Clinical Trials /

Ibrutinib, Obinutuzumab and Venetoclax for Patients With Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

NCT03755947

Description:

Background: Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL) is the most common leukemia in the occidental countries. Until now, it is considered a chronic disease without a cure. The development of new molecular therapies have showed that the cure may be an option. This protocol propose a triple sequential therapy with three direct therapies for the leukemic cell: an inhibitor of Bruton´s tyrosine kinase (ibrutinib), a second generation monoclonal antibody versus CD20 (obinutuzumab) and a BCL-2 inhibitor (venetoclax) as treatment of first or second line in CLL. Objective: Negativize the minimal residual disease and by this way obtain longer survivals (overall survival and relapse free survival). Design: This is a multicenter, longitudinal, experimental, open, non-randomized and non-comparable study coordinated by the "Grupo Cooperativo de Hemopatías Malignas" situated on Hospital Angeles Lomas in Huixquilucan, México. The study, is a phase II clinical study that will employ three target therapy drugs in sequencing phases. It will start with a BTK inhibitor as induction, later an anti-CD20 will be used for consolidation and it will end with a BH3 analog as maintenance for one year. The primary outcome is the negativization of minimal residual disease.

Related Conditions:
  • Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Ibrutinib, Obinutuzumab and Venetoclax for Patients With Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
  • Official Title: Sequential Triple Therapy With Ibrutinib, Obinutuzumab and Venetoclax in First and Second Line for Patients With Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: HAL 306/2018
  • NCT ID: NCT03755947

Conditions

  • B-Cell Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
  • B-Cell Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia in Relapse (Diagnosis)

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
Ibrutinib Oral Capsule [Imbruvica]Obinutuzumab Intravenous Solution [Gazyva], Venetoclax Oral Tablets [Venclexta]IGV

Purpose

Background: Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL) is the most common leukemia in the occidental countries. Until now, it is considered a chronic disease without a cure. The development of new molecular therapies have showed that the cure may be an option. This protocol propose a triple sequential therapy with three direct therapies for the leukemic cell: an inhibitor of Bruton´s tyrosine kinase (ibrutinib), a second generation monoclonal antibody versus CD20 (obinutuzumab) and a BCL-2 inhibitor (venetoclax) as treatment of first or second line in CLL. Objective: Negativize the minimal residual disease and by this way obtain longer survivals (overall survival and relapse free survival). Design: This is a multicenter, longitudinal, experimental, open, non-randomized and non-comparable study coordinated by the "Grupo Cooperativo de Hemopatías Malignas" situated on Hospital Angeles Lomas in Huixquilucan, México. The study, is a phase II clinical study that will employ three target therapy drugs in sequencing phases. It will start with a BTK inhibitor as induction, later an anti-CD20 will be used for consolidation and it will end with a BH3 analog as maintenance for one year. The primary outcome is the negativization of minimal residual disease.

Detailed Description

      The international recommendations indicate that the first line of treatment for patients <65
      years old and with no significant comorbidities (fit patients) the known regime of FCR with
      recommendation of category 1 and later bendamustine with antiCD20 or ibrutinib. For patients
      >65 years old or not fit for intensive treatment it is recommended chlorambucil with
      obinutuzumab, monotherapy with ibrutinib, bendamustine with antiCD20 or chlorambucil with
      another antiCD20 like rituximab or ofatumumab. In case of patients with high-risk alterations
      of relapse due to positive MRD at the end of the treatment it is recommended a maintenance
      schedule with lenalidomide.

      The antibodies against CD20 have shown through the years its activity in diverse alterations
      of B-cells. Rituximab was approved in 1998 for B-cells Non-Hodgkin lymphomas including CLL.
      Currently there are new anti-CD20 with more activity than rituximab. One of them is
      obinutuzumab which, by the monoclonal antibody engineering shows a greater affinity to the
      union of the epitope CD20 generating increased cellular cytotoxicity.

      Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK), generates signaling cascades for the cell survival by the
      NF-KB and MAP kinases way, which leads to the transduction of the B cell receptor (BCR).
      Ibrutinib is a molecule that inhibits BTK inducing apoptosis in the B cells being currently
      used in the diverse mature B cell neoplasms.

      Another therapeutic target is the BCL-2 protein (B-cell lymphoma 2) which is a key regulator
      in the apoptotic and it's compromised in the B cell neoplasms. Venetoclax is a mimetic drug
      to BH3 that blocks the function of BCL-2.

      Based in the old and new drugs described in CLL, there is a great number of combinations that
      can be applied in the different phases of the disease as well as by risk stages and physical
      state of the patient. Before this scenario diverse CLL study groups proposes the strategy of
      sequencing in three phases (triple T) trying to prevent the development of leukemic
      subclones, minimize the use of chemotherapy that generates secondary mutations in CLL and
      other neoplasms. These type of treatment counts with the advantage of: 1) being available for
      patients physically fit or not due to the a limited toxicity of the drugs, 2) applying in an
      out-of-hospital environment and 3) adjusting the treatment according to the response to
      generate an effective cost in the new drugs. Thus, it is proposed the cytoreduction
      sequencing for 1 to 2 cycles, induction for 6 to 12 months and the MRD maintenance that could
      go from one year up to undefined with ibrutinib, obinutuzumab and venetoclax in that order.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
IGVExperimentalCytoreduction 3 cycles (I) Ibrutinib, [Imbruvica, Janssen] Induction 6 cycles (G) Obinutuzumab, [Gazyva, Roche] Consolidation 12 cycles (V) Venetoclax, [Venclexta, Abbvie].
  • Ibrutinib Oral Capsule [Imbruvica]

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Patients diagnosed with B cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia according to 2017 WHO
             criteria by immunophenotype/immunohistochemistry with active disease according to the
             2018 International Workshop on Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (iwCLL) criteria and do
             not present TP53 mutation and/or del(17)p. (Cohort 1).

          -  Patients diagnosed with relapsed/refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia that have
             previously received at least one line of treatment that does not include the drugs in
             the study scheme. (Cohort 2).

          -  Functional stage of 0 - 2 measured by the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG)
             scale.

          -  Creatinine depuration ≥ 30 ml/min measured in a 24-hour urine recollection or
             utilizing the CKD-EPI formula.

          -  Proper liver function: total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) or ≤ 3 x
             ULN in patients with Gilbert syndrome, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate
             aminotransferase (AST) ≤ 3.0 x ULN.

          -  Capacity and willingness to provide a written informed consent.

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  T cell lymphocytic leukemia diagnosis.

          -  TP53 mutation and/or del(17)p presence.

          -  Non-controlled systematic active infection (viral, bacterial and/or fungic).

          -  Patients with known infection by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

          -  Active infection by hepatitis B (defined as the presence of detectable HBV's DNA, HBe
             antigen or HBs antigen). Patients with serological evidence of previous vaccination
             (HBsAg negative, anti-HBs positive antibodies, anti-HBc negative antibodies) are
             eligible. The patients that are HBsAg negative/ anti-Hbs positive antibodies but
             anti-HBc positive antibodies are eligible, if the HBV DNA is negative, and the HBV-DNA
             PCR is realized every 12 months after the last cycle of treatment.

          -  Active infection by hepatitis C, defined by the ribonucleic acid (RNA) of hepatitis C
             is detectable in plasma by polymerase chain reaction (PCR).

          -  Significant cardiovascular diseases such as uncontrolled or symptomatic arrhythmias,
             congestive heart failure or acute myocardial infarction within 2 months prior to
             screening, or any class 3 or 4 heart disease according to the functional
             classification of the NYHA.

          -  Diagnosis of previous malignancies for 2 years, with exception of patients with basal
             or squamous cell carcinoma or "in situ" carcinoma of cervix or breast.

          -  Requiring therapy with inhibitors or potent inducers of CYP3A4 and CYP3A5 inhibitors.

          -  Anticoagulant therapy with acenocoumarol or warfarin.

          -  History of cerebrovascular accident or intracranial hemorrhage within 6 months prior
             to screening.

          -  History of allergic reaction or severe anaphylaxis to humanized or murine monoclonal
             antibodies.

          -  Pregnant or lactating women.
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Best response obtained
Time Frame:Two months after finishing the triple sequencing therapy
Safety Issue:
Description:The best response obtained will be defined as CR with negative MRD by the iwCLL response criteria measured subsequent a cytoreduction treatment, induction and consolidation with the triple sequencing therapy with Ibrutinib, Obinutuzumab and Venetoclax in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Overall Survival
Time Frame:Three years
Safety Issue:
Description:Defined as the time since the end of treatment to time of death in the patients diagnosed with chronic lymphocytic leukemia in treatment with a triple sequencing therapy with Ibrutinib, Obinutuzumab and Venetoclax
Measure:Relapse-Free Survival
Time Frame:Three years
Safety Issue:
Description:Defined as the time since the end of treatment to time to relapse in the patients diagnosed with chronic lymphocytic leukemia in treatment with a triple sequencing therapy with Ibrutinib, Obinutuzumab and Venetoclax
Measure:Rate of AcuteToxicity
Time Frame:Two years
Safety Issue:
Description:Adverse effects associated to triple sequencing therapy with Ibrutinib, Obinutuzumab and Venetoclax
Measure:Rate of Late Toxicity
Time Frame:Three years
Safety Issue:
Description:Adverse effects associated to triple sequencing therapy with Ibrutinib, Obinutuzumab and Venetoclax on long term follow up.

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Not yet recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Grupo Cooperativo de Hemopatías Malignas

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