Clinical Trials /

Nivolumab and Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Participants With Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

NCT03704714

Description:

This phase I/II trial studies the side effects and best dose of nivolumab and how well it works when giving together with combination chemotherapy in treating participants with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab, interfere with the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Drugs used in chemotherapy, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving nivolumab and combination chemotherapy may work better in treating participants with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

Related Conditions:
  • B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
  • Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 1/Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Nivolumab and Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Participants With Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma
  • Official Title: Phase I/II Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Nivolumab in Combination With R-CHOP in a Cohort of Patients With DLBCL/tFL/ High Grade B-NHL

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: NU 17H08
  • SECONDARY ID: STU00207793
  • SECONDARY ID: NU 17H08
  • SECONDARY ID: P30CA060553
  • SECONDARY ID: NCI-2018-01666
  • NCT ID: NCT03704714

Conditions

  • Aggressive Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
  • B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
  • CD20 Positive
  • Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Unclassifiable
  • Intravascular Large B-Cell Lymphoma
  • Primary Mediastinal (Thymic) Large B-Cell Lymphoma
  • T-Cell/Histiocyte-Rich Large B-Cell Lymphoma
  • Transformed Follicular Lymphoma to Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
Cyclophosphamide(-)-Cyclophosphamide, 2H-1,3,2-Oxazaphosphorine, 2-[bis(2-chloroethyl)amino]tetrahydro-, 2-oxide, monohydrate, Carloxan, Ciclofosfamida, Ciclofosfamide, Cicloxal, Clafen, Claphene, CP monohydrate, CTX, CYCLO-cell, Cycloblastin, Cycloblastine, Cyclophospham, Cyclophosphamid monohydrate, Cyclophosphamidum, Cyclophosphan, Cyclophosphane, Cyclophosphanum, Cyclostin, Cyclostine, Cytophosphan, Cytophosphane, Cytoxan, Fosfaseron, Genoxal, Genuxal, Ledoxina, Mitoxan, Neosar, Revimmune, Syklofosfamid, WR- 138719Treatment (nivolumab and R-CHOP)
Doxorubicin Hydrochloride5,12-Naphthacenedione, 10-[(3-amino-2,3,6-trideoxy-alpha-L-lyxo-hexopyranosyl)oxy]-7,8, 9,10-tetrahydro-6,8,11-trihydroxy-8-(hydroxyacetyl)-1-methoxy-, hydrochloride, (8S-cis)- (9CI), ADM, Adriacin, Adriamycin, Adriamycin Hydrochloride, Adriamycin PFS, Adriamycin RDF, ADRIAMYCIN, HYDROCHLORIDE, Adriamycine, Adriblastina, Adriblastine, Adrimedac, Chloridrato de Doxorrubicina, DOX, DOXO-CELL, Doxolem, Doxorubicin.HCl, Doxorubin, Farmiblastina, FI 106, FI-106, hydroxydaunorubicin, RubexTreatment (nivolumab and R-CHOP)
NivolumabBMS-936558, MDX-1106, NIVO, ONO-4538, OpdivoTreatment (nivolumab and R-CHOP)
Prednisone.delta.1-Cortisone, 1, 2-Dehydrocortisone, Adasone, Cortancyl, Dacortin, DeCortin, Decortisyl, Decorton, Delta 1-Cortisone, Delta-Dome, Deltacortene, Deltacortisone, Deltadehydrocortisone, Deltasone, Deltison, Deltra, Econosone, Lisacort, Meprosona-F, Metacortandracin, Meticorten, Ofisolona, Orasone, Panafcort, Panasol-S, Paracort, PRED, Predicor, Predicorten, Prednicen-M, Prednicort, Prednidib, Prednilonga, Predniment, Prednisonum, Prednitone, Promifen, Servisone, SK-PrednisoneTreatment (nivolumab and R-CHOP)
RituximabABP 798, BI 695500, C2B8 Monoclonal Antibody, Chimeric Anti-CD20 Antibody, CT-P10, IDEC-102, IDEC-C2B8, IDEC-C2B8 Monoclonal Antibody, MabThera, Monoclonal Antibody IDEC-C2B8, PF-05280586, Rituxan, Rituximab Biosimilar ABP 798, Rituximab Biosimilar BI 695500, Rituximab Biosimilar CT-P10, Rituximab Biosimilar GB241, Rituximab Biosimilar IBI301, Rituximab Biosimilar PF-05280586, Rituximab Biosimilar RTXM83, Rituximab Biosimilar SAIT101, RTXM83Treatment (nivolumab and R-CHOP)
Vincristine SulfateKyocristine, Leurocristine sulfate, Leurocristine, sulfate, Oncovin, Vincasar, Vincosid, Vincrex, Vincristine, sulfateTreatment (nivolumab and R-CHOP)

Purpose

This phase I/II trial studies the side effects and best dose of nivolumab and how well it works when giving together with combination chemotherapy in treating participants with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab, interfere with the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Drugs used in chemotherapy, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving nivolumab and combination chemotherapy may work better in treating participants with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

Detailed Description

      PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To identify the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) for the combination treatment of nivolumab
      and rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin hydrochloride (doxorubicin), vincristine sulfate
      (vincristine), and prednisone (R-CHOP) in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma
      (DLBCL). (Phase I) II. To assess the impact of nivolumab + R-CHOP on response by looking at
      complete response (CR) rates. (Phase II)

      SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To look at preliminary efficacy as measured by overall response rate for combination
      nivolumab + R-CHOP.

      II. To assess the impact of nivolumab + R-CHOP on survival outcomes, specifically
      progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS) and event-free-survival (EFS).

      III. To assess toxicity and tolerability of patients treated with nivolumab + R-CHOP.

      IV. To assess quality of life in patients treated with nivolumab + R-CHOP.

      EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To explore the impact of the PD-1:PD-L1 regulatory axis and targeting this axis on the
      immune microenvironment.

      II. To identify the process of cachexia as a potential mechanism of resistance to anti-PD-1
      therapy.

      OUTLINE: This is a phase I, dose-escalation study of nivolumab followed by a phase II study.

      Participants receive nivolumab intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes on day 1. Participants also
      receive rituximab IV on day 2, cyclophosphamide IV on day 2, doxorubicin hydrochloride IV
      over 3-5 hours on day 2, vincristine sulfate IV over 30 minutes on day 2, and prednisone
      orally (PO) on days 2-6 of course 1 and rituximab IV on day 1, cyclophosphamide IV on day 1,
      doxorubicin hydrochloride IV over 3-5 hours on day 1, vincristine sulfate IV over 30 minutes
      on day 1, and prednisone PO on days 1-5 of courses 2-6. Treatment repeats every 21 days for
      up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

      After completion of study treatment, participants are followed for up to 18 months.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Treatment (nivolumab and R-CHOP)ExperimentalParticipants receive nivolumab IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Participants also rituximab IV on day 2, cyclophosphamide IV on day 2, doxorubicin hydrochloride IV over 3-5 hours on day 2, vincristine sulfate IV over 30 minutes on day 2, and prednisone PO on days 2-6 of course 1 and rituximab IV on day 1, cyclophosphamide IV on day 1, doxorubicin hydrochloride IV over 3-5 hours on day 1, vincristine sulfate IV over 30 minutes on day 1, and prednisone PO on days 1-5 of courses 2-6. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
  • Cyclophosphamide
  • Doxorubicin Hydrochloride
  • Prednisone
  • Vincristine Sulfate

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Patient must have a confirmed diagnosis of:

               -  De novo DLBCL including the clinical subtypes of primary mediastinal, -
                  cell/histiocyte-rich large B-cell lymphoma and intravascular DLBCL OR

               -  De novo transformed DLBCL from follicular lymphoma (FL) OR

               -  Any high grade CD20+ B-cell lymphoma per World Health Organization (WHO) 2016 OR

               -  CD20+ aggressive B-cell lymphoma unclassifiable.

          -  Patient must be deemed an appropriate candidate for R-CHOP therapy.

          -  Patients must be naive to prior therapy for the study diagnosis.

          -  Patient must have advanced stage III/IV early stage disease where provider determines
             single modality therapy with chemo-immunotherapy is most appropriate (i.e radiation
             deferred).

          -  Patient must have measurable disease (defined as >= 1.5 cm in diameter) with
             correlated fludeoxyglucose F-18 (FDG)-avidity on positron emission tomography (PET)
             scan with Deauville score of 4 or 5 at time of diagnosis.

          -  Patient must have Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 2.

          -  Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1000/mm^3, independent of growth factor support or
             >= 500/mm^3 in cases of ongoing bone marrow involvement (in either case, these must be
             independent of transfusion support) documented =< 28 days prior to registration.

          -  Platelets >= 100,000/mm^3, or >= 50,000 in cases of ongoing bone marrow involvement
             (In either case, these must be independent of transfusion support) documented =< 28
             days prior to registration.

          -  Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) documented =< 28 days prior to
             registration.

          -  Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])
             /alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase [SPGT]) =< 3 x
             ULN documented =< 28 days prior to registration.

          -  Creatinine clearance >= 25 mL/min documented =< 28 days prior to registration.

          -  Females of child-bearing potential (FOCBP) and men who are sexually active with FOCBP
             must agree to follow instructions for method(s) of contraception for the duration of
             treatment and the designated post-treatment period.

               -  NOTE: A FOCBP is any woman (regardless of sexual orientation, having undergone a
                  tubal ligation, or remaining celibate by choice) who meets the following
                  criteria:

                    -  Has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy.

                    -  Has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months (and
                       therefore has not been naturally postmenopausal for > 12 months).

          -  Females of childbearing potential (FOCBP) must have a negative urine or serum
             pregnancy test within 7 days prior to registration on study.

          -  Patients must have the ability to understand and willingness to sign a written
             informed consent prior to registration on study.

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Patients who have received prior therapy intended to treat the study diagnosis are not
             eligible.

          -  Patients who have received prior anti-PD-1/L1 therapy for any indication are not
             eligible.

          -  Patients who require urgent cytoreductive therapy (e.g. surgery or radiation) are not
             eligible.

          -  Subjects with known immunodeficiency, known autoimmune disease, or concurrent use of
             immunomodulatory agents are not eligible.

          -  Patients who have a condition requiring systemic treatment with corticosteroids (> 10
             mg daily prednisone equivalents) or other immunosuppressive medications =< 14 days
             prior to registration are not eligible.

               -  NOTE: Inhaled steroids and adrenal replacement steroid doses >10 mg daily
                  prednisone equivalents are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease.
                  A brief (less than 3 weeks) course of corticosteroids for prophylaxis (eg,
                  contrast dye allergy) or for treatment of non-autoimmune conditions (eg,
                  delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction caused by a contact allergen) is
                  permitted.

          -  Patients with known central nervous system (CNS) involvement are not eligible.

          -  Patients with an active malignancy requiring therapy such as radiation, chemotherapy,
             or immunotherapy are not eligible.

               -  NOTE: Exceptions to this are as follows: localized non-melanotic skin cancer and
                  any cancer that in the judgment of the investigator has been treated with
                  curative intent and will not interfere with the study treatment plan and response
                  assessment. Prostate and breast cancer patients undergoing hormone therapy with
                  no currently active disease are eligible.

          -  Patients with known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are not eligible.

          -  Patients with clinically active hepatitis A, B, or C infections are not eligible.

               -  NOTE: Patients with a history of hepatitis may be eligible if they have a normal
                  titer. Such cases should be approved by the study principal investigator (PI).

          -  Patients who have any life-threatening illness, medical condition, or organ system
             dysfunction which, in the investigator?s opinion, could compromise the subject?s
             safety or put the study outcomes at risk are not eligible.

          -  Pregnant or nursing females are not eligible.

          -  Patients with uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, any of
             the following are not eligible:

               -  Ongoing or active systemic infection.

               -  Symptomatic congestive heart failure.

               -  Myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to registration.

               -  Unstable angina pectoris.

               -  Uncontrolled or symptomatic cardiac arrhythmias.

               -  Any class 3 (moderate) or class 4 (severe) cardiac disease as defined by the New
                  York Heart Association Functional classification.

               -  Psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study
                  requirements.
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Maximum tolerated dose (MTD) for the combination treatment of nivolumab and R-CHOP
Time Frame:Up to 18 months
Safety Issue:
Description:To identify the MTD for the combination treatment of nivolumab and R-CHOP in patients with DLBCL, this will be established during Phase I using a modified 3+3 dose escalation.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Overall response rate (ORR)
Time Frame:Up to 18 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Will be defined as the percentage of subjects with a confirmed complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) as assessed by the investigators using Lugano criteria.
Measure:Overall survival (OS) rate
Time Frame:At 18 months
Safety Issue:
Description:OS rate at 18 months: OS will be measured from the date of enrollment to the date of death from any cause.
Measure:Event-free survival (EFS)
Time Frame:At 18 months
Safety Issue:
Description:EFS rate at 18 months: EFS will be measured from the date of enrollment to the date of first documented disease progression, relapse, discontinuation of therapy for any reason, initiation of new anti-lymphoma therapy or death from any cause.
Measure:Overall response rates as defined by the RECIL and LYRIC criteria
Time Frame:Up to 18 months
Safety Issue:
Description:RECIL and LYRIC criteria will be evaluated using scans at baseline.
Measure:Frailty/Geriatric Assessments
Time Frame:Up to 18 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Frailty will be assessed using the Geriatric Assessment Tool as developed by the Cancer and Aging Group and the Fried Frailty Index.
Measure:Incidence of Adverse Events
Time Frame:Up to 42 days after treatment discontinuation
Safety Issue:
Description:Toxicity Assessment: Toxicity will be graded using the CTCAE v5.0 and the pro- CTCAE (patient reported symptoms).
Measure:Quality of life Assessment
Time Frame:Up to 18 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Quality of life with treatment will be measured using Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) based measures and the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ C-30).

Details

Phase:Phase 1/Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Not yet recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Northwestern University

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