Clinical Trials /

Evaluating the Efficacy of Neratinib on Live Cell HER2 Signaling Transduction Analysis Positive Triple Negative Breast

NCT03812393

Description:

An Open-Label Phase II Trial to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Neoadjuvant Neratinib Followed by Weekly Paclitaxel and Carboplatin Plus Neratinib in Early Stage Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Patients Who Exhibit Enhanced HER2 Signaling by Live Cell HER2 Signaling Transduction Analysis (FACT-2)

Related Conditions:
  • Breast Adenocarcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Not yet recruiting

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Evaluating the Efficacy of Neratinib on Live Cell HER2 Signaling Transduction Analysis Positive Triple Negative Breast
  • Official Title: Phase II Trial Evaluating the Efficacy and Safety of Neoadjuvant Neratinib and Chemotherapy in Early Stage Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Patients Who Exhibit Enhanced HER2 Signaling by Live Cell HER2 Signaling Transduction Analysis (FACT-2)

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: 2018-002
  • NCT ID: NCT03812393

Conditions

  • Triple Negative Breast Cancer
  • Early-stage Breast Cancer
  • HER2-positive Breast Cancer

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
NeratinibLive Cell HER2 signaling Transduction Analysis (CELx)Treatment

Purpose

An Open-Label Phase II Trial to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Neoadjuvant Neratinib Followed by Weekly Paclitaxel and Carboplatin Plus Neratinib in Early Stage Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Patients Who Exhibit Enhanced HER2 Signaling by Live Cell HER2 Signaling Transduction Analysis (FACT-2)

Detailed Description

      This is a prospective, single arm, open label, interventional study designed to evaluate the
      efficacy of neoadjuvant chemotherapy with a pan-HER inhibitor in patients with
      ER-/PR-/HER2-(triple-negative) invasive breast cancer who have abnormal HER2-driven signaling
      activity determined by the Celcuity CELx HER2 signal function (HSF) test. Patients will be
      required to have a prescreening research core needle biopsy to procure a fresh tumor specimen
      that will be sent to Celcuity for CELx HSF testing, in order to assess the status of their
      HER2-driven signaling activity (abnormally or normally active). While waiting for results of
      the CELx HSF test, patients may receive the first dose of weekly paclitaxel at the
      investigator's discretion. Patients whose CELx HSF test indicate they have abnormal
      HER2-driven signaling activity will then receive neratinib as a single agent daily for 21
      days and then neratinib plus paclitaxel and carboplatin.

      The primary endpoint of the study is to evaluate whether patients with triple-negative breast
      cancers (estrogen (ER) and progesterone (PR) receptors < 10%; HER2-negative per standard
      ASCO/CAP testing criteria), but with abnormal HER2-driven signaling pathways determined by
      the Celcuity CELx HSF assay, and who receive HER2-targeted therapy with neoadjuvant
      chemotherapy will have a higher rate of pathological complete response (pCR) in the breast
      and lymph nodes (pCR breast and lymph nodes) than has been found historically in patients
      with triple-negative breast cancer who have received neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Secondary
      endpoints include pathologic complete response (breast), clinical complete response (cCR),
      residual cancer burden (RCB) 0-1 index, and relationship between quantitative CELx score and
      pCR rate.

      It is expected that approximately 135 patients will need to be prescreened in order to enroll
      27 patients who have abnormal HER2-driven signaling activity.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
TreatmentExperimentalTNBC patients with HER2 signal positive are treated with neratinib for 3 weeks followed by 12 weeks of neratinib in combination with weekly paclitaxel and carboplatin
  • Neratinib

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  The patient must have consented to participate and must have signed and dated an
             appropriate IRB-approved consent form that conforms to federal and i institutional
             guidelines for the pre-entry research core biopsy for CELx HSF testing and for
             initiating chemotherapy

          -  Patients must be female.

          -  Patients must be ≥ 18 years old.

          -  Patient must have an ECOG performance status of 0 or 1

          -  The diagnosis of invasive adenocarcinoma of the breast must have been made by core
             needle biopsy.

          -  The primary breast tumor must be palpable and measure ≥ 1.0 cm on physical exam.

          -  The regional lymph nodes can be cN0 or cN1

          -  The tumor size can be T1c or T2

          -  Ipsilateral axillary lymph nodes must be evaluated by imaging (mammogram, ultrasound,
             and/or MRI) within 6 weeks prior to initiating chemotherapy. If suspicious or
             abnormal, FNA or core biopsy is recommended, also within 6 weeks prior to initiating
             chemotherapy. Findings of these evaluations will be used to determine the nodal status
             prior to initiating chemotherapy.

               -  Nodal status - negative

                    -  Imaging of the axilla is negative;

                    -  Imaging is suspicious or abnormal but the FNA or core biopsy of the
                       questionable node(s) on imaging is negative;

               -  Nodal status - positive

                    -  FNA or core biopsy of the node(s) is cytologically or histologically
                       suspicious or positive.

                    -  Imaging is suspicious or abnormal but FNA or core biopsy was not performed.

          -  Tumor specimen obtained at the time of diagnosis must have estrogen (ER) and
             progesterone (PR) receptors < 10%.

          -  Tumor specimen obtained at the time of diagnosis must have been determined to be
             HER2-negative as follows:

               -  Immunohistochemistry (IHC) 0-1+; or

               -  IHC 2+ and ISH non-amplified with a ratio of HER2 to CEP17 < 2.0, and if
                  reported, average HER2 gene copy number < 4 signals/cells; or

               -  ISH non-amplified with a ratio of HER2 to CEP17 < 2.0, and if reported, average
                  HER2 gene copy number < 4 signals/cells.

          -  Blood counts performed within 6 weeks prior to initiating chemotherapy must meet the
             following criteria:

               -  Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) must be ≥ 1200/mm3;

               -  platelet count must be ≥ 100,000/mm3; and

               -  hemoglobin must be ≥ 10 g/dL.

          -  The following criteria for evidence of adequate hepatic function performed within 6
             weeks prior to initiating chemotherapy must be met:

               -  total bilirubin must be ≤ upper limit of normal (ULN) for the lab unless the
                  patient has a bilirubin elevation > ULN to 1.5 x ULN due to Gilbert's disease or
                  similar syndrome involving slow conjugation of bilirubin; and

               -  alkaline phosphatase must be ≤ 2.5 x ULN for the lab; and

               -  AST must be ≤ 1.5 x ULN for the lab.

               -  Alkaline phosphatase and AST may not both be > the ULN. For example, if the
                  alkaline phosphatase is > the ULN but ≤ 2.5 x ULN, the AST must be ≤ the ULN. If
                  the AST is > the ULN but ≤ 1.5 x ULN, the alkaline phosphatase must be ≤ ULN.
                  Note: If ALT is performed instead of AST (per institution's standard practice),
                  the ALT value must be ≤ 1.5 x ULN; if both were performed, the AST must be ≤ 1.5
                  x ULN.

          -  Patients with AST or alkaline phosphatase > ULN are eligible for inclusion in the
             study if liver imaging (CT, MRI, PET-CT, or PET scan) performed within 6 weeks prior
             to initiating chemotherapy does not demonstrate metastatic disease and the
             requirements in criterion 4.2.13 are met.

          -  Patients with alkaline phosphatase that is > ULN but ≤ 2.5 x ULN or unexplained bone
             pain are eligible for inclusion in the study if a bone scan, PET-CT scan, or PET scan
             performed within 6 weeks prior to initiating chemotherapy does not demonstrate
             metastatic disease.

          -  Serum creatinine performed within 6 weeks prior to initiating chemotherapy must be ≤
             1.5 x ULN for the lab.

          -  The left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) assessment by echocardiogram or MUGA
             scan performed within 90 days prior to initiating chemotherapy must be ≥ 50%
             regardless of the facility's lower limit of normal (LLN).

          -  Patients with reproductive potential must agree to use an effective non-hormonal
             method of contraception during therapy, and for at least 7 months after the last dose
             of study therapy.

          -  Patients are candidates for weekly paclitaxel and carboplatin chemotherapy as
             determined by treating physician.

          -  Patients with multifocal breast cancer are included as long as none of the tumors are
             HER2 positive by IHC or FISH and targeted lesion meets current inclusion criteria.

          -  Conditions for patient eligibility (Study Enrollment) A patient cannot be considered
             eligible for this study unless all of the following conditions are met:

          -  The patient must have consented to participate and must have signed and dated an
             appropriate IRB-approved consent form that conforms to federal and institutional
             guidelines for the FACT-2 study treatment.

          -  Tumor determined to have abnormal HER2-driven signaling activity based on the CELx HSF
             test.

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  T3 or T4 tumors including inflammatory breast cancer.

          -  FNA alone to diagnose the breast cancer.

          -  Excisional biopsy or lumpectomy performed prior to initiating chemotherapy.

          -  Surgical axillary staging procedure prior to initiating chemotherapy. Pre- neoadjuvant
             therapy sentinel node biopsy is not permitted. (FNA or core biopsy is acceptable.)

          -  Definitive clinical or radiologic evidence of metastatic disease. Required imaging
             studies must have been performed within 6 weeks prior to initiating chemotherapy.

          -  Synchronous bilateral invasive breast cancer. (Patients with synchronous and/or
             previous contralateral DCIS or LCIS are eligible.)

          -  Any previous history of ipsilateral invasive breast cancer or ipsilateral DCIS.
             (Patients with synchronous or previous ipsilateral LCIS are eligible.)

          -  Previous therapy with anthracycline, taxanes, trastuzumab, or other HER2 targeted
             therapies for any malignancy.

          -  Any sex hormonal therapy, e.g., birth control pills, ovarian hormone replacement
             therapy, etc. (These patients are eligible if this therapy is discontinued prior to
             initiating chemotherapy.)

          -  History of non-breast malignancies (except for in situ cancers treated only by local
             excision and basal cell and squamous cell carcinomas of the skin) within 2 years prior
             to initiating chemotherapy.

          -  Cardiac disease (history of and/or active disease) that would preclude the use of the
             drugs included in the treatment regimens. This includes but is not confined to:

               -  Active cardiac disease:

                    -  angina pectoris that requires the use of anti-anginal medication;

                    -  ventricular arrhythmias except for benign premature ventricular
                       contractions;

                    -  supraventricular and nodal arrhythmias requiring a pacemaker or not
                       controlled with medication;

                    -  conduction abnormality requiring a pacemaker;

                    -  valvular disease with documented compromise in cardiac function; and

                    -  symptomatic pericarditis.

               -  History of cardiac disease:

                    -  myocardial infarction documented by elevated cardiac enzymes or persistent
                       regional wall abnormalities on assessment of left ventricular (LV) function;

                    -  history of documented congestive heart failure (CHF); and

                    -  documented cardiomyopathy.

          -  Uncontrolled hypertension defined as sustained systolic BP > 150 mmHg or diastolic BP
             > 90 mmHg. (Patients with initial BP elevations are eligible prior to initiating
             chemotherapy if initiation or adjustment of BP medication lowers pressure.)

          -  Active hepatitis B or hepatitis C with abnormal liver function tests.

          -  Intrinsic lung disease resulting in dyspnea.

          -  Poorly controlled diabetes mellitus.

          -  Active infection or chronic infection requiring chronic suppressive antibiotics.

          -  Patients known to be HIV positive.

          -  Nervous system disorder (paresthesia, peripheral motor neuropathy, or peripheral
             sensory neuropathy) ≥ grade 2, per the CTCAE v4.0.

          -  Malabsorption syndrome, ulcerative colitis, resection of the stomach or small bowel,
             or other disease significantly affecting gastrointestinal function.

          -  Other non-malignant systemic disease that would preclude treatment with any of the
             treatment regimens or would prevent required follow-up.

          -  Conditions that would prohibit administration of corticosteroids.

          -  Chronic daily treatment with corticosteroids with a dose of ≥ 10 mg/day
             methylprednisolone equivalent (excluding inhaled steroids).

          -  Known hypersensitivity to any of the study drugs or any of the ingredients or
             excipients of these drugs (e.g., Cremophor® EL), including sensitivity to benzyl
             alcohol.

          -  Pregnancy or lactation at the initiation of chemotherapy. (Note: Pregnancy testing
             must be performed within 2 weeks prior to initiating chemotherapy according to
             institutional standards for women of childbearing potential).

          -  Psychiatric or addictive disorders or other conditions that, in the opinion of the
             investigator, would preclude the patient from meeting the study requirements.

          -  Evidence after a clinical examination that the subject's tumor is progressing after
             treatment with one week of paclitaxel and before a CELx HSF test result is available.

          -  For participation in adherence monitoring: no access to the web via smart phone,
             tablet or computer
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Determine if ≥ 20% (2/10) subjects are neratinib responsive
Time Frame:4 weeks
Safety Issue:
Description:patient with HER2 positive signal by CELx will be exposed to neratinib to determine response to HER2 therapy

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Clinical complete response (cCR)
Time Frame:15 weeks
Safety Issue:
Description:Endpoint Definition: Percentage of patients with clinical complete response rate based on physical examination of the breast and axilla.
Measure:Residual cancer burden (RCB) 0-1
Time Frame:15 weeks
Safety Issue:
Description:The measure of the amount of tumor left in breast at surgery following study treatment
Measure:The PCR rate in patients experiencing greater than or equal to 20% reduction in tumor volume following treatment with neratinib only in cycle 1.
Time Frame:15 weeks
Safety Issue:
Description:To determine whether a significant decrease in size of tumor can predict whether the rate of complete tumor killing at surgery following study treatment
Measure:Safety and Toxicity per NCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0 (CTCAE v4.0).
Time Frame:15 weeks
Safety Issue:
Description:Measure whether the study treatment is safe and tolerable
Measure:To evaluate whether a web-based symptom survey could increase adherence to neratinib oral therapy
Time Frame:15 weeks
Safety Issue:
Description:See whether mobile application that connects patient at home to treatment team could increase patients ability to complete drug treatment

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Not yet recruiting
Lead Sponsor:West Cancer Center

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