- Histologically confirmed metastatic melanoma.
- Have at least two measurable lesions (including the index lesion) according to RECIST
- Have an index lesion measuring between 1cm - 7cm that is amenable to HFRT radiation
therapy at the discretion of the treating radiation oncologist
- Able to tolerate HFRT (e.g. lie flat and hold position for treatment)
- Able to provide signed, written informed consent and age > 18 years at time of signing
- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-1
- Recovery from the adverse effects of prior cancer treatments, defined as effects
having resolved to NCI CTCAE v5 Grade 1 or better with the exception of alopecia.
Subjects with irreversible toxicity that is not reasonably expected to be exacerbated
by nivolumab and ipilimumab may be included (eg, hearing loss, neuropathy) upon
approval of the PI.
- Female subjects of childbearing potential must have a negative urine or serum
pregnancy within 72 hours prior to receiving the first dose of study medication. If
the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test
will be required.
- Female subjects of childbearing potential must be willing to use 2 methods of birth
control or be surgically sterile, or abstain from heterosexual activity for two weeks
before the time of the first dose of study medication, while on study, through 120
days after the last dose of study medication. Subjects of childbearing potential are
those who have not been surgically sterilized or have not been free from menses for >
- Non-sterilized male subjects must agree to use an adequate method of contraception
starting with the first dose of study therapy through 120 days after the last dose of
study therapy. Acceptable forms of birth control include condoms, diaphragms, cervical
cap, an intra-uterine device (IUD), surgical sterility (tubal ligation or a partner
that has undergone a vasectomy), or oral contraceptives, OR the subject must agree to
completely abstain from heterosexual intercourse. Abstinence at certain times of the
cycle only, such as during the days of ovulation, after ovulation and withdrawal are
not acceptable methods of birth control.
- Demonstrate adequate organ function; all screening labs should be performed within 21
days of date of consent.
- White blood cell >= 2,500 cells/ul
- Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1,500 /mcL
- Platelets >=100,000 / mcL
- Hemoglobin >=9 g/dL
- Serum creatinine OR Measured or calculated creatinine clearance (GFR can also be used
in place of creatinine or CrCl) <=1.5 X upper limit of normal (ULN) OR >=60 mL/min for
subject with creatinine levels > 1.5 X institutional ULN (Creatinine clearance should
be calculated per institutional standard.)
- Serum total bilirubin <= 1.5 X ULN OR
- Direct bilirubin <= ULN for subjects with total bilirubin levels > 1.5 ULN
- AST (SGOT) and ALT (SGPT) <= 2.5 X ULN OR <= 5 X ULN for subjects with liver
- Central nervous system (CNS) metastases requiring urgent local therapy; patients with
carcinomatous meningitis are excluded. If there is clinical suspicion of brain
metastases, a brain MRI should be obtained.
- Concurrent enrollment in another clinical study, unless in a follow-up period or the
study is an observational or non-interventional study.
- Prior therapy with an anti-PD-1 (including nivolumab), anti-PD-L1, anti-PDL2, or
anti-CTLA4 (including ipilimumab) agents, interferon, HD IL-2 or any other antibody or
drug specifically targeting T-cell co-stimulation or checkpoint pathways.
- Concurrent treatment with any anticancer agent, including chemotherapy, immunotherapy,
or biologic therapy.
- Treatment with any other investigational agent within 4 weeks prior to first dose of
- Prior chemotherapy, targeted small molecule therapy or other anti-cancer therapy
within 2 weeks prior to first dose of nivolumab/ipilimumab or who has not recovered
(i.e., ≤ Grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse events due to a previously administered
Note: Subjects with ≤ Grade 2 neuropathy are an exception to this criterion and may qualify
for the study.
- Known hypersensitivity to nivolumab, ipilimumab, monoclonal antibodies or
- Major surgical procedure (as defined by the investigator) within 28 days prior to the
first dose of nivolumab/ipilimumab or still recovering from prior surgery
- Current or prior use of immunosuppressive medication within 14 days before the first
dose of nivolumab/ipilimumab with the exceptions of intranasal, topical and inhaled
corticosteroids, systemic corticosteroids at physiologic doses not to exceed 10 mg/day
of prednisone or equivalent, or steroids used transiently to control contrast agent
allergies for radiographic studies.
- Active or prior documented autoimmune disease (including inflammatory bowel disease,
diverticulitis with the exception of diverticulosis, celiac disease, irritable bowel
disease, Wegner syndrome, Hashimoto syndrome) within the past year. Subjects with
vitiligo, alopecia, Grave's disease, or psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment
(within the past year) are not excluded. Patients with hypothyroidism stable on
thyroid replacement therapy for the previous 3 months are not excluded.
- History of primary immunodeficiency or tuberculosis.
- Known true positive results for HIV or known active Hepatitis B (e.g. HBsAg reactive)
or Hepatitis C (e.g. HCV RNA [qualitative] is detected) as determined by medical
- Receipt of a live, attenuated vaccine within 28 days prior to the first dose of
nivolumab/ipilimumab. (NOTE: subjects, if enrolled, should not receive live vaccine
during the study or for 180 days after the last dose of both drugs)
- Clinical contraindication to hypofractionated radiation as determined by the
investigator (e.g., active systemic sclerosis, active inflammatory bowel disease if
bowel is within radiation field.)
- Prior radiotherapy that precludes the proposed treatment with HFRT or any radiotherapy
within 28 days of first dose of nivolumab/ipilimumab.
- Females who are pregnant, lactating, or intend to become pregnant during the
participation of the study.
- Uncontrolled inter-current illness, including, but not limited to, ongoing or active
infection, current pneumonitis, symptomatic congestive heart failure, uncontrolled
hypertension, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, interstitial lung disease,
or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study
requirement or compromise the ability of the subject to give written informed consent
- Other active invasive malignancy. History of non-invasive malignancies such as
cervical carcinoma in situ, non-melanomatous carcinoma of the skin, or ductal
carcinoma in situ of the breast is allowed, as is history of other invasive malignancy
that is in remission after treatment with curative intent.
- Any condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would interfere with
evaluation of the investigational product or interpretation of subject safety or study