I. To assess the pathological complete response rate following olaparib when administered as
neoadjuvant therapy prior to prostatectomy in patients with localized prostate cancer
containing homozygous or complementary deoxyribonucleic acid [DNA] repair deficiency.
I. To determine the rate of positive surgical margins, extracapsular extension, positive
seminal vesicles and lymph nodes at the time of prostatectomy.
Participants receive olaparib orally (PO) twice daily (BID) for 90 days in the absence of
unacceptable toxicity. Beginning 1 day after last olaparib dose, participants undergo radical
After completion of study treatment, participants are followed up for 30 days.
- Provision of informed consent prior to any study specific procedures.
- Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate without morphologic
neuroendocrine differentiation or small cell features.
- The presence of homologous recombination deficiency defined by either; A) Inherited
pathogenic variant of BRCA2, ATM, BRCA1, PALB2 by a Clinical Laboratory Improvement
Act (CLIA) level germline assay or B) have evidence by somatic sequencing using a CLIA
level assay of biallelic inactivation of BRCA1, BRCA2, PALB2, FANCA or biallelic
inactivation or monoallelic inactivating mutation of ATM. It is anticipated that the
majority of patients will be germline carriers of a pathogenic variant of BRCA1, BRCA2
- Must be candidates for radical prostatectomy and considered surgically resectable by
- No evidence of metastatic disease or nodal disease as determined by radionuclide bone
scans and computed tomography (CT)/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); non-pathological
lymph nodes must be less than 20 mm in the short (transverse) axis.
- Provided written authorization for use and release of health and research study
- Hemoglobin >= 10.0 g/dL with no blood transfusion in the past 28 days.
- Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1.5 x 10^9/L within 28 days prior to administration
of study treatment.
- Platelet count >= 100 x 10^9/L within 28 days prior to administration of study
- Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) within 28 days
prior to administration of study treatment.
- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) /
alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamic pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x
institutional upper limit of normal unless liver metastases are present in which case
they must be =< 5 x ULN within 28 days prior to administration of study treatment.
- Patients must have creatinine clearance estimated using the Cockcroft-Gault equation
of >= 51 mL/min within 28 days prior to administration of study treatment.
- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-1.
- Patients must have a life expectancy >= 16 weeks.
- Male patients and their partners, who are sexually active and of childbearing
potential, must agree to the use of two highly effective forms of contraception in
combination throughout the period of taking study treatment and for 3 months after
last dose of study drug(s) to prevent pregnancy in a partner.
- Patient is willing and able to comply with the protocol for the duration of the study
including undergoing treatment and scheduled visits and examinations.
- Involvement in the planning and/or conduct of the study (applies to both AstraZeneca
staff and/or staff at the study site).
- Any previous treatment with PARP inhibitor, including olaparib.
- Other malignancy within the last 5 years except: adequately treated non-melanoma skin
cancer, or other solid tumors including lymphomas (without bone marrow involvement)
curatively treated with no evidence of disease for >= 5 years.
- Resting electrocardiogram (ECG) with corrected QT interval (QTc) > 470 msec on 2 or
more time points within a 24-hour period or family history of long QT syndrome.
- Patients receiving any systemic chemotherapy, hormonal therapy or radiotherapy.
- Concomitant use of known strong CYP3A inhibitors (e.g. itraconazole, telithromycin,
clarithromycin, protease inhibitors boosted with ritonavir or cobicistat, indinavir,
saquinavir, nelfinavir, boceprevir, telaprevir) or moderate CYP3A inhibitors (e.g.
ciprofloxacin, erythromycin, diltiazem, fluconazole, verapamil). The required washout
period prior to starting olaparib is 2 weeks.
- Concomitant use of known strong (e.g. phenobarbital, phenytoin, rifampicin, rifabutin,
rifapentine, carbamazepine, nevirapine and St John's Wort) or moderate CYP3A inducers
(e.g. bosentan, efavirenz, modafinil). The required washout period prior to starting
olaparib is 5 weeks for phenobarbital and 3 weeks for other agents.
- Patients with myelodysplastic syndrome/acute myeloid leukemia or with features
suggestive of myelodysplastic Syndromes (MDS)/acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
- Major surgery within 2 weeks of starting study treatment and patients must have
recovered from any effects of any major surgery.
- Patients considered a poor medical risk due to a serious, uncontrolled medical
disorder, non-malignant systemic disease or active, uncontrolled infection. Examples
include, but are not limited to, uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmia, recent (within 3
months) myocardial infarction, uncontrolled major seizure disorder, extensive
interstitial bilateral lung disease on high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) scan
or any psychiatric disorder that prohibits obtaining informed consent.
- Patients unable to swallow orally administered medication and patients with
gastrointestinal disorders likely to interfere with absorption of the study
- Immunocompromised patients, e.g., patients who are known to be serologically positive
for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
- Patients with a known hypersensitivity to olaparib or any of the excipients of the
- Patients with known active hepatitis (i.e., hepatitis B or C) due to risk of
transmitting the infection through blood or other body fluids.
- Previous allogenic bone marrow transplant or cord blood transplantation.
- Whole blood transfusions in the last 120 days prior to entry to the study (packed red
blood cells and platelet transfusions are acceptable).