Clinical Trials /

Afatinib and Nivolumab as Treatment for Recurrent/Metastatic Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck

NCT03652233

Description:

This phase I/Ib trial will assess the dose, safety and side effects of the combination of the cancer drugs afatinib (GILOTRIF®) and nivolumab (OPDIVO®) and to assess the anti-cancer effects of this combination of drugs when used to treat patients with advanced head and neck cancers that did not respond to previous treatments.

Related Conditions:
  • Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Withdrawn

Phase:

Phase 1

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Afatinib and Nivolumab as Treatment for Recurrent/Metastatic Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck
  • Official Title: Afatinib and Nivolumab for Treatment of Recurrent/Metastatic Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck (SCCHN) Not Previously Treated With Immunotherapy.

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: VICC HN 1840
  • SECONDARY ID: NCI-2018-01790
  • NCT ID: NCT03652233

Conditions

  • Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head or Neck
  • Metastatic Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head or Neck
  • Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
NivolumabAfatinib and Nivolumab
AfatinibAfatinib and Nivolumab

Purpose

This phase I/Ib trial will assess the dose, safety and side effects of the combination of the cancer drugs afatinib (GILOTRIF®) and nivolumab (OPDIVO®) and to assess the anti-cancer effects of this combination of drugs when used to treat patients with advanced head and neck cancers that did not respond to previous treatments.

Detailed Description

      Primary Objectives:

      Phase I: To determine dose limiting toxicities (DLTs) and maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of
      afatinib when given in combination with nivolumab for subjects with recurrent/metastatic
      Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck not previously treated with immunotherapy

      Phase IB: To determine long term safety of afatinib in combination with nivolumab when
      administered to subjects with recurrent/metastatic Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and
      Neck who had experienced disease progression during or after platinum- and cetuximab-based
      chemotherapy regimen.

      Secondary Objectives:

      To assess progression free survival and overall survival of afatinib in combination with
      nivolumab when given to subjects with recurrent/metastatic Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the
      Head and Neck not previously treated with immunotherapy.

      To estimate HPV stratified ORR as assessed by irRECIST in recurrent/metastatic Squamous Cell
      Carcinoma of the Head and Neck not previously treated with immunotherapy.

      Exploratory Objectives:

        -  Determination of key molecular alterations that may confer treatment resistance.
           Specifically, we will examine key somatic mutations in ERBB1 (exons 18-21), ERBB2 (exon
           20), and BRAF (V600) genes. We will further characterize the expression levels of ErbB2
           and phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) in tumor samples.

        -  Characterization of active CD8+ T-cell density and PD-L1 expression levels in the tumor
           parenchyma pre- and on-treatment. Immunogenicity will be assessed by expression and
           localization of key molecules PD-1, PD-L1, CTLA-4, TIM-3, LAG-3 and OX40 within the
           tumor parenchyma.

        -  Characterization of circulating monocytic myeloid-derived suppressor cells (m-MDSCs)
           frequency from pre-treatment peripheral blood samples.

        -  Characterization of HBD3 expression in the tumor parenchyma from pre-treatment tumor
           tissue samples.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Afatinib and NivolumabExperimental
  • Nivolumab
  • Afatinib

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Recurrent/metastatic Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck not previously
             treated with immunotherapy

          -  No prior immunotherapy for this disease, including therapies targeting PD-

             1, PD-L1, CTLA-4 or other cells and molecules aiming to modulate immune response
             against Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck.

          -  ECOG Performance Status of 0-1

          -  Normal organ and marrow function as defined below:

               -  WBC ≥ 2000 cells/μL

               -  Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1000 cells/μL

               -  Hemoglobin (Hgb) ≥ 9 g/dL

               -  Platelets ≥ 100,000/μL

               -  Estimated creatinine clearance ≥ 30 ml/min

               -  Left ventricular function with resting ejection fraction ≥ 50%

               -  Total bilirubin < 1.5 X ULN (Subjects with Gilbert's syndrome total bilirubin
                  must be ≤4 times institutional upper limit of normal)

               -  AST and ALT of < 2.5 X ULN

          -  Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.

          -  Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy
             test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of HCG) within 72 hours prior to
             the start of Nivolumab. WOCBP must use appropriate method(s) of contraception. WOCBP
             should use an adequate method to avoid pregnancy for 23 weeks (30 days plus the time
             required for nivolumab to undergo five half-lives) after the last dose of
             investigational drug.

          -  Recovered from any previous therapy related toxicity to ≤ Grade 1 at study entry
             (except for stable sensory neuropathy ≤ Grade 2 and alopecia).

          -  Availability of a "newly obtained" standard of care biopsy obtained through either
             core or excisional biopsy. A newly obtained sample may be obtained up to 28 days prior
             to treatment initiation. Tissue beyond the 28-day window may be considered with the
             approval Protocol Chair. Tissue that has been previously irradiated or surgically
             intervened is acceptable

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Currently receiving any other investigational agents or using an investigational agent
             30 days prior to the first dose of trial treatment.

          -  Disease that is suitable for local therapy with curative intent.

          -  Untreated brain metastases/CNS disease excluded because of poor prognosis and because
             they often develop progressive neurologic dysfunction that would confound the
             evaluation of neurologic and other adverse events. Subjects with stable, treated CNS
             metastases are eligible.

          -  Known hypersensitivity to afatinib or nivolumab.

          -  Prior EGFR-targeted small molecule therapy except cetuximab.

          -  Hormonal therapy with the exception of those used for diabetes or birth control is not
             allowed.

          -  Radiotherapy within 4 weeks prior to randomization, except as follows:

        Palliative radiation to target organs other than chest may be allowed up to 2 weeks prior
        to randomisation, and Single dose palliative treatment for symptomatic metastasis outside
        above allowance to be discussed with sponsor prior to enrolling.

          -  Major surgery within 4 weeks before starting study treatment or scheduled for surgery
             during the projected course of the study.

          -  History or presence of clinically relevant cardiovascular abnormalities such as
             uncontrolled hypertension (systolic blood pressure ≥ 160 or diastolic blood pressure ≥
             90), congestive heart failure NYHA classification of ≥ 3, unstable angina or poorly
             controlled arrhythmia as determined by the investigator. Myocardial infarction within
             6 months prior to the enrollment.

          -  Previous or concomitant malignancies at other sites, except effectively treated
             non-melanoma skin cancers, carcinoma in situ of the cervix, ductal carcinoma in situ
             or effectively treated malignancy that has been in remission for more than 3 years and
             is considered to be cured.

          -  Requiring treatment with any of the prohibited concomitant medications listed in
             section 6.4 that cannot be stopped for the duration of trial participation.

          -  Known active or pre-existing interstitial lung disease.

          -  Any history or presence of poorly controlled gastrointestinal disorders that could
             affect the absorption of the study drug (e.g. Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis,
             chronic diarrhea and malabsorption).

          -  Prior immune checkpoint targeted therapy, including anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1 or
             anti-PD-L2.

          -  History of autoimmune disease or disease requiring immunosuppression therapy.

          -  Uncontrolled inter-current illness including, but not limited to ongoing or active
             infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac
             arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with
             study requirements.

          -  Women must not be breastfeeding.

          -  Men who are sexually active with WOCBP must use any contraceptive method (Appendix II)
             with a failure rate of less than 1% per year Men receiving nivolumab and who are
             sexually active with WOCBP will be instructed to adhere to contraception for a period
             of 31 weeks after the last dose of investigational product Women who are not of
             childbearing potential (i.e., who are postmenopausal or surgically sterile as well as
             azoospermic men do not require contraception.

          -  Testing positive Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
             (AIDS).

          -  Active hepatitis B or hepatitis C.

          -  Active infection requiring systemic antibiotic treatment or intensive care.

          -  Active non-infectious pneumonitis

          -  Received live vaccine within 30 days of start of study treatment.

          -  Known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that may interfere with cooperation
             with the requirements of the trial.

          -  Other significant medical conditions that may interfere with surgical biopsy and
             afatinib and nivolumab administration.
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Maximum tolerated dose (phase I)
Time Frame:Up to 42 days
Safety Issue:
Description:

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Progression free survival
Time Frame:From date of enrollment until the date of first documented progression or date of death from any cause, whichever came first, assessed up to 3 years
Safety Issue:
Description:
Measure:Overall survival
Time Frame:From date of enrollment to date of death from any cause assessed up to 3 years.
Safety Issue:
Description:
Measure:Objective response rate
Time Frame:Up to 24 months
Safety Issue:
Description:

Details

Phase:Phase 1
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Withdrawn
Lead Sponsor:Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center

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