This is a Phase 1 trial of atezolizumab in combination with ipatasertib. There are two parts
to this study. Part A: dose escalation, and Part B: dose expansion.
The investigators will investigate the combination of a fixed dose of atezolizumab (1200mg)
in combination with escalating doses of ipatasertib in patients with advanced solid tumours
(Cohort A1) and patients with resectable glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) (Cohort A2).
Cohort A1 (advanced solid tumours):
There will be an ipatasertib run-in phase of 14 days of continuous oral dosing with paired
pre and post-treatment blood and tissue samples. Combinations dosing will commence on Cycle 1
Day 1 with the atezolizumab infusion. Cycle 1 will therefore be 35 days. Only patients with
advanced solid tumours recruited into Cohort A1 will be included in dose escalation decisions
and determination of the MTD and recommended Phase 2 dose (RP2D) for part B.
Cohort A2 (potentially resectable GBMs):
There will be an ipatasertib run-in phase of at least 14 days and up to 21 days followed by
surgical resection of the patient's tumour (5 day window for surgery). Ipatasertib dosing
will be stopped 48 hours prior to surgery and combination dosing on Cycle1Day1 (C1D1) will
commence after recovery. Accrual to Cohort A2 will run in parallel Cohort A1 without formal
dose escalations and patients in Cohort A2 will not be included in dose escalation decisions
for Cohort A1.
Patients will be enrolled into the expansion phase (Part B) to further characterize the
tolerability of the RP2D (established in Cohort A1) of the combination in specific subgroups
of patients. Part B of the study will have a pre-screening component for patients with solid
tumours (Cohorts B1 and B2) to allow for enrichment for these specific subgroups of patients.
Part B of the study will have three cohorts:
- Cohort B1: patients with solid tumours with hyperactivation of PI3K pathway as
determined by pathogenic mutations identified by next generation sequencing (NGS) (eg
known activating mutations in PIK3CA, AKT1, AKT2) or PTEN loss (assessed by
immunohistochemistry (IHC) (n=12).
- Cohort B2: patients with castrate-resistant prostate cancer with PTEN loss as assessed
by IHC (n=12)
- Cohort B3: patients with glioblastoma (n=12) of which at least three (n=3) patients will
have potentially resectable recurrent glioblastomas.
Approximately 12 patients with solid tumours and 3 patients with glioblastoma will be entered
into Part A of this trial and a further 36 patients will be enrolled into part B of the trial
for an expected maximum of 51 patients on the study. If the MTD is reached in Part A with
less than 15 patients enrolled, the investigators may enrol further patients at the R2PD in
Part A to a maximum of 15 patients to include sufficient numbers of patients for the
proof-of-concept translational studies. Additional subjects may be enrolled in a given cohort
to ensure that the required number of evaluable subjects in each cohort is achieved.
1. PART A1: Patients with histologically or cytologically confirmed malignant advanced
solid tumours refractory to conventional treatment, or for which no conventional
therapy exists or is declined by the patient;
PART A2: Patients with advanced glioblastoma with potentially surgically resectable
PART B1: Patients with histologically or cytologically confirmed malignant advanced
solid tumours, refractory to conventional treatment, or for which no conventional
therapy exists or is declined by the patient, with somatic mutations or other
aberrations predicted to result in a hyperactivated PI3K-AKT pathway (eg activating
mutations in PIK3CA, AKT1, AKT2) or PTEN loss (assessed by immunohistochemistry (IHC)
PART B2: Patients with histologically or cytologically confirmed malignant castrate
refractory prostate cancer, refractory to conventional treatment, or for which no
conventional therapy exists or is declined by the patient, with PTEN loss confirmed by
immunohistochemistry H-score <30 as established in our local laboratory PART B3:
Patients with relapsed histologically confirmed glioblastoma. At least 3 patients will
need to have potentially surgically resectable disease.
2. Part A1: Evaluable disease as assessed by immune-modified RECIST 1.1 (solid tumours).
Part A2: Evaluable disease as assessed by Response-assessment in Neuro-Oncology (RANO)
criteria for glioblastoma patients. Part B1: Measurable disease as assessed by
immune-modified RECIST Part B2: Measurable disease as assessed by immune-modified
RECIST 1.1 OR evaluable disease as per Prostate Cancer Working Group 3 (PCWG 3)
criteria Part B3: Measurable disease as assessed by RANO
3. All patients with advanced solid tumours must be willing and able to have fresh paired
tissue biopsies for biomarker analysis. All patients with potentially resectable
glioblastomas being considered for Part A2 and Part B3 must be willing and able to
have surgical resection with fresh tissue samples provided for translational studies.
4. Life expectancy of at least 12 weeks.
5. World Health Organisation (WHO) performance status of 0-1
6. Haematological and biochemical indices within the ranges shown below. These
measurements must be performed within one week prior to the first dose of either
Investigational Medicinal Product (IMP)
Haemoglobin (Hb) ≥ 9.0 g/dL Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1.5 x 109/L Platelet count ≥
100 x 109/L Serum bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) Alanine
aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤ 2.5 x (ULN) unless
raised due to tumour in which case up to 5 x ULN is permissible
Creatinine OR IF Creatinine > 1.5 times ULN then Calculated creatinine clearance <1.5
≥ 50 mL/min (uncorrected value)
Coagulation INR < 1.5 APTT <1.5x ULN (except for potentially resectable glioblastoma
patients enrolled onto the surgical resection arms where the APTT should be <1.2x ULN
Triglycerides ≤ 300 mg/dL Cholesterol ≤ 300 mg/dL
7.18 years or over
8.Written (signed and dated) informed consent and be capable of co-operating with treatment
and follow-up 9.Female patients with reproductive potential must have a negative serum
pregnancy test within 14 days prior to start of trial.
- 1.Radiotherapy, endocrine therapy, immunotherapy or chemotherapy during the previous
four weeks (six weeks for nitrosoureas, Mitomycin-C) and four weeks for
investigational medicinal products) before treatment, except for hormonal therapy with
luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) analogues for medical castration in
patients with castrate resistant prostate cancer, which are permitted, and
bisphosphonates or RANK ligand antagonists that are permitted for the management of
2.Ongoing Grade 2 or greater toxicities from pre-existing conditions or from previous
treatments. Exceptions to this are alopecia.
3.Clinically significant abnormalities of glucose metabolism as defined by any of the
◦Diagnosis of diabetes mellitus types I or II (irrespective of management).
◦Glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1C) ≥7.50% at screening
- Fasting Plasma Glucose ≥ 8.3mmol/L (150 mg/dL) at screening. Fasting is defined
as no caloric intake for at least 8 hours.
4.Ability to become pregnant (or already pregnant or lactating). However, those
female patients who have a negative serum pregnancy test before enrolment and
agree to use two highly effective forms of contraception (oral, injected or
implanted hormonal contraception and condom, have an intra-uterine device and
condom, diaphragm with spermicidal gel and condom) from time of consent, during
the trial and for six months afterwards are considered eligible.
5.Male patients with partners of child-bearing potential (unless they agree to
take measures not to father children by using one form of highly effective
contraception [condom plus spermicide] during the trial and for six months
afterwards). Men with pregnant or lactating partners should be advised to use
barrier method contraception (for example, condom plus spermicidal gel) to
prevent exposure to the foetus or neonate.
6.For patients with solid tumours, known untreated or active central nervous
system (CNS) metastases (progressing or requiring corticosteroids for symptomatic
control). Patients with a history of treated CNS metastases are eligible,
provided they meet all of the following criteria:
- Evaluable or measurable disease outside the CNS is present.
- Radiographic demonstration of improvement upon the completion of CNS-directed
therapy and no evidence of interim progression between the completion of
CNS-directed therapy and the baseline disease assessment
- Not requiring corticosteroids.
7.Major surgery within four weeks of the first dose of study treatment. 8.History
of malabsorption syndrome or other condition that would interfere with enteral
9.At high medical risk because of non-malignant systemic disease including active
10.Known to be serologically positive for hepatitis B, hepatitis C or human
immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
11.Has a known history of clinically significant liver disease, including viral
or other hepatitis or cirrhosis.
12.Has an active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in past
3 months (i.e. with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or
immunosuppressive drugs). Replacement therapy (e.g., thyroxine, insulin, or
physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary
insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a form of systemic treatment. Patients
with a history of inflammatory bowel diseases such as Crohn's disease or
ulcerative colitis will be excluded from the study. Patients with Sjogren's
syndrome will not be excluded from the study. In addition patients that
experienced a Grade 2 or higher immune-related AE's on treatment with
immunotherapy will be excluded from the study. Patients with inactive autoimmune
disease which has previously required systemic therapy, may be considered on a
case-by-case basis after discussion with the sponsor.
13.Has a known history of severe allergic anaphylactic reactions to chimeric,
human or humanized antibodies, or fusion proteins.
14.Has a known hypersensitivity to CHO cell products or any component of the
15.Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving systemic steroid therapy
or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 14 days prior to the first
dose of trial treatment. The use of physiologic doses of corticosteroids may be
approved after consultation with the chief Investigator. Stable use (i.e., no
change in dose within 1 month prior to Day 1 of Cycle 1 of inhaled
corticosteroids is allowed.
In the Part B dose expansion only, patients with castrate-resistant prostate cancer who
have been on long-term steroids, will be allowed, provided the average total daily dose of
steroids for the two weeks prior to commencement of trial is ≤10mg prednisolone/day. Again,
in the Part B3 dose expansion only, patients with glioblastoma will be allowed to be
enrolled if they had been on a stable dose of steroids ≤3mg Dexamethasone for at least 5
days prior to Day 1 of Cycle 1.
16.Has received a live vaccine within 30 days of planned start of study therapy. Note: The
killed virus vaccines used for seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are allowed;
however intranasal influenza vaccines (e.g. FluMist®) are live attenuated vaccines and are
17.Any of the following cardiac criteria:
- Mean resting corrected QT interval (QTc) > 470 msec obtained from 3 consecutive
electrocardiograms (ECGs) within 5 minutes of each other.
- Any clinically significant abnormalities in rhythm, conduction or morphology of
resting ECG, e.g. complete left bundle branch block, third degree heart block.
Controlled atrial fibrillation is allowed.
- Experience of any of the following procedures or conditions in the preceding 6 months:
coronary artery bypass graft, angioplasty, vascular stent, myocardial infarction,
angina pectoris, congestive heart failure New York Heart Association [NYHA Grade 2]
18.Prior bone marrow transplant or have had extensive radiotherapy to greater than 25%
of bone marrow within eight weeks.
19.Current malignancies of other types, with the exception of adequately treated
cone-biopsied in situ carcinoma of the cervix uteri and basal or squamous cell
carcinoma of the skin. Cancer survivors, who have undergone potentially curative
therapy for a prior malignancy, have no evidence of that disease for three years or
more and are deemed at negligible risk for recurrence, are eligible for the trial.
20.Is a participant or plans to participate in another interventional clinical trial,
whilst taking part in this Phase I study of ipatasertib and atezolizumab.
Participation in an observational trial would be acceptable.
21.Patients with prior exposure to a PI3K or AKT inhibitors will be excluded from this
study. Patients with prior exposure to mTOR inhibitors will be permitted to be
enrolled on study. Patients with prior exposure to immunotherapy (either CTLA-4,
PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor/cellular therapy) will be excluded from the dose escalation Part
A of the study, but will be permitted to enrol onto the Part B dose expansion as long
as they did not experience any ≥Grade 2 immune-adverse event toxicity while on their
22.Is taking or requiring the continued use of any of the prohibited concomitant
medications listed in 5.8 Concomitant medication and treatment.
23.Any other condition which in the Investigator's opinion would not make the patient
a good candidate for the clinical trial.