This research study is a Phase II clinical trial. Phase II clinical trials test the safety
and effectiveness of an investigational drug to learn whether the drug works in treating a
The FDA (the U.S. Food and Drug Administration) has not approved niraparib for this specific
disease but it has been approved for other uses.
Niraparib belongs to a class of anti-cancer agents known as PARP (poly ADP ribose polymerase)
inhibitors. PARP is a protein in the body that repairs damage to DNA (one of the building
blocks of a cell). In cells that are rapidly growing, such as cancer cells, blocking repair
of DNA may be of benefit, since it will cause the cell to die.
In this research study, the investigators are looking to test the effectiveness of niraparib
in patients with pancreatic cancer. The trial is focused on pancreatic cancer patients that
have marker, a mutation in a DNA repair gene, suggesting that their cancer might be
susceptible to niraparib.
- Participants must have a histologically confirmed advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma
that is not curable with standard approaches. Patients with metastatic pancreatic
cancer and unresectable pancreatic cancer are eligible.
- Patients must have molecular characteristics that fulfill one of the following
- Germline deleterious BRCA1, BRCA2, PALB2, CHEK2 or ATM mutations. Germline
variants of unknown significance are not eligible.
- Somatic mutation in BRCA1, BRCA2, PALB2, CHEK2 or ATM
- Germline and somatic testing need to be performed in CLIA approved laboratories.
Deleterious genetic mutations should either be described in the literature or
felt by expert opinion (in consultation with the principal investigator) to
interfere with the protein's DNA repair function. The somatic mutational testing
can be performed on tissue samples taken from any time in the patient's
pancreatic cancer history.
- Patients must have received at least one line of treatment for their cancer prior to
enrolling on the trial.
- Patients who had investigator assessed progression on an oxaliplatin-containing
regimen (such as FOLFOX or FOLFIRINOX) are not eligible for the trial.
- Participants must have measurable disease, defined as at least one lesion that can be
accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded for
non-nodal lesions and short axis for nodal lesions) as ≥20 mm with conventional
techniques or as ≥10 mm with spiral CT scan, MRI, or calipers by clinical exam. See
Section 11 for the evaluation of measurable disease.
- Age ≥ 18 years. As no dosing or adverse event data are currently available in
participants < 18 years of age, children are excluded from this study.
- ECOG performance status of 0 or 1 (see Appendix A)
- Participants must have adequate organ and marrow function as defined below:
- Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/mm3
- Platelets ≥ 100,000/mm3
- Hemoglobin ≥ 9g/dL
- Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 × institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)
- AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) Aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase ≤ 2.5
x ULN unless liver metastases are present, in which case they must be ≤ 5 x ULN
- Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 × institutional ULN -OR-
- Creatinine clearance ≥ 30 mL/min/1.73 m2 for participants with serum creatinine
levels above the institutional ULN
- Albumin ≥ 2.7 g/dL
- Female participants must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 7 days prior to
taking study treatment if of childbearing potential and agrees to abstain from
activities that could result in pregnancy from screening through 180 days after the
last dose of study treatment, or is of nonchildbearing potential. Nonchildbearing
potential is defined as follows (by other than medical reasons):
--≥45 years of age and has not had menses for >1 year
- Patients who have been amenorrhoeic for <2 years without history of a
hysterectomy and oophorectomy must have a follicle stimulating hormone value in
the postmenopausal range (>35μlU/mL) upon screening evaluation
- Post-hysterectomy, post-bilateral oophorectomy, or post-tubal ligation.
Documented hysterectomy or oophorectomy must be confirmed with medical records of
the actual procedure or confirmed by an ultrasound. Tubal ligation must be
confirmed with medical records of the actual procedure, otherwise the patient
must be willing to use 2 adequate barrier methods throughout the study, starting
with the screening visit through 180 days after the last dose of study treatment.
See Section 5.5 for a list of acceptable birth control methods. Information must
be captured appropriately within the site's source documents. --Note: Abstinence
is acceptable if this is the established and preferred contraception for the
- Participant must agree to not breastfeed during the study or for 180 days after the
last dose of study treatment.
- Male participant agrees to use an adequate method of contraception (see Section 5.5
for a list of acceptable birth control methods) starting with the first dose of study
treatment through 180 days after the last dose of study treatment. Note: Abstinence is
acceptable if this is the established and preferred contraception for the patient.
- Participant must agree to not donate blood during the study or for 90 days after the
last dose of study treatment.
- Ability to swallow and retain oral medication.
- Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.
- Participants must be willing to undergo a pre-treatment fresh tumor biopsy. The biopsy
requirement can be waived only after discussion with the principal investigator.
- Participant receiving corticosteroids may continue as long as their dose is stable for
least 4 weeks prior to initiating protocol therapy.
- Participants who have had cytotoxic chemotherapy, radiotherapy, immunotherapy,
biologic therapy, or other investigational therapy within 2 weeks prior to entering
the study or those who have not recovered to ≤ CTCAE (version 5.0) Grade 1 or baseline
from adverse events due to agents administered more than 2 weeks earlier (with the
exceptions of alopecia and peripheral neuropathy).
- Participants must not have received investigational therapy administered ≤ 4 weeks, or
within a time interval less than at least 5 half-lives of the investigational agent,
whichever is longer, prior initiating protocol therapy.
- Participants who have received oral targeted therapy or tyrosine kinase inhibitor
(TKI) therapy within 5 half-lives or 2 weeks of study entry, whichever is shorter.
- Participants who have been previously treated with a PARP inhibitor.
- Participant has had radiation therapy encompassing >20% of the bone marrow within 2
weeks; or any radiation therapy within 1 week prior to Day 1 of protocol therapy.
- Participants who have undergone major surgery ≤ 3 weeks prior to initiating protocol
therapy. Participants must have sufficiently recovered from adverse events caused by
the procedure as judged by the treating investigator.
- Participants with known untreated brain metastases should be excluded from this
clinical trial because of their poor prognosis and because they often develop
progressive neurologic dysfunction that would confound the evaluation of neurologic
and other adverse events. Participants with a history of brain metastases that have
been treated, are no longer taking corticosteroids, and have been stable on imaging
for ≥ 4 weeks following the last date of treatment are permitted.
- History of hypersensitivity to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition
to niraparib or its excipients.
- Participants must not be immunocompromised. Participants with prior splenectomy are
- Participants must not have received a transfusion (platelets or red blood cells) ≤ 4
weeks prior to initiating protocol therapy.
- Participant must not have any known history of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) or acute
myeloid leukemia (AML)
- Participants must not have current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory
abnormality (including active or uncontrolled myelosuppression [ie, anemia,
leukopenia, neutropenia, thrombocytopenia]) that might confound the results of the
study or interfere with the participant's participation for the full duration of the
study treatment or that makes it not in the best interest of the participant to
- Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active
infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac
arrhythmia, uncontrolled major seizure disorder, unstable spinal cord compression,
superior vena cava syndrome, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit
compliance with study requirements.
- Known HIV-positive participants are ineligible because these participants are at
increased risk of lethal infections when treated with marrow-suppressive therapy.
- Participants with a clinically significant gastrointestinal disorder that in the
opinion of the treating investigator could impact the absorption of the study drug,
including but not limited to malabsorption syndrome or major resection of the stomach
- Participants with a history of a clinically relevant second primary malignancy within
the past 2 years. Exceptions include: resected basal and squamous cell carcinomas of
the skin and completely resected carcinoma in situ of any type.
- Participants must not be on anticoagulant therapy unless the treating investigator has
deemed it safe to temporarily hold to facilitate the collection of the pre-treatment
- Participant must not have received colony stimulating factors (eg, granulocyte
colony-stimulating factor, granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor, or
recombinant erythropoietin) within 4 weeks prior initiating protocol therapy.
- Participant has had any known Grade 3 or 4 anemia, neutropenia or thrombocytopenia due
to prior chemotherapy that persisted > 4 weeks and was related to the most recent