Clinical Trials /

Ruxolitinib and Venetoclax in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia

NCT03874052

Description:

This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of ruxolitinib when given together with venetoclax in treating patients with acute myeloid leukemia that has come back (relapsed) or has not responded to treatment (refractory). Ruxolitinib and venetoclax may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. This study is being done to see if the combination of ruxolitinib and venetoclax works better in treating patients with acute myeloid leukemia compared to standard of care chemotherapy.

Related Conditions:
  • Acute Myeloid Leukemia
  • Acute Myeloid Leukemia Arising from Previous Myelodysplastic Syndrome
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 1

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Ruxolitinib and Venetoclax in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia
  • Official Title: Phase I Study to Evaluate Safety of Ruxolitinib in Combination With Venetoclax in Patients With Relapsed/Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: STUDY00018238
  • SECONDARY ID: NCI-2019-03272
  • SECONDARY ID: STUDY00018238
  • SECONDARY ID: P30CA069533
  • NCT ID: NCT03874052

Conditions

  • Acute Myeloid Leukemia Arising From Previous Myelodysplastic Syndrome
  • Recurrent Acute Myeloid Leukemia
  • Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
RuxolitinibINCB-18424, INCB18424, Jakafi, Oral JAK Inhibitor INCB18424Treatment (ruxolitinib, venetoclax)
VenetoclaxABT-0199, ABT-199, ABT199, GDC-0199, RG7601, Venclexta, VenclyxtoTreatment (ruxolitinib, venetoclax)

Purpose

This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of ruxolitinib when given together with venetoclax in treating patients with acute myeloid leukemia that has come back (relapsed) or has not responded to treatment (refractory). Ruxolitinib and venetoclax may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. This study is being done to see if the combination of ruxolitinib and venetoclax works better in treating patients with acute myeloid leukemia compared to standard of care chemotherapy.

Detailed Description

      PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

      I. To evaluate the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD) and assess the safety of ruxolitinib in
      combination with venetoclax.

      SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To assess the preliminary efficacy of the ruxolitinib and venetoclax combination.

      II. To estimate overall and event-free survival.

      EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To assess in vitro kinase inhibitor sensitivity using patient bone marrow (or peripheral
      blood) before and after treatment with the ruxolitinib and venetoclax combination.

      II. To use molecular techniques (potentially including next-generation sequencing and/or BH3
      profiling) to examine the mechanisms of response versus (vs.) no response.

      III. To correlate molecular features with the patient response and resistance to venetoclax
      combination therapies.

      OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of ruxolitinib.

      Patients receive ruxolitinib orally (PO) twice daily (BID) and venetoclax PO once daily (QD)
      on days 1-28. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 2 cycles in the absence of disease
      progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients may receive additional cycles of ruxolitinib
      and venetoclax at the discretion of the sponsor-investigator.

      After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 6 months.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Treatment (ruxolitinib, venetoclax)ExperimentalPatients receive ruxolitinib PO BID and venetoclax PO QD on days 1-28. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 2 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients may receive additional cycles of ruxolitinib and venetoclax at the discretion of the sponsor-investigator.
  • Ruxolitinib
  • Venetoclax

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document

          -  Morphologically documented relapsed/refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML) as defined
             by World Health Organization (WHO) criteria after at least 1 prior therapy for AML
             with the exception of hydroxyurea. Patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)
             transformed to AML that have been treated with hypomethylating agents may be
             considered if they fulfill one or more of the following criteria: 1) patient has a
             left ventricular ejection fraction of 45% or less; 2) patient has a serum creatinine
             of >= 1.4 gm/dl; 3) patient is age 75 or older

          -  Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0 to 2

          -  Women must not be pregnant or breastfeeding. Women of childbearing potential must have
             a negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 14 days prior to start of study drug
             administration

          -  Participants must agree to use an adequate method of contraception

          -  Must be able to take oral medications

          -  Creatinine clearance >= 30 mL/min; calculated by the Cockcroft Gault formula or
             measured by 24 hours urine collection

          -  Total serum bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) unless thought to be due to
             leukemic involvement

          -  Serum aspartate transaminase (AST) and/or alanine transaminase (ALT) =< 3.0 x ULN
             unless thought to be due to leukemic involvement

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Diagnosis of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL, or AML M3 subtype)

          -  Active central nervous system involvement with AML

          -  Concurrent active malignancy with expected survival of less than 1 year. For example,
             candidates with treated skin cancers, prostate cancer, breast cancer, etc. without
             metastatic disease are candidates for therapy since their expected survival exceeds
             that of relapsed or refractory AML. All subjects with concurrent malignancies will be
             reviewed by the principal investigator (PI) prior to enrollment

          -  Clinically significant graft versus host disease (GVHD) or active GVHD requiring
             initiation or escalation of treatment within 28 day screening period

          -  Participants with rapidly progressive disease (defined by blast count doubles within
             48 hours) or organ dysfunction

          -  Clinically significant coagulation abnormality, such as disseminated intravascular
             coagulation

          -  Participants who are currently receiving any other investigational agents

          -  Known clinically significant liver disease defined as ongoing drug-induced liver
             injury, chronic active hepatitis C (HCV), chronic active hepatitis B (HBV), alcoholic
             liver disease, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, primary biliary cirrhosis, extrahepatic
             obstruction caused by cholelithiasis, cirrhosis of the liver, portal hypertension, or
             history of autoimmune hepatitis

          -  Untreated human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or active hepatitis C detectable by
             polymerase chain reaction (PCR), or chronic hepatitis B (patients positive for
             hepatitis B core antibody who are receiving intravenous immunoglobulin [IVIG] are
             eligible if hepatitis [Hep]B PCR is negative)

          -  Known history of cerebrovascular accident, myocardial infarction, or intracranial
             hemorrhage within 2 months of enrollment

          -  Clinically significant surgery within 2 weeks of enrollment

          -  Per PI discretion, active infection that is not well controlled by antibacterial or
             antiviral therapy

               -  Participants with known history of tuberculosis (TB; Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
                  are not eligible for participation. At investigator discretion, latent TB test
                  should be performed for individuals considered to be at high-risk (e.g., immune
                  compromised, persons that have traveled to, or emigrated from, regions with high
                  rates of TB)

          -  Cancer-directed therapy within 1 week prior to starting treatment, with the exception
             of hydroxyurea, which is allowed to control white blood cell count

          -  Unwillingness to receive infusion of blood products

          -  Participant on any of the following therapies need to be on an alternative therapy
             within 7 days prior to the first dose of study drug (exceptions made for concomitant
             use for medical necessity):

               -  Strong and moderate CYP3A inhibitors

               -  Strong and moderate CYP3A inducers

          -  Patients with uncontrolled white blood cell count (defined as > 50 K/mm^3 not
             controlled with hydroxyurea)

          -  Patients with known sensitivity to ruxolitinib or venetoclax
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Dose-limiting toxicities (DLT) of ruxolitinib and venetoclax in combination
Time Frame:Up to day 56
Safety Issue:
Description:The maximum-tolerated dose (MTD) of ruxolitinib and venetoclax combination will be determined according to the "keyboard" Bayesian toxicity probability interval design. The MTD of the ruxolitinib and venetoclax combination will correspond to the dose level closest to the target DLT probability of 30% and will be estimated from observed dose level-specific DLT rates using isotonic regression. The study will start at dose level 0 with a potential escalation/de-escalation decision occurring for each subsequent cohort of 3 enrolled participants according to the predefined keyboard rules until a dose level has been assigned to all 30 subjects.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Composite complete remission rate
Time Frame:From first dose to end of cycle 2 (up to 36 days)
Safety Issue:
Description:Will be estimated, along with 95% confidence intervals.
Measure:Clinical benefit rate (CBR)
Time Frame:From first dose to end of cycle 2 (up to 36 days)
Safety Issue:
Description:The clinical benefit rate (CBR) is defined as the proportion of evaluable subjects obtaining stable disease (SD), partial remission (PR), or composite complete remission (CCR) during the first 2 cycles of therapy. Will be estimated, along with 95% confidence intervals.
Measure:Event-free survival
Time Frame:From first dose to end of treatment, relapse from >= partial response (PR), disease progression, or death (whichever occurs first), or date of last exam, assessed up to 12 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Kaplan-Meier method will be used to estimate and plot event-free survival.
Measure:Overall survival
Time Frame:From date of first dose to death or date of last known alive, assessed up to 12 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Kaplan-Meier method will be used to estimate and plot overall survival.
Measure:Overall incidence of treatment-related and non-treatment related toxicity
Time Frame:From first dose to 30 days after last dose of study agent
Safety Issue:
Description:The overall incidence of treatment- related and non-treatment- related toxicity will be determined using the safety-evaluable population. The point estimate and 95% confidence intervalI for the proportion of patients with each of these toxicity types will be reported. Each toxicity event (there can be > 1 event per participant) will be tabulated by dose level and summarized by severity and major organ site according to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 5.0.
Measure:Duration of response
Time Frame:From first PR or better to loss of best response, or date of last assessment (up to 24 months)
Safety Issue:
Description:Cumulative incidence functions will be applied to the "competing risks" of the duration of response endpoint, namely, loss of best response and non-relapse death.

Details

Phase:Phase 1
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:OHSU Knight Cancer Institute

Last Updated

March 11, 2020