This study study aims to elucidate the immune responses to a shared antigen vaccine
(PROSTVAC) and tumor specific antigens generated DNA vaccine in combination with checkpoint
blockade using nivolumab (anti-PD-1), and ipilimumab (anti-CTLA-4). Additionally, the
investigators will study the impact of the combination immunotherapy on peripheral T cell
activation, as well as immune response in the tumor microenvironment. Finally, the
investigators will evaluate the safety and tolerability to this novel personalized
immunotherapy in combination with checkpoint blockade.
- Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate.
- High risk/volume metastatic disease, as defined by 4 or more sites of disease or the
presence of visceral metastases.
- Must have completed an adequate course of chemo-hormonal, first line therapy for
metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer, as determined by the investigator.
Patients must remain on stable dose of ADT with castrate levels of testosterone.
- At least 18 years of age.
- PSA may be undetectable after initial chemo-ADT.
- ECOG performance status ≤ 2
- Normal bone marrow and organ function as defined below:
- Leukocytes ≥ 2,000/ul
- Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/ul
- Platelets ≥ 100,000/ul
- Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/ul
- Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN (except subjects with Gilbert's syndrome who must
have a total bilirubin level of ≤ 3.0 ULN)
- AST(SGOT) ≤ 3.0 x ULN
- ALT(SGPT) ≤ 3.0 x ULN
- Creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN OR calculated creatinine clearance ≥ 40 mL/min using the
- Ability to understand and willingness to sign an IRB approved written informed consent
document (or that of legally authorized representative, if applicable).
- Must have a biopsy of a metastatic site of disease (may be archival) available and
adequate for evaluation and determination of neoantigens by genomic analyses.
- Must have all AEs resolved to baseline prior to chemo-ADT, or if treatment related,
resolved to grade 1 prior to enrollment.
- Significant small cell or neuroendocrine component or histology, as determined by the
institution's reading pathologist.
- Progression of disease as defined by a rising PSA (3 sequential values, at least 1
week apart) or radiographic progression based on RECIST1.1 or PCWG3 criteria.
- Prior treatment with a checkpoint inhibitor, neoantigen vaccine, or PROSTVAC.
- Participants with active, known or suspected autoimmune disease. Participants with
type I diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism only requiring hormone replacement, skin
disorders (such as vitiligo, psoriasis, or alopecia) not requiring systemic treatment
are permitted to enroll.
- Diagnosis of atopic dermatitis or other active exfoliative skin condition
- Prior malignancy active within the previous 3 years with the exception of basal cell
or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin which were treated with local resection only,
superficial bladder cancer or carcinoma in situ of cervix or breast.
- Currently receiving any other investigational agents.
- Known brain metastases. Prostate cancer patients with known brain metastases must be
excluded from this clinical trial because of their poor prognosis, and because they
often develop progressive neurologic dysfunction that would confound the evaluation of
neurologic and other adverse events.
- A history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or
biologic composition to anti-PD-1, anti-CTLA-4, Prostvac-VF Tricom, DNA vaccines, or
other agents used in the study.
- Prior allergy or significant systemic reaction to vaccinia.
- Prior reactions to monoclonal antibodies.
- Received hematopoietic stem cell transplant < 24 months prior to enrollment to this
study, or received hematopoietic stem cell transplant ≥ 24 months prior to enrollment
to this study but has graft-versus-host disease or disease relapse.
- Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active
infection, clinically significant congestive heart failure (NYHA Class III, IV),
unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations
that in the opinion of the investigator would limit compliance with study
- Immunosuppressed status (e.g. HIV/AIDS, active HCV/HBV, high dose systemic steroids,
etc.) as determined by the investigator; topical or inhaled steroids are acceptable.
- History of syncopal or vasovagal episode as determined by medical record and history
in the 12 month period prior to first vaccination administration.
- Individuals in whom a skinfold measurement of the cutaneous and subcutaneous tissue
for eligible injection sites (left and right medial deltoid region) exceeds 40 mm.
- Individuals in whom the ability to observe possible local reactions at the eligible
injection sites (deltoid region) is, in the opinion of the investigator, unacceptably
obscured due to a physical condition or permanent body art.
- Therapeutic or traumatic metal implant in the skin or muscle of either deltoid region.
- Any chronic or active neurologic disorder, including seizures and epilepsy, excluding
a single febrile seizure as a child.
- Current use of any electronic stimulation device, such as cardiac demand pacemakers,
automatic implantable cardiac defibrillator, nerve stimulators, or deep brain