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A Study of Daratumumab Plus Lenalidomide Versus Lenalidomide Alone as Maintenance Treatment in Participants With Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma Who Are Minimal Residual Disease Positive After Frontline Autologous Stem Cell Transplant

NCT03901963

Description:

The purpose of this study is to evaluate conversion rate to minimal residual disease (MRD) negativity following the addition of daratumumab to lenalidomide relative to lenalidomide alone, when administered as maintenance treatment to anti-cluster of differentiation 38 (CD38) treatment naive participants with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma who are MRD positive as determined by next generation sequencing (NGS) following high-dose therapy (HDT) and autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT), with or without consolidation therapy.

Related Conditions:
  • Multiple Myeloma
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 3

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: A Study of Daratumumab Plus Lenalidomide Versus Lenalidomide Alone as Maintenance Treatment in Participants With Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma Who Are Minimal Residual Disease Positive After Frontline Autologous Stem Cell Transplant
  • Official Title: A Randomized Study of Daratumumab Plus Lenalidomide Versus Lenalidomide Alone as Maintenance Treatment in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma Who Are Minimal Residual Disease Positive After Frontline Autologous Stem Cell Transplant

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: CR108599
  • SECONDARY ID: 54767414MMY3021
  • NCT ID: NCT03901963

Conditions

  • Multiple Myeloma

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
DaratumumabDARZALEXDaratumumab + Lenalidomide
LenalidomideDaratumumab + Lenalidomide

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to evaluate conversion rate to minimal residual disease (MRD) negativity following the addition of daratumumab to lenalidomide relative to lenalidomide alone, when administered as maintenance treatment to anti-cluster of differentiation 38 (CD38) treatment naive participants with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma who are MRD positive as determined by next generation sequencing (NGS) following high-dose therapy (HDT) and autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT), with or without consolidation therapy.

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Daratumumab + LenalidomideExperimentalParticipants will receive 1800 milligram (mg) daratumumab by subcutaneous (SC) injection in combination with lenalidomide (orally) as maintenance therapy for a maximum of 36 cycles. Each cycle is of 28 days.
  • Daratumumab
  • Lenalidomide
LenalidomideActive ComparatorParticipants will receive lenalidomide (orally) alone as maintenance therapy for a maximum of 36 cycles. Each cycle is of 28 days.
  • Lenalidomide

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Have newly diagnosed multiple myeloma with a history of 4 to 8 total cycles of
             induction with or without consolidation therapy and have received high-dose therapy
             (HDT) and autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT): (a) for participants who have
             not received consolidation therapy, the participant must be within 180 days
             post-transplant at the time of randomization; and (b) for participants treated with
             consolidation therapy, the participant must be within 90 days of the last dose of
             consolidation therapy at the time of randomization

          -  Must have a very good partial response (VGPR) or better response assessed per
             International Myeloma Working Group (IMWG) 2016 criteria at the time of randomization

          -  Have archived bone marrow samples collected before induction treatment (that is, at
             diagnosis) or before transplant (for example, at the end of induction) or have
             existing results on the index multiple myeloma clone based on Adaptive
             Biotechnologies' next generation sequencing (NGS)-based minimal residual disease (MRD)
             assay. Archived bone marrow samples will be used for calibration of myeloma clonal
             cells to facilitate assessment of primary end point by NGS. If an existing result on
             index myeloma clone is available from Adaptive Biotechnologies' NGS-based MRD assay,
             as part of institutional procedures, an archived bone marrow sample is not required as
             long as Adaptive Biotechnologies is able to retrieve historical results on the index
             myeloma clone form the clinical database. Any one of the following archived samples
             are required: (a) Greater than 1 milliliter (mL) viable frozen bone marrow aspirated
             aliquot (preferred) collected in an ethylenediaminetetra-acetic acid (EDTA) tube,
             frozen, and stored at a temperature of −80 centigrade (°C), or; (b) Non-decalcified
             diagnostic bone marrow aspirate clot sections (block or slides) for MRD assessment:
             (i) A formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) block of bone marrow aspirate clot, or 5
             slides, 5 micrometer each, of non-decalcified bone marrow, or (ii) 5 slides, bone
             marrow aspirate smear

          -  Must have residual disease as defined by detectable MRD (Adaptive Biotechnologies' NGS
             based MRD assay)

          -  Must have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status score of 0,
             1, or 2

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  A history of malignancy (other than multiple myeloma) unless all treatment of that
             malignancy was completed at least 2 years before consent and the participant has no
             evidence of disease before the of date of randomization. Exceptions are squamous and
             basal cell carcinomas of the skin, carcinoma in situ of the cervix or breast, or other
             non-invasive lesion that in the opinion of the investigator, with concurrence with the
             sponsor's medical monitor, is considered cured with minimal risk of recurrence within
             3 years

          -  Have had prior treatment/therapy with: (a) Daratumumab or any other anti-cluster of
             differentiation 38 (CD38) therapies, (b) Focal radiation therapy within 14 days prior
             to randomization with the exception of palliative radiotherapy for symptomatic
             management but not on measurable extramedullary plasmacytoma. Radiotherapy within 14
             days prior to randomization on measurable extramedullary plasmacytoma is not permitted
             even in the setting of palliation for symptomatic management, or (c) Plasmapheresis
             within 28 days of randomization

          -  Be exhibiting clinical signs of meningeal or central nervous system involvement due to
             multiple myeloma

          -  Have known chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with a forced expiratory
             volume in 1 second (FEV1) less than (<) 50 percent (%) of predicted normal

          -  Have known moderate or severe persistent asthma within the past 2 years or current
             uncontrolled asthma of any classification

          -  Have any of the following: (a) Known history of seropositivity for human
             immunodeficiency virus (HIV); (b) Seropositive for hepatitis B (defined by a positive
             test for hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg]. Participants with resolved infection
             (that is, participants who are HBsAg negative but positive for antibodies to hepatitis
             B core antigen [anti-HBc] and/or antibodies to hepatitis B surface antigen [anti-HBs])
             must be screened using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) measurement of
             hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA levels. Those who are PCR positive will be excluded.
             EXCEPTION: Participants with serologic findings suggestive of HBV vaccination
             (anti-HBs positivity as the only serologic marker) AND a known history of prior HBV
             vaccination, do not need to be tested for HBV DNA by PCR; (c) Seropositive for
             hepatitis C (anti-hepatitis C virus [HCV] antibody positive or HCV-RNA quantitation
             positive), except in the setting of a sustained virologic response, defined as
             aviremia at least 12 weeks after completion of antiviral therapy)
      
Maximum Eligible Age:79 Years
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Percentage of Participants with Minimal Residual Disease (MRD) Negative Status as determined by NGS
Time Frame:Up to 12 months
Safety Issue:
Description:The percentage of participants with MRD negative status (at 10^[-5]), that is the MRD conversion rate from baseline to 12 months after maintenance treatment, will be determined by next generation sequencing (NGS).

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Progression-free Survival (PFS)
Time Frame:Up to 3 years
Safety Issue:
Description:PFS: duration from date of randomization to PD/death, whichever occurs first. IMWG criteria for PD: greater than or equal to (>=)25% from lowest response level in serum M-protein (absolute increase >=0.5 gram per deciliter [g/dL]); serum M-protein increase >=1 g/dL, if lowest M component >=5 g/dL; urine M-component: absolute increase >=200 mg/24 hour; only in participants without measurable serum and urine M-protein levels: increase of >=25% in difference between involved and uninvolved FLC levels (absolute increase >10 mg/dL); only in participants without measurable serum and urine M-protein levels and without measurable involved FLC levels, bone marrow PC%: absolute increase >=10%; appearance of new lesion(s), >=50% increase from nadir in sum of products of maximal perpendicular diameters of measured lesions (SPD) >1 lesion, or >=50% increase in longest diameter of previous lesion >1 centimeter (cm) in short axis; >=50% increase in circulating PCs if this is only measure of disease.
Measure:Percentage of Participants with Overall Minimal Residual Disease (MRD) Negative Status
Time Frame:Up to 3 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Percentage of participants with overall MRD negative status at any time after the date of randomization will be assessed.
Measure:Durable MRD Negative Rate
Time Frame:Up to 3 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Durable MRD negativity rate, defined as the percentage of participants who have achieved MRD negative status (at 10^-5) in 2 bone marrow aspirate examinations that are a minimum of 1 year apart, without any examination showing MRD positive status in between assessments.
Measure:Percentage of Participants Achieving Complete Response (CR) or Stringent Complete Response (sCR)
Time Frame:Up to 3 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Complete response is based on serum M-Protein assessments. International Myeloma Working Group (IMWG) criteria for CR: Negative immunofixation on the serum and urine, and disappearance of any soft tissue plasmacytomas, and less than (<) 5 percent (%) (plasma cells [PCs] in bone marrow aspirates. IMWG criteria for sCR: CR plus normal free light chain (FLC) ratio, and absence of clonal cells in bone marrow biopsy by immunohistochemistry.
Measure:Overall Survival (OS)
Time Frame:Up to 4.1 years
Safety Issue:
Description:OS is defined as the time from the date of randomization to date of death due to any cause. If participant is alive, participant's data will be censored at the last date participant was known to be alive.
Measure:Duration of Complete Response (CR)
Time Frame:Up to 3 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Duration of CR is the duration from the date of initial documentation of a CR or sCR to the date of first documented evidence of progressive disease (PD) as per IMWG criteria, or death due to PD, whichever occurs first.
Measure:Change in Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) as Measured by European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality of Life Questionnaires (QLQ)-C30
Time Frame:Baseline up to 3 years
Safety Issue:
Description:EORTC QLQ-C30 has been widely used among participants with multiple myeloma. It includes 30 items resulting in 5 functional scales (physical functioning, role functioning, emotional functioning, cognitive functioning, and social functioning), 1 Global Health Status scale, 3 symptom scales (fatigue, nausea and vomiting, and pain), and 6 single items (dyspnea, insomnia, appetite loss, constipation, diarrhea, and financial difficulties). The recall period is 1 week ("past week item") and responses are reported using a verbal rating scale. The item and scale scores are transformed to a 0 to 100 scale. A higher score represents greater HRQoL, better functioning, and more (worse) symptoms.
Measure:Change in HRQoL as Measured by European Quality of Life Five Dimensions Questionnaire-5-level (EQ-5D-5L)
Time Frame:Baseline up to 3 years
Safety Issue:
Description:The EQ-5D-5L is a 5-item questionnaire that assesses 5 domains including mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort, and anxiety/depression plus a visual analog scale rating "health today" with anchors ranging from 0 (worst imaginable health state) to 100 (best imaginable health state).
Measure:Change in HRQoL as Measured by EORTC QLQ-Multiple Myeloma Module (MY20)
Time Frame:Baseline up to 3 years
Safety Issue:
Description:The EORTC QLQ-MY20 has been designed to be used alongside the EORTC QLQ-C30 to address issues of more relevance to myeloma participants. The EORTC QLQ-MY20 20-items make up 4 scales: disease symptoms, side effects of treatment, future perspective, and body image. Item and scale scores are transformed to a 0 to 100 scale. A higher score represents greater HRQoL, better functioning, and more (worse) symptoms.
Measure:Number of Participants with Treatment-emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs) as a Measure of Safety and Tolerability
Time Frame:Up to 4.1 years
Safety Issue:
Description:An AE is any untoward medical occurrence in a participant participating in a clinical study that does not necessarily have a causal relationship with the pharmaceutical/biological agent under study. TEAEs are AEs with onset during the Treatment Phase or that are a consequence of a pre-existing condition that has worsened since baseline.

Details

Phase:Phase 3
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Janssen Research & Development, LLC

Last Updated

January 8, 2020