Clinical Trials /

Inotuzumab Ozogamicin and Blinatumomab in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed, Recurrent, or Refractory CD22-Positive B-Lineage Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

NCT03739814

Description:

This phase II trial studies how well inotuzumab ozogamicin and blinatumomab work in treating patients with CD22-positive B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia that is newly diagnosed, has come back, or does not respond to treatment. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as inotuzumab ozogamicin and blinatumomab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread.

Related Conditions:
  • B-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Inotuzumab Ozogamicin and Blinatumomab in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed, Recurrent, or Refractory CD22-Positive B-Lineage Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
  • Official Title: A Phase II Study of Inotuzumab Ozogamicin Followed by Blinatumomab for Ph-Negative CD22-Positive B-Lineage Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Newly Diagnosed Older Adults or Adults With Relapsed or Refractory Disease

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: NCI-2018-02484
  • SECONDARY ID: NCI-2018-02484
  • SECONDARY ID: A041703
  • SECONDARY ID: A041703
  • SECONDARY ID: U10CA180821
  • NCT ID: NCT03739814

Conditions

  • B Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Philadelphia Chromosome Negative
  • CD22 Positive
  • Recurrent B Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
  • Refractory B Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
BlinatumomabAnti-CD19 x Anti-CD3 Bispecific Monoclonal Antibody, Anti-CD19/Anti-CD3 Recombinant Bispecific Monoclonal Antibody MT103, Blincyto, MEDI-538, MT-103Cohort 1 (inotuzumab ozogamicin, blinatumomab)
Inotuzumab OzogamicinBesponsa, CMC-544, Way 207294, WAY-207294Cohort 1 (inotuzumab ozogamicin, blinatumomab)

Purpose

This phase II trial studies how well inotuzumab ozogamicin and blinatumomab work in treating patients with CD22-positive B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia that is newly diagnosed, has come back, or does not respond to treatment. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as inotuzumab ozogamicin and blinatumomab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread.

Detailed Description

      PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To confirm tolerability of the combination regimen of inotuzumab ozogamicin followed by
      blinatumomab.

      II. To estimate the 1-year event-free survival of older, transplant-ineligible patients with
      newly diagnosed, Philadelphia (Ph)-negative, CD22-positive, B-cell acute lymphoblastic
      leukemia (ALL) treated with inotuzumab ozogamicin induction followed by blinatumomab
      consolidation. (Cohort 1) III. To estimate the 1-year event-free survival of patients with
      relapsed or refractory Ph-negative, CD22-positive, B-cell ALL treated with inotuzumab
      ozogamicin induction followed by blinatumomab consolidation. (Cohort 2)

      SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To estimate the median, 1-year, and 3-year overall survival (OS) in all eligible patients.
      (Cohort 1) II. To estimate the median, 1-year, and 3-year relapse-free survival (RFS) in all
      eligible patients. (Cohort 1) III. To estimate the median and 3-year event-free survival
      (EFS) in all eligible patients. (Cohort 1) IV. To estimate the complete response (CR) rate
      and overall response rate (ORR, defined as complete response [CR] + complete response with
      incomplete count recovery [CRi]) to inotuzumab ozogamicin followed by blinatumomab (regimen
      CR rate and ORR). (Cohort 1) V. To estimate the CR rate and ORR (CR + CRi) to inotuzumab
      ozogamicin induction alone (induction CR and ORR). (Cohort 1) VI. To estimate the minimal
      residual disease (MRD) negativity rate in subjects achieving a CR or CRi. (Cohort 1) VII. To
      estimate the treatment-related mortality with this regimen. (Cohort 1) VIII. To describe the
      safety and tolerability of this regimen. (Cohort 1) IX. To estimate the median, 1-year, and
      3-year OS in all eligible patients. (Cohort 2) X. To estimate the median, 1-year, and 3-year
      RFS in all eligible patients. (Cohort 2) XI. To estimate the median and 3-year EFS in all
      eligible patients. (Cohort 2) XII. To estimate ORR (CR/CRi and CR/complete response with
      partial hematologic recovery [CRh]) to blinatumomab in patients with ALL refractory to
      inotuzumab ozogamicin. (Cohort 2) XIII. To estimate the CR, CRi, and CRh rates at defined
      time points and cumulatively for the entire regimen. (Cohort 2) XIV. To determine the MRD
      negativity (< 10^-4) rate at defined time points including prior to allogeneic HCT and
      cumulatively in patients achieving a CR, CRh, or CRi. (Cohort 2) XV. To determine the
      allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) rate in eligible subjects. (Cohort 2)
      XVI. To estimate the treatment-related mortality with this regimen. (Cohort 2) XVII. To
      describe the safety and tolerability of this regimen. (Cohort 2)

      OTHER OBJECTIVES:

      I. Results of the primary analysis will be examined for consistency, while accounting for the
      stratification factors and/or covariates of baseline quality of life (QOL) and fatigue.

      CORRELATIVE SCIENCE OBJECTIVES:

      I. To correlate specific karyotype groups (normal or various primary and secondary
      chromosomal abnormalities) with clinical and laboratory parameters.

      II. To correlate specific karyotype groups with response rates, response duration, survival,
      and cure in patients treated with inotuzumab ozogamicin followed by blinatumomab.

      III. To correlate specific karyotype groups with MRD. IV. To determine karyotype changes at
      relapse and the influence of the type of change (or no change) in karyotype at relapse.

      V. To assess the correlation of quantitative MRD post-induction with inotuzumab ozogamicin
      and at sequential consolidation time points with blinatumomab with RFS, EFS, and OS.

      VI. To correlate the influence of MRD status (detectable versus [vs.] not and as a continuous
      measure) in relation to EFS, RFS, and OS with other clinical and biological factors (e.g.
      previously untreated vs. relapsed disease cohorts; age, initial white blood cell [WBC] count,
      cytogenetics).

      VII. To identify genetic variants and predictors of ex vivo resistance. VIII. To identify
      genetic variants and predictors of MRD. IX. To identify genetic variants and predictors of
      relapse. X. To determine inter-patient variability in drug sensitivity of adult ALL. XI. To
      examine the associations of drug sensitivity with host and leukemia molecular features.

      EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To estimate the median, 1-year, and 3-year RFS, EFS, and OS in patients achieving a CR/CRi
      to inotuzumab ozogamicin. (Cohort 1) II. To compare the median, 1-year, and 3-year RFS, EFS,
      and OS among patients achieving MRD-negative vs. MRD-positive CR/CRi to inotuzumab
      ozogamicin. (Cohort 1) III. To compare the median, 1-year, and 3-year RFS, EFS, and OS among
      patients achieving MRD-negative vs. MRD-positive CR/CRi at any time. (Cohort 1) IV. To
      describe the rate, severity, and timing of sinusoidal obstruction syndrome/veno-occlusive
      disease (SOS/VOD) of the liver after limited inotuzumab ozogamicin exposure and identify risk
      factors for SOS/VOD. (Cohort 1) V. To estimate the rate of cytokine release syndrome in this
      population. (Cohort 1) VI. To estimate the median, 1-year, and 3-year RFS from time of CR/CRi
      to inotuzumab ozogamicin in patients receiving inotuzumab ozogamicin followed by blinatumomab
      and not undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). (Cohort 2) VII. To
      estimate median, 1-year, and 3-year OS after CR/CRi to inotuzumab ozogamicin in patients not
      undergoing allogeneic HCT. (Cohort 2) VIII. To compare in a non-randomized fashion median,
      1-year, and 3-year OS, median, 1-year, and 3-year RFS, cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR),
      and non-relapse mortality (NRM) between patients achieving CR/CRi and receiving consolidation
      with or without allogeneic HCT. (Cohort 2) IX. To describe the rate, severity, and timing of
      sinusoidal obstruction syndrome/veno-occlusive disease (SOS/VOD) of the liver after limited
      inotuzumab ozogamicin exposure and identify risk factors for SOS/VOD. (Cohort 2) X. To
      estimate the rate of cytokine release syndrome in this population. (Cohort 2)

      OUTLINE: Patients are assigned to 1 of 2 cohorts.

      COHORT 1: Patients receive inotuzumab ozogamicin intravenously (IV) over 1 hour on day 1, 8,
      and 15 (Course IA). By the end of Course IA (day 21), patients with adequate ALL
      cytoreduction continue to Course IB/IC, and patients who fail to achieve ALL cytoreduction
      continue to Course II. By the end of Course II, patients with CR-CRi to Course IB/IC and
      Course II continue to Course IIIA, patients without adequate ALL cytoreduction to Course IA
      or refractory to Course IB/IC but CR/CRi to Course II continue to Course IIIB.

      COHORT 2: Patients receive inotuzumab ozogamicin IV over 1 hour on day 1, 8, and 15 (Course
      IA). By the end of Course IA (day 21), patients with adequate ALL cytoreduction continue to
      Course IB/IC, and patients who fail to achieve ALL cytoreduction continue to Course II.
      Patients with CR/CRi at the end of Course II continue to Course IIIB.

      COURSE IB/IC: Patients receive inotuzumab ozogamicin IV over 1 hour on days 1, 8, and 15.
      Treatment continues for 1 course (28 days) in the absence of disease progression or
      unacceptable toxicity.

      COURSE II: Patients receive blinatumomab IV continuously on days 1-28 and 43-70. Treatment
      continues for 1 course (84 days) in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable
      toxicity.

      COURSE IIIA: Patients receive blinatumomab IV continuously on days 1-28 and 43-70. Treatment
      continues for 1 course (84 days) in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable
      toxicity.

      COURSE IIIB: Patients receive blinatumomab IV continuously on days 1-28, 43-70, and 85-112.
      Treatment continues for 1 course (126 days) in the absence of disease progression or
      unacceptable toxicity.

      After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 3 years, and
      then every 6 months for up to 10 years.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Cohort 1 (inotuzumab ozogamicin, blinatumomab)ExperimentalSee Detailed Description
  • Blinatumomab
  • Inotuzumab Ozogamicin
Cohort 2 (inotuzumab ozogamicin, blinatumomab)ExperimentalSee Detailed Description.
  • Blinatumomab
  • Inotuzumab Ozogamicin

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Pre-registration Eligibility Criteria (Step 0)

          -  Submission of bone marrow aspirate and peripheral blood for MRD analysis is mandatory
             prior to registration; the bone marrow sample should be from the first aspiration
             (i.e. first pull). Aspirate needle should be redirected if needed to get first pull
             bone marrow aspirate. It should be initiated as soon as possible after
             pre-registration. The specimens should be sent to the HEME Biobank.

               -  Lumbar Puncture (Spinal Tap) and Intrathecal Methotrexate:

                    -  Patients may receive the day 1 of course IA dose of intrathecal (IT)
                       methotrexate during the prior-to-registration lumbar puncture (or the venous
                       line placement) to avoid a second lumbar puncture. If the dose is
                       administered prior to registration, then systemic chemotherapy must begin
                       within 7 days of this IT chemotherapy.

          -  Registration Eligibility Criteria (Step 1)

          -  Morphologic diagnosis of precursor B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) based on
             World Health Organization (WHO) criteria. Patients with Burkitt lymphoma/leukemia are
             not eligible.

          -  CD22-positive disease defined as CD22 expression by >= 20% of lymphoblasts by local
             hematopathology evaluation.

          -  Philadelphia chromosome/BCR-ABL1-negative ALL by cytogenetics, fluorescence in situ
             hybridization (FISH), and/or polymerase chain reaction (PCR). If any test is positive
             for Philadelphia chromosome/BCR-ABL1, then the patient is ineligible.

          -  No active central nervous system (CNS) leukemia (i.e. only CNS-1 disease allowed).
             Active CNS leukemia is defined as morphologic evidence of lymphoblasts in the
             cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), use of CNS-directed local treatment for active disease
             within 28 days prior to registration, symptomatic CNS leukemia (i.e. cranial nerve
             palsies or other significant neurological dysfunction) within the 28 days prior to
             registration, and/or known asymptomatic parenchymal CNS mass lesions; see below for
             additional guidance. Prophylactic intrathecal medication alone is not an exclusion.

               -  Categories of CNS Involvement for CNS Evaluation Prior to Registration:

                    -  CNS 1: CSF has < 5 WBC/uL with cytospin negative for blasts; or >= 10 red
                       blood cell (RBC)/uL with cytospin negative for blasts.

                    -  CNS 2: CSF has < 5 WBC/uL with cytospin positive for blasts; or >= 10 RBC/uL
                       with cytospin positive for blasts; or >= 10 RBC/uL, WBC/uL >= 5 but less
                       than Steinherz/Bleyer algorithm with cytospin positive for blasts (see
                       below).

                    -  CNS 3: CSF has >= 5 WBC/uL with cytospin positive for blasts; or >= 10
                       RBC/uL, >= 5 WBC/uL and positive by Steinherz/Bleyer algorithm (see below);
                       or clinical signs of CNS leukemia (such as facial nerve palsy, brain/eye
                       involvement or hypothalamic syndrome). Steinherz/Bleyer Method of Evaluating
                       Initial Traumatic Lumbar Punctures:

                         -  If the patient has leukemia cells in the peripheral blood and the
                            lumbar puncture is traumatic and contains >= 5 WBC/uL with blasts, the
                            following algorithm should be used to define CNS disease: CSF WBC/CSF
                            RBC > 2 x (Blood WBC/Blood RBC count)

          -  Patients with known or suspected testicular involvement by leukemia are allowed
             provided that the patient receives concomitant scrotal/testicular radiotherapy.

               -  Unilateral or bilateral testicular enlargement should be assessed by ultrasound
                  or other imaging technique. Biopsy is recommended if clinical findings are
                  equivocal or suggestive of hydrocele or a non-leukemic mass, but further
                  assessments are per treating physician discretion.

          -  Not pregnant and not nursing.

               -  This study involves agents that have known genotoxic, mutagenic, and teratogenic
                  effects. Therefore, for women of childbearing potential only, a negative
                  pregnancy test done =< 7 days prior to registration is required.

          -  Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status: 0-2

          -  No unstable cardiac disease such as myocardial infarction, angina pectoris,
             uncontrolled heart failure, or uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia within 6 months of
             registration.

          -  No impaired cardiac function, defined as left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <
             45% or New York Heart Association (NYHA) stage III or IV congestive heart failure
             (CHF).

          -  Patients with known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection are eligible if they
             have been on effective antiretroviral therapy with an undetectable viral load tested
             within 6 months of registration.

          -  Patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV) are eligible only if they meet all the
             following:

               -  On HBV-suppressive therapy.

               -  No evidence of active virus.

               -  No evidence of HBV-related liver damage.

          -  Patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) are eligible only if they meet all the
             following:

               -  Successfully completed complete-eradication therapy with undetectable viral load.

               -  No evidence of HCV-related liver damage.

          -  No history of clinically relevant neurologic disorder such as epilepsy, seizure,
             aphasia, stroke, severe brain injury, structural brain abnormality, benign brain
             tumor, dementia, Parkinson's disease, movement disorder, cerebellar disease, or other
             significant CNS abnormalities.

          -  No prior additional malignancy (i.e. in addition to ALL) except adequately treated
             basal- or squamous-cell skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer, stage I or II cancer
             from which the patient is currently in complete remission, or any other cancer from
             which the patient has been disease-free for >= 2 years.

          -  No history of clinically significant ventricular arrhythmia, unexplained non-vasovagal
             syncope, or chronic bradycardic states such as sinoatrial block or higher degree of
             atrioventricular block unless a permanent pacemaker has been implanted.

          -  No history of chronic liver disease, including cirrhosis.

          -  No history of sinusoidal occlusion syndrome/veno-occlusive disease of the liver.

          -  No uncontrolled infection or recent history (within 4 months prior to registration) of
             deep tissue infections such as fasciitis or osteomyelitis.

          -  Total bilirubin, serum =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)*

               -  Except in the event of: 1) Gilbert disease, in which case total bilirubin must be
                  =< 2 x ULN, or 2) elevated bilirubin believed by investigator to be due to
                  leukemic infiltration, in which case total bilirubin must be =< 2 x ULN.

          -  Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.5 x ULN

          -  Creatinine, serum =< 1.5 ULN OR creatinine clearance >= 40 mL/min

          -  QT interval by Fridericia's correction formula (QTcF) =< 470 msec

          -  Cohort 1 Patients Only

          -  Age >= 60 years.

          -  No prior treatment for ALL except a single dose of intrathecal chemotherapy,
             corticosteroids, hydroxyurea, and/or leukapheresis to reduce peripheral blast count
             and prevent ALL complications. Allowed therapy may be administered for no more than 14
             days and must be completed >= 24 hours prior to the initiation of protocol therapy.

          -  No plan for allogeneic or autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT).

          -  Cohort 2 Patients Only:

          -  Age >= 18 years.

          -  Relapsed or refractory disease in salvage 1 or 2.

          -  No isolated extramedullary relapse.

          -  Prior allogeneic HCT permitted.

          -  Patients with prior allogeneic HCT must have completed transplantation >= 4 months
             prior to registration.

          -  Patients with prior allogeneic HCT must have no evidence of graft-versus-host disease
             and must have completed immunosuppressive therapy >= 30 days prior to registration.

          -  Prior treatment with inotuzumab ozogamicin, blinatumomab, other CD22-directed therapy,
             or other CD19-directed therapy is not allowed.

          -  Prior treatment with rituximab must be completed >= 7 days prior to registration.

          -  Prior treatment with other monoclonal antibodies must be completed >= 6 weeks prior to
             registration.

          -  Prior treatment for ALL must be completed >= 14 days prior to registration with the
             following exceptions: intrathecal chemotherapy, hydroxyurea, corticosteroids,
             6-mercaptopurine, methotrexate, vincristine, and/or leukapheresis to reduce
             circulating absolute lymphoblast count to =< 10,000/uL or prevent complications
             related to ALL are allowed but must be completed >= 24 hours prior to the initiation
             of protocol therapy.

          -  Patients should have resolution of any acute non-hematologic toxicities of prior
             therapy to National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse
             Events (CTCAE) version (v)5.0 grade =< 1.

          -  Peripheral blood absolute lymphoblast count =< 10,000/uL (treatment allowed as above
             to reduce blast count to =< 10,000/uL)
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Event-free survival
Time Frame:At 1 year
Safety Issue:
Description:Will be defined as time from start of treatment to failure to achieve complete response (CR)/complete response with incomplete count recovery (CRi) after completing Course II of blinatumomab, relapse after CR/CRi, progression on study requiring withdrawal from study therapy, or death from any cause

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Overall survival (OS)
Time Frame:Time from start of study therapy to death from any cause censored at the last known alive date, assessed up to 10 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Will be evaluated using the Kaplan-Meier method. A 95% confidence interval for the 1- and 3-year rates will be constructed using a point-wise confidence interval for the survival function based on a log-minus-log transformation. Will also calculate a 95% confidence interval by using a point-wise confidence interval for the survival function based on a log-minus-log transformation.
Measure:Relapse-free survival (RFS)
Time Frame:Time from first CR/CRi to progressive disease (relapse, treatment discontinuation due to health deterioration) or death, assessed up to 10 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Will be evaluated using the Kaplan-Meier method. A 95% confidence interval for the 1- and 3-year rates will be constructed using a point-wise confidence interval for the survival function based on a log-minus-log transformation. Will also calculate a 95% confidence interval by using a point-wise confidence interval for the survival function based on a log-minus-log transformation.
Measure:Event-free survival (EFS)
Time Frame:Time from start of treatment to failure to achieve CR/CRi after completing Course II of blinatumomab, relapse after CR/CRi, progression on study requiring withdrawal from study therapy, or death from any cause, assessed up to 10 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Will be evaluated using the Kaplan-Meier method. A 95% confidence interval for the 1- and 3-year rates will be constructed using a point-wise confidence interval for the survival function based on a log-minus-log transformation. Will also calculate a 95% confidence interval by using a point-wise confidence interval for the survival function based on a log-minus-log transformation.
Measure:Complete and overall response rate
Time Frame:Up to 10 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Point and interval estimates of the rates will be shown using a 95% binomial confidence interval.
Measure:Minimal residual disease negativity
Time Frame:Up to 10 years
Safety Issue:
Description:
Measure:Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation rate (Cohort 2)
Time Frame:Up to 10 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Point and interval estimates of the rate will be shown using a 95% binomial confidence interval.

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Not yet recruiting
Lead Sponsor:National Cancer Institute (NCI)

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