Clinical Trials /

A Trial of Ipatasertib in Combination With Atezolizumab

NCT03673787

Description:

This is a single centre, proof-of-concept phase I trial of atezolizumab in combination with ipatasertib. There are two parts to this study, the dose escalation phase (Part A) and the dose expansion phase (Part B). Part A, will determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and recommended Phase II dose (RP2D). This will be followed by the Part B dose expansion phase to further characterise the safety and tolerability and to assess the pharmacodynamic activity of the combination.

Related Conditions:
  • Glioblastoma
  • Malignant Solid Tumor
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 1/Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: A Trial of Ipatasertib in Combination With Atezolizumab
  • Official Title: Ice-CAP: A Phase I Trial of Ipatasertib in Combination With Atezolizumab in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumours With PI3K Pathway Hyperactivation

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: CCR4720
  • NCT ID: NCT03673787

Conditions

  • Solid Tumor
  • Glioblastoma Multiforme
  • Prostate Cancer Metastatic

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
ipatasertibPhase I
AtezolizumabPhase I

Purpose

This is a single centre, proof-of-concept phase I trial of atezolizumab in combination with ipatasertib. There are two parts to this study, the dose escalation phase (Part A) and the dose expansion phase (Part B). Part A, will determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and recommended Phase II dose (RP2D). This will be followed by the Part B dose expansion phase to further characterise the safety and tolerability and to assess the pharmacodynamic activity of the combination.

Detailed Description

      This is a Phase 1 trial of atezolizumab in combination with ipatasertib. There are two parts
      to this study. Part A: dose escalation, and Part B: dose expansion.

      Part A:

      The investigators will investigate the combination of a fixed dose of atezolizumab (1200mg)
      in combination with escalating doses of ipatasertib in patients with advanced solid tumours
      (Cohort A1) and patients with resectable glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) (Cohort A2).

      Cohort A1 (advanced solid tumours):

      There will be an ipatasertib run-in phase of 14 days of continuous oral dosing with paired
      pre and post-treatment blood and tissue samples. Combinations dosing will commence on Cycle 1
      Day 1 with the atezolizumab infusion. Cycle 1 will therefore be 35 days. Only patients with
      advanced solid tumours recruited into Cohort A1 will be included in dose escalation decisions
      and determination of the MTD and recommended Phase 2 dose (RP2D) for part B.

      Cohort A2 (potentially resectable GBMs):

      There will be an ipatasertib run-in phase of at least 14 days and up to 21 days followed by
      surgical resection of the patient's tumour (5 day window for surgery). Ipatasertib dosing
      will be stopped 48 hours prior to surgery and combination dosing on Cycle1Day1 (C1D1) will
      commence after recovery. Accrual to Cohort A2 will run in parallel Cohort A1 without formal
      dose escalations and patients in Cohort A2 will not be included in dose escalation decisions
      for Cohort A1.

      Part B:

      Patients will be enrolled into the expansion phase (Part B) to further characterize the
      tolerability of the RP2D (established in Cohort A1) of the combination in specific subgroups
      of patients. Part B of the study will have a pre-screening component for patients with solid
      tumours (Cohorts B1 and B2) to allow for enrichment for these specific subgroups of patients.

      Part B of the study will have three cohorts:

        -  Cohort B1: patients with solid tumours with hyperactivation of PI3K pathway as
           determined by pathogenic mutations identified by next generation sequencing (NGS) (eg
           known activating mutations in PIK3CA, AKT1, AKT2) or PTEN loss (assessed by
           immunohistochemistry (IHC) (n=12).

        -  Cohort B2: patients with castrate-resistant prostate cancer with PTEN loss as assessed
           by IHC (n=12)

        -  Cohort B3: patients with glioblastoma (n=12) of which at least three (n=3) patients will
           have potentially resectable recurrent glioblastomas.

      Approximately 12 patients with solid tumours and 3 patients with glioblastoma will be entered
      into Part A of this trial and a further 36 patients will be enrolled into part B of the trial
      for an expected maximum of 51 patients on the study. If the MTD is reached in Part A with
      less than 15 patients enrolled, the investigators may enrol further patients at the R2PD in
      Part A to a maximum of 15 patients to include sufficient numbers of patients for the
      proof-of-concept translational studies. Additional subjects may be enrolled in a given cohort
      to ensure that the required number of evaluable subjects in each cohort is achieved.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Phase IExperimentalIncreasing doses of ipatasertib in combination with a fixed dose of atezolizumab to establish the recommended phase II dose.
  • ipatasertib
  • Atezolizumab
Phase IIExperimentalThe Phase II part of the study will evaluate the recommended phase II dose of ipatasertib identified in Phase I, in combination with atezolizumab, in three patient cohorts: patients with solid tumours who have hyperactivation of the PI3K pathway; patients with castrate-resistant prostate cancer with PTEN loss; patients with glioblastoma
  • ipatasertib
  • Atezolizumab

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          1. PART A1: Patients with histologically or cytologically confirmed malignant advanced
             solid tumours refractory to conventional treatment, or for which no conventional
             therapy exists or is declined by the patient;

             PART A2: Patients with advanced glioblastoma with potentially surgically resectable
             disease.

             PART B1: Patients with histologically or cytologically confirmed malignant advanced
             solid tumours, refractory to conventional treatment, or for which no conventional
             therapy exists or is declined by the patient, with somatic mutations or other
             aberrations predicted to result in a hyperactivated PI3K-AKT pathway (eg activating
             mutations in PIK3CA, AKT1, AKT2) or PTEN loss (assessed by immunohistochemistry (IHC)
             (n=12).

             PART B2: Patients with histologically or cytologically confirmed malignant castrate
             refractory prostate cancer, refractory to conventional treatment, or for which no
             conventional therapy exists or is declined by the patient, with PTEN loss confirmed by
             immunohistochemistry H-score <30 as established in our local laboratory PART B3:
             Patients with relapsed histologically confirmed glioblastoma. At least 3 patients will
             need to have potentially surgically resectable disease.

          2. Part A1: Evaluable disease as assessed by immune-modified RECIST 1.1 (solid tumours).

             Part A2: Evaluable disease as assessed by Response-assessment in Neuro-Oncology (RANO)
             criteria for glioblastoma patients. Part B1: Measurable disease as assessed by
             immune-modified RECIST Part B2: Measurable disease as assessed by immune-modified
             RECIST 1.1 OR evaluable disease as per Prostate Cancer Working Group 3 (PCWG 3)
             criteria Part B3: Measurable disease as assessed by RANO

          3. All patients with advanced solid tumours must be willing and able to have fresh paired
             tissue biopsies for biomarker analysis. All patients with potentially resectable
             glioblastomas being considered for Part A2 and Part B3 must be willing and able to
             have surgical resection with fresh tissue samples provided for translational studies.

          4. Life expectancy of at least 12 weeks.

          5. World Health Organisation (WHO) performance status of 0-1

          6. Haematological and biochemical indices within the ranges shown below. These
             measurements must be performed within one week prior to the first dose of either
             Investigational Medicinal Product (IMP)

             Haemoglobin (Hb) ≥ 9.0 g/dL Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1.5 x 109/L Platelet count ≥
             100 x 109/L Serum bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) Alanine
             aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤ 2.5 x (ULN) unless
             raised due to tumour in which case up to 5 x ULN is permissible

             Either:

             Creatinine OR IF Creatinine > 1.5 times ULN then Calculated creatinine clearance <1.5
             times ULN

             ≥ 50 mL/min (uncorrected value)

             Coagulation INR < 1.5 APTT <1.5x ULN (except for potentially resectable glioblastoma
             patients enrolled onto the surgical resection arms where the APTT should be <1.2x ULN
             Triglycerides ≤ 300 mg/dL Cholesterol ≤ 300 mg/dL

             7.18 years or over

        8.Written (signed and dated) informed consent and be capable of co-operating with treatment
        and follow-up 9.Female patients with reproductive potential must have a negative serum
        pregnancy test within 14 days prior to start of trial.

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  1.Radiotherapy, endocrine therapy, immunotherapy or chemotherapy during the previous
             four weeks (six weeks for nitrosoureas, Mitomycin-C) and four weeks for
             investigational medicinal products) before treatment, except for hormonal therapy with
             luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) analogues for medical castration in
             patients with castrate resistant prostate cancer, which are permitted, and
             bisphosphonates or RANK ligand antagonists that are permitted for the management of
             bone metastases.

             2.Ongoing Grade 2 or greater toxicities from pre-existing conditions or from previous
             treatments. Exceptions to this are alopecia.

             3.Clinically significant abnormalities of glucose metabolism as defined by any of the
             following:

             ◦Diagnosis of diabetes mellitus types I or II (irrespective of management).

             ◦Glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1C) ≥7.50% at screening

               -  Fasting Plasma Glucose ≥ 8.3mmol/L (150 mg/dL) at screening. Fasting is defined
                  as no caloric intake for at least 8 hours.

                  4.Ability to become pregnant (or already pregnant or lactating). However, those
                  female patients who have a negative serum pregnancy test before enrolment and
                  agree to use two highly effective forms of contraception (oral, injected or
                  implanted hormonal contraception and condom, have an intra-uterine device and
                  condom, diaphragm with spermicidal gel and condom) from time of consent, during
                  the trial and for six months afterwards are considered eligible.

                  5.Male patients with partners of child-bearing potential (unless they agree to
                  take measures not to father children by using one form of highly effective
                  contraception [condom plus spermicide] during the trial and for six months
                  afterwards). Men with pregnant or lactating partners should be advised to use
                  barrier method contraception (for example, condom plus spermicidal gel) to
                  prevent exposure to the foetus or neonate.

                  6.For patients with solid tumours, known untreated or active central nervous
                  system (CNS) metastases (progressing or requiring corticosteroids for symptomatic
                  control). Patients with a history of treated CNS metastases are eligible,
                  provided they meet all of the following criteria:

               -  Evaluable or measurable disease outside the CNS is present.

               -  Radiographic demonstration of improvement upon the completion of CNS-directed
                  therapy and no evidence of interim progression between the completion of
                  CNS-directed therapy and the baseline disease assessment

               -  Not requiring corticosteroids.

                  7.Major surgery within four weeks of the first dose of study treatment. 8.History
                  of malabsorption syndrome or other condition that would interfere with enteral
                  absorption.

                  9.At high medical risk because of non-malignant systemic disease including active
                  uncontrolled infection.

                  10.Known to be serologically positive for hepatitis B, hepatitis C or human
                  immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

                  11.Has a known history of clinically significant liver disease, including viral
                  or other hepatitis or cirrhosis.

                  12.Has an active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in past
                  3 months (i.e. with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or
                  immunosuppressive drugs). Replacement therapy (e.g., thyroxine, insulin, or
                  physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary
                  insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a form of systemic treatment. Patients
                  with a history of inflammatory bowel diseases such as Crohn's disease or
                  ulcerative colitis will be excluded from the study. Patients with Sjogren's
                  syndrome will not be excluded from the study. In addition patients that
                  experienced a Grade 2 or higher immune-related AE's on treatment with
                  immunotherapy will be excluded from the study. Patients with inactive autoimmune
                  disease which has previously required systemic therapy, may be considered on a
                  case-by-case basis after discussion with the sponsor.

                  13.Has a known history of severe allergic anaphylactic reactions to chimeric,
                  human or humanized antibodies, or fusion proteins.

                  14.Has a known hypersensitivity to CHO cell products or any component of the
                  atezolizumab formulation.

                  15.Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving systemic steroid therapy
                  or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 14 days prior to the first
                  dose of trial treatment. The use of physiologic doses of corticosteroids may be
                  approved after consultation with the chief Investigator. Stable use (i.e., no
                  change in dose within 1 month prior to Day 1 of Cycle 1 of inhaled
                  corticosteroids is allowed.

        In the Part B dose expansion only, patients with castrate-resistant prostate cancer who
        have been on long-term steroids, will be allowed, provided the average total daily dose of
        steroids for the two weeks prior to commencement of trial is ≤10mg prednisolone/day. Again,
        in the Part B3 dose expansion only, patients with glioblastoma will be allowed to be
        enrolled if they had been on a stable dose of steroids ≤3mg Dexamethasone for at least 5
        days prior to Day 1 of Cycle 1.

        16.Has received a live vaccine within 30 days of planned start of study therapy. Note: The
        killed virus vaccines used for seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are allowed;
        however intranasal influenza vaccines (e.g. FluMist®) are live attenuated vaccines and are
        not allowed.

        17.Any of the following cardiac criteria:

          -  Mean resting corrected QT interval (QTc) > 470 msec obtained from 3 consecutive
             electrocardiograms (ECGs) within 5 minutes of each other.

          -  Any clinically significant abnormalities in rhythm, conduction or morphology of
             resting ECG, e.g. complete left bundle branch block, third degree heart block.
             Controlled atrial fibrillation is allowed.

          -  Experience of any of the following procedures or conditions in the preceding 6 months:
             coronary artery bypass graft, angioplasty, vascular stent, myocardial infarction,
             angina pectoris, congestive heart failure New York Heart Association [NYHA Grade 2]

             18.Prior bone marrow transplant or have had extensive radiotherapy to greater than 25%
             of bone marrow within eight weeks.

             19.Current malignancies of other types, with the exception of adequately treated
             cone-biopsied in situ carcinoma of the cervix uteri and basal or squamous cell
             carcinoma of the skin. Cancer survivors, who have undergone potentially curative
             therapy for a prior malignancy, have no evidence of that disease for three years or
             more and are deemed at negligible risk for recurrence, are eligible for the trial.

             20.Is a participant or plans to participate in another interventional clinical trial,
             whilst taking part in this Phase I study of ipatasertib and atezolizumab.
             Participation in an observational trial would be acceptable.

             21.Patients with prior exposure to a PI3K or AKT inhibitors will be excluded from this
             study. Patients with prior exposure to mTOR inhibitors will be permitted to be
             enrolled on study. Patients with prior exposure to immunotherapy (either CTLA-4,
             PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor/cellular therapy) will be excluded from the dose escalation Part
             A of the study, but will be permitted to enrol onto the Part B dose expansion as long
             as they did not experience any ≥Grade 2 immune-adverse event toxicity while on their
             prior immunotherapy.

             22.Is taking or requiring the continued use of any of the prohibited concomitant
             medications listed in 5.8 Concomitant medication and treatment.

             23.Any other condition which in the Investigator's opinion would not make the patient
             a good candidate for the clinical trial.
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:To identify a maximum tolerated dose in Phase I
Time Frame:12 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Number of Participants With Treatment-Related Adverse Events as Assessed by CTCAE v4.0

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Determination of changes in immune-cell population in blood and plasma, using Fluorescence-Activated Cell Sorting (FACS)
Time Frame:24 months
Safety Issue:
Description:The investigators aim is to analyse the changes in immune-cell population and look at the host immune cell cytokine profile using FACS
Measure:To assess the tumour microenvironment by immunophenotyping
Time Frame:24 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Immunophenotyping can determine the changes in the tumour microenvironment, by looking at changes in tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes, myeloid derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) and regulatory T cells

Details

Phase:Phase 1/Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Institute of Cancer Research, United Kingdom

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