1. Patient has provided written informed consent for the main PALVEN study.
2. Female patients ≥ 18 years of age at screening.
3. Postmenopausal, defined as:
1. Age ≥60 years, or
2. Age <60 years and undergone bilateral oophorectomy or medically confirmed ovarian
3. Age <60 years and have cessation of regular menses for at least 12 consecutive
months with no alternative pathological or physiological cause and have serum
levels of oestradiol and FSH within the reference range for postmenopausal
4. If pre or peri menopausal, patients must be willing to receive ovarian
suppression/ablation, commencing ≥28 days prior to first dose of treatment.
5. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status score ≤ 1. (Appendix 1).
6. Patient must have histological or cytological confirmation of metastatic carcinoma of
the breast (either from the primary or metastatic site) or locally advanced breast
cancer not amenable to surgical or local therapy with curative intent, with the
following tumour molecular characteristics (as determined from pre-screening testing):
1. ER positive (defined as ≥10% positive stained carcinoma cells).
2. BCL-2 positive (defined as ≥50% cells with at least moderate cytoplasmic
staining; intensity 2-3 on a 0-3 scale).
3. HER2 non-amplified (per ASCO/CAP guidelines).
7. Patients must be willing to provide tissue after two weeks of treatment from a newly
obtained core or excisional biopsy of a tumour lesion where feasible. Patients for
whom a repeat biopsy cannot be provided (e.g. inaccessible or patient safety concern)
may be eligible only upon agreement from the Coordinating Principal Investigator.
8. Patients have received no more than a total of two prior lines of systemic therapy for
metastatic breast cancer. This can include one line of chemotherapy.
9. Patients must have measurable disease (according to RECIST v1.1) or evaluable disease.
Bone-only metastases are allowed.
10. Patents must have adequate organ and bone marrow function as defined below within 14
days prior to registration:
- Haemoglobin ≥ 90 g/L.
- Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1.5 x 109/L.
- Platelet count ≥ 100 x 109/L.
- ALT and AST ≤ 2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN), or ≤ 5 x ULN if liver metastases
- Total serum bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN. Patient's with Gilbert's syndrome may have a
total serum bilirubin > 1.5 x ULN.
- Creatinine Clearance ≥ 50 mls/min (Cockcroft-Gault, please see Appendix 2).
11. Female patients of childbearing potential must have negative urine or serum pregnancy
test within 14 days prior to registration.
12. Life expectancy > 6 months.
13. Patient is able to swallow whole tablets.
14. Female patients of childbearing potential must be willing to use at least one of the
following methods of contraception for the course of the study through to 30 days
after the last dose of study medication:
- Total abstinence from sexual intercourse as the preferred lifestyle of the
patient (periodic abstinence is not acceptable).
- Intrauterine device (IUD) or Mirena.
- Double-barrier method (contraceptive sponge, diaphragm or cervical cap with
spermicidal jellies or cream and a condom).
1. Patients who have previously been exposed to venetoclax (ABT-199) or a CDK4/6
inhibitor (in the adjuvant or metastatic setting).
2. Patients who are pregnant or lactating.
3. Patients with evidence of CNS metastases.
4. Receipt of any anti-cancer therapy received within 21 days of registration including
chemotherapy, radiotherapy, endocrine therapy (aromatase inhibitors, Selective
Estrogen Receptor Modulator such as tamoxifen, or a Selective Estrogen Receptor
Degrader such as fulvestrant) or other investigational therapy. The following
therapies ARE permitted:
1. Bisphosphonate or denosumab therapy for patients with bone metastases.
2. Ovarian suppression in pre- and peri-menopausal patients.
5. Prior radiotherapy to a target lesion site, unless there has been unequivocal
progression at that site following radiotherapy.
6. Patients who are taking warfarin or other oral anticoagulant therapy. The use of
alternative anticoagulation therapy such as systemic low-molecular weight heparin will
7. Patients who have had major surgery within 28 days of first dose of study drug or
anticipation of the need for major surgery during the course of study treatment.
8. Patients that have received any of the following agents within 7 days prior to
1. Steroid therapy for anti-neoplastic intent.
2. CYP3A inhibitors e.g. fluconazole, ketoconazole, clarithromycin.
3. Potent CYP3A inducers e.g. rifampicin, carbamazepine, phenytoin, St. John's Wort.
4. Drugs that are known to prolong the QT interval (see Appendix 5).
9. Consumption of one or more of the following within 3 days prior to the first dose of
1. Grapefruit or grapefruit products.
2. Seville oranges including marmalade containing Seville oranges.
3. Star fruit (carambola).
10. Need for current chronic corticosteroid therapy (≥10 mg of prednisone per day or an
equivalent dose of other corticosteroids).
11. Patients with active uncontrolled infection.
12. Patients with a known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, chronic
Hepatitis B or C.
1. Patients who are positive for HCV antibody must be negative for HCV by polymerase
chain reaction (PCR) to be eligible.
2. Patients with a post or resolved hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection (defined as
having a positive HBcAb and negative HbsAg) may be included if HBV DNA is
undetectable. These patients must be willing to undergo monthly DNA testing.
13. Administration of live, attenuated vaccine within 28 days prior to registration or
anticipation of need for such a vaccine during the study.
14. Patients with a history of other malignancies within the past 5 years except for
treated skin basal cell carcinoma (BCC), squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), malignant
melanoma ≤1.0mm without ulceration, localised thyroid cancer, or cervical carcinoma in
situ. Other malignancies considered to be at low risk of recurrence may also be
included according to the discretion of the Investigator.
15. Patients with visceral spread at risk of short-term life-threatening complications.
16. Patients with a history of medical or psychiatric conditions that may interfere with
the patient's participation in the study.
17. Patients on contraception that is oestrogen or progestin based (Mirena accepted).
18. Patients who are on Hormone Replacement Therapy.
19. Patients with a QTc ≥ 480 msec (based on the mean value of the triplicate ECGs),
family or personal history of long or short QT syndrome, Brugada syndrome or known
history of QTc prolongation, or Torsade de Pointes
20. Patients with an uncontrolled electrolyte disorder that can compound the effects of a
QTc-prolonging drug (e.g. hypocalcemia, hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia)
21. History of a malabsorption syndrome or other condition that would interfere with
enteral absorption of study drugs.