first. DOR will be assessed per RECIST 1.1 based on BICR. The DOR of participants who experience a CR or PR will be presented.
Measure:Change from Baseline in European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core 30 Item (QLQ-C30) Global Health Status (Item 29) Scale Score
Time Frame:Baseline and Week 12, Week 27
Safety Issue:
Description:The EORTC QLQ-C30 is a 30-item questionnaire developed to assess the quality of life of cancer patients. For Global Health Status, participants are asked "How would you rate your overall health during the past week?" Individual responses are given on a 7-point scale (1=Very poor; 7=Excellent), with a higher score indicating a better outcome. The change from baseline in EORTC-QLQ-C30 score for Global Health Status will be presented.
Measure:Time to True Deterioration (TTD) in the EORTC Questionnaire Composite Endpoint of Cough, Chest Pain or Dyspnea
Time Frame:Up to approximately 32 months
Safety Issue:
Description:TTD is the time from baseline to first onset of 10 points or more decrease from baseline with confirmation by the subsequent visit of 10 points or more deterioration from baseline in the composite endpoint of cough [EORTC QLQ-Lung Cancer Module 13 (LC13) Item 1; How much did you cough?], chest pain [EORTC QLQ-LC13 Item 10; Have you had pain in your chest?], or dyspnea [EORTC QLQ-C30 Item 8; Were you short of breath?]. Individual responses are given on a 4-point scale (1=Not at all; 4=Very much), with a lower score indicating a better outcome. The time to true deterioration in the composite endpoint of cough, chest pain or dyspnea will be presented.
Measure:Adverse Events (AEs)
Time Frame:Up to 90 days after last dose of study treatment (Up to approximately 42 months)
Safety Issue:
Description:An AE is defined as any unfavorable and unintended change in the structure, function, or chemistry of the body temporally associated with the use of the study treatment, whether or not considered related to the use of study treatment. The number of participants who experience an AE will be presented.
Measure:Study Treatment Discontinuations Due to AEs
Time Frame:Up to approximately 39 months
Safety Issue:
Description:The number of participants who discontinue study treatment due to an AE will be presented.
Measure:Change from Baseline in EORTC-QLQ-C30 Quality of Life (Item 30) Scale Score
Time Frame:Baseline and Week 12, Week 27
Safety Issue:
Description:The EORTC-QLQ-C30 is a 30-item questionnaire developed to assess the quality of life of cancer patients. For Quality of Life, participants are asked "How would you rate your overall quality of life during the past week?" Individual responses are given on a 7-point scale (1=Very poor; 7=Excellent), with a higher score indicating a better outcome. The change from baseline in EORTC-QLQ-C30 score for Quality of Life will be presented.

Details

Phase:Phase 3
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.

Trial Keywords

  • PD1
  • PD-1
  • PDL1
  • PD-L1

Last Updated