Clinical Trials /

A Personal Cancer Vaccine (NEO-PV-01) and APX005M or Ipilimumab With Nivolumab in Patients With Advanced Melanoma

NCT03597282

Description:

The primary purpose of this study is to demonstrate that the NEO-PV-01 vaccine, either with APX005M or ipilimumab, and nivolumab is safe for the treatment of patients with advanced or metastatic melanoma. The study will also investigate an alternative schedule for the administration of the NEO-PV-01 vaccine. Study interventions will be assessed by both clinical and immune responses to treatment.

Related Conditions:
  • Melanoma
Recruiting Status:

Terminated

Phase:

Phase 1

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: A Personal Cancer Vaccine (NEO-PV-01) and APX005M or Ipilimumab With Nivolumab in Patients With Advanced Melanoma
  • Official Title: An Open-label, Phase 1B Study of NEO-PV-01 + CD40 Agonist Antibody (APX005M) or Ipilimumab With Nivolumab in Patients With Advanced or Metastatic Melanoma

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: NT-003
  • NCT ID: NCT03597282

Conditions

  • Metastatic Melanoma

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
NEO-PV-01NEO-PV-01 + adjuvant + nivolumab
NivolumabOpdivoNEO-PV-01 + adjuvant + nivolumab
APX005MNEO-PV-01 + adjuvant + nivolumab + APX005M
ipilimumabYervoyNEO-PV-01 + adjuvant + nivolumab + ipilimumab

Purpose

The primary purpose of this study is to demonstrate that the NEO-PV-01 vaccine, either with APX005M or ipilimumab, and nivolumab is safe for the treatment of patients with advanced or metastatic melanoma. The study will also investigate an alternative schedule for the administration of the NEO-PV-01 vaccine. Study interventions will be assessed by both clinical and immune responses to treatment.

Detailed Description

      This clinical trial will enroll patients with advanced or metastatic melanoma not having
      received treatment for metastatic disease. The 5 agents being used in this study are:

        -  A new, investigational, personal cancer vaccine called "NEO-PV-01".

        -  Poly-ICLC (Hiltonol), an investigational adjuvant that is used to help stimulate the
           immune system.

        -  A cancer drug called APX005M, a drug that stimulates specific types of immune cells that
           help the immune system to recognize specific targets.

        -  A cancer drug called ipilimumab

        -  A cancer drug called nivolumab

      NEO-PV-01, APX005M, ipilimumab, and nivolumab are considered immunotherapies and work using
      the immune system to fight cancer. NEO-PV-01 is a personal vaccine therapy in that it is
      manufactured specifically to include targets for the immune system that are present uniquely
      on your cancer. Poly-ICLC is an adjuvant that helps stimulate the immune system and make the
      vaccine, NEO-PV-01, more effective.

      The purpose of this study is to find out if treatment with NEO-PV-01 + Poly-ICLC (the
      NEO-PV-01 vaccine) in combination with either APX005M or ipilimumab, and nivolumab is safe
      and useful for patients with melanoma. The study also will assess if the NEO-PV-01 vaccine,
      when given at different intervals, can improve your response compared with the standard
      schedule. This study will also assess the effects of poly-ICLC in combination with nivolumab.
      The side effects of all study drugs will be monitored and additional research tests will be
      done to assess your immune response to your cancer. There is no guarantee that you will
      benefit from therapy with the study drugs.

      The FDA has not yet approved the NEO-PV-01 vaccine for use alone or in combination with other
      cancer drugs such as APX005M, ipilimumab, and nivolumab. Neither APX005M nor Poly-ICLC are
      approved for use in your type of cancer. Ipilimumab and nivolumab are both approved for use
      in your type of cancer.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
NEO-PV-01 + adjuvant + nivolumabExperimentalNivolumab at a dose of 240 mg will be administered by intravenous infusion (IV) every 2 weeks throughout the study. At Week 12, all patients, regardless of their disease status, will receive NEO-PV-01 + adjuvant administered subcutaneously.
  • NEO-PV-01
  • Nivolumab
Nivolumab + adjuvantExperimentalNivolumab at a dose of 240 mg will be administered by intravenous infusion (IV) every 2 weeks throughout the study. At Week 12, all patients, regardless of their disease status, will receive Poly-ICLC (adjuvant) administered subcutaneously.
  • Nivolumab
NEO-PV-01 + adjuvant + nivolumab on alternate scheduleExperimentalNivolumab at a dose of 240 mg will be administered by intravenous infusion (IV) every 2 weeks throughout the study. At Week 12, all patients, regardless of their disease status, will receive NEO-PV-01 + adjuvant, administered on an alternative schedule, subcutaneously.
  • NEO-PV-01
  • Nivolumab
NEO-PV-01 + adjuvant + nivolumab + APX005MExperimentalNivolumab at a dose of 240 mg will be administered by intravenous infusion (IV) every 2 weeks throughout the study. At Week 12, all patients, regardless of their disease status, will receive NEO-PV-01 + adjuvant administered subcutaneously. Patients on this arm will also receive APX005M at a dose of 0.1 mg/kg administered by IV infusion at Week 12, Week 15, and Week 19.
  • NEO-PV-01
  • Nivolumab
  • APX005M
Nivolumab + APX005MExperimentalNivolumab at a dose of 240 mg will be administered by intravenous infusion (IV) every 2 weeks throughout the study. At Week 12, Week 15, and Week 19, all patients, regardless of their disease status, will receive APX005M at a dose of 0.1 mg/kg administered by IV infusion.
  • Nivolumab
  • APX005M
NEO-PV-01 + adjuvant + nivolumab + ipilimumabExperimentalNivolumab at a dose of 240 mg administered by intravenous infusion (IV) every 2 weeks throughout the study. At Week 12, all patients, regardless of their disease status, will receive NEO-PV-01 + adjuvant administered subcutaneously. Patients on this arm will also receive ipilimumab at a dose of 1.0 mg/kg administered by IV infusion at Week 12 and Week 19.
  • NEO-PV-01
  • Nivolumab
  • ipilimumab
Nivolumab + ipilimumabExperimentalNivolumab at a dose of 240 mg will be administered by intravenous infusion (IV) every 2 weeks throughout the study. At Week 12 and Week 19, all patients, regardless of their disease status, will receive ipilimumab at a dose of 1.0 mg/kg administered by IV infusion.
  • Nivolumab
  • ipilimumab

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Willing and able to give written informed consent.

          -  Age ≥ 18 years.

          -  Have cytologically or histologically confirmed advanced or metastatic melanoma and
             having received no prior systemic therapy for metastatic disease.

          -  Have at least 1 site of disease measurable by RECIST 1.1 that has not been treated
             with local therapy within 6 months of study treatment. Tumor lesions situated in a
             previously irradiated area are considered measurable if progression has been
             demonstrated in such lesions.

          -  Have at least 1 site of disease accessible to repeat biopsies for tumor sequencing and
             immunological analysis. This site may be a target lesion as long as it will not become
             unmeasurable by the biopsy procedure.

          -  Have Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status (ECOG PS) of 0 or 1 with an
             anticipated life expectancy of > 6 months.

          -  Recovered from all toxicities associated with prior treatment to acceptable baseline
             status (for laboratory toxicities, see below limits for inclusion) or a National
             Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI CTCAE) version
             4.03, Grade of 0 or 1, except for toxicities not considered a safety risk (e.g.,
             alopecia or vitiligo).

          -  Screening laboratory values must meet the following criteria and should be obtained
             within 30 days (or 45 days if a biopsy is repeated) prior to study treatment:

               1. White blood cell (WBC) count ≥ 3 × 103/µL

               2. Platelet count ≥ 100 × 103/µL

               3. Hemoglobin > 9 g/dL

               4. Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 × upper limit of normal (ULN)

               5. Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 2.5 × ULN
                  or ≤ 5 × ULN for patients with liver metastases

               6. Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 × ULN (except in patients with Gilbert Syndrome who can
                  have total bilirubin < 3.0 mg/dL).

          -  Female patients of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine
             pregnancy test within 7 days prior to receiving the first dose of study medication. If
             the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test
             will be required.

          -  Female patients of childbearing potential must be willing to use an adequate method of
             contraception, as outlined in the protocol, for the course of the study through 120
             days after last dose of study medication.

          -  Male patients of childbearing potential must agree to use an adequate method of
             contraception, as outlined in the protocol, starting with the first dose of study
             therapy through 120 days after the last dose of study therapy. Abstinence is
             acceptable if this is the usual lifestyle and preferred contraception for the patient.

        Exclusion Criteria

          -  Is currently participating and receiving study therapy or has participated in a study
             of an investigational agent and received study therapy or used an investigational
             device within 4 weeks of first dose of treatment.

          -  Received any systemic therapy for advanced or metastatic cancer treatment including
             immunotherapeutic agents such as anti-programmed cell death protein 1 (anti-PD-1),
             anti-PD-L1, anti-CD40, or anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4
             (anti-CTLA-4) antibody therapy.

          -  Have had a prior anti-cancer monoclonal antibody (mAb) within 4 weeks prior to study
             Day 1 or who has not recovered (i.e., ≤ Grade 1 or at baseline) from AE due to agents
             administered more than 4 weeks earlier.

          -  Have had prior chemotherapy, targeted small molecule therapy, or radiation therapy
             within 30 days prior to study Day 1 or who has not recovered (i.e., ≤ Grade 1 or at
             baseline) from AEs due to a previously administered agent.

               1. Note: Patients with ≤ Grade 2 neuropathy or ≤ Grade 2 alopecia are an exception
                  to this criterion and may qualify for the study.

               2. Note: If patients received major surgery, they must have recovered adequately
                  from the toxicity and/or complications from the intervention prior to starting
                  therapy.

          -  Received radiation therapy at the biopsy sites.

          -  Received prior tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy or palliative radiation within 7 days
             of Cycle 1/Day 1.

          -  Have known active central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous
             meningitis. Patients with previously treated brain metastases may participate provided
             they are stable (without evidence of progression by imaging [using the identical
             imaging modality for each assessment, either magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or
             computed tomography (CT) scan] for at least 4 weeks prior to the first dose of trial
             treatment and any neurologic symptoms have returned to baseline), have no evidence of
             new or enlarging brain metastases, and are not using steroids for at least 7 days
             prior to trial treatment. This exception does not include carcinomatous meningitis,
             which is excluded regardless of clinical stability.

          -  Have active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2
             years (i.e., with use of disease-modifying agents, corticosteroids, or
             immunosuppressive drugs). Replacement therapy (e.g., thyroxine, insulin, or
             physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency)
             is not considered a form of systemic treatment.

          -  Have a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving chronic systemic steroid therapy
             (in dosing exceeding 10 mg daily of prednisone equivalent) or any other form of
             immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of trial treatment.
             The use of physiologic doses of corticosteroids may be approved after consultation
             with the Sponsor.

          -  Received a live vaccination within 30 days of planned treatment start date.

          -  Have an active infection requiring systemic therapy.

          -  Have a history of sensitivity or allergy to mAbs or immunoglobulin G (IgG).

          -  Have a history of allogeneic bone marrow transplantation.

          -  Have a known history of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) (HIV 1/2 antibodies).

          -  Have known active Hepatitis B (e.g., hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] reactive) or
             Hepatitis C (e.g., hepatitis C virus [HCV] RNA [qualitative] is detected).

          -  Have an uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or
             active infection requiring treatment, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable
             angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia.

          -  Have any underlying medical condition, psychiatric condition, or social situation
             that, in the opinion of the Investigator, would compromise study administration as per
             protocol or compromise the assessment of AEs.

          -  Have a planned major surgery.

          -  Are pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive or father children within the
             projected duration of the trial, starting with the screening visit through 120 days
             after the last dose of trial treatment.

          -  Nursing women are excluded from this study because there is an unknown but potential
             risk of AEs in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with nivolumab,
             personalized neoantigen peptides, adjuvant, ipilimumab, and APX005M.

          -  Have a history of additional invasive metastatic disease (other than melanoma), except
             for the following:

               1. Individuals with a history of invasive metastatic disease are eligible if they
                  have been disease free for at least 2 years and are deemed by the Investigator to
                  be at low risk for recurrence of that metastatic disease;

               2. Individuals with basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous cell carcinoma of the
                  skin, in situ cervical cancer, or local papillary thyroid cancer, who have
                  undergone therapy with curative intent.

          -  Have severe hypersensitivity (≥ Grade 3) to nivolumab and/or any of its excipients.

          -  Have mucosal melanoma, uveal melanoma, or acral lentiginous melanoma.
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:The rate of adverse events and severe adverse events leading to treatment discontinuation
Time Frame:Baseline through 90 days after the last dose of nivolumab
Safety Issue:
Description:Rate of adverse events and severe adverse events leading to treatment discontinuation and those adverse events and severe adverse events detected during symptom-directed physical examinations (changes in safety laboratory evaluations, physical examination findings. vital signs, and ECOG PS)

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Objective Response Rate (ORR)
Time Frame:Baseline through 52 weeks
Safety Issue:
Description:Objective Response Rate (ORR), defined as the proportion of patients who achieve complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) based on Response Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) v1.1
Measure:Clinical Benefit Rate
Time Frame:Baseline through 52 weeks
Safety Issue:
Description:Clinical Benefit Rate (CBR), defined as the proportion of patients who achieve a CR, PR, or stable disease (SD) based on RECIST v1.1
Measure:Duration of response
Time Frame:Baseline through 52 weeks
Safety Issue:
Description:Duration of Response (DOR) defined as the date of the first documentation of a confirmed response to the date of the first documented progressive disease (PD) based on RECIST v1.1
Measure:Response conversion rate
Time Frame:Baseline through 52 weeks
Safety Issue:
Description:Response Conversion Rate (RCR), defined as the proportion of patients who improve in RECIST v1.1 category subsequent to vaccination (eg. PD to SD/PR/CR, SD to PR/CR, PR to CR).
Measure:Progression free survival
Time Frame:Baseline through 52 weeks
Safety Issue:
Description:Progression Free Survival (PFS), defined as the time from the date of first dosing to the date of first documented PD or death
Measure:Overall survival
Time Frame:Baseline through up to 3 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Overall Survival (OS), defined from the date of enrollment and death from any cause

Details

Phase:Phase 1
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Neon Therapeutics, Inc.

Trial Keywords

  • Checkpoint Inhibitor
  • Immunotherapy
  • Personalized Vaccine
  • Neoantigen
  • POLY-ICLC
  • Peptide

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