Clinical Trials /

Palbociclib, Letrozole & Venetoclax in ER and BCL-2 Positive Breast Cancer

NCT03900884

Description:

This study is investigating the combination of palbociclib, letrozole and venetoclax in ER and BCL-2 positive locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer. It is hypothesised that venetoclax may augment the actions of palbociclib and letrozole in these patient groups. The primary objective of the study is to determine the maximum tolerated dose of the combination treatment, which can be used in subsequent studies. The study will also investigate disease response and survival. Participants will receive palbociclib (daily, on days 1-21 of each 28 day cycle), letrozole (daily, on days 1-28 of each 28 day cycle) and venetoclax (daily, on days 1-21 of each 28 day cycle) until the last patient has completed 18 months treatment on the study.

Related Conditions:
  • Breast Carcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Not yet recruiting

Phase:

Phase 1

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Palbociclib, Letrozole & Venetoclax in ER and BCL-2 Positive Breast Cancer
  • Official Title: A Phase 1b Study of Palbociclib, Letrozole and Venetoclax in ER and BCL-2 Positive Locally Advanced or Metastatic Breast Cancer

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: 18/028
  • NCT ID: NCT03900884

Conditions

  • Breast Neoplasm Female

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
VenetoclaxLetrozole + Palbociclib + Venetoclax
PalbociclibLetrozole + Palbociclib + Venetoclax
LetrozoleLetrozole + Palbociclib + Venetoclax

Purpose

This study is investigating the combination of palbociclib, letrozole and venetoclax in ER and BCL-2 positive locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer. It is hypothesised that venetoclax may augment the actions of palbociclib and letrozole in these patient groups. The primary objective of the study is to determine the maximum tolerated dose of the combination treatment, which can be used in subsequent studies. The study will also investigate disease response and survival. Participants will receive palbociclib (daily, on days 1-21 of each 28 day cycle), letrozole (daily, on days 1-28 of each 28 day cycle) and venetoclax (daily, on days 1-21 of each 28 day cycle) until the last patient has completed 18 months treatment on the study.

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Letrozole + Palbociclib + VenetoclaxExperimentalThe Letrozole dose is 2.5 mg (D1-28) for all dose levels. Starting dose Level 1: Palbociclib 100 mg (D1-21) and Venetoclax 100 mg (D1-21) daily.
  • Venetoclax
  • Palbociclib
  • Letrozole

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          1. Patient has provided written informed consent for the main PALVEN study.

          2. Female patients ≥ 18 years of age at screening.

          3. Postmenopausal, defined as:

               1. Age ≥60 years, or

               2. Age <60 years and undergone bilateral oophorectomy or medically confirmed ovarian
                  failure, or

               3. Age <60 years and have cessation of regular menses for at least 12 consecutive
                  months with no alternative pathological or physiological cause and have serum
                  levels of oestradiol and FSH within the reference range for postmenopausal
                  females.

          4. If pre or peri menopausal, patients must be willing to receive ovarian
             suppression/ablation, commencing ≥28 days prior to first dose of treatment.

          5. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status score ≤ 1. (Appendix 1).

          6. Patient must have histological or cytological confirmation of metastatic carcinoma of
             the breast (either from the primary or metastatic site) or locally advanced breast
             cancer not amenable to surgical or local therapy with curative intent, with the
             following tumour molecular characteristics (as determined from pre-screening testing):

               1. ER positive (defined as ≥10% positive stained carcinoma cells).

               2. BCL-2 positive (defined as ≥50% cells with at least moderate cytoplasmic
                  staining; intensity 2-3 on a 0-3 scale).

               3. HER2 non-amplified (per ASCO/CAP guidelines).

          7. Patients must be willing to provide tissue after two weeks of treatment from a newly
             obtained core or excisional biopsy of a tumour lesion where feasible. Patients for
             whom a repeat biopsy cannot be provided (e.g. inaccessible or patient safety concern)
             may be eligible only upon agreement from the Coordinating Principal Investigator.

          8. Patients have received no more than a total of two prior lines of systemic therapy for
             metastatic breast cancer. This can include one line of chemotherapy.

          9. Patients must have measurable disease (according to RECIST v1.1) or evaluable disease.
             Bone-only metastases are allowed.

         10. Patents must have adequate organ and bone marrow function as defined below within 14
             days prior to registration:

               -  Haemoglobin ≥ 90 g/L.

               -  Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1.5 x 109/L.

               -  Platelet count ≥ 100 x 109/L.

               -  ALT and AST ≤ 2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN), or ≤ 5 x ULN if liver metastases
                  are present.

               -  Total serum bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN. Patient's with Gilbert's syndrome may have a
                  total serum bilirubin > 1.5 x ULN.

               -  Creatinine Clearance ≥ 50 mls/min (Cockcroft-Gault, please see Appendix 2).

         11. Female patients of childbearing potential must have negative urine or serum pregnancy
             test within 14 days prior to registration.

         12. Life expectancy > 6 months.

         13. Patient is able to swallow whole tablets.

         14. Female patients of childbearing potential must be willing to use at least one of the
             following methods of contraception for the course of the study through to 30 days
             after the last dose of study medication:

               -  Total abstinence from sexual intercourse as the preferred lifestyle of the
                  patient (periodic abstinence is not acceptable).

               -  Intrauterine device (IUD) or Mirena.

               -  Double-barrier method (contraceptive sponge, diaphragm or cervical cap with
                  spermicidal jellies or cream and a condom).

        Exclusion Criteria:

          1. Patients who have previously been exposed to venetoclax (ABT-199) or a CDK4/6
             inhibitor (in the adjuvant or metastatic setting).

          2. Patients who are pregnant or lactating.

          3. Patients with evidence of CNS metastases.

          4. Receipt of any anti-cancer therapy received within 21 days of registration including
             chemotherapy, radiotherapy, endocrine therapy (aromatase inhibitors, Selective
             Estrogen Receptor Modulator such as tamoxifen, or a Selective Estrogen Receptor
             Degrader such as fulvestrant) or other investigational therapy. The following
             therapies ARE permitted:

               1. Bisphosphonate or denosumab therapy for patients with bone metastases.

               2. Ovarian suppression in pre- and peri-menopausal patients.

          5. Prior radiotherapy to a target lesion site, unless there has been unequivocal
             progression at that site following radiotherapy.

          6. Patients who are taking warfarin or other oral anticoagulant therapy. The use of
             alternative anticoagulation therapy such as systemic low-molecular weight heparin will
             be acceptable.

          7. Patients who have had major surgery within 28 days of first dose of study drug or
             anticipation of the need for major surgery during the course of study treatment.

          8. Patients that have received any of the following agents within 7 days prior to
             registration:

               1. Steroid therapy for anti-neoplastic intent.

               2. CYP3A inhibitors e.g. fluconazole, ketoconazole, clarithromycin.

               3. Potent CYP3A inducers e.g. rifampicin, carbamazepine, phenytoin, St. John's Wort.

               4. Drugs that are known to prolong the QT interval (see Appendix 5).

          9. Consumption of one or more of the following within 3 days prior to the first dose of
             study drugs:

               1. Grapefruit or grapefruit products.

               2. Seville oranges including marmalade containing Seville oranges.

               3. Star fruit (carambola).

         10. Need for current chronic corticosteroid therapy (≥10 mg of prednisone per day or an
             equivalent dose of other corticosteroids).

         11. Patients with active uncontrolled infection.

         12. Patients with a known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, chronic
             Hepatitis B or C.

               1. Patients who are positive for HCV antibody must be negative for HCV by polymerase
                  chain reaction (PCR) to be eligible.

               2. Patients with a post or resolved hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection (defined as
                  having a positive HBcAb and negative HbsAg) may be included if HBV DNA is
                  undetectable. These patients must be willing to undergo monthly DNA testing.

         13. Administration of live, attenuated vaccine within 28 days prior to registration or
             anticipation of need for such a vaccine during the study.

         14. Patients with a history of other malignancies within the past 5 years except for
             treated skin basal cell carcinoma (BCC), squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), malignant
             melanoma ≤1.0mm without ulceration, localised thyroid cancer, or cervical carcinoma in
             situ. Other malignancies considered to be at low risk of recurrence may also be
             included according to the discretion of the Investigator.

         15. Patients with visceral spread at risk of short-term life-threatening complications.

         16. Patients with a history of medical or psychiatric conditions that may interfere with
             the patient's participation in the study.

         17. Patients on contraception that is oestrogen or progestin based (Mirena accepted).

         18. Patients who are on Hormone Replacement Therapy.

         19. Patients with a QTc ≥ 480 msec (based on the mean value of the triplicate ECGs),
             family or personal history of long or short QT syndrome, Brugada syndrome or known
             history of QTc prolongation, or Torsade de Pointes

         20. Patients with an uncontrolled electrolyte disorder that can compound the effects of a
             QTc-prolonging drug (e.g. hypocalcemia, hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia)

         21. History of a malabsorption syndrome or other condition that would interfere with
             enteral absorption of study drugs.
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:Female
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Determination of the Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD), dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) and recommended phase 2 dose of drug combination of palbociclib, letrozole and venetoclax.
Time Frame:36 months
Safety Issue:
Description:To determine the MTD and DLTs of the combination of palbociclib, letrozole and venetoclax in ER positive, BCL-2 positive, HER2 negative metastatic breast cancer or locally advanced breast cancer not amenable to surgical or local therapy with curative intent, and to identify the recommended Phase 2 dose.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Safety profile of the combination of palbociclib, letrozole and venetoclax: CTCAE V 5
Time Frame:maximum 36 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Toxicities measured using CTCAE V 5
Measure:Response Rate
Time Frame:24 weeks
Safety Issue:
Description:To describe the best response (according to RECIST v1.1), defined as Complete Response (CR) or Partial Response (PR) or stable disease (SD) at 24 weeks.
Measure:Overall survival
Time Frame:36 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Overall survival (OS) defined as the time from commencement of the study to date of death from any cause
Measure:Clinical benefit rate
Time Frame:36 months
Safety Issue:
Description:To estimate clinical benefit rate (CBR), defined as CR, PR or SD.
Measure:Patient reported outcomes
Time Frame:36 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Defined as treatment-related symptoms, patient functioning, and health-related quality of life associated with venetoclax in combination with palbociclib and letrozole. Assessed through patient reported outcomes using a validated quality of life questionnaire - EORTC QLQ C30. The questionnaire is deigned to evaluate change in quality of life over time. Outcomes are rated by the patient on a numerical scale over 28 questions of between 1-4 With 1 being no issue to 4 being a significant issue. There are an additional 2 questions regarding overall quality of life which are rated on a numerical scale 1-7 with 1 being the poorest and 7 being excellent.

Details

Phase:Phase 1
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Not yet recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Australia

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