Clinical Trials /

Study Comparing Continuous Versus Fixed Duration Therapy With Daratumumab, Lenalidomide, and Dexamethasone for Relapsed Multiple Myeloma

NCT03836014

Description:

The incorporation of proteasome inhibitors and immunomodulatory drugs into the standard of care has improved the outcome for patients with multiple myeloma (MM) over the past 10 years. However, most patients (>85%) still eventually relapse around 3-4 years after diagnosis, and ultimately die of their disease, despite salvage therapies. Relapse can occur even when complete remission is achieved after first-line therapy. Currently, daratumumab (Dara) is approved by the american FDA and EMA in combination with lenalidomide (Len) and dexamethasone (Dex) or bortezomib and Dex for the treatment of MM patients who have received at least one prior therapy. Therefore, the Dara-Len-Dex combination is likely to become the most widely used standard of care regimen for MM at the time of first relapse. However, although approval of the latter combination is meant for until disease progression (PD) ("continuous therapy") (CT), the actual optimal duration of relapse treatment is still unknown. Of note, many experts advocate that a "fixed duration" of therapy should be favored, especially if one can show that CT does not translate into a significant overall survival (OS) benefit. As a matter of fact, given the extremely high cost of such novel agents (>100 KEuros/year/patient), the pharmacoeconomic consequences of a "continuous" versus "fixed" duration therapy are also of utmost importance. Based on this background, the investigator propose to conduct a non-inferiority phase III randomized, multicenter, open label trial for treatment of MM at first relapse, comparing the Dara-Len-Dex combination administered continuously until PD, versus a fixed duration of 24 months. The choice of this duration is justified by the currently available evidence with respect to achievement of a plateau in terms of deep disease response, patients' compliance, and physicians' preference according to different surveys. The primary objective of this study is to estimate the OS rate at 4 years after diagnosis of relapse and initiation of salvage therapy. The primary endpoint is OS at 4 years after randomization. The analysis will be performed on both per-protocol and intent-to-treat sets of patients.

Related Conditions:
  • Multiple Myeloma
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 3

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Study Comparing Continuous Versus Fixed Duration Therapy With Daratumumab, Lenalidomide, and Dexamethasone for Relapsed Multiple Myeloma
  • Official Title: A Multi-center Phase III Randomized Study Comparing Continuous Versus Fixed Duration Therapy With Daratumumab, Lenalidomide, and Dexamethasone for Relapsed Multiple Myeloma

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: D20180138
  • SECONDARY ID: 2016-002129-12
  • NCT ID: NCT03836014

Conditions

  • Multiple Myeloma in Relapse

Purpose

The incorporation of proteasome inhibitors and immunomodulatory drugs into the standard of care has improved the outcome for patients with multiple myeloma (MM) over the past 10 years. However, most patients (>85%) still eventually relapse around 3-4 years after diagnosis, and ultimately die of their disease, despite salvage therapies. Relapse can occur even when complete remission is achieved after first-line therapy. Currently, daratumumab (Dara) is approved by the american FDA and EMA in combination with lenalidomide (Len) and dexamethasone (Dex) or bortezomib and Dex for the treatment of MM patients who have received at least one prior therapy. Therefore, the Dara-Len-Dex combination is likely to become the most widely used standard of care regimen for MM at the time of first relapse. However, although approval of the latter combination is meant for until disease progression (PD) ("continuous therapy") (CT), the actual optimal duration of relapse treatment is still unknown. Of note, many experts advocate that a "fixed duration" of therapy should be favored, especially if one can show that CT does not translate into a significant overall survival (OS) benefit. As a matter of fact, given the extremely high cost of such novel agents (>100 KEuros/year/patient), the pharmacoeconomic consequences of a "continuous" versus "fixed" duration therapy are also of utmost importance. Based on this background, the investigator propose to conduct a non-inferiority phase III randomized, multicenter, open label trial for treatment of MM at first relapse, comparing the Dara-Len-Dex combination administered continuously until PD, versus a fixed duration of 24 months. The choice of this duration is justified by the currently available evidence with respect to achievement of a plateau in terms of deep disease response, patients' compliance, and physicians' preference according to different surveys. The primary objective of this study is to estimate the OS rate at 4 years after diagnosis of relapse and initiation of salvage therapy. The primary endpoint is OS at 4 years after randomization. The analysis will be performed on both per-protocol and intent-to-treat sets of patients.

Detailed Description

      MM is a B cells malignancy, and is one of the most frequent primary neoplasms of the bone
      marrow. The fundamental pathology is an expansion of a single clone of plasma cells that
      produce monoclonal immunoglobulin (M-proteins) and replace normal bone marrow. Although the
      etiology of myeloma is not known, several studies have shown that myeloma cells acquire
      certain genetic changes that allow for uncontrolled growth, migration, and protection from
      apoptosis.

      The incidence of MM in Europe is 6.0 cases per 100,000 per year, with a median age at
      diagnosis between 63 and 70 years; the mortality is 4.1 cases per 100,000 per year.

      Dara is a human IgG1ĸ monoclonal antibody that binds with high affinity to a unique epitope
      on CD38, a transmembrane glycoprotein. It is a targeted immunotherapy directed towards tumor
      cells that express high levels of CD38, such as plasma cells from patients with MM. This
      target is distinct from those of other approved agents for MM therapy. Darashowed promising
      efficacy alone and with Len and Den in a phase 1-2 study involving patients with relapsed or
      refractory MM. Subsequently, a phase 3 trial randomized 569 MM patients to receive Len and
      Den (Len-Dex; control group) or in combination with Dara (Dara-Len-Dex group) With a median
      follow-up of 25.4 months, progression-free survival was significantly prolonged in the
      Dara-Len-Dex group (median not reached versus 17.5 months in the control group; HR, 0.41; 95%
      CI, 0.31-0.53; P <0.0001). A significantly higher rate of overall response was observed in
      the Dara-Len-Dex group than in the control group (93% vs. 76%, P<0.0001), as was a higher
      rate of complete response or better (51% vs. 21%, P<0.0001). Furthermore, the rates of
      treatment discontinuation owing to adverse events were low and similar in the two groups.

      The investigator propose to conduct a non-inferiority phase III randomized, multicenter, open
      label trial for treatment of MM at first relapse, comparing the Dara-Len-Dex combination
      administered continuously until PD, versus a fixed duration of 24 months. The choice of this
      duration is justified by the currently available evidence with respect to achievement of a
      plateau in terms of deep disease response, patients' compliance, and physicians' preference
      according to different surveys. As a matter of fact, given the extremely high cost of such
      novel agents (>100 KEuros/year/patient), the pharmacoeconomic consequences of a "continuous"
      versus "fixed" duration therapy are also of utmost importance.

      Dosage, route of administration and administration schedule of the medications prescribed are
      in accordance with the FDA and EMEA authorization in MM first relapse. Only the duration of
      combination is compared. One group of patient will receive the Dara-Len-Dex combination until
      PD in accordance with the FDA and EMEA authorization in MM first relapse (standard of care).
      The experimental group will receive the Dara-Len-Dex combination for up to 24 months. This
      shorter duration of treatment (24 months) is justified by the currently available evidence
      with respect to achievement of a plateau in terms of deep disease response, patients'
      compliance, and physicians' preference according to different surveys.

      The aim of the current protocol is to investigate whether a fixed duration of treatment (24
      months) with the Dara-Len-Dex combination is not inferior to the continuous administration of
      the combination until PD. In this study some patients may have a similar OS while receiving a
      shorter duration of treatment. This study may allow to deliver a shorter duration of therapy
      for the treatment of MM at first relapse.

      The foreseeable risks are those of an earlier relapse in patients receiving a fixed duration
      of Dara-Len-Dex combination compare to the situation where they would have received the
      treatment until PD.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Fixed duration therapy for 24 months.ExperimentalDaratumumab, Lenalidomide, Dexamethasone
    Continuous therapyActive ComparatorDaratumumab, Lenalidomide, Dexamethasone

      Eligibility Criteria

              Inclusion Criteria:
      
                1. Adult patients (≥ 18 years old)
      
                2. Documented MM in relapse according to standard criteria and requiring initiation of a
                   first line salvage therapy.
      
                3. Subject must have received one prior line of therapy for MM.
      
                4. Subject must have achieved a response (PR or better) to the prior regimen.
      
                5. Subject must have an ECOG Performance Status score of 0, 1, or 2.
      
                6. For subjects experiencing toxicities resulting from previous therapy (including
                   peripheral neuropathy), the toxicities must have been resolved or stabilized.
      
                7. Signed informed consent
      
                8. Affiliation to a social security system or equivalent (recipient or assign)
      
                9. Effective method of contraception for the duration of treatment and 3 months after the
                   last dose for women of childbearing age and men with a partner of childbearing age:
      
                     -  Progestin-only pill associated with inhibition of ovulation
      
                     -  Hormonal methods of contraception, including oral contraceptive pills containing
                        a combination of estrogen + progesterone, vaginal ring, injectables, implants and
                        intrauterine devices (IUDs)
      
                     -  non-hormonal IUD
      
                     -  Bilateral tubal occlusion
      
                     -  Vasectomized partner with documented azoospermia 90 days after procedure and who
                        received a medical assessment of surgical success
      
                     -  Intrauterine hormone release system (IUS)
      
                     -  Complete Abstinence: Complete abstinence is defined as the complete avoidance of
                        heterosexual intercourse. Complete abstinence is an acceptable form of
                        contraception for all study drugs and must be used throughout the duration of the
                        study and for the duration of time as specified above. It is not necessary to use
                        any other method of contraception when complete abstinence is elected. Acceptable
                        alternate methods of highly effective contraception must be discussed in the
                        event that the subject chooses to forego complete abstinence.
      
              Exclusion Criteria:
      
                1. Evidence of refractoriness or intolerance to lenalidomide and/or daratumumab (or
                   another anti CD38 monoclonal antibody). If previously treated with a lenalidomide or
                   daratumumab-containing regimen, the subject is excluded if he or she:
      
                     -  Discontinued due to any severe adverse event related to prior lenalidomide and/or
                        daratumumab (or another anti CD38 monoclonal antibody) treatment, or
      
                     -  If, at any time point, the subject was refractory to any dose of lenalidomide
                        and/or daratumumab (or another anti CD38 monoclonal antibody). Refractoriness to
                        lenalidomide and/or daratumumab (or another anti CD38 monoclonal antibody) is
                        defined either as:
      
                          -  Subjects whose disease progressed within 60 days of lenalidomide and/or
                             daratumumab (or another anti CD38 monoclonal antibody) administration; or
      
                          -  Subjects whose disease is nonresponsive while on lenalidomide and/or
                             daratumumab (or another anti CD38 monoclonal antibody). Nonresponsive
                             disease is defined as either failure to achieve at least a minimal response
                             or development of progressive disease while on lenalidomide and/or
                             daratumumab (or another anti CD38 monoclonal antibody).
      
                2. Subject has received an allogenic stem cell transplant (regardless of timing).
      
                3. Subjects planning to undergo a stem cell transplant prior to progression of disease on
                   this study, ie, these subjects should not be enrolled in order to reduce disease
                   burden prior to transplant.
      
                4. Subject has a history of malignancy (other than MM) within 3 years before the date of
                   randomization (exceptions are squamous and basal cell carcinomas of the skin,
                   carcinoma in situ of the cervix, or malignancy that in the opinion of the investigator
                   is considered cured with minimal risk of recurrence within 3 years).
      
                5. Subject has known MM meningeal involvement.
      
                6. Subject has plasma cell leukemia (>2.0 × 109/L circulating plasma cells by standard
                   differential) or Waldenström's macroglobulinemia or POEMS syndrome (polyneuropathy,
                   organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal protein, and skin changes) or amyloidosis.
      
                7. Subject has any concurrent medical condition or disease (eg, active systemic
                   infection) that is likely to interfere with study procedures or results, or that, in
                   the opinion, of the investigator would constitute a hazard for participating in this
                   study.
      
                8. Subject has known uncontrolled chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
      
                9. Subject has clinically significant cardiac disease.
      
               10. Subject is known to be seropositive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis
                   B or hepatitis C.
      
               11. Creatinine clearance ≤30 mL/min (MDRD method) (lenalidomide dose adjustment will be
                   considered for subjects with creatinine clearance 30-60 mL/min).
      
               12. Hypersensitivity to the active substance or to any of the excipients
      
               13. Pregnancy or lactation women
            
      Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
      Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
      Eligible Gender:All
      Healthy Volunteers:No

      Primary Outcome Measures

      Measure:overall survival
      Time Frame:4 years after randomization
      Safety Issue:
      Description:Overall survival (OS) is defined as the time between randomization and death due to any cause. Patients, who die, regardless of the cause of death, will be considered to have had an event even if they were lost to follow-up for an extended time. All subjects who are lost to follow-up prior to the end of the trial or who are withdrawn from the trial will be censored at the last available date the subject is known to be alive

      Secondary Outcome Measures

      Measure:Response rate
      Time Frame:Within the 4 years after randomization
      Safety Issue:
      Description:Best response rate obtain at any time within 4 years after randomization. Assessment of the International Myeloma Working Group uniform response criteria
      Measure:overall response rate (ORR)
      Time Frame:assessed monthly from Randomization until PD, (approximately up to 3 years).
      Safety Issue:
      Description:disease evaluation will be assessed monthly until disease progression. ORR and will be calculated as the number of responders (at least partial response PR) divided by the number of subjects in the ITT population
      Measure:Progression free survival (PFS)
      Time Frame:at 4 years after randomization and initiation of salvage therapy
      Safety Issue:
      Description:PFS will be calculated as the months between the randomization and disease progression based on IMWG criteria or death on study, whichever occurred earlier. Disease evaluation will be assessed monthly until disease progression or death.
      Measure:Incidence of adverse events.
      Time Frame:within the 4 years after randomization
      Safety Issue:
      Description:Descriptive statistics of cumulative dose, relative dose intensity, dose reduction and reason for dose reduction will be presented by treatment arm.
      Measure:Quality of Life (QoL)
      Time Frame:within the 4 years after randomization
      Safety Issue:
      Description:Evaluation by EORTC QLQ-C30 (European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core 30)
      Measure:Quality of Life (QoL)
      Time Frame:within the 4 years after randomization
      Safety Issue:
      Description:Evaluation by EQ-5D 5L (EuroQol - five dimension - five levels).
      Measure:Incremental cost-effectiveness ratios
      Time Frame:during the 4 years after randomization
      Safety Issue:
      Description:expressed in cost per quality adjusted life year (QALY) gained, in cost per Life Year Gained, and in cost per progression free year gained

      Details

      Phase:Phase 3
      Primary Purpose:Interventional
      Overall Status:Recruiting
      Lead Sponsor:Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris

      Trial Keywords

      • Multiple myeloma
      • Relapse
      • daratumumab,
      • lenalidomide
      • dexamethasone

      Last Updated

      November 26, 2019